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1913 in Aviation
This is a list of
aviation-related events from 1913:
Serbian air force is established as an army air service. Six officers receive pilot training in France.
Mexican pilot Gustavo Salinas Camilla and Frenchman Didier Masson, flying for rebel forces led by Pancho Villa during the Mexican Revolution, attack Mexican federal ground and naval forces. The
Imperial Japanese Navy places its first aviation ship, the naval auxiliary , in service to operate naval Wakamiya floatplanes.  The
Imperial Russian Navy experiments with shipboard airplane operations for the first time, embarking a Curtiss floatplane aboard the protected cruiser in the Kagul Black Sea. It is its only such experiment prior to World War I.  The
Royal Swedish Navy acquires its first seaplane. 
Short Brothers patents the first folding wing mechanism.
Pierre Levasseur's manufacturing firm, Sociéte Pierre Levasseur Aéronautique, which previously made propellers, begins to manufacture aircraft. In the United Kingdom, a Sopwith Type C floatplane succeeds in lifting a 14-inch (356-mm), 900-lb (408-kg) torpedo into the air. 
January-June 13 January –
Brazilian naval aviation commences with the foundation of a flying school. 8 February – Russian pilot N. de Sackoff becomes the first pilot shot down in combat when his
biplane is hit by ground fire following a bombing run on the walls of Fort Bezhani during the First Balkan War. Flying for Greece, he comes down near Preveza, on the coast north of the Ionian island of Levkas, secures local Greek assistance, repairs his airplane, and flies back to base.  11 February – The
Chilean Army establishes a Military Aviation School. at Lo Espejo (now El Bosque). March – The
Republic of China obtains twelve military aircraft from France. 13 February – The
Kingdom of Serbia adopts regulations governing the operation of aircraft, making it the fifth country to do so after Germany, the United Kingdom, France, and Austria-Hungary. 15 March – The
United States Army forms the 1st Aero Squadron under Capt Charles Chandler at Texas City to scout for Mexican incursions along the border. April –
Austro-Hungarian Navy battleships transport flying boats from Pola to the Gulf of Cattaro as part of an international peacekeeping force sent to the region toward the end of the First Balkan War.  16 April – The inaugural 1913
Schneider Trophy race is won by Maurice Prévost in a Deperdussin monoplane, who completes 28 circuits of the 10 km (6.2 mi) course with an average speed of 73.63 km/h (45.75 mph). 24 April – The French aviator
Eugene Gilbert makes a record non-stop cross-country flight of 826 km (523 miles), flying from Villacoublay, France, to Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain. The flight takes 8 hours 23 minutes.  27 April – Flying a
Gage biplane, Robert G. Fowler makes the first nonstop flight across the Isthmus of Panama, covering 83 km (52 miles) in 1 hour 45 minutes Technically, this is the first nonstop flight across North America from the Atlantic to the Pacific.  7 May –
HMS , formerly a Hermes protected cruiser, recommissions as the Royal Navys first experimental seaplane carrier.  13 May – The Cuban aviator
Domingo Rosillo makes the first flight across the Florida Strait, flying 90 miles (145 km) from Key West, Florida, to Havana, Cuba, in 2 hours 8 minutes in a Morane-Saulnier monoplane, aided by a naval escort to ensure that he keeps on course.    15 May – Cuban-born pilot
Austin Parlá flies across the Florida Strait without surface support, relying only on a compass, the first person to do so.  26 May (13 May
O.S.) – Igor Sikorsky flies the world's first four-engine fixed-wing aircraft as he takes his Bolshoi Baltisky biplane (original version of the Russky Vityaz)  Ilya Mourometz into the sky for the Imperial Russian Air Service near Saint Petersburg (following test hops flown since three days earlier). Powered by 220 horsepower engines, the bomber could carry up to 1,543 pounds of bombs and has room for four machine guns and a crew of five. It is also the first plane fitted with a  lavatory. 9 June – A German
Zeppelin flies from Baden-Baden, Germany, to Vienna, Austria-Hungary, in only half the time required by the fastest train.  21 June – Georgia "Tiny" Broadwick becomes the first woman to parachute from an airplane, jumping over Los Angeles, California, from a plane piloted by Glenn L. Martin.  
