Aldi
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Aldi
Aldi
Private
Industry Retail
Founded 23 June 1913; 104 years ago (23 June 1913)
10 July 1946 (split in two parts in 1960, renamed to Aldi Nord and Aldi Süd in 1962)[1]
Founders Karl Albrecht
Theo Albrecht
Headquarters Essen, Germany (Aldi Nord)
Mülheim, Germany (Aldi Süd)
Number of locations
10,366 Aldi Nord, Aldi Süd, and Trader Joe's stores
Area served
Australia, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Great Britain, United States, China
Key people
Lecia West
Products Food; Beverage; Sanitary Articles; Household Goods
Revenue IncreaseEUR53 billion (2010)[2]
Owner Siepmann Foundation,
(Aldi Süd)
Markus Foundation,
(Aldi Nord)
Number of employees
104,400 (Aldi Süd, 2015)[3], 58,179 (Aldi Nord, 2015)[4]
Subsidiaries Trader Joe's (Aldi Nord)
Website www.aldi.com

Aldi (stylized as ALDI) is the common brand of two leading global discount supermarket chains with over 10,000 stores in 18 countries, and an estimated combined turnover of more than EUR50 billion.[1][5][6] Based in Germany, the chain was founded by brothers Karl and Theo Albrecht in 1946 when they took over their mother's store in Essen, which had been in operation since 1913.

The business was split into two separate groups in 1960, that later became Aldi Nord, headquartered in Essen, and Aldi Süd, headquartered in Mülheim.[7][8] In 1962, they introduced the name Aldi (a syllabic abbreviation for Albrecht Diskont),[9] which is pronounced ['aldi:]. In Germany, Aldi Nord and Aldi Süd have been financially and legally separate since 1966, although both divisions' names may appear (as if they were a single enterprise) with certain store brands or when negotiating with contractor companies. The formal business name is Aldi Einkauf GmbH & Compagnie, oHG.

Aldi's German operations consist of Aldi Nord's 35 individual regional companies with about 2,500 stores in western, northern, and Eastern Germany, and Aldi Süd's 32 regional companies with 1,600 stores in western and southern Germany.[] Internationally, Aldi Nord operates in Denmark, France, the Benelux countries, the Iberian Peninsula, and Poland, while Aldi Süd operates in Ireland, Great Britain, Hungary, Switzerland, Australia, China, Austria and Slovenia (Aldi Süd operates as Hofer within the latter two countries). Both Aldi Nord and Aldi Süd also operate in the United States with 1,600 stores as of 2017.[10] Aldi Nord is owner of the Trader Joe's chain, while Aldi Süd operates as "Aldi".

History

Albrecht grocery store in Essen-Schonnebeck (1958)
Aldi's original store in Essen, still in operation

The earliest roots of the company trace back to 1913, when the mother of Karl and Theo Albrecht opened a small store in a suburb of Essen.[10] Their father was employed as a miner and later as a baker's assistant. Karl Albrecht was born in 1920, Theo Albrecht in 1922. Theo Albrecht completed an apprenticeship in his mother's store, while Karl Albrecht worked in a delicatessen.

Karl Albrecht took over a food shop formerly run by F. W. Judt who already advertised that they were the "cheapest food source". Karl Albrecht served in the German Army during World War II. In 1946, the brothers took over their mother's business and soon opened another retail outlet nearby.[10] By 1950, the Albrecht brothers owned 13 stores in the Ruhr Valley.[]

The brothers' idea, which was new at the time, was to subtract the legal maximum rebate of 3% before sale. The market leaders at the time, which often were co-operatives, required their customers to collect rebate stamps, and to send them at regular intervals to reclaim their money. The Albrecht brothers also rigorously removed merchandise that did not sell from their shelves, cutting costs by neither advertising nor selling fresh produce, and keeping the size of their retail outlets small.[10]

When the brothers split the company in 1960 over a dispute whether they should sell cigarettes,[11] they owned 300 shops with a cash flow of DM90 million yearly. In 1962, they introduced the name Aldi--short for Albrecht-Diskont. Aldi Nord and Aldi Süd have been financially and legally separate since 1966, although both divisions' names may appear as if they were a single enterprise with certain store brands or when negotiating with contractor companies.

