Ali Ibn Yusuf
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Ali Ibn Yusuf
Ali ibn Yusuf
Amir Al-Muslimin
Almoravid dinar 1138 631905.jpg
Sultan of Morocco
Reign1106-1143
PredecessorYusuf ibn Tashfin
SuccessorTashfin ibn Ali
Born1084
Ceuta[]
Died26 January 1143
Full name
Ali ibn Yusuf
DynastyAlmoravid
FatherYusuf ibn Tashfin
ReligionIslam

Ali ibn Yusuf (also known as "Ali Ben Youssef") (Arabic: ?‎) (born 1084 died 26 January 1143[1]) was the 5th Almoravid king. He reigned from 1106–1143.

Biography

Ali was recognized as the heir of his father Yusuf ibn Tashfin in 1102. He succeeded his father upon his death in 1106.[2] Ali ruled from Morocco and appointed his brother Tamin ibn Yusuf as governor of Al-Andalus. Ali expanded his territories in the Iberian Peninsula by capturing Zaragoza in 1110, but eventually lost it again to Alfonso I, King of Aragon, in 1118. Cordoba rebelled against the Almoravids in 1121.

In 1139, he lost the Battle of Ourique against the Portuguese forces led by the count Afonso Henriques, which allow Afonso to proclaim himself an independent King.

Ali was succeeded by his son Tashfin ibn Ali in 1143.[3]

Sargasso Sea

According to the Muslim cartographer Muhammad al-Idrisi the Mugharrarin (also translated as "the adventurers") sent by Ali ibn Yusuf, led by his admiral Ahmad ibn Umar, better known under the name of Raqsh al-Auzz reached the Sargasso Sea, a part of the ocean covered by seaweed which is very close to Bermuda.

Family

Ali was the son of Yusuf ibn Tashfin. He had at least two sons:[3]

References

  1. ^ 7 rajab 537 AH
  2. ^ Extrait de la Chronique intitulée Kamel-Altevarykh par Ibn-Alatyr, RHC Historiens orientaux I, pp. 239-40.
  3. ^ a b SPAIN.htm Moorish Spain
  4. ^ Extrait de la Chronique intitulée Kamel-Altevarykh par Ibn-Alatyr, RHC Historiens orientaux I, p. 413.
Preceded by
Yusuf ibn Tashfin
Almoravids
1106–1143
Succeeded by
Tashfin ibn Ali



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