Commune
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Commune
See also: Commune

English

Etymology 1

From French commune, from Medieval Latin comm?nia, from Latin comm?ne ("community, state"), from comm?nis ("common"). See also community, communion, common.

Pronunciation

Noun

English Wikipedia has an article on:
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commune (countable and uncountable, plural communes)

  1. A small community, often rural, whose members share in the ownership of property, and in the division of labour; the members of such a community.
  2. A local political division in many European countries.
  3. (obsolete) The commonalty; the common people.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Chaucer to this entry?)
  4. (uncountable, obsolete) communion; sympathetic intercourse or conversation between friends
    • Tennyson
      For days of happy commune dead.
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 2

From Old French comuner ("to share"), from Latin comm?nis.

Pronunciation

Verb

commune (third-person singular simple present communes, present participle communing, simple past and past participle communed)

  1. To converse together with sympathy and confidence; to interchange sentiments or feelings; to take counsel.
    • Shakespeare
      I would commune with you of such things / That want no ear but yours.
  2. (intransitive, followed by with) To communicate (with) spiritually; to be together (with); to contemplate or absorb.
    He spent a week in the backcountry, communing with nature.
  3. (Christianity, intransitive) To receive the communion.
    • Bishop Gilbert Burnet
      Namely, in these things, in prohibiting that none should commune alone, in making the people whole communers, or in suffering them to commune under both kinds [...]

French

Etymology

From Medieval Latin communia, neuter plural of Latin communis.

Pronunciation

Noun

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

commune f (plural communes)

  1. commune (administrative subdivision)

Descendants

  • Russian:  f (kommúna)

Adjective

commune

  1. feminine singular of commun

Derived terms

Further reading


Italian

Adjective

commune (masculine and feminine plural communi)

  1. Obsolete form of comune.

Noun

commune m (plural communi)

  1. Obsolete form of comune.

Derived terms


Latin

Adjective

comm?ne

  1. nominative neuter singular of comm?nis
  2. accusative neuter singular of comm?nis
  3. vocative neuter singular of comm?nis

References

  • commune in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • commune in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • commune in Charles du Fresne du Cange's Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883-1887)
  • commune in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) we know from experience: usu rerum (vitae, vitae communis) edocti sumus
    • (ambiguous) unanimously: uno, communi, summo or omnium consensu (Tusc. 1. 15. 35)
    • (ambiguous) the ordinary usage of language, everyday speech: communis sermonis consuetudo
    • (ambiguous) to be always considering what people think: multum communi hominum opinioni tribuere

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