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From quam ("how, how much").
From Proto-Indo-European *kui?ent- ("how much, how many"). Cognates include Sanskrit kivant-, Avestan ?vant-, Old Persian ?iyant-, Kurdish çend.
quantus (feminine quanta, neuter quantum); first/second declension
- how much, how many
- how big
- Being naturally adjective, quantus was then used substantively as quantum (with genitive) to mean "as much of...as"; as quant? (preti?) to mean "how high (a price)", "as high (a price) as", "how dear", "as dear as"; adverbially as quantum to mean "as much as" (cf. quam); as quant? to mean "by how much", "by as much as". For all these tantus has its coordinate functions.
- quantus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- quantus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- quantus in Charles du Fresne du Cange's Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883-1887)
- quantus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
- Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
- (ambiguous) as far as I can guess: quantum ego coniectura assequor, auguror
- (ambiguous) as far as I know: quantum scio
- (ambiguous) I am not dissatisfied with my progress: non me paenitet, quantum profecerim
- (ambiguous) to take only enough food to support life: tantum cibi et potionis adhibere quantum satis est
- quantity in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911