The individual groups were originally owned and managed jointly by the brothers. Karl Albrecht (d. 2014) retained ownership of Aldi Süd, and with a personal wealth of EUR17.2 billion, making him the richest man in Germany, while the co-owners of Aldi Nord, Berthold and Theo Albrecht Jr., close behind at EUR16 billion. Dieter Schwarz, owner of Lidl and Kaufland came in third, with a fortune of EUR11.5 billion.[12]

Aldi started to expand internationally in 1967, when Aldi Süd acquired the grocery chain Hofer in Austria;[13] Aldi Nord opened its first stores abroad in the Netherlands in 1973,[14] and other countries followed. In 1976, Aldi opened its first store in the United States in Iowa,[a] and, in 1979, Aldi Nord acquired Trader Joes.[10] After German reunification and the fall of the Iron Curtain, Aldi experienced a rapid expansion. The brothers retired as CEOs in 1993; control of the companies was placed in the hands of private family foundations, the Siepmann Foundation (Aldi Süd) and the Markus Foundation (Aldi Nord, Trader Joe's).[6]

Business organization

Germany

Aldi in Germany

The Aldi Nord group currently consists of 35 independent regional branches with approximately 2,500 stores. Aldi Süd is made up of 31 companies with 1,600 stores. The border between their territories is commonly known as ?Aldi-Äquator? (literally: Aldi equator)[16][17] and runs from the Rhine via Mülheim an der Ruhr, Wermelskirchen, Marburg, Siegen, and Gießen east to just north of Fulda.

The former East Germany is served by Aldi Nord, except for one Aldi Süd in Sonneberg, Thuringia, whose regional office is in Bavaria. The regional branches are organised as limited partnerships with a regional manager for each branch who reports directly to the head office in Essen (Aldi Nord) or Mülheim an der Ruhr (Aldi Süd).

In December 2002, a survey conducted by the German market research institute Forsa found 95% of blue-collar workers, 88% of white-collar workers, 84% of public servants, and 80% of self-employed Germans shop at Aldi.[18] One of Aldi's direct competitors internationally is Lidl.[]

Internationally

Aldi stores worldwide: Aldi Nord in blue, Aldi Süd in orange

The Aldi group operates over 8,000 stores worldwide. Aldi Nord is responsible for its stores in Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, Poland, Spain, Denmark, and Portugal, and also operates the Trader Joe's markets in the United States. Aldi Süd's responsibilities are in the United States (operating under the Aldi name), Austria and Slovenia (as Hofer), Great Britain, Ireland, Australia, and Switzerland. Aldi Süd's first Switzerland store opened in 2005, while it has operated in Hungary since 2007. Aldi Süd had invested an estimated EUR800m ($1bn; £670m) in Greece from November 2008 until pulling out on 31 December 2010.[19]

While Aldi Nord has renamed its Dutch and Belgian subsidiaries Combi and Lansa to the Aldi Markt/Aldi Marché brand, Aldi Süd tries to maintain a regional appearance, branding its stores Aldi Süd in Germany, Aldi Suisse in Switzerland, and Hofer in Austria and Slovenia.[20]

Aldi UK Market Share from Kantar Worldpanel

Aldi launched in Great Britain, on 5 April 1990, when it opened its first store there in Stechford, Birmingham, using the wholly owned English registered company of ALDI Stores Limited and Aldi sales in Britain grew consistently. In October 2013, Aldi opened the 300th store in Great Britain.[21] By 2017 Aldi had over 600 stores there, and was opening them at a rate of more than one a week with the aim of having a thousand stores by 2022.[22]

It was still a small player in Great Britain, with a grocery share of less than 3.6%, but its importance, along with that of continental no-frills competitor Lidl was growing, with half of shoppers in Great Britain visiting Lidl or Aldi over Christmas that year. Aldi opened stores in affluent locations, including Knutsford and Bury St Edmunds.[23]

In much of Australia, Aldi filled a void in the discount supermarket business that arose when the discount grocery chain Franklins went out of business. Aldi opened its first store in Sydney, 2001 and has grown rapidly since, maintaining a 12.6% market share as of early 2016.[24][25]

Aldi Süd expanded to the United States under the Aldi banner, having expanded throughout the Eastern and Midwestern U.S., mostly through organic expansion, though it did buy Bottom Dollar Food in late 2014 from Delhaize Group.[26] Aldi Süd revealed expansion plans in 2015 and expanded into the Southern California market, where Aldi Nord's Trader Joe's is based.[27] On 25 November 2016 Aldi Süd confirmed that it will expand to China in late 2017.[28]

