Brentwood City Hall
|Motto(s): Ardens Fide
Location of Brentwood in Williamson County, Tennessee.
|o Total||34.7 sq mi (89.8 km2)|
|o Land||34.6 sq mi (89.7 km2)|
|o Water||0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||745 ft (227 m)|
|o Estimate (2016)||42,517|
|o Density||676.7/sq mi (261.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|o Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|ZIP codes||37024, 37027|
|GNIS feature ID||1278282|
The first known residents of Brentwood were prehistoric Native Americans. Known as Mound Indians or Stone Box Indians, these Mississippian-period people built mounds with ceremonial buildings. Such early villages have been found in the Meadowlake subdivision, at the library site on Concord Road and at Primm Historic Park where the largest of the mounds is still visible today. By 1300 the groups had seemingly disappeared. No one knows if it was due to disease or to their choosing to leave because of threat of warfare.
When the early white settlers arrived in Brentwood in the late 1700s, the area had become a hunting ground for nomadic Native Americans coming up from Georgia and Alabama. This resulted in many conflicts. At least one massacre occurred in 1786 at the Southerland Mayfield family fort at Wilson Pike and Old Smyrna Road. Mayfield and two other men were killed and his son George was taken captive for ten years.
Some of the first families were those of James Sneed, Robert Irvin Moore, Thomas Hardeman, Gresham Hunt, Samuel and Andrew Crockett, and John Edmondson who arrived well before 1800. The Holts, Herberts, Frosts, Hadleys, Hightowers, McGavocks, and Owens soon followed. Many of these families were given land grants because of service in the Virginia or North Carolina troops during the Revolutionary War. Many of these families historic homes are still on display today.
The Cool Springs House, now located in Crockett Park, was owned by Dr. Robert Carothers and his wife Martha Crockett. In 1974, after several other homeowners enjoyed and renovated this home on its original piece of land, at the intersection of Mallory Lane and Cool Springs Blvd, the city of Brentwood moved the home to its current location of Crockett Park. This was due to rapid growth and development of the Cool Springs area, where new stores, homes and other real estate projects are occurring to this day.
The original site of business activity was at the Frost place on Old Smyrna Road with a general store, grist mill and post office located there. Soon churches, predominately Methodist, sprang up and community life was established. When the railroad came through and established a depot, the center of commerce changed to the present downtown area. The village of Brentwood thrived and many plantations were built; cotton was the main cash crop.
On March 25, 1863, Confederate Brig. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest led a column of men into Union-controlled Brentwood intent on capturing the section of the Nashville & Decatur Railroad. Forrest performed a quick sneak attack on Union Lt. Col. Edward Bloodgood. Forrest had cut the telegraph wires, isolating Bloodgood as he brought in heavy artillery. Bloodgood surrendered Brentwood that day, as a significant loss for the Federals. Overall, there were 305 Union and 6 Confederate casualties. Much of Brentwood was destroyed.
After the war, much of the land was sold and smaller farms dotted the countryside. Tobacco became the crop of choice. The population was stable for almost 100 years. In the 1930s, Brentwood began to rebound. One by one the plantation homes were bought and restored and fox hunting and horses became commonplace.
On April 15, 1969, Brentwood incorporated as a city. That same year the interstate came through the area and marked the beginning of residential and commercial growth. Maryland Farms office complex was built a few years later on what was once an American Saddle Horse farm and race track. The Brentwood Derby was run there until the mid 1970s.
As of the 2000 Census, Brentwood had a land area of 35.4 square miles (92 km2), but an annexation in 2001 increased the area to 40.8 square miles (106 km2). In 2010, it was found that Brentwood had a population of 899.9 per square mile.
Brentwood has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) with hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. Precipitation occurs year round, spring being slightly wetter and fall, slightly drier. Snow and ice are an occasional nuisance during winter months, specifically in January, though heavy amounts are less common. Especially during springtime, Brentwood can experience severe weather, sometimes including tornadoes. The community lies within USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 7.
|Climate data for Brentwood, TN |
|Average high °F (°C)||47
|Average low °F (°C)||25.4
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||4.5
As of the 2010 census, there were 37,060 people, comprising 11,791 households residing in the city. The population density was 676.7 inhabitants per square mile (261.3/km2). There were 12,577 housing units at an average density of 227.7 per square mile (87.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.0% Caucasian, 3.0% African American, 0.2% Native American, 5.0% Asian, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.1% of the population. Brentwood is Tennessee's best educated city, proportionately, with 98.4% of adult residents (25 and older) holding a high school diploma, and 68.4% of adults possessing a bachelor's degree or higher (2010 Census).
There were 11,791 households out of which 48.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 82.2% were married couples living together, 4.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 11.5% were non-families. 10.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.24.
