Athletics At The 1908 Summer Olympics

At the 1908 Summer Olympics held in London, England, 26 athletics events were contested, all for men only. A total of 79 medals (27 gold, 27 silver, 25 bronze) were awarded.

Each nation was allowed to enter up to 12 competitors in most of the events. In the team races (the medley relay and the 3 mile team race), each nation entered one team. The medley relay was run by four athletes, with four alternates allowed. In the 3 mile team race, five athletes from each nation ran with only three counting.

The competition was restricted to amateurs, and was held under the rules of the Amateur Athletic Association. These rules included a prohibition on any interference with other runners (a rule that played an important part in the 400 metres).

Medal summary

Event Gold Silver Bronze
100 metres
details
Reggie Walker
 South Africa
James Rector
 United States
Robert Kerr
 Canada
200 metres
details
Robert Kerr
 Canada
Robert Cloughen
 United States
Nate Cartmell
 United States
400 metres
details
Wyndham Halswelle
 Great Britain
none awarded none awarded
800 metres
details
Mel Sheppard
 United States
Emilio Lunghi
 Italy
Hanns Braun
 Germany
1500 metres
details
Mel Sheppard
 United States
Harold Wilson
 Great Britain
Norman Hallows
 Great Britain
5 miles
details
Emil Voigt
 Great Britain
Edward Owen
 Great Britain
John Svanberg
 Sweden
Marathon
details
Johnny Hayes
 United States
Charles Hefferon
 South Africa
Joseph Forshaw
 United States
110 metres hurdles
details
Forrest Smithson
 United States
John Garrels
 United States
Arthur Shaw
 United States
400 metres hurdles
details
Charles Bacon
 United States
Harry Hillman
 United States
Jimmy Tremeer
 Great Britain
3200 metres steeplechase
details
Arthur Russell
 Great Britain
Arthur Robertson
 Great Britain
John Eisele
 United States
Medley relay
details
 United States (USA)
William Hamilton
Nate Cartmell
John Taylor
Mel Sheppard
 Germany (GER)
Arthur Hoffmann
Hans Eicke
Otto Trieloff
Hanns Braun
 Hungary (HUN)
Pál Simon
Frigyes Wiesner
József Nagy
Ödön Bodor
3 miles team race
details
 Great Britain (GBR)
William Coales
Joe Deakin
Arthur Robertson
 United States (USA)
George Bonhag
John Eisele
Herbert Trube
 France (FRA)
Joseph Dreher
Louis de Fleurac
Paul Lizandier
3500 metres walk
details
George Larner
 Great Britain
Ernest Webb
 Great Britain
Harry Kerr
 Australasia
10 miles walk
details
George Larner
 Great Britain
Ernest Webb
 Great Britain
Edward Spencer
 Great Britain
Long jump
details
Frank Irons
 United States
Daniel Kelly
 United States
Calvin Bricker
 Canada
Triple jump
details
Tim Ahearne
 Great Britain
Garfield MacDonald
 Canada
Edvard Larsen
 Norway
High jump
details
Harry Porter
 United States
Géo André
 France
none awarded
Con Leahy
 Great Britain
István Somodi
 Hungary
Pole vault
details
Edward Cook
 United States
none awarded Edward Archibald
 Canada
Clare Jacobs
 United States
Alfred Gilbert
 United States
Bruno Söderström
 Sweden
Standing long jump
details
Ray Ewry
 United States
Konstantinos Tsiklitiras
 Greece
Martin Sheridan
 United States
Standing high jump
details
Ray Ewry
 United States
John Biller
 United States
none awarded
Konstantinos Tsiklitiras
 Greece
Shot put
details
Ralph Rose
 United States
Denis Horgan
 Great Britain
John Garrels
 United States
Discus throw
details
Martin Sheridan
 United States
Merritt Giffin
 United States
Bill Horr
 United States
Hammer throw
details
John Flanagan
 United States
Matt McGrath
 United States
Con Walsh
 Canada
Javelin throw
details
Eric Lemming
 Sweden
Arne Halse
 Norway
Otto Nilsson
 Sweden
Greek discus
details
Martin Sheridan
 United States
Bill Horr
 United States
Verner Järvinen
 Finland
Freestyle javelin
details
Eric Lemming
 Sweden
Michalis Dorizas
 Greece
Arne Halse
 Norway

