|Founded||1 June 1934; 83 years ago in Perm Krai, Russia|
|Founder||Arkadiy Dmitrievich Shvetsov|
|Alexander A. Inozemtsev (CEO)|
|Products||Aeroengines, aeroengine derived gas turbines, gensets |
|Revenue||$198 million (2014)|
|Owner||United Engine Corporation|
Aviadvigatel OJSC (Russian: "?", lit. Aeroengine) is a Russian developer and builder of aircraft engines, most notably jet engines for commercial and military aircraft. Based at the Perm Engine Plant, its products power the Ilyushin Il-76MF, Ilyushin Il-96, Tupolev Tu-204, and Tupolev Tu-214. It also designs and builds high-efficiency gas turbine units for electric power stations and for gas pumping plants. The company has its backgrounds in the Experimental Design Bureau-19 plant, set up to manufacture aircraft engines.
Aviadvigatel can be traced back to the engine design and manufacturing factory (Plant No.19) founded in Perm Krai, Russian Soviet Republic, on 1 June 1934, to produce the Wright Cyclone-derived Shvetsov M-25. Arkadiy Shvetsov was named chief designer at the plant, also referred to as the Perm Design/Engine School.  The school was given the Soviet Experimental Design Bureau designation of OKB-19, and was informally referred to as the Shvetsov Design Bureau.
The first engine to be built at OKB-19 was a licensed variant of the Wright R-1820-F3 Cyclone 9, designated the Shvetsov M-25 radial engine. Other Shevtsov-designed piston engines produced at OKB-19 were the M-11, M-71 ASh-2, ASh-21, ASh-62, ASh-73 and ASh-82. In just four years OKB-19 was Russia's major designer, and provider of radial aircraft engines for the Soviet aircraft industry. Aleksandr Mikulin's and Vladimir Klimov's two separate OKB design bureaus were assigned for the creation of inline engines.
During World War II the Plant exceeded its original design capacity by a factor of 12, producing more than 32,000 engines for Lavochkin La-5, Sukhoi Su-2 and Tupolev Tu-2s. In the 1950s the factory transitioned from piston engines to jet engines. The Plant has consolidated its positions and has become a regular partner and supplier of products for Tupolev, Ilyushin, Mikoyan, Mil, and Myasishchev.
After the death of Shvetsov in 1953, leadership was taken over by Pavel Alexandrovich Soloviev, and the OKB was referred to afterwards as the Soloviev Design Bureau. Under Soloviev, the company became notable for the D-15 engine that powered the Myasishchev M-50 in 1957. Other notable designs included the D-25 turboshaft and D-20 and D-30 turbofans.
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Since 1989, and up to June, 2001, with a break in 1995-1997, the enterprise was headed by Yuri Evgenievich Reshetnikov.
The Perm Engine Company was established in 1997 as a subsidiary of Perm Motors Company, inheriting the gas turbine production facility and the rich traditions of the largest company of the West Ural. In June 2001 Alexander A. Inozemtsev, the chief designer, became the general director of Aviadvigatel Open Joint Stock Company (OJSC). Starting in October 2006, he was the managing director and chief designer.
In October 2003, "Perm Motors Group Management Company" was established to: 1) coordinate the corporative relations and management of the Perm Motors Group companies, 2) resolve strategic marketing matters 3) investment planning.