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See also: ?, ?, ?, ?, and ?

Translingual

Stroke order
?-order.gif

Han character

? (radical 72, ?+0, 4 strokes, cangjie input ? (A), four-corner 60100, composition ???)

  1. Kangxi radical #72, ?.

Derived characters

Descendants

See also

  • Not to be confused with ?, which is generally wider and shorter

References

  • KangXi: page 489, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13733
  • Dae Jaweon: page 848, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1482, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+65E5

Chinese

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-oracle.svg ?-bronze.svg ?-silk.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series (?) (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
? *ni:?
? *ni:?
? *ni:?
? *ni?, *nji?
? *nji?
? *nji?

Pictogram () - the Sun. A dot or line was added in the centre to distinguish it from visually similar characters, e.g. ? (early form of ?). Compare earlier forms of the character with the astronomical and astrological symbol for the Sun (?).

Etymology

simp. and trad.
?
variant forms
 
?
?
?
?
?
?
? "fuck"
? "fuck"
"Sun; day; etc."
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *n?j.
"to fuck"
Essentially a substitute character for ? (MC ?i?p?, "to enter"), that preserves the expected modern pronunciation of ?; see the etymology there for more.

Pronunciation 1

Definitions

?

  1. (astronomy) Sun
  2. daytime; time between sunrise and sunset
  3. day; twenty-four hours
  4. everyday; daily; day-to-day
  5. day of the month
    • ??  -  s?n yuè sì   -  March 4
  6. some day; some other time
  7. former times; previous times; the past
  8. time; period; age
  9. Classifier for days.
  10. Short for (Rìb?n, "Japan; Japanese; Nippo-"):
    • ?? / ??  -  zh?ng cídi?n  -  Chinese-Japanese dictionary
  11. (Beijing Mandarin, Jiaoliao Mandarin, Southwestern Mandarin, Central Plains Mandarin, Jianghuai Mandarin, Lanyin Mandarin, dialectal Jin, dialectal Wu, dialectal Xiang, vulgar, often in abuses) to fuck; to have sexual intercourse with
    • ???! [MSC, trad.]
      ???! [MSC, simp.]
      From: 1944, (Lao She), ? (Bewilderment), in ??? (Four Generations Under One Roof)
      W? t?men shíb? bèir de z?z?ng! [Pinyin]
      Screw their ancestors to the eighteenth generation!
    • ???,????? [MSC, trad.]
      ???,????? [MSC, simp.]
      From: 2003, , ?, in ?, issue 4
      Y? jù huà, Yú quézi b? xi?oyí le. [Pinyin]
      In one sentence - Yu the Lame fucked mum's youngest sister.
    • ???,?????,????? [MSC, trad.]
      ???,?????,????? [MSC, simp.]
      From: 2004, , , in ?, issue 2
      Shènzhì zài biérén de s?ngy?ng xià, duì zhe S? Jié shu?, w? xi?ng n?. [Pinyin]
      At others' instigation, (he would) even say to Su Jie's face that "I want to fuck you".
    • ?????,???,???,??????? [MSC, trad.]
      ?????,???,???,??????? [MSC, simp.]
      From: 2014, , , in , issue 6
      Zh? Sh?n y? bùg?n t? w?, shènzhì mà w? shu?, n? m?, w? de dòufu n? y? g?n ch?. [Pinyin]
      Zhu Shan would no longer dare kick me, or insult me, and say "fuck you, how dare you flirt with my woman!"
  12. +Alternative form of ? (èr, "two").
  13. +Short for / (Rìs?b?níyà, "Spain").
Synonyms
Dialectal synonyms of ("sun") [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese ?
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing ?? in set phrases
Taiwan
Tianjin
Harbin ????
Shenyang
Hailar
Ulan Hot
Tongliao
Chifeng ?
Bayanhot ?
Jinan ??
Muping
Luoyang ?
Jiedian ?
Ronghe
Xi'an ????
Qingdao
Zhengzhou
Xining ??
Xuzhou
Yinchuan ?
Lanzhou
Ürümqi ?
Wuhan ?
Huanggang
Chengdu
Guiyang
Guilin
Liuzhou ?
Kunming ?
Yangzhou
Nanjing ?
Hefei ?
Nantong
Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan) ?
Masanchin (Shaanxi Dungan) ??
Cantonese Guangzhou ??
Hong Kong ??
Shunde
Foshan
Zhongshan
Dongguan
Hong Kong (Weitou)
Taishan
Doumen
Kaiping ?
Shaoguan
Yunfu
Yangjiang ?
Xinyi ?
Lianjiang
Nanning
Wuzhou
Yulin ?
Hepu ?
Danzhou
Kuala Lumpur
Ho Chi Minh City
Gan Nanchang ?
Lichuan ??
Pingxiang ?
Hakka Meixian
Xingning
Huidong
Qujiang
Xiaosanjiang
Luchuan
Changting
Pingyu ?
Wuping
Liancheng
Ninghua
Yudu ?
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping) ?
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong
Sabah
Senai
Singkawang
Huizhou Jixi ?
Shexian ?
Tunxi
Xiuning ?
Yixian
Qimen ?
Wuyuan
Fuliang
Dexing
Jingde
Xianyu (formerly Zhanda)
Jin Taiyuan ???
Pingyao ?
Xinzhou
Baochang
Jining ?
Hohhot
Baotou ?
Dongsheng
Linhe
Haibowan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Dikou ?
Songxi
Zhenghe
Zhenqian
Jianyang
Wuyishan
Shibei
Min Dong Fuzhou
Changle
Fuqing
Yongtai
Gutian
Fu'an
Ningde
Shouning
Zhouning
Fuding
Matsu
Min Nan Xiamen ??
Quanzhou ??
Zhangzhou ??
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Wuqi
Hsinchu ?
Taitung
Lukang ?
Sanxia
Yilan ?
Kinmen
Magong ??
Penang ??
Singapore
Philippines (Manila)
Pingnan
Chaozhou ???
Shantou ???
Haifeng ??
Johor Bahru
Wenchang
Haikou ??
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian
Xianyou
Pinghua Nanning ?
Guilin
Shehua Fu'an
Fuding
Luoyuan
Sanming
Shunchang
Hua'an
Cangnan
Wu Shanghai ?
Suzhou ?
Hangzhou
Wenzhou ???
Chongming
Danyang ?
Jinhua ?
Tangxi
Ningbo ?
Xiang Changsha ???
Shuangfeng ?
Xiangtan
Loudi ?
Quanzhou
  • (day of the month): ?/? (hào)
Antonyms
  • ? (, "night")

