ATP Rankings

The ATP Rankings are the objective merit-based method used by the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) for determining the qualification for entry as well as the seeding of players in all singles and doubles tournaments.[1] The first rankings for singles were published on 23 August 1973 while the doubles players were ranked for the first time on 1 March 1976. The rankings period is "the immediate past 52 weeks, except for: ATP World Tour Finals, singles and doubles, which is dropped on the Monday following the last ATP World Tour event of the following year; Futures Series tournaments that are only entered into the system on the second Monday following the tournament's week. Once entered, all tournaments, except the Barclays ATP World Tour Finals, remain in the system for 52 consecutive weeks."[1]

History

The ATP began as the men's trade union in 1972 and rose to prominence when 81 of its members boycotted the 1973 Wimbledon Championships.[2] Just two months later, in August, the ATP introduced its ranking system intended to objectify tournament entry criteria, which up to that point was controlled by national federations and tournament directors.[3]

The ATP's new ranking system was quickly adopted by men's tennis.[4] While virtually all ATP members were in favor of objectifying event participation, the system's first No. 1, Ilie N?stase, lamented that "everyone had a number hanging over them," fostering a more competitive and less collegial atmosphere among the players.[5]

The original ATP ranking criteria, which persisted through the 1980s, was based on averaging each player's results, though the details were revised a number of times.[3][4] Starting in 1990, in conjunction with the expansion of ATP purview as the new men's tour operator, the ranking criteria was replaced with a 'best of' system modeled after competitive downhill skiing.[4] This 'best of' system originally used 14 events but expanded to 18 in 2000.[4]

Overview

A player's ATP Ranking is based on the total points he accrued in the following 19 tournaments (18 if he did not qualify for the ATP World Tour Finals):

The requirement to play in four ATP World Tour 500 events does not apply to a player who was outside the top 30 in the previous year-end ranking; however, no more than four of his results from 500 level events may be counted.[1] For a better result within the same tour type to be transposed one has to wait for the expiry of the first worse result from previous year. It only expires at the drop date of that tournament and only if the player reached a worse result or hasn't entered the current year.

The Monte-Carlo Masters 1000 became optional in 2009, but if a player chooses to participate in it, its result is counted and his fourth-best result in an ATP 500 event is ignored (his three best ATP 500 results remain). From 2009 until 2015, if a player didn't play enough ATP 500 events and did not have an ATP 250 or Challenger appearance with a better result, the Davis Cup was counted in the 500's table.[7] The World Team Cup was also included before its cancellation in 2012.

For the Davis Cup points, from 2009 until 2015, point were distributed for the World Group countries. Instead of having an exact drop date they were gradually updated at each phase of the cup (compared to the results of the player from previous year and arranged his total sum of Davis Cup points to it. E.g. if a player played two matches in a semifinal but plays one the next year only that one missing match will be extracted from his points).[7]

A player who is out of competition for 30 or more days, due to a verified injury, will not receive any penalty. The ATP World Tour Finals will count as an additional 19th tournament in the ranking of its eight qualifiers at season's end.[8]

For every Grand Slam tournament or mandatory ATP World Tour Masters 1000 tournament for which a player is not in the main draw, and was not (and, in the case of a Grand Slam tournament, would not have been, had he and all other players entered) a main draw direct acceptance on the original acceptance list, and never became a main draw direct acceptance, the number of his results from all other eligible tournaments in the ranking period that count for his ranking is increased by one.[1]

Once a player is accepted in the main draw of a Grand Slam tournament or ATP World Tour Masters 1000 tournament,[c] his result in this tournament counts for his ranking, regardless of whether he participates. A player's withdrawal from an ATP World Tour 500 event, regardless of whether the withdrawal was on time, results in a zero point included as one of his best of four results. Further non-consecutive withdrawals results in a zero point allocation replacing the next best positive result for each additional withdrawal.[1]

Players with multiple consecutive withdrawals who are out of competition for 30 days or longer because of injury are not subject to a ranking penalty as long as verified and approved medical forms are provided; or, a player will not have the ranking penalty imposed if he completes the Promotional Activities requirement as specified under "Repeal of Withdrawal Fines and/or Penalties" or if the on-site withdrawal procedures apply. Players may also appeal withdrawal penalties to a Tribunal who will determine whether the penalties are affirmed or set aside.[1]

Between 2000 and 2012, ranking points were awarded based on results in the Summer Olympics. This was changed before the 2016 Olympics where no ranking points were awarded.[9]

With these rules, a player playing and winning the mandatory 4 Grand Slams and 8 ATP Masters 1000 events, a further 5 ATP 500 events and the Monte-Carlo Masters 1000 can amass a total of 19500 points before the ATP World Tour Finals and end the calendar year with a maximum of 21000 points. Novak Djokovic's haul of 16585 points in the season of 2015 is the best in the history.[10]

Ranking method

Since the introduction of the ATP rankings the method used to calculate a player's ranking points has changed several times.[11][12]

Points distribution (2009 - present)

Points are awarded as follows:[13]

