|Town and municipality|
Location of Bile?a within Bosnia and Herzegovina
|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|o Mayor||Miljan Aleksi? (SNSD)|
|o Municipality||632.33 km2 (244.14 sq mi)|
|Population (2013 census)|
|o Municipality density||17/km2 (44/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Bile?a (Serbian Cyrillic: ) is a town and municipality located in Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2013, the town has a population of 8,220 inhabitants, while the municipality has 10,807 inhabitants.
The first traces of civilization in Bile?a date from the Neolithic period, although archaeological sites are insufficiently explored. The first written documentation of Bile?a as an inhabited place can be found in Ragusan documents dating from 1286, when it is mentioned under the name Bilechia. Bile?a is mentioned in the 14th and 15th century as an important cross road town in caravan routes. A document dated 8 September 1388, mentions that the army of duke Vlatko Vukovi? defeated the Turkish army at the Battle of Bile?a. In the period from 13th to 16th century in the history of this area is a large number of the "ste?ci" monolith markers which weigh up to 5 tons. Bile?a was held by the Turks from 1466, although this was a rebellious area difficult to control. Nearby lies the town of Vu?ji Do, in which the Battle of Vu?ji Do took place in 1876. The Berlin's Congress included Bile?a in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which brought economic development to the region. The first primary school in Bile?a was opened in 1880.
Aside from the town of Bile?a, the municipality includes the following settlements:
According to the 2013 census results, the municipality of Bile?a has 10,807 inhabitants.
According to the 1910 census, the absolute majority in the Bile?a municipality were Orthodox Christians (82.27%). According to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia 1931 population census, the majority was held by Orthodox Christians 81.27%.
The ethnic composition of the municipality:
|year of census||total||Serbs||Bosniaks||Croats||Yugoslavs||others|
|1971||13,444||10,880 (80.92%)||2,079 (15.46%)||82 (0.60%)||69 (0.51%)||334 (2.51%)|
|1981||13,199||10,190 (77.20%)||1,803 (13.66%)||44 (0.33%)||727 (5.50%)||435 (3.29%)|
|1991||13,284||10,628 (80.00%)||1,947 (14.65%)||39 (0.29%)||222 (1.67%)||448 (3.37%)|
|2013||10,807||10,628 (98.34%)||26 (0.24%)||21 (0.19%)||0.00 (0.00%)||73 (0.67%)|