|Town and municipality|
|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|o Mayor||Sini?a Mili? (SNSD)|
|o President of the District Assembly||Esed Kadri? (SDA)|
| o International Supervisor|
|Bruce G. Berton|
|o Town and municipality||402 km2 (155 sq mi)|
|Elevation||92 m (302 ft)|
|Population (2013 census)|
|o Town and municipality||83,516|
|o Density||210/km2 (540/sq mi)|
|Area code(s)||+387 049|
Br?ko (pronounced [brt?ko:]) is a town, municipality and the administrative seat of Br?ko District in northern Bosnia and Herzegovina. It lies on the banks of Sava river across from Croatia. As of 2013, it has a population of 83,516 inhabitants.
It is the only existent entirely self-governing free city in Europe.
Br?ko is the seat of the Br?ko District, an independent unit of local self-government created on the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina following an arbitration process. The local administration was formerly supervised by an international supervisory regime headed by Principal Deputy High Representative who is also ex officio the Br?ko International Supervisor. This international supervision was frozen since 23 May 2012.
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Br?ko was a geographic point of contention in 1996 when the U.S.-led Implementation Force (IFOR) built Camp McGovern on the outskirts of the city. Camp McGovern under the overwatch of 3-5 CAV 1/BDE/1AR Division (US) commanded by LTC Anthony Cucculo was constructed from a war torn farming cooperative structure in the Zone of Separation (ZOS) for the purpose of establishing peacekeeping operations. The mission was to separate the forming warring factions. The ZOS was one kilometer wide of no man's land, where special permission was required for Serbian or Bosnian forces to enter. Various checkpoints and observation points (OP's) were established to control the separation.
Although Br?ko was a focal point for tension in the late 1990s, considerable progress in multi-ethnic integration in Br?ko has since occurred including integration of secondary schooling. Reconstruction efforts and the Property Law Implementation Plan have improved the situation regarding property and return. Today, Br?ko has returned to a strategic transshipment point along the Sava River. The population of Br?ko has not returned to its pre-war ethnic mix of Bosniacs, Serbs, and Croats. Br?ko sits at the east-west apex of Republika Srpska, the ethnic Serb portion of Bosnia & Herzegovina, and as such is critical to the RS for its economic future.
Br?ko was the strategic component of Dayton Peace Accords which could not be negotiated[clarification needed]. After several weeks of intensive negotiation, the issue of Br?ko was to be decided by international arbitration. Br?ko Arbitration ruled in May 1997 that Br?ko would be a special district managed by an ambassadorial representative from the international community. The first Ambassador to Br?ko was an American with support staff from the UK, Sweden, Denmark & France.
The first international organization to open office in Br?ko at that time was the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) headed by Randolph Hampton.
Following PIC meeting on 23 May 2012, it was decided to suspend, not terminate, the mandate of Br?ko International Supervisor. Br?ko Arbitral Tribunal, together with the suspended Br?ko Supervision, will still continue to exist.
According to 2013 census the Br?ko district had 83,516 inhabitants
The ethnic composition of Br?ko:
A railway station is near the city centre on the line from Vinkovci to Tuzla. However, no passenger trains operate to Br?ko. The closest operating railway station is in Gunja, Croatia; just on the other side of the border.
Br?ko is twinned with: