From French commune, from Medieval Latin comm?nia, from Latin comm?ne ("community, state"), from comm?nis ("common"). See also community, communion, common.
commune (countable and uncountable, plural communes)
- A small community, often rural, whose members share in the ownership of property, and in the division of labour; the members of such a community.
- A local political division in many European countries.
- (obsolete) The commonalty; the common people.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Chaucer to this entry?)
- (uncountable, obsolete) communion; sympathetic intercourse or conversation between friends
- For days of happy commune dead.
local political division in many European countries
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
From Old French comuner ("to share"), from Latin comm?nis.
commune (third-person singular simple present communes, present participle communing, simple past and past participle communed)
- To converse together with sympathy and confidence; to interchange sentiments or feelings; to take counsel.
- I would commune with you of such things / That want no ear but yours.
- (intransitive, followed by with) To communicate (with) spiritually; to be together (with); to contemplate or absorb.
- He spent a week in the backcountry, communing with nature.
- (Christianity, intransitive) To receive the communion.
- Bishop Gilbert Burnet
- Namely, in these things, in prohibiting that none should commune alone, in making the people whole communers, or in suffering them to commune under both kinds [...]
From Medieval Latin communia, neuter plural of Latin communis.
commune f (plural communes)
- commune (administrative subdivision)
- feminine singular of commun
commune (masculine and feminine plural communi)
- Obsolete form of comune.
commune m (plural communi)
- Obsolete form of comune.
- nominative neuter singular of comm?nis
- accusative neuter singular of comm?nis
- vocative neuter singular of comm?nis
- commune in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- commune in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- commune in Charles du Fresne du Cange's Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883-1887)
- commune in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
- Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
- (ambiguous) we know from experience: usu rerum (vitae, vitae communis) edocti sumus
- (ambiguous) unanimously: uno, communi, summo or omnium consensu (Tusc. 1. 15. 35)
- (ambiguous) the ordinary usage of language, everyday speech: communis sermonis consuetudo
- (ambiguous) to be always considering what people think: multum communi hominum opinioni tribuere