New style of Aldi Süd in Simi Valley, CA, USA
Old style of Aldi Süd in Bethlehem, PA, USA

Geographic distribution

Country Name Aldi group Since Outlets
 Germany Aldi Nord 1961[9] 2,298[29]
Aldi Süd 1962[30] 1,880[30]
 Australia Aldi Süd 2001 480[31]
 Austria Hofer Süd 1968 470[30]
 Belgium Aldi Nord 1973 457
 Denmark Aldi Nord 1977 222
 France Aldi Marché Nord 1988 891
 Hungary Aldi Süd 2008 130 [32]
 Ireland Aldi Süd 1999 130
 Luxembourg Aldi Nord 1990 12
 Netherlands Aldi Nord 1975 491
 Poland Aldi Nord 2008 118[33]
 Portugal Aldi Nord 2006 48
 Slovenia Hofer Süd 2005 80
 Spain Aldi Nord 2002 264[34]
  Switzerland Aldi Suisse Süd 2005 190[30]
 United Kingdom Aldi UK Süd 1990 740[35][36][37]
 United States Aldi US Süd 1976 1,670[38]
total number of Aldi Nord stores 4,789
total number of Aldi Süd stores International 3,880
total number of Aldi Süd stores 5,760
combined total of Aldi stores 14,429

Business practices

Some Aldi practices are common in German supermarkets but largely unique to Aldi in other countries.[] These include the system of metal gates and turnstiles forcing customers to exit through the checkout, and charging customers for shopping bags. Until 2004, Aldi stores accepted only cash (since then, German stores have accepted domestic Girocard debit cards). Debit cards also are accepted in the United States, Great Britain, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Portugal, Spain, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Ireland, Australia, Slovenia, and Hungary. All 4 major credit cards are accepted in the United States as of 1 March 2016. Electronic Benefit Transfer cards are also accepted in the United States.[39]

Outside of Great Britain, United States and France, Aldi generally does not accept credit cards, though Aldi Australia accepts MasterCard and Visa for a 0.5% surcharge and Aldi Ireland accepts Visa and MasterCard with no surcharge. In the United States, as of February 2016, Aldi accepts all four major credit cards (MasterCard, Visa, American Express and Discover Card), and from the beginning all credit cards "Carte Bleue" (Visa, American Express or MasterCard) in France due to the banking system in France where debit cards don't exist; before this, Aldi only accepted debit cards. Aldi has accepted Visa/MasterCard without surcharge throughout Great Britain from October 2014, which had previously been accepted only in Scotland,[40] and throughout Germany from September 2015.[41][42][43]

Aldi Suisse became one of the first companies to accept the Apple Pay contactless payment system in Switzerland on 7 July 2016.[44][45]

In-store layout

Aldi Nord interior
The inside of an Aldi store in Hungary

Aldi specialises in staple items, such as food, beverages, toilet paper, sanitary articles, and other inexpensive household items. Many of its products are own brands, with the number of other brands usually limited to a maximum of two for a given item. This increases sales for each article, and lets Aldi shops be smaller than stores with more brand choice. This practice let Aldi avoid price tags, even before the introduction of barcode scanners. On many of its own brands, if feasible, Aldi will place multiple barcodes on products to speed the check out process.

Branded products carried include HARIBO in Germany, Knoppers in Belgium and France, Marmite and Branston Pickle in Great Britain; and Vegemite and Milo in Australia. In the United States, major brand-name products, such as Oscar Mayer bacon, sometimes are offered as a 'special purchase': name-brand items that Aldi has received at a special price from the vendor and can offer for a reduced price. Unlike most shops, Aldi does not accept manufacturers' coupons, although some US stores successfully experimented with store coupons (e.g. $10 off a $25 purchase).

In addition to its standard assortment, Aldi has weekly special offers[46], some of them on more expensive products such as electronics, tools, appliances, or computers, usually from in-house electronics brand Medion and workzone[47] brand for tools. Discount items can include clothing, toys, flowers, and gifts. Specials have strict limits on quantities, and are for one week. Aldi's early computer offers in Germany (such as a Commodore 64 in 1987) resulted in those products selling out in a few hours.[48]

Aldi is the largest wine retailer in Germany.[49] Some Australian stores now sell alcoholic beverages. Some US stores also sell alcoholic beverages (mainly beer and wine) where permitted by local and state laws.

