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See also: ?

Translingual

Han character

? (radical 14, ?+7, 9 strokes, cangjie input ? (BMUI), four-corner 37214, composition ???)

References

  • KangXi: page 130, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1580
  • Dae Jaweon: page 292, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 303, character 18
  • Unihan data for U+51A0

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?
variant forms ?
?
?
?

Glyph origin

Characters in the same phonetic series (?) (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
? *k?o:n, *k?o:ns
? *k?o:n, *o:n, *ro:n?
? *?ko:n?
? *?ko:n?
? *o:n?, *o:n, *o:n?
? *?o:n
? *?o:n
? *?o:n
? *?o:n, *?o:ns
? *?o:n, *?on
? *?o:n, *?on
? *?o:n
? *?o:ns
? *?o:ns
? *?o:ns
? *?o:ns
? *o:n
? *o:n
? *o:n, *o:ns
? *o:n, *o:n?
? *o:n, *ons
? *o:n?, *ro:n?
? *o:n?
? *o:n?
? *?ro:n, *?ro:n
? *ro:n?
? *ro:n?
? *?on
? *?on
? *?on
? *?on
? *?on, *?on?
? *?on, *?on?
? *u:n, *u:ns

Phono-semantic compound (, OC *k?o:n, *k?o:ns): semantic ? ("hat") + phonetic ? (OC *?on, "head") + semantic ? ("hand") - a hand putting a hat on the head. Also ideogrammic ().

Earlier forms are phono-semantic (, OC *k?o:n, *k?o:ns): semantic ? ("hat") + phonetic ? (OC *?on).

Etymology

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *(g/k)wa-n ("to put on; to wear; to clothe"). Cognate with Tibetan (bgo, "to put on; to wear; clothing"), (gos, "clothes; garments; dress"), (gon), ? (gyon, "to put on; to wear"), ? (skon, "to dress; to clothe").

Pronunciation 1

Definitions

?

  1. hat; cap
    ??  -  huánggu?n  -  crown
  2. top part; cap; top
  3. hat-shaped thing
    ??  -  hu?gu?n  -  wreath; crown
    ?? / ??  -  j?gu?n  -  cockscomb
  4. cock's crest; comb

Compounds

Pronunciation 2

Definitions

?

  1. + to put on a hat; to wear a hat
  2. (historical) ceremony marking a male's coming of age at 20
  3. +(of a male) to reach adulthood
  4. + to rank first; to excel; to surpass
  5. + to cover; to put on top of
  6. to precede (e.g. with a title); to attach; to put on
  7. +superior; excellent; outstanding
    ?? / ??  -  guànj?n  -  champion
  8. +first place
  9. champion; winner; victor
  10. (linguistics) Short for / (guàncí, "article").
  11. A surname​.

Compounds


Japanese

Kanji

?

(common "J?y?" kanji)

  1. crown
  2. best, peerless

Readings

Compounds

Derived terms

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: S
kun'yomi

/ka?apuri/ -> /ka?afuri/

From Old Japanese.

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana ?, r?maji kagafuri)

  1. (archaic, possibly obsolete) head covering; headdress, crown
  2. (by extension, archaic) order, rank
See also

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: S
kun'yomi

Likely a shift from kagafuri above, ancient kagapuri. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji kaburi)

  1. headdress, crown
  2. (theater) large attendance, full house
  3. (archaic) order, rank
Synonyms

Etymology 3

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: S
kun'yomi

A shift from kaburi above. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji kamuri)

  1. headdress, crown
  2. distance from the tunnel's roof to the surface directly above it
  3. (poetry) first (traditionally, five) morae of a haiku, etc.; specifically, the first verse or line of a poem

Etymology 4

Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: S
kun'yomi

A shift from kagafuri above, ancient kagapuri.[1]

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana ?, r?maji k?buri, historical hiragana ?)

  1. headdress, crown
  2. order, rank
  3. Synonym of ("an annual salary in the Heian period")
Compounds
  • ? ()? (?) (uik?buri, "crowning a boy for the first time at a coming-of-age ceremony")

Etymology 5

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: S
kun'yomi

The modern spelling. A shift from k?buri above, historical kauburi.[1] Also encountered is kanburi.

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana ?, r?maji kanmuri, alternative reading ?, r?maji kanburi)

  1. a crown (royal headdress)
    • 1999 November 18, "???????? [Crowned Blue Wings]", in Vol.6 (in Japanese), Konami:
      ? ()?? (?)?? (?)?? (?)? ()? ()?? (?)
      Atama no ke ga kanmuri no y? ni mieru, aojiroku moeru tori.
      A bluish fiery bird whose feathers on its head resemble a crown.
  2. a type of traditional cap
  3. name; title; named sponsorship of a program, event, team, etc.
  4. the top radical of a kanji, such as ? as in ? itself
Compounds

Proper noun

? (hiragana ?, r?maji Kanmuri)

  1. A female given name
  2. A surname​.

Etymology 6

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: S
Irregular

Clipping of ? (?)? () (tosaka). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation

  • (Irregular reading)

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji saka)

  1. comb, crest (of a bird, particularly a chicken or pheasant); cockscomb

Etymology 7

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ? (MC ku?n, ku?nH).

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji kan, historical hiragana )

  1. headpiece, crown
Compounds
Derived terms

References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.51.6 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN

Korean

Hanja

? o (gwan)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): ? (revised: gwan, McCune–Reischauer: kwan)
    • Name (hangeul): ? ?
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

? (quan, quán)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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