This monograph examines different kinds of revenue-sharing arrangements in the context of fiscal policy in federal systems, with special reference to revenue sharing for specific purposes, general revenue sharing and fiscal equalisation. The approach is partly historical and partly comparative, Australian revenue-sharing arrangement beings compared with those of Canada, the U.S.A. and West Germany.
Russell Mathews is Director of The Centre for Research on Federal Financial Relations and has been a member of the Commonwealth Grants Commission since 1972.
Ãzhan Ãzsucu geht der Frage nach, wie GeschÃ¤ftsmodelle von Logistikdienstleistern im Umfeld von KMU zu gestalten sind, um sowohl Wettbewerbsvorteile als auch einen Kundennutzen zu generieren. Er zeigt, dass horizontale Kooperation bei KMU als Produktâund Marktkombination im GeschÃ¤ftsmodell zur Milderung der Lieferineffizienzen beitragen kann. DarÃ¼ber hinaus bietet der Einsatz des RevenueâSharing als Ertragsmechanik im GeschÃ¤ftsmodell einen Anreiz, die Mitwirkung bei der Informationsbereitstellung des KMU zu erhÃ¶hen. Damit ermÃ¶glichen beide Instrumente eine geeignete Ausgestaltung des GeschÃ¤ftsmodells fÃ¼r den Logistikdienstleister.
For effective program evaluation, it is necessary to specify a counterfactual state, i.e., what would have happened without the program. Conventional approaches to program evaluation, preoccupied with technical and value issues, fail to address directly the need for counterfactual arguments. They also fail to recognize the indispensable role of positive theories of technical and behavioral processes in making these arguments. In order to understand the impact of the General Revenue Sharing (GRS) program on the fiscal behavior of municipal governments, Patrick Larkey develops and demonstrates an unconventional approach to program evaluation that overcomes these failures.
Drawing on the positive theories of budgetary decisionmaking processes as well as longitudinal revenue and expenditure data from primary sources, the author specifies, estimates, and tests four "bureaucratic process" models for each of five city governments receiving GRS funds. Using these models to generate complex, counterfactual hypotheses, he then compares the counterfactual patterns with observed patterns to understand the fiscal effects of GRS.
Originally published in 1979.
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