Aldi mainly sells exclusively produced, custom-branded products (often identical to and produced by major brands[50]) with brand names including Grandessa and Fit & Active.

Advertising policy

Aldi has a policy in Germany of not advertising, apart from a weekly newsletter of special prices called "Aldi informs" that is distributed in stores and by direct mail and often printed in local newspapers. It claims this is a cost saving that can be passed on to consumers. In Germany, Aldi has never used an external advertising agency.[18]

In the United States, it advertises in newspapers and on television, as well as print ads distributed in stores, and via the Internet.

In Great Britain, print and television ads have appeared since May 2005.

In Australia, television advertising is common and the current ads are listed on the Australian website.[51]

In Belgium, print, radio and television ads started appearing in late 2017. These ads were based on the positive results of taste-tests where the chain pitted its own products against common name-brand products.

Logos and branding

The two stores Nord and Süd have distinct logos with Nord displaying the entire 'A' for ALDI while Süd unveiled a logo in 1982 which displays only half. In 2006, ALDI Süd modified the logo slightly and then in March 2017, unveiled a new logo which removed the blue box line around the artistic 'A' and revealed a more rounded, 3D look for the logo as well as a new font for the word 'ALDI', further differentiating it from the ALDI Nord logo which had shared the same font for the brand until then.[52][53]

Reputation

Originally, Aldi shops were often ridiculed as being cheap shops selling low-quality goods, whose customers could not afford to shop elsewhere.[54]

In the United Kingdom, Aldi has won Supermarket of the Year two years in a row (2012/13),[55] and in 2013, Aldi won the Grocer of the Year Award.[56] However, in February 2015, Aldi narrowly lost to Waitrose for the title of Supermarket of the Year 2015. In April 2015, Aldi overtook Waitrose to become the United Kingdom's sixth-largest supermarket chain.[57] In February 2017, Aldi overtook Co-op to become the United Kingdom's fifth largest supermarket chain. [58]

In the United States, due to the relatively low staffing of Aldi locations compared to other supermarket chains, Aldi has a reputation of starting employees out at significantly higher than minimum wage, unusual among American supermarkets.[59][60]

In Ireland, Aldi has been accused of a "lack of corporate responsibility" to their farmer suppliers by the Irish Farmers' Association.[61]

Subsidiaries and joint ventures

Aldi Talk

Aldi has a mobile virtual network operator in Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands, called Aldi Talk. Aldi also operates a similar network in Australia using Telstra's 4G network, called Aldimobile.[62]

Aldi Liquor

Aldi sells low cost liquor from its liquor stores. Until March 2016, Aldi had a liquor website serving the east coast of Australia. This has now been closed down, citing it wishes to focus on expanding the supermarket chain across Australia.

Diskont

In Austria through its subsidiary Hofer, Aldi has a joint venture with the local petrol retailer Free Energy (FE) Trading GmbH, to create some no frills petrol stations called Diskont.[63] The 66 stations are on or nearby the stores, providing self-serve unleaded or diesel fuel by card-operated pumps. These have been in operation since 2009.

Criticism

In May 2004, German Aldi stores sold garden furniture made of Indonesian Meranti wood. Because it was not able to show that it was sourced legally (70% of Indonesian timber is illegally logged), environmental organisations pressured Aldi to stop selling the furniture.[64] Within days Aldi announced that all of the timber used in its products would bear the FSC certificate, which promotes sustainable forestry.[65]

In January 2013, Aldi Germany was caught up in the horse meat scandal along with Tesco and others.[66] On 8 February 2013, the store group admitted that some of its frozen lasagne and spaghetti bolognese products contained 30%-100% horse meat rather than the advertised beef and that it had terminated its relationship with the supplier responsible for the adulterated product.[67]

In January 2014, following a mislabelling of turkey meat as halal, Aldi apologised and said, "Aldi does not label any products as halal-certified".[68] In May 2015, Aldi apologised again after it sold pork products labelled as halal.[69][70]

Notes

  1. ^ Aldi purchased the Iowa's Benner Tea chain and opened its first United States store at Burlington in 1976.[15]