Tournament category W F SF QF R16 R32 R64 R128 Q
Grand Slam 2000 1200 720 360 180 90 45 10 25
ATP World Tour Finals +500
(1500 max)
+400
(1000 max)
(200 for each round robin match win)
(600 max)
Masters 1000 1000 600 360 180 90 45 10 (25) (10) 25 (16)
500 Series 500 300 180 90 45 (20) 20 (10)
250 Series 250 150 90 45 20 (5) 12 (5)
ATP Challenger Tour Finals +50 +30 (15 for each round robin match win)
Challenger 125,000 +H 125 75 45 25 10 5
Challenger 125,000 110 65 40 20 9 5
Challenger 100,000 100 60 35 18 8 5
Challenger 75,000 90 55 33 17 8 5
Challenger 50,000 80 48 29 15 7 3
Challenger 35,000 +H 80 48 29 15 6 3
Futures 15,000 +H 35 20 10 4 1
Futures 15,000 27 15 8 3 1
Futures 10,000 +H 27 15 8 3 1
Futures 10,000 18 10 6 2 1
Other events
Olympics (since 2016
no points are awarded)
750 450 340
270
135 70 35 5
  • (ATP 1000 series) Qualifying points changes to 16 points only if the main draw is larger than 56
  • (ATP 500 series) Qualifying points changes to 10 points only if the main draw is larger than 32
  • (ATP 250 series) Qualifying points changes to 5 points only if the main draw is larger than 32

In addition qualifiers and main draw entry players will then also receive the points in brackets for the rounds they reached.[14]

Note: Beginning in 2016 season, no points are awarded for Davis Cup ties,[15] nor for the tennis tournament at the Summer Olympics.[16]

Current rankings

Number one ranked players

The following is a list of players who have achieved the number one position in singles since the inception of the rankings in 1973 (active players in green):

# Player Date reached Total weeks
1 Romania Ilie N?stase August 23, 1973 40
2 Australia John Newcombe June 3, 1974 8
3 United States Jimmy Connors July 29, 1974 268
4 Sweden Björn Borg August 23, 1977 109
5 United States John McEnroe March 3, 1980 170
6 Czechoslovakia Ivan Lendl February 28, 1983 270
7 Sweden Mats Wilander September 12, 1988 20
8 Sweden Stefan Edberg August 13, 1990 72
9 Germany Boris Becker January 28, 1991 12
10 United States Jim Courier February 10, 1992 58
11 United States Pete Sampras April 12, 1993 286
12 United States Andre Agassi April 10, 1995 101
13 Austria Thomas Muster February 12, 1996 6
14 Chile Marcelo Ríos March 30, 1998 6
15 Spain Carlos Moyá March 15, 1999 2
16 Russia Yevgeny Kafelnikov May 3, 1999 6
17 Australia Patrick Rafter July 26, 1999 1
18 Russia Marat Safin November 20, 2000 9
19 Brazil Gustavo Kuerten December 4, 2000 43
20 Australia Lleyton Hewitt November 19, 2001 80
21 Spain Juan Carlos Ferrero September 8, 2003 8
22 United States Andy Roddick November 3, 2003 13
23 Switzerland Roger Federer February 2, 2004 302
24 Spain Rafael Nadal August 18, 2008 146
25 Serbia Novak Djokovic July 4, 2011 223
26 United Kingdom Andy Murray November 7, 2016 41

Last update: September 18, 2017

Year-end number one players

Singles

Doubles

Players with highest career rank 2-5

The following is a list of players who were ranked world No.5 or higher but not No.1 in the period since the 1973 introduction of the ATP computer rankings (active players in green):

See also

Notes

  1. ^ In weeks where there are not four Grand Slam tournaments and eight ATP World Tour Masters 1000 tournaments in the ranking period, the number of a player's best results from all eligible tournaments in the ranking period will be adjusted accordingly.
  2. ^ At least one of these tournaments must follow the US Open.
  3. ^ "Accepted" means a direct acceptance, a qualifier, a special exempt, or a lucky loser, or having accepted a wild card.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "ATP World Tour - Rulebook, Chapter IX, ATP Rankings" (PDF). Retrieved . 
  2. ^ Tignor, Steve (19 March 2015). "1973: The men boycott Wimbledon and shift power to the players". tennis.com. Retrieved 2016. 
  3. ^ a b Buddell, James (23 August 2013). "The Rankings That Changed Tennis (Part I)". atpworldtour.com. Retrieved 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c d Buddell, James (23 August 2013). "The Rankings That Changed Tennis (Part II)". atpworldtour.com. Retrieved 2016. 
  5. ^ Tignor, Steve (26 March 2015). "1973: The ATP institutes computer rankings". tennis.com. Retrieved 2016. 
  6. ^ "Rankings FAQ". Atpworldtour.com. Retrieved . 
  7. ^ a b "Frequently Asked Questions". atpworldtour.com. Retrieved . 
  8. ^ "Rankings-FAQ". ATP World Tour. 
  9. ^ Rothenberg, Ben (2016-05-29). "Points and Prize Money Mean More to Olympic Tennis Holdouts". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved . 
  10. ^ "Novak Djokovic Season of 2015". 
  11. ^ Douglas Robson (22 August 2013). "Happy 40th birthday, ATP computer rankings". USA Today. 
  12. ^ Simon Cambers (15 February 2013). "40 years on, how have the ATP World Rankings developed?". www.wimbledon.com. AELTC. Archived from the original on 2014-12-31. 
  13. ^ "Rankings FAQ". ATP World Tour. Retrieved . 
  14. ^ "Tennis - ATP World Tour - Rankings FAQ". ATP World Tour. Retrieved . 
  15. ^ "Rankings | FAQ | ATP World Tour | Tennis". ATP World Tour. Retrieved . 
  16. ^ "ITF confirms no ATP points will be assigned at Olympic Games in Rio 2016". Tennis World. Retrieved . 
  17. ^ "Current ATP Rankings (Singles)". atpworldtour.com. ATP Tour, Inc. 
  18. ^ "Emirates ATP Doubles Rankings". ATP Tour. 
  19. ^ In 2009 a new point system was introduced

External links


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