|Grade I race|
The first turn in the 2007 Classic
|Qualification||3-year-olds and up|
|Weight||4-year-olds and up: 126 lb (57.2 kg)
3-year-olds: Northern Hemisphere 122 lb (55 kg), Southern Hemisphere 117 lb (53 kg)
Fillies and mares allowed 3 pounds.
|Purse||US$6 million (for 2016)|
The Breeders' Cup Classic is a Grade I Weight for Age thoroughbred horse race for 3-year-olds and older run at a distance of miles (2,000 m) on dirt. It is held annually at a different racetrack as part of the Breeders' Cup World Championships in late October or early November. All of the races to date have been held in the United States except for the 1996 edition held at Woodbine Racetrack in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Classic is considered by many to be the premier thoroughbred horse race of the year in the U.S., although the Kentucky Derby is more widely known among casual racing fans. Once the richest race in the world, in more recent years, only the Dubai World Cup and Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe have had consistently higher purses. Often, the winner of the Classic goes on to win U.S. Horse of the Year honors, including the four winners of the race between 2004 and 2007--respectively Ghostzapper, Saint Liam, Invasor, and Curlin. Due to the extremely high quality of horses in the event, the race is notoriously hard to predict. One notable example of an underdog winning the Classic is the victory of Arcangues in 1993. This was the biggest upset in Breeders' Cup history and his $269.20 payoff for a $2 wager remains a Breeders' Cup record.
The Classic is now regarded as the fourth leg of horse racing's Grand Slam of Thoroughbred racing -- the traditional Triple Crown (Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes, and Belmont Stakes) plus the Breeder's Cup Classic. After American Pharoah's Triple Crown win earlier in 2015, the term became popular; the colt became the first horse to ever accomplish this feat. Sunday Silence in 1989 was the first to claim a "Small Slam" by winning three of the four legs (but not the Triple Crown).
The first running of the Breeders' Cup Classic in 1984 produced an exciting finish between 30-1 longshot Wild Again on the inside, Gate Dancer on the outside and favorite Slew o' Gold in between. The three battled down the stretch with Wild Again shifting his path away from the rail and Gate Dancer "lugging in" towards the rail, squeezing out Slew O' Gold. Wild Again finished a neck in front of Gate Dancer with Slew o' Gold less than a length behind. After a 10-minute stewards' inquiry, Wild Again was left in first place but Gate Dancer was disqualified to third.
The 1987 renewal featured the face off between two Kentucky Derby winners, Alysheba and Ferdinand. Ferdinand, who won the Derby in 1986, reached the lead in mid-stretch, then struggled to hold off the late charge of Alysheba. In a photo finish, Ferdinand prevailed by a nose and would later be named Horse of the Year. Alysheba came back in 1988 to win the Classic, becoming the then-leading money earner in history.
In the 1989 renewal, Sunday Silence and Easy Goer faced off for the last time in one of racing's most famous rivalries. Sunday Silence had beaten Easy Goer in the Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes but Easy Goer turned the tables in the Belmont. Easy Goer then won the Whitney, Travers, Woodward and Jockey Club Gold Cup, making him the 1-2 favorite in the Classic. Sunday Silence raced five lengths behind the early leaders, with Easy Goer six lengths further behind. Easy Goer made a move down the backstretch and got next to Sunday Silence. Sunday Silence then made his own move as they rounded the final turn. He opened up a three length lead, but Easy Goer again started closing down the stretch. At the wire, Sunday Silence prevailed by a neck, earning him Horse of the Year honors.
The 1993 renewal saw the biggest upset in Breeders' Cup history when the French-based Arcangues won at odds of 133-1. California-based horses had dominated at Santa Anita in the preceding races, and Bertrando was expected to continue the trend. He set the early pace and had a comfortable lead coming down the stretch, only to be caught near the wire. Arcangues' jockey Jerry Bailey had timed the run perfectly, even though he had never ridden the horse before. "I couldn't understand the instructions the trainer (André Fabre) gave me in the paddock", he said. "I don't even know how to pronounce the horse's name. But sometimes a horse runs best when he is ridden by someone who has never been on him before."