References

  1. ^ a b Thomas Rudolph (1 October 2011). Diversity in European Marketing: Text and Cases. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 141. 
  2. ^ "Obituary: Theo Albrecht."
  3. ^ Aldi gibt erstmals Einblicke in Zahlen und Konzernpolitik
  4. ^ Kennzahlen ALDI Nord
  5. ^ "Working for Alsi". aldi. Archived from the original on 22 August 2014. 
  6. ^ a b Stefan Wagstyl (21 July 2014). "Karl Albrecht, Aldi co-founder, 1920-2014". The Financial Times. 
  7. ^ "Impressum" ALDI Nord. Retrieved on 14 February 2011. "ALDI Einkauf GmbH & Co. oHG Eckenbergstraße 16 45307 Essen."
  8. ^ "Impressum Archived 23 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine.." Aldi Süd. Retrieved on 14 February 2011. "Burgstraße 37 45476 Mülheim an der Ruhr Amtsgericht Duisburg HRA 8577."
  9. ^ a b http://www.aldi-nord.de/aldi_ueber_uns_814.html Retrieved on 22 February 2014.
  10. ^ a b c d e Weymouth, Lauren. "Secrets of the German supermarkets conquering America (24 slides)". MSN: Money. Retrieved 2017. 
  11. ^ Graham Ruddick (7 December 2012). "Billionaire Aldi heir Berthold Albrecht dies at 58". the Telegraph. 
  12. ^ Aldi dynasty continue to lead German rich list.Published: 10 October 11, 15:32 CET
  13. ^ "Aldi Süd - About Aldi Süd(German)". Archived from the original on 29 October 2014. 
  14. ^ "Aldi Nord - About us(German)". 
  15. ^ Johnson, Patt (10 September 2015). "Aldi to open Windsor Heights store". The Register and Tribune. Des Moines. Retrieved 2017. 
  16. ^ Hielscher, Henryk (28 July 2014). "Sieben Leitsätze : Der Aldi-Äquator trennt das Land" (in German). Wirtschaftswoche. Retrieved 2015. 
  17. ^ Wilkes, Christoph; Wilkes, Johannes (2012). Der Aldi-Äquator: 4 Jungs, 20 Filialen, 660 Kilometer [The Aldi equator: 4 guys, 20 stores, 660 kilometer] (in German). Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag. ISBN 978-3-596-19471-1. 
  18. ^ a b Steinhoff, Jürgen; Helga Hein; Ingrid Lorbach (16 December 2002). "Hinter den Kulissen des Discounters". Stern (in German). Retrieved 2010. 
  19. ^ "Aldi quits Greece" (in German). www.german-retail-blog.com. 23 July 2010. Retrieved 2012. 
  20. ^ Hofer. "Hofer - Start". Retrieved 2014. 
  21. ^ Yeomans, Jon. "Aldi, Lidl, and Waitrose seize share as market polarises". Thegrocer.co.uk. Retrieved 2014. 
  22. ^ Simpson, Emma (26 September 2017). "The man driving Aldi's remarkable growth". BBC News. Retrieved 2017. 
  23. ^ "BBC News - Graduate jobs: The hunters and the hunted". bbc.co.uk. 6 July 2010. Retrieved 2014. 
  24. ^ Aldi arrives in Australia, ABC Online, 25 January 2001
  25. ^ Mike King, ALDI is stealing market share from Woolworths Limited, The Motley Fool, 15 April 2016
  26. ^ Delhaize Group to Sell 66 Bottom Dollar Food Store Locations, MarketWatch, 5 November 2014
  27. ^ Kelly Taylor, Aldi To Open 45 Stores In Southern California By 2016, Fox LA.
  28. ^ https://www.retailgazette.co.uk/blog/2016/11/aldi-confirms-china-expansion
  29. ^ [Aldi Nord Sustainability Report 2015) https://www.cr-aldinord.com/2015/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2016/04/ALDI_North_Group_NHB_Sustainability_Report_2015.pdf] access: 25 September 2016.
  30. ^ a b c d "Aldi Süd Facts and Figures". Archived from the original on 22 December 2008. Retrieved 2008. 
  31. ^ ALDI. "Find your Local ALDI Store - ALDI Australia". storelocator.aldi.com.au. Retrieved 2017. 
  32. ^ "Aldi stores in Hungary". 
  33. ^ [Raport Zrównowa?onego Rozwoju Aldi Nord za rok 2015 (Sustainability Report 2015) http://www.aldi.pl/print/_pressrelease/ALDI_Nord_NHB_PL_online.pdf] (in Polish)
  34. ^ "Los Supermercados Aldi más próximos". Retrieved 2016. [not in citation given]