In the city, the population was spread out with 31.5% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 32.4% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.2 males.
In addition, Williamson County is ranked among the wealthiest counties in the country. In 2006 it was the 11th wealthiest county in the country according to the U.S. Census Bureau, but the Council for Community and Economic Research ranked Williamson County as America's wealthiest county (1st) when the local cost of living was factored into the equation with median household income. In a 2015 census Williamson County rose in the rankings to become the 7th wealthiest county in the country.
Brentwood is served by Williamson County Schools. Some of the high schools in Williamson County are ranked among the highest in the state according to US News, with Brentwood High School ranked fifth in Tennessee in 2018 and Ravenswood High School sixth.
Concord Park is a 40-acre (160,000 m2) park at Concord Road and Knox Valley Drive. It is home to the Brentwood Library and near Lipscomb Elementary School. Concord Park features paved walking and biking trails. A trailhead for a portion of the Concord Park walking trail is located adjacent to the Brentwood Family YMCA. There are also soccer fields.
Crockett Park is Brentwood's 2nd largest park, at more than 170 acres (0.7 km2). It features seven lit tennis courts, restroom/concessions buildings, eight lit ball fields, 11 multi-purpose fields, bikeway/jogging trails, a disc golf course, two historic homes, a community playground, picnic shelters, and the Eddy Arnold amphitheater. Recently, Crockett Park has added an indoor arena used for soccer, lacrosse, and flag football. It also serves as the home for Brentwood's yearly Fourth of July fireworks celebration. The City of Brentwood sponsors an annual summer concert series at the Eddy Arnold Amphitheater in Crockett Park, with free admission to the public.
The Deerwood Arboretum and Nature Area is 27 acres (110,000 m2) and has a full observation deck, outdoor covered classrooms, and an amphitheater, the Arboretum. It contains man-made lakes, nature trails, and indigenous wildlife, and the Little Harpeth River flows through it.
Granny White Park is a 32-acre (130,000 m2) park with several sporting facilities including four lighted tennis courts, softball/baseball fields, jogging/biking trails, a multi-purpose field (soccer and lacrosse goals provided), sand volleyball court, playground, and picnic pavilion and is located near Brentwood Middle School.
Smith Park is located off of Wilson Pike abutting the city limits. Comprising 397 acres, this park was purchased in 2010/2013 and has become Brentwood's largest park. Initial plans include walking, biking, and hiking trails, as well as multipurpose fields. The 1825 Ravenswood (Brentwood, Tennessee) mansion is a center piece to be used as a meeting place for the public. Many have used the mansion to hold weddings, receptions, or other gatherings. Phase I of the park was opened in the spring of 2014. As of now, Smith Park is the largest park in Brentwood, and offers beautiful walking and hiking trails.
Maryland Way Park is located in the Maryland Farms area and includes a paved walking and biking path with 20 exercise stations on 7 acres (28,000 m2). Maryland Way park is adjacent to the Maryland Farms YMCA.
Primm Park is a 31-acre (130,000 m2) park off Moores Lane. Located on the site is Boiling Spring Academy, a historic schoolhouse built in 1832 and restored in 2003. The park is also home to the Fewkes Group Archaeological Site, a Mississippian mound complex consisting of five mounds arrayed around a central plaza. The Fewkes site is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Owl Creek Park is Brentwood's newest park, completed in the summer of 2007. It is 21 acres (85,000 m2) and includes a playground, picnic shelters, walking paths, and basketball courts.
River Park is a 43-acre (170,000 m2) park adjacent to Concord Park. It features a restroom facility, playground, outdoor basketball court, and borders the YMCA soccer fields. Adjacent to River Park is the Brentwood Family YMCA, now complete with a skate park.
Tower Park is a 47-acre (190,000 m2) park north of the WSM Tower off Concord Road. It includes multi-purpose fields, natural open spaces, and jogging and biking trails. The new Williamson County Indoor Sports Complex is located here. At 76,000 square feet (7,100 m2), it consists of a fifty-meter indoor pool, five indoor tennis courts, a fitness center, full-service locker rooms, a childcare room, and a multi-purpose room.
Maryland Farms is an upscale suburban office park in Brentwood with almost 5,000,000 square feet (500,000 m2) of office space. It is the site of several national headquarters for companies such as LBMC.
According to the City's 2015 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Hospital Corporation of America||2002|
|3||Tractor Supply Company||910|
|4||Brookdale Senior Living||730|
|5||DaVita (acquired Gambro Healthcare)||650|
|7||The Lampo Group (Dave Ramsey)||458|
|8||LBMC (Lattimore Black Morgan & Cain)||450|
|10||City of Brentwood||270|
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Brentwood is a participant in the Sister Cities program and has a relationship with the British town of the same name.