Compounds

Pronunciation 2

Definitions

?

  1. Only used in ??, a Han dynasty-era personal name borne by Jin Midi () and Ma Midi ().

Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 1 "Ky?iku" kanji)

  1. sun
  2. daytime
  3. day
  4. Japan, Japanese, Nippo-
  5. Hy?ga Province

Readings

  • Go-on: (nichi, J?y?)
  • Kan-on: (jitsu, J?y?)
  • Kun: ? (ka, ?); ? (ke, ?); ? (hi, ?, J?y?); ? (fu, ?)
  • Nanori: ? (a); (aki); (iru); ? (ku); (kusa); (k?); ? (su); (tachi); (teru); (toki); ? (ni); (nitsu); (haru); (hiru); ? (he)

Compounds

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 1
on'yomi

/n?iti/ -> /niti/

From Middle Chinese ? (MC ?i?t?).

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji nichi)

  1. Short for (nichiy?bi): Sunday

Counter

? (hiragana , r?maji -nichi)

  1. day of a month
    2 (?)7 ()? ()
    nij?shichi-nichi
    the 27th
  2. number of days
    ? ()? ()? (?)?1 ()2 (?)? ()?
    tanj?bi made ato j?ni-nichi da
    My birthday is in twelve days.
Usage notes

Sometimes shortened to (​-nchi) or ? (​-chi).

Derived terms

Proper noun

? (hiragana , r?maji Nichi)

  1. Short for (Nihon, Nippon): Japan, Japanese, Nippo-
    ? ()? (?)? ()? ()
    Nichi-Ro Sens?
    Russo-Japanese War (literally "Japanese-Russian War")
    Synonym: ? (Wa)
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

?pi1? -> */p?i/ -> /fi/ -> /hi/

From Old Japanese.

Appears to be distinct from ? (/pi2/ -> hi, "fire"). See J?dai Tokushu Kanazukai for details on Old Japanese readings.

Alternative forms

  • (sun, daytime, sunlight): ?

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana ?, r?maji hi)

  1. the sun
    Synonyms: (nichirin), (ohisama), (taiy?)
  2. daytime
    Synonym: (hiruma)
  3. sunlight, sunshine
    Synonyms: (nikk?), , (hizashi)
  4. a (24-hour) day
    Synonym: (itch?ya)
  5. number of days
    Synonyms: (nissu, hikazu), (hinichi)
  6. an appointed or fixed date
    Synonyms: (nichigen), (nichiji)
  7. a daily (something done everyday)
    Synonyms: (hibi), (mainichi)
  8. weather
    Synonyms: (sora moy?), (tenk?), (hiyori)
  9. a (usually unfortunate) case, event, situation
  10. an age, era or time in the past; the times
    Synonyms: ? (koro), (jidai)
  11. an auspicious or inauspicious aspect of a given day
    Synonym: (higara)
  12. a type of (kamon, "family crest") with a design of the sun
  13. appellation of reverence to the imperial family, thought to be descendants of the sun goddess Amaterasu
Derived terms

Etymology 3

Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

/pu/ -> /fu/

From Old Japanese.

Apophonic form of hi, ancient pi (see above), found in compounds.

Noun

? (hiragana ?, r?maji fu)

  1. (obsolete) a day
Derived terms

Etymology 4

Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.

Counter

? (hiragana ?, r?maji -ka)

  1. day of the month
  2. number of days
Derived terms

Etymology 5

Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

?ke2? -> */k?j/ -> /ke/

From Old Japanese.

Apohonic form of ka (see above), possibly by the fusion of ancient nominal particle ? (i).

Noun

? (hiragana ?, r?maji ke)

  1. (archaic, obsolete) days
    • c. 759, Man'y?sh? (book 4, poem 484), text here
      ? ()? (?)? ()? ()? (?) (?)? ()? (?)? (?)? ()? (?)? () () [Man'y?gana]
      ? ()? (?)? ()?? (?)? ()?? (?)? (?) [Modern spelling]
      hitohi koso hito mo machiyoki nagaki ke o kaku nomi mataba arikatsumashiji
      (please add an English translation of this example)
    Synonym: (hibi)
Usage notes

Only used in plural contexts, never used to indicate a single day.

Derived terms

References

  1. ? 1.01.1 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN

Korean

Hanja

? (eumhun ? ? (nal il))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Noun

? o ()

  1. (as an abbreviation) Sunday
  2. (as an abbreviation) Japan

Compounds

  • ()
  • ()
  • ()
  • ()
  • ()
  • ()
  • ()
  • ()
  • ()
  • ()
  • ()
  • ()
  • ()
  • ()
  • ()
  • ()

Vietnamese

Han character

? (nh?t, nh?t, nh?t, nh?t)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds


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