July-December 1 July –
Royal Netherlands Army forms its Aviation Division ( Luchtvaart Afdeling) 5 July – A
seaplane carrier participates in the British Royal Navys annual maneuvers for the first time, as HMS embarks two Hermes seaplanes, the Short Folder S.64 biplane and a Caudron G.3 amphibian. The Short aircraft is the first with folding wings to be used aboard a ship. The maneuvers, which conclude on October 6, demonstrate both the feasibility of extended operations by aircraft at sea and the value of folding wings.  17 July – The Royal Navy introduces the term "
seaplane"; previously, seaplanes had been known as "hydro-aeroplanes." The term "seaplane" comes into general use during the year.   28 July – A
Caudron G.3 amphibian takes off from a platform aboard the Hermes while she is underway and lands at Great Yarmouth. It is the first time an aircraft launches from the deck of a ship and lands ashore.  7 August – American-born aviation pioneer
Samuel Franklin Cody is killed with his passenger (English cricketer William Evans) when his Cody Floatplane breaks up in flight over Hampshire in England. 20 August – The French aviator
Adolphe Pegoud becomes the first person in Europe to jump from an airplane and land safely when he parachutes from 700 feet (213 m) above Buc, Yvelines, France. 1 September –
Adolphe Pégoud makes the first inverted flight, flying upside down for 0.4 km (0.25 mile).  3 September – During the
Imperial German Navy?s autumn 1913 maneuvers, an Avro 503 flown by W. Langfeld becomes the first airplane to fly the 40 miles across the Leutnant North Sea from Wilhelmshaven to Heligoland. It flies back to the German mainland on 15 September, landing at Cuxhaven.  9 September
13 September –
Aurel Vlaicu, Romanian engineer and inventor, dies near Câmpina, Romania, while attempting to fly across the Carpathian Mountains in his Vlaicu II airplane. 20 September – The second annual
Aerial Derby takes place, sponsored by the . Nine participants fly a single circuit of a 94-mile (151-kilometer) course, starting and finishing at Daily Mail Hendon Aerodrome in London, with control points at Kempton Park, Esher, Purley, and Purfleet. Gustav Hamel is the overall winner in a Morane-Saulnier airplane with a time of 1 hour 15 minutes 49 seconds and receives a gold trophy and £200 prize. Shell awards prizes of £100, £70, and £50 for the handicap competition, which Bentfield Hucks wins in a Blériot airplane. 21 September – Adolphe Pégoud loops a
Blériot XI over France, believing it to be the first loop in history. The feat is widely publicized as the worlds first loop until word of Pyotr Nesterovs loop over Russia of 12 days before spreads. 23 September –
Roland Garros makes the first flight across the Mediterranean Sea, 729 km (453 mi) from Saint-Raphaël, Var, France, to Bizerte, Tunisia, in 7 hours 53 minutes. October – The
Imperial Japanese Navy includes an aviation ship, the naval auxiliary , in its annual naval exercises for the first time. Wakamiya Wakamiya operates one or two Farman floatplanes during the exercise, which lasts into November.  17 October –
Johannisthal Air Disaster: Imperial German Navy Zeppelin burns in mid-air near LZ 18 (naval designation L 2) Johannisthal Air Field in Germany and crashes, killing all 28 on board.   November
29 November –
Raymonde de Laroche flies 200 miles (320 km) solo in four hours. The flight will win her the 1913 Fémina Cup for the longest solo flight by a woman that year.  December – The
United States Army makes its 1st Aero Squadron, previously a provisional organization, into its first official aviation squadron.  13-14 December – German balloonist Hugo Kaulen stays aloft for 87 hours. This record lasts until 1935.
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (July 2010)
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Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum - Fowler-Gage Tractor
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