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2001 in Science
The year 2001 in science and technology involved many events, some of which are included below.
Astronomy and space exploration
- January 8 - The first animal from an endangered species produced by cloning, a gaur named Noah, is born at Trans Ova Genetics in Sioux Center, Iowa. He dies within 48 hours of a common dysentery.
- January - The second animal from an endangered species produced by cloning, a European mouflon lamb, is born in Italy.
- February - The publicly funded Human Genome Project, led by Francis Collins and the privately funded Celera effort, led by Craig Venter simultaneously publish their decoding of the human genome (in Nature and Science, respectively).
- April 6 - Linda Partridge and colleagues publish their identification of the role of a specific gene in animal ageing.
- April 19 - Pygmy three-toed sloth first described.
- Craig Venter and Mark Adams complete the genetic map of the laboratory mouse.
- Fossil remains of the whale Rodhocetus balochistanensis found in Balochistan Province, Pakistan, by Philip D. Gingerich.
- February 9 - Herbert A. Simon (b. 1916), American polymath, recipient of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences.
- February 24 - Claude Shannon (b. 1916), American mathematician.
- May 5 - Wang Yinglai (b. 1907), Chinese biochemist.
- May 8 - William T. Stearn (b. 1911), English botanist.
- May 28 - Francisco Varela (b. 1946), Chilean biologist and philosopher.
- June 4 - Lu Jiaxi (b. 1915), Chinese physical chemist.
- June 18 - René Dumont (b. 1904), French agronomist.
- August 9 - Sir Alec Skempton (b. 1914), English pioneer of soil science and engineering historian.
- August 20 - Sir Fred Hoyle (b. 1915), English astronomer and science fiction writer.
- August 31 - Doris Calloway (Nesheim) (b. 1923), American nutritionist.
- September 2 - Christiaan Barnard (b. 1922), South African cardiac surgeon.
- October 31 - Warren Elliot Henry (b. 1909), African American physicist.
- November 30 - Robert Tools (b. 1942), American first recipient of a self-contained artificial heart, after 151 days without a living heart.
- December 5 - Franco Rasetti (b. 1901), Italian American nuclear physicist.
- December 12 - Robert Schommer (b. 1946), American astronomer.
- ^ "First cloned endangered animal was born at 7:30 pm on Monday, 8 January 2001". Advanced Cell Technology, Inc. 2001-01-12. Archived from the original on 2008-05-31. Retrieved .
- ^ Bailey, Britt (2000). "Cloning the Gaur". CETOS. Retrieved .
- ^ Briggs, Helen (2001-10-01). "Endangered sheep cloned". BBC News. Retrieved .
- ^ Clancy, David J.; et al. (2001-04-06). "Extension of Life-Span by Loss of CHICO, a Drosophila Insulin Receptor Substrate Protein". Science. 292 (5514): 104-106. Bibcode:2001Sci...292..104C. doi:10.1126/science.1057991. PMID 11292874. Retrieved .
- ^ Anderson, R. P.; Handley Jr., C. O. (2001). "A new species of three-toed sloth (Mammalia: Xenarthra) from Panama, with a review of the genus Bradypus". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 114 (1): 1-33. Retrieved .
- ^ "Philip D. Gingerich Ph.D." Expert List. University of Michigan. Retrieved .
- ^ White, Scott R.; Sottos, Nancy R.; Geubelle, P. H.; Moore, J. S.; Kessler, M. R.; Sriram, S. R.; Brown, E. N.; Viswanathan, S. (2001-02-15). "Autonomic healing of polymer composites". Nature. 409 (6822): 794-797. doi:10.1038/35057232. PMID 11236987.
- ^ Berners-Lee, Tim; Hendler, James; Lassila, Ora (May 17, 2001). "The Semantic Web". Scientific American. Retrieved .
- ^ Beauvilain, Alain (October 5, 2006). "Toumaï : Histoire des Sciences et Histoire d'Hommes". TchadActuel. Archived from the original on March 8, 2012. Retrieved .
- ^ Beauvilain, Alain. "Toumaï". Retrieved .