In 1995, Cigar came into the Classic having won seven straight Grade I races and was made the 3-5 favorite. On a muddy track, he scored a length victory in the excellent time of 1:59, then the fastest Classic ever run. When calling the race, track announcer Tom Durkin referred to him as the "unconquerable, invincible, unbeatable" Cigar - a phrase that would be associated with the horse for the rest of his life.
Although Tiznow won the Breeders' Cup Classic and Horse of the Year honors in 2000, he is best known for his effort in the 2001 renewal. Tiznow experienced a variety of physical problems throughout the year and came into the Classic with only one other win. Facing him was an exceptionally strong European contingent that included Galileo and Sakhee. The 2001 Breeders' Cup took place at Belmont Park in New York and was the first major sporting event since 9-11, so security was exceptionally heavy. Europeans won many of the early races on the card and looked set to take the Classic when Sakhee hit the lead in mid-stretch. Tiznow fought back and won the race by a nose, with Tom Durkin calling, "Tiznow wins it for America!" Tiznow became the first and to-date only two-time winner of the Classic.
In the 2009 Classic, Zenyatta came into the Breeders' Cup with a perfect record of 13 wins from 13 starts. Rather than trying to defend her title in the Ladies Classic (now known as the Distaff), her connections decided to enter her in the Classic against the boys. The race was run on Santa Anita's Polytrack synthetic dirt surface, which attracted several turf competitors including Gio Ponti (Man o' War, Arlington Million), Twice Over (Champion Stakes) and Rip Van Winkle (Sussex, Queen Elizabeth II), who hoped to repeat Raven's Pass upset victory in the 2008 Classic. The field also included Mine That Bird (Kentucky Derby), Summer Bird (Belmont and Travers) and Einstein (Santa Anita Handicap), but Quality Road (Florida Derby) was scratched when he refused to load in the starting gate. When the race finally got underway, Zenyatta broke poorly and on the wrong lead. As was her custom, she dropped far back in the early running then started her move around the far turn. Jockey Mike Smith guided her between horses near the rail, then swung the mare wide as they entered the stretch. Zenyatta quickly regained stride and closed on the early leaders, winning by a length over Gio Ponti. Mike Smith believed she would have won by more if she had not slowed when the crowd started to react. "She started pricking her ears and looking at the crowd," he said. "And she still went, believe it or not, well within herself. She was pricking her ears and galloped out. She didn't even take a breath after the race was over. It's just incredible."
In 2007, the Breeders' Cup developed the Breeders' Cup Challenge, a series of races in each division that allots automatic qualifying bids to winners of defined races. Each of the thirteen divisions has between two and twelve of these "Win and You're In" qualifiers.
In the Breeders' Cup Classic division, the number of runners is limited to 14, with up to seven automatic berths in 2017. Note though that one horse may win multiple challenge races, while other challenge winners will not be entered in the Breeders' Cup for a variety of reasons such as injury or travel considerations.
For 2017, the "Win and You're In" races for the Breeders' Cup Classic are:
Largest winning margins:
Most wins by a jockey:
Most wins by a trainer:
Most wins by an owner:
|2016||Arrogate||3||Mike E. Smith||Bob Baffert||Juddmonte Farms||2:00.11||$6,000,000||Santa Anita|