Medal table

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States 16 10 8 34
2  Great Britain & Ireland 7 7 3 17
3  Sweden 2 0 3 5
4  Canada 1 1 4 6
5  South Africa 1 1 0 2
6  Greece 0 3 0 3
7  Norway 0 1 2 3
8  France 0 1 1 2
 Germany 0 1 1 2
 Hungary 0 1 1 2
11  Italy 0 1 0 1
12  Australasia 0 0 1 1
 Finland 0 0 1 1
--  Austria 0 0 0 0
 Belgium 0 0 0 0
 Bohemia 0 0 0 0
 Denmark 0 0 0 0
 Netherlands 0 0 0 0
 Russian Empire 0 0 0 0
 Switzerland 0 0 0 0
* Total medals 27 27 25 79

Events

The 1908 Games were the first to feature race walking, with two different events held. Two different forms of javelin throwing also appeared, introducing the new throwing apparatus to the programme. The 60 metre short sprint was dropped from the programme, as was the middle hurdle distance. Steeplechasing was done at 3200 metres instead of the 2500 metres that had been included at the previous two editions; the team race also had its distance shortened. A short track relay event was added. The multi-discipline triathlon and decathlon events that had been experimented with at the 1904 Games were both absent, as was the 56 pound weight throw. An unusual event featuring the discus, which had become a staple of Olympic athletics, was held in which throwers had to follow a very specific throwing style. Overall there was one more event on the 1908 programme than there had been in 1904.

New:

  • 3200 metre steeplechase
  • Medley relay
  • 3 mile team race
  • 5 miles
  • 3500 metre walk
  • 10 mile walk
  • Javelin throw
  • Greek discus
  • Freestyle javelin

Removed:

  • 60 metres (1900-04)
  • 200 metre hurdles (1900-04)
  • 2500 metre steeplechase (1900-04)
  • 4 mile team race (1904)
  • Triathlon (1904)
  • Decathlon (1904)
  • Standing triple jump (1900-04)
  • 56 pound weight throw (1904)

Calendar

   ?    Event competitions    ?    Event finals
July 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th 21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th
100 metres ? ? ?
200 metres ? ? ?
400 metres ? ? ? ?
800 metres ? ?
1500 metres ? ?
110 metres hurdles ? ? ?
400 metres hurdles ? ? ?
3200 metres steeplechase ? ?
Medley relay ? ?
3 miles team race ? ?
5 miles ? ?
marathon ?
3500 metres walk ? ?
10 miles walk ? ?
Long jump ?
Triple jump ?
High jump ?
Pole vault ?
Standing long jump ?
Standing high jump ?
Shot put ?
Discus throw ?
Hammer throw ?
Javelin throw ?
Greek discus ?
Freestyle javelin ?
July 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th 21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th

Participating nations

446 athletes from 20 nations competed. Argentina and Turkey were the only two nations not to compete in athletics.

References

  • Cook, Theodore Andrea (1908). The Fourth Olympiad, Being the Official Report. London: British Olympic Association. 
  • De Wael, Herman (2001). "Athletics 1908". Herman's Full Olympians. Retrieved 2006. 
  • Wudarski, Pawel (1999). "Wyniki Igrzysk Olimpijskich" (in Polish). Archived from the original on 14 June 2006. Retrieved 2006. 

Coordinates: 51°30?49?N 0°13?39?E / 51.5136°N 0.2274°E / 51.5136; 0.2274


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