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1890s in Film
The decade of the 1890s in film involved some significant events.
- 1890 - Wordsworth Donisthorpe and W. C. Crofts film London's Trafalgar Square using a camera patented in 1889.
- 1891 - Following the work of Eadweard Muybridge, Étienne-Jules Marey, and George Eastman, Thomas Edison employee William K. L. Dickson finishes work on a motion-picture camera and a viewing machine called the Kinetoscope.
- May 20, 1891 - Thomas Edison holds the first public presentation of his Kinetoscope for the National Federation of Women's Clubs.
- August 24, 1891 - Edison files for a patent of the Kinetoscope.
- 1892 - In France, Charles-Émile Reynaud began to have public screenings in Paris at the Théâtre Optique, with hundreds of drawings on a reel that he wound through his Zoetrope projector to construct moving images that continued for 15 minutes.
- 1892 - The Eastman Company becomes the Eastman Kodak Company.
- March 14, 1893 - Edison is granted Patent #493,426 for "An Apparatus for Exhibiting Photographs of Moving Objects" (the Kinetoscope).
- 1893 - Edison builds a motion-picture studio near his laboratory, dubbed the "Black Maria" by his staff.
- May 9, 1893 - In America, Edison holds the first public exhibition of films shot using his Kinetograph at the Brooklyn Institute. Unfortunately, only one person at a time could use his Kinetoscope viewing machine.
- January 7, 1894 - Edison films his assistant, Fred Ott sneezing with the Kinetoscope at the "Black Maria".
- April 14, 1894 - The first commercial presentation of the Kinetoscope takes place in the Holland Brothers' Kinetoscope Parlor at 1155 Broadway, New York City.
- 1894 - Kinetoscope viewing parlors begin to open in major cities. Each parlor contains several machines.
- 1895 - In France, brothers named Auguste and Louis Lumière design and build a lightweight, hand-held motion picture camera called the Cinématographe. The brothers discover that their machine can also be used to project images onto a large screen. They create several short films at this time that are considered to be pivotal in the history of motion pictures.
- November 1895 - In Germany, Emil and Max Skladanowsky develop their own film projector.
- December 1895 - In France, the Lumière brothers hold their first public screening of films shot with their Cinématographe.
- January 1896 - In Britain, Birt Acres and Robert W. Paul develop their own film projector, the Theatrograph (later known as the Animatograph).
- January 1896 - In the United States, a projector called the Vitascope is designed by Charles Francis Jenkins and Thomas Armat. Armat begins to work with Edison to manufacture the Vitascope, which projects motion pictures.
- April 1896 - Edison and Armat's Vitascope is used to project motion pictures in public screenings in New York City.
- 1896 - French magician and filmmaker Georges Méliès begins experimenting with the new motion picture technology, developing many early special effects techniques, including stop-motion photography.
- 1896 - Pathé-Frères is founded.
- 1897 - A total of 125 people die during a film screening at the Charity Bazaar in Paris after a curtain catches on fire from the ether used to fuel the projector lamp.
Lists of films
- ^ Burns, Paul T, The History of The Discovery of Cinematography - 1885–1889, retrieved and Ten Remaining Frames Of Donisthorpe's 1890 'Trafalgar Square' Footage Come To Life (GIF), retrieved
- ^ Herbert, S. (1998), Industry, Liberty, and a Vision: Wordsworth Donisthorpe's Kinesigraph, London: The Projection Box, ISBN 0-9523941-3-8