  35. ^ Food and Drink (29 October 2013). "How Aldi won the class war - and became the fastest-growing supermarket in Britain". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 2014. 
  36. ^ "Aldi Stores UK". Aldi Stores Limited. Retrieved 2016. 
  37. ^ The Sun (26 September 2017). "Aldi to open more than 70 more UK stores after £8.7bn record sales". The Sun. Retrieved 2017. 
  38. ^ ALDI Honored with Retailer of the Year and Product of the Year Wins. 12 February 2014.
  39. ^ "ALDI US - FAQs". Retrieved 2015. 
  40. ^ "Aldi: Credit and Bank Cards now accepted". Retrieved 2014. 
  41. ^ "ALDI Nord website". Retrieved 2015. 
  42. ^ "ALDI Süd website". Archived from the original on 18 October 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  43. ^ "Press release: Aldi to take credit cards" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 October 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  44. ^ "Apple Pay ist ab sofort verfügbar in der Schweiz -- macprime.ch News". www.macprime.ch. Retrieved 2016. 
  45. ^ Apple cranks up heat on PayPal by finally bringing Apple Pay to websites Digital Trends
  46. ^ "Aldi special buys this week are set to be a game changer". Ideal Home. 26 October 2017. Retrieved 2017. 
  47. ^ ALDI. "ALDI US - WORKZONE". www.aldi.us. Retrieved 2017. 
  48. ^ "HCM: The Home Computer Museum". Retrieved 2007. 
  49. ^ "GERMANY: Aldi is the biggest wine retailer in Germany". Progressive Newsletter 79. Progressive Group International Newsletter. 20-26 March 2006. Archived from the original on 6 March 2012. Retrieved 2012. 
  50. ^ A list of no-name brands and the major brand companies behind them for Germany. Aldi relies on re-labeled major brand products.
  51. ^ ALDI. "TV Advertising & Commercials - ALDI Australia". 
  52. ^ "Discount Ribbon". Brand New. 
  53. ^ "Aldi 'modernizes' logo to match store changes". Supermarket News. 20 March 2017. Retrieved 2017. 
  54. ^ Waltraud Schwab (19 June 2010). "Arme Discounterkunden: Kasse dank Masse" (in German). Die Tageszeitung. Retrieved 2012. 
  55. ^ "Aldi wins Supermarket of the Year at Which? awards for second year in a row". 
  56. ^ "Aldi scoops Grocer of the Year Award at Grocer Golds". 
  57. ^ "Aldi overtakes Waitrose to become UK's sixth-largest supermarket chain". 
  58. ^ "Aldi overtakes Co-op to become UK's fifth largest grocer". 7 February 2017 - via www.bbc.co.uk. 
  59. ^ "Working at Aldi - Reviews of Jobs at Aldi". Jobitorial.com. Retrieved 2014. 
  60. ^ "Aldi, Inc. Employer Wages, Hourly Wage Rate". PayScale. 3 January 2014. Retrieved 2014. 
  61. ^ "IFA hold protest outside Aldi's Letterkenny store over beef prices". 19 September 2014. Retrieved 2014. 
  62. ^ Sharma, Krishan (5 March 2013). "List of Aldi and Kogan's budget phone plans". BIT. Haymarket Media. Retrieved 2013. 
  63. ^ "Diskont homepage". FE-Trading GmbH. Retrieved 2014. 
  64. ^ "Umwelt:Aldi auf dem Holzweg" (in German). Spiegel Online. 20 May 2004. Retrieved 2007. [dead link]
  65. ^ "Protestaktionen bringen Discounter zum Umdenken" (in German). 26 May 2004. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 2007. 
  66. ^ "Horsemeat found in beefburgers on sale in UK and Ireland". BBC News. 15 January 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  67. ^ "Aldi Frozen Ready Meals 100% Horsemeat". Sky News. 8 February 2013
  68. ^ "UK: Aldi apologises for mislabelled turkey crown". Eat-halal. 3 January 2014. Retrieved 2015. 
  69. ^ Smith, Jennifer (17 May 2015). "Muslim fury after Aldi is found selling 'halal' Indian-style snacks that contained forbidden pork". Daily Mail. Retrieved 2015. 
  70. ^ "Aldi apologises after black pudding is incorrectly labelled as halal-certified". The Telegraph. 18 May 2015. Retrieved 2015. 

External links


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