I Paralympic Games
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The 9th Annual International Stoke Mandeville Games, retroactively designated as the 1960 Summer Paralympics (Italian: I Giochi Paralimpici Estivi), were the first international Paralympic Games, following on from the Stoke Mandeville Games of 1948 and 1952. They were organised under the aegis of the International Stoke Mandeville Games Federation. The term "Paralympic Games" was approved by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) first in 1984, while the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) was formed in 1989.
The Games were held in Rome, Italy from September 18 to 25, 1960, with the 1960 Summer Olympics. The only disability included in these Paralympics was spinal cord injury.
There were about 400 athletes, from 23 countries.
The top 10 NPCs by number of gold medals are listed below. The host nation, Italy, is highlighted.
 The number in parentheses indicates the number of participants from each NPC.
- ^ a b c Rome 1960, International Paralympic Committee (IPC)
- ^ "Summer Games Governance 1960 to 1992", IWAS
- ^ "Beijing Paralympics factsheet", BBC, July 11, 2008
- ^ "Participation Numbers: Rome 1960 Paralympic Games", International Paralympic Committee
- ^ IPC searchable database
- ^ "Paralympic Games History", Channel Four Paralympics
- ^ U.S. Cagers Are Class Of Paralympics, St. Petersburg Times, September 20, 1960, Google News
- ^ Paralympic Games Open At Rome Olympics Site, St. Petersburg Times, September 19, 1960, Google News Archive Search
- The information from the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) website is based on sources which does not present all information from earlier paralympic games (1960-1984), such as relay and team members. (Per Apr.17, 2011)