Drawing on extensive research and steeped in the culture of daily life in nineteenth-century Persia, this is the definitive account of the life of Tahiriha renowned poetess and one of the leading feminists of her time. She spent her life denouncing the second-class status of women, and was eventually martyred for her outspokenness and courage in the face of the male governing establishment in Persia.
Jainism originates in India where it has been practised since the 6th century BC. The Jains have produced a diverse range of art that has been little known in the West. This volume is illustrated with examples from all ages, offering a comprehensive introduction to the art of the Jains and an insight into the practices, principles and beliefs of the religion. Pratapaditya Pal describes the different forms of art produced in each period: temples and shrines, wood, stone and bronze, illuminated manuscripts, monumental cloth paintings, architectural reliefs and votive tablets. The volume also includes an examination of Jain ritual and philosophical thought, an entertaining account of Jain pilgrimages and overviews of Jain cosmological painting and manuscript illustration.
This comprehensive and succinct encyclopedia traces the origins and development of the BahÃ¡âÃ Faith from nineteenth-century Iran to the modern day, covering its central figures and major historical events.
Taking a comparative approach which considers characters that are shared across the narrative traditions of early Indian religions (Brahmanical Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism) Shared Characters in Jain, Buddhist and Hindu Narrative explores key religious and social ideals, as well as points of contact, dialogue and contention between different worldviews. The book focuses on three types of character - gods, heroes and kings - that are of particular importance to early South Asian narrative traditions because of their relevance to the concerns of the day, such as the role of deities, the qualities of a true hero or good ruler and the tension between worldly responsibilities and the pursuit of liberation. Characters (incuding character roles and lineages of characters) that are shared between traditions reveal both a common narrative heritage and important differences in worldview and ideology that are developed in interaction with other worldviews and ideologies of the day. As such, this study sheds light on an important period of Indian religious history, and will be essential reading for scholars and postgraduate students working on early South Asian religious or narrative traditions (Jain, Buddhist and Hindu) as well as being of interest more widely in the fields of Religious Studies, Classical Indology, Asian Studies and Literary Studies.
ÄjÄ«vikism was once ranked one of the most important religions in India between the 4th and 2nd centuries BCE, after Buddhism, âBrahmanismâ and before Jainism, but is now a forgotten Indian religion. However, Jainism has remained an integral part of the religious landscape of South Asia, despite the common beginnings shared with ÄjÄ«vikism.
By rediscovering, reconstructing, and examining the ÄjÄ«vikism doctrine, its art, origins and development, this book provides new insight into ÄjÄ«vikism, and discusses how this information enables us to better understand its impact on Jainism and its role in the development of Indian religion and philosophy. This book explains how, why and when Jainism developed its strikingly unique logic and epistemology and what historical and doctrinal factors prompted the ideas which later led to the formulation of the doctrine of multiplexity of reality (anekÄnta-vÄda). It also provides answers to difficult passages of Buddhist SÄmaÃ±Ã±a-phala-sutta that baffled both Buddhist commentators and modern researchers.
Offering clearer perspectives on the origins of Jainism the book will be an invaluable contribution to Jaina Studies, Asian Religion and Religious History.
This is a literary classic biography of the Jain world. All Aspects of Jain religious order are depicted in this illustrious book. Sixty three stories of Tirthankar, Chakravarti, Baldev, Vasudev and Prativasudev are described with their previous births.
This book provides a detailed history of Hindu goddess traditions with a special focus on the local goddesses of Andhra Pradesh, past and present. The antiquity and the evolution of these goddess traditions are illustrated and documented with the help of archaeological reports, literary sources, inscriptions and art. Tracing the symbols and images of goddess into the brahmanical (Saiva and Vaisnava), Buddhist, and Jaina religious traditions, the book argues effectively how and with what motivations goddesses and their symbolizations were appropriated and transformed. The book also examines the evolution of popular Hindu goddesses such as Durga and Kali, discussing their tribal and agricultural backgrounds. It also deals extensively with how and in what circumstances women are deified and shows how these deified women cults share characteristics with the village goddesses.