|2015||American Pharoah||3||Victor Espinoza||Bob Baffert||Zayat Stables||2:00.07||$5,000,000||Keeneland|
|2014||Bayern||3||Martin Garcia||Bob Baffert||Kaleem Shah||1:59.88||$5,000,000||Santa Anita|
|2013||Mucho Macho Man||5||Gary Stevens||Katherine Ritvo||Reeves Thoroughbred Racing||2:00.72||$5,000,000||Santa Anita|
|2012||Fort Larned||4||Brian Hernandez||Ian Wilkes||Janis R. Whitham||2:00.11||$5,000,000||Santa Anita|
|2011||Drosselmeyer||4||Mike E. Smith||William I. Mott||WinStar Farm LLC||2:04.27||$5,000,000||Churchill Downs|
|2010||Blame||4||Garrett Gomez||Albert M. Stall, Jr.||Claiborne Farm/Adele Dilschneider||2:02.28||$5,000,000||Churchill Downs|
|2009||Zenyatta||5||Mike E. Smith||John Shirreffs||Jerry & Ann Moss||2:00.32||$5,000,000||Santa Anita|
|2008||Raven's Pass||3||Frankie Dettori||John Gosden||Princess Haya/Darley Racing||1:59.27||$5,000,000||Santa Anita|
|2007||Curlin||3||Robby Albarado||Steve Asmussen||Stonestreet Stables et al.||2:00.59||$5,000,000||Monmouth Park|
|2006||Invasor (ARG)||4||Fernando Jara||Kiaran McLaughlin||Shadwell Racing||2:02.18||$5,000,000||Churchill Downs|
|2005||Saint Liam||5||Jerry Bailey||Richard Dutrow||M/M William K. Warren, Jr.||2:01.49||$5,000,000||Belmont Park|
|2004||Ghostzapper||4||Javier Castellano||Robert J. Frankel||Stronach Stables||1:59.02||$4,000,000||Lone Star Park|
|2003||Pleasantly Perfect||5||Alex Solis||Richard Mandella||Diamond A Racing Corp.||1:59.88||$4,000,000||Santa Anita|
|2002||Volponi||4||Jose Santos||Phillip G. Johnson||Amherst & Spruce Pond St.||2:01.39||$4,000,000||Arlington Park|
|2001||Tiznow||4||Chris McCarron||Jay M. Robbins||Cee's Stables||2:00.62||$4,000,000||Belmont Park|
|2000||Tiznow||3||Chris McCarron||Jay M. Robbins||Cooper & Straub-Rubens||2:00.75||$4,000,000||Churchill Downs|
|1999||Cat Thief||3||Pat Day||D. Wayne Lukas||Overbrook Farm||1:59.52||$4,000,000||Gulfstream Park|
|1998||Awesome Again (CAN)||4||Pat Day||Patrick B. Byrne||Stronach Stables||2:02.16||$4,000,000||Churchill Downs|
|1997||Skip Away||4||Mike E. Smith||Sonny Hine||Carolyn Hine||1:59.16||$4,400,000||Hollywood Park|
|1996||Alphabet Soup||5||Chris McCarron||David Hofmans||Ridder Thoroughbred Stable||2:01.00||$4,000,000||Woodbine|
|1995||Cigar||5||Jerry Bailey||William I. Mott||Allen E. Paulson||1:59.58||$3,000,000||Belmont Park|
|1994||Concern||3||Jerry Bailey||Richard W. Small||Robert E. Meyerhoff||2:02.41||$3,000,000||Churchill Downs|
|1993||Arcangues||5||Jerry Bailey||Andre Fabre||Daniel Wildenstein||2:00.83||$3,000,000||Santa Anita|
|1992||A.P. Indy||3||Ed Delahoussaye||Neil Drysdale||Tsurumaki/Farish/Kilroy||2:00.20||$3,000,000||Gulfstream Park|
|1991||Black Tie Affair (IRE)||5||Jerry Bailey||Ernie T. Poulos||Jeffrey Sullivan||2:02.95||$3,000,000||Churchill Downs|
|1990||Unbridled||3||Pat Day||Carl Nafzger||Frances A. Genter||2:02.20||$3,000,000||Belmont Park|
|1989||Sunday Silence||3||Chris McCarron||Charlie Whittingham||H-G-W Partners||2:00.20||$3,000,000||Gulfstream Park|
|1988||Alysheba||4||Chris McCarron||Jack Van Berg||Dorothy & Pam Scharbauer||2:04.80||$3,000,000||Churchill Downs|
|1987||Ferdinand||4||Bill Shoemaker||Charlie Whittingham||Elizabeth A. Keck||2:01.40||$3,000,000||Hollywood Park|
|1986||Skywalker||4||Laffit Pincay, Jr.||Michael Whittingham||Oak Cliff Stables||2:00.40||$3,000,000||Santa Anita|
|1985||Proud Truth||3||Jorge Velasquez||John M. Veitch||Darby Dan Farm||2:00.80||$3,000,000||Aqueduct|
|1984||Wild Again||4||Pat Day||Vincent Timphony||Black Chip Stable||2:03.40||$3,000,000||Hollywood Park|
+ Indicates filly/mare