Ahpeahtone
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Ahpeahtone
Ahpeahtone (Que-Tah-Tsay, Apiatan)
Annual report of the Bureau of Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution (1892) (19174914640).jpg
Kiowa leader
Personal details
Born 1856
Near Medicine Lodge, KS
Died August 8, 1931
Resting place Rainy Mountain Cemetery, south of Mountain View, OK
Spouse(s) Kaubin, Guohaddle Ahpeatone
Relations Uncle, Lone Wolf (Guipahgah). Also related to Red Cloud.
Children Son, Norman "Lon Ahpeatone" Kaubin
Parents Father, Red Otter
Known for Last traditional chief of the tribe

Ahpeahtone, also known as Que-Tah-Tsay or Apiatan (1856 - August 8, 1931) was a chief of the Kiowa tribe in Oklahoma, who is regarded as the last traditional chief of the tribe.

Background

Ahpeahtone was born in 1856 near Medicine Lodge, KS.[1][2] His Kiowa name, also spelled Apeahtone or Ah-pe-a-ton, means "Wooden Lance"[3] or "Kills With a Lance". His lineage includes several noted Kiowa leaders and warriors. He was the son of the Kiowa leader Red Otter and related by blood to Little Otter and Red Cloud, the Oglala Lakota war chief. Lone Wolf (Guipahgah), a prominent Kiowa chief was Ahpeahtone's paternal uncle.[1]

Leadership

Ahpeatone was highly respected for his decisions and leadership qualities.

In the spring of 1890, the Ghost Dance religion spread among the Plains Indians. This prophecy foretold told the destruction of the European-Americans and a return of the old times and the buffalo. He was chosen by the Kiowa to visit Pine Ridge Agency in South Dakota. He was given a cordial welcome by his Lakota relatives.

He also traveled to Fort Washakie, thinking he would find religion guidance among the northern Arapahoes. They sent him to the Paiutes in Nevada, where he found the prophet in the Mason Valley. When he returned home a great council was called to meet at Andarko and area tribes attended and Arapahoes were to present their side at the council. Ahpeahtone rose and spoke of his anxiety to know the truth. He related the story of his trip and feeling that the prophecy was a fraud.

Chief belonged to the Native American Church and used peyote as a sacrament. He belonged to the Gourd Dance Society and composed some of the songs. He composed other dance songs and participated in all the tribal dances.

Around 1916, he became a Methodist. He joined the Rainy Mountain Church in 1925, and became an active member.[2]

In later years, Chief Ahpeahtone established the Kiowa Indian Hospital in Lawton, Oklahoma. During his years as chief, Ahpeahtone adopted a democratic system of tribal government and developed the idea of a committee to transact tribal business. He believed he earned enough to care for himself and his family and would not accept pay for his work on behalf of the tribe. The only gift he ever received from the Kiowa Tribe was a new Model-T Ford in 1927. It cost $550.

Chief Ahpeahtone was a firm believer in education for Kiowas, and he would travel anywhere he could to learn the new modern way of life.

Family

He was married to Kaubin (1869-1938)[4] and to Guohaddle Ahpeatone (1860-1935).[2] His son, Norman "Lon Ahpeatone" Kaubin (1895-1980), served in the Field Artillery in World War I.[5] Chief Ahpeatone and his family were land allottees. They farmed row crops and raised cattle and horses on their land southwest of Carnegie, Oklahoma.

Death and legacy

Ahpeahtone died on 8 August 1931,[1] and is buried at Rainy Mountain Cemetery south of Mountain View, OK.

In 1996, he was inducted into the National Hall of Fame for Famous American Indians in Anadarko and a bust was commissioned in his likeness.[6][7]

The town of Ahpeatone, located in Cotton County, Oklahoma was named for the chief.[3]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Methvin 335
  2. ^ a b c "Chief Ahpeatone (1855 - 1931)". Find A Grave Memorial. Retrieved . 
  3. ^ a b Shirk 5
  4. ^ "Kaubin (1869 - 1938)". Find A Grave Memorial. Retrieved . 
  5. ^ "Norman "Lon Ahpeatone" Kaubin (1895 - 1980)". Find A Grave Memorial. Retrieved . 
  6. ^ "Last Chief Of Kiowas Honored." Daily Oklahoman. 1 August 1996. Retrieved 21 June 2012.
  7. ^ Lawton Constitution 8-3-96

References

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.


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