Bilabial Consonant
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Bilabial Consonant

In phonetics, a bilabial consonant is a consonant articulated with both lips.

Transcription

The bilabial consonants identified by the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) are:

IPA Description Example
Language Orthography IPA Meaning
Xsampa-m.png bilabial nasal English man [mæn]
Xsampa-p.png voiceless bilabial stop English spin [sp?n]
Xsampa-b.png voiced bilabial stop English bed [b?d]
Xsampa-pslash.png voiceless bilabial fricative Japanese (fujisan) [?u?isa?] Mount Fuji
Xsampa-B2.png voiced bilabial fricative Ewe ??? [?] Ewe
IPA-voiced bilabial approximant.png bilabial approximant Spanish lobo [loo] wolf
Xsampa-Bslash.png bilabial trill Nias simbi [si?i] lower jaw
IPA bilabial ejective.svg bilabial ejective Adyghe ? [p'a] meat
Xsampa-Oslash.png


?
bilabial click release (many distinct consonants) N?ng ?oe [?oe] meat

Owere Igbo has a six-way contrast among bilabial stops: [p p? b b? ?]. Approximately 0.7% of the world's languages lack bilabial consonants altogether, including Tlingit, Chipewyan, Oneida, and Wichita.[1]

The extensions to the IPA also define a bilabial percussive ([?]) for striking the lips together (smacking the lips - see percussive consonant). A lip-smack in the non-percussive sense of the lips noisily parting would be [].[2]

The IPA chart shades out bilabial lateral consonants, which is sometimes read as indicating that such sounds are not possible. The fricatives [?] and [?] are often lateral, but no language makes a distinction for centrality so the allophony is not noticeable.

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ Maddieson, Ian. 2008. Absence of Common Consonants. In: Haspelmath, Martin & Dryer, Matthew S. & Gil, David & Comrie, Bernard (eds.) The World Atlas of Language Structures Online. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library, chapter 18. Available online at http://wals.info/feature/18. Accessed on 2008-09-15.
  2. ^ Heselwood (2013: 121)[citation not found]

General references



  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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