Suburban Annandale, 2015
Location of Annandale in Fairfax County, Virginia
|Fairfax County, Virginia|
|Named for||Annandale, United Kingdom|
|o Total||7.86 sq mi (20.4 km2)|
|o Land||7.86 sq mi (20.4 km2)|
|o Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||361 ft (110 m)|
|o Density||5,219.0/sq mi (2,015.1/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|o Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||703, 571|
|GNIS feature ID||1492474|
Annandale is located at  Annandale is mostly traversed by the Capital Beltway and Virginia State Route 236. The center of town is considered to be where Route 236, Columbia Pike, and Backlick Road meet around two miles (3 km) east of Interstate 495 on Route 236.(38.834134, -77.211277).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 7.86 square miles (20.4 km2), all of it land. The area is part of the coastal plain located just east of the Fall Line separating the coastal plain of Virginia from the piedmont. It is characterized by rolling hills, stream valleys, and heavy red clay soils.
The Annandale region is bisected by Accotink Creek, which in Colonial times was a primary link for ocean-going ships that would load tobacco and other goods where Little River Turnpike - Annandale's oldest road and the first toll road in America - crosses it. With the construction of the Springfield Dam in 1918, Lake Accotink was created to serve as a water source for World War I Army Camp A.A. Humphreys. In 1960, when the lake was no longer needed by the Army, the Fairfax County Park Authority leased the land and finally bought the site in 1965. Today, Lake Accotink is a popular recreation area with bike trails, fishing and boat rentals.
Also along Accotink Creek runs the Fairfax Cross County Trail (CCT) which provides uninterrupted hiking, biking, running and cross-country skiing for 20 miles (32 km) in Annandale. The CCT meanders through parks and forests filled with deer, fox, geese and numerous species of native birds. In the spring, Accotink Creek is stocked with trout and fishermen are often seen wading in its waters.
As of the 2010 census, there were 41,008 people, 14,184 households, and 9,790 families residing in the community. The sharp decrease in population from 54,994 in 2000 was due to the splitting off of the CDP's western portion to form the Wakefield and Woodburn CDPs. The population density in 2010 was 5,219.0 people per square mile (2,015.1/km²). There were 14,715 housing units at an average density of 1,872.1/sq mi (721.3/km²). The racial makeup of the community was 50.4% White, 24.6% Asian, 8.6% African American, 0.5% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 11.6% from other races, and 4.1% from two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos of any race were 27.6% of the population.
There were 14,184 households out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.0% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were non-families. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87, and the average family size was 3.32.
The age distribution of the community was 22.0% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 27.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.9 years. The gender makeup of the community was 49.4% male and 50.6% female.
The median income for a household in the community was $75,871, and the median income for a family was $82,750. Males had a median income of $49,665 versus $44,303 for females. The community's per capita income was $35,146. About 5.2% of families and 7.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.1% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.
Downtown Annandale is also referred to as Koreatown as there were roughly 929 South Korean-owned businesses as of 2006 and 67 South Korean-owned restaurants as of July 1, 2010 operating according to the GIANT Directory for South Korean-owned and Korean-American businesses in the Washington Metropolitan Area. Although these businesses appear to cater only to South Korean expatriates, recently, they have been trying to cater to all demographic backgrounds.
Educational institutions in Annandale include facilities operated by the Fairfax County Public Schools. Annandale High School, founded in 1954, is the main area public high school although Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology, Falls Church High School, Woodson High School, and J. E. B. Stuart High School also take in small portions of Annandale. Other schools include Holmes Middle School, Edgar Allan Poe Middle School, Annandale Terrace Elementary School, Braddock Elementary School, Woodburn Elementary School, Camelot Elementary School, Columbia Elementary School, Canterbury Woods Elementary School and Wakefield Forest Elementary School.
Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology, (TJHSST), a Governor's School, is located along the eastern section of Annandale. TJHSST has an Alexandria postal address, but its physical location is in Fairfax County. TJHSST has been ranked the #1 public high school in the country by the U.S. News & World Report in 2008, 2009, and 2010.
Annandale High School has one of the area's few International Baccalaureate Degree programs. Ensembles within the school's choral program have performed at the Kennedy Center in Washington, D.C., as well as many European venues.
Private schools located in Annandale include Grasshopper Green, Kenwood School, Holy Spirit Catholic School, Hope Montessori School, Montessori School of Northern Virginia, Oakwood School, Pinecrest School, St. Ambrose Catholic School, St. Michael's Catholic School, and Westminster School.
The oldest and largest branch of the Northern Virginia Community College system is also located within Annandale and was founded in 1965. A focal point of "NOVA", a commonly used nickname of the community college, is the Richard J. Ernst Community Cultural Center which is a 66,000-square-foot (6,100 m2) facility containing a 525-seat, state-of-the-art theater with satellite downlink and video projection capability, an 11,000-square-foot (1,000 m2) gymnasium/exhibition hall, a light-filled atrium entrance and a two-story art gallery. The college opened with 761 students, and today has more than 75,000 students and 2,600 faculty and staff members, and has six permanent campus sites across Northern Virginia. The student body consists of people from more than 180 countries.
The Fairfax County Fire & Rescue department staffs two stations in Annandale; downtown at Station 8, and in West Annandale, at Station 23, that operate within Annandale and surrounding areas within and around the county when needed. The Annandale Volunteer Fire Department (AVFD), a non-profit organization started in 1940, owns and maintains stations 8 and 23. Through a partnership with Fairfax County, both stations are now staffed full-time with career personnel employed by Fairfax County. Volunteers also provide regular emergency services at both stations. Vehicles owned by AVFD display "Annandale Volunteer Fire Department" markings and include Medic 408, Medic 408B, Ambulance 408, Engine 408, Canteen 408, & Medic 423. Engine 423, Light and Air 423, Tower 408 and BC404 are owned by Fairfax County and marked as such.
The Audrey Moore RECenter (formerly known as the Wakefield RECenter), located in Wakefield Park, houses an indoor pool measuring 76,000 square feet (7,100 m2) in size and a 50m x 25yd pool. The REC center offers more than 40 group fitness classes each week.
Annandale has parks scattered across its geographical region and a number of them are maintained by the Fairfax County Park Authority. The following parks are located in Annandale: Mason District Park, The Wakefield Chapel Park, Turkeycock Run Stream Valley Park, Annandale Community Park, Ossian Hall Park, Kendale Woods Park, Mill Creek Park, Wilburdale Park, Broyhill Crest Park, Larchmont Park, Canterbury Woods Park, Hidden Oaks Nature Center (Fairfax County Government Park Authority), Pine Ridge High School Site Park, Camelot School Site Park, Oak Hill Park, Backlick Park, Willow Woods Park, Valley Crest Park, Long Branch Falls Park, Manassas Gap Park, Fairfax Hills Park, Masonville Park, Howery Field Park, Poe Terrace Park, Rose Lane Park, Indian Run Stream Valley Park, and Accotink Stream Valley Park.
Notable individuals who were born in and/or have lived in Annandale include actor Mark Hamill, country music performer Kelly Willis, and Christopher McCandless, the subject of author Jon Krakauer's 1996 book, Into the Wild.
In the video game Fallout 3, the city is used as a location under the name Andale. The city is inhabited by a group of inbred cannibals who proudly go by the title of the "Friendliest Town in the USA."
So, as to the origin of the name Annandale. The plantation name was no longer used to refer to the area and the community took on the name Annandale, after the Scottish village located at the mouth of the River Annan.