Bridgeton is a city in Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States, in the southern part of the state, on the Cohansey River, near Delaware Bay. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 25,349, reflecting an increase of 2,578 (+11.3%) from the 22,771 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 3,829 (+20.2%) from the 18,942 counted in the 1990 Census. It is the county seat of Cumberland County. Bridgeton, Millville, and Vineland are the three principal cities of the Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses those cities and all of Cumberland County for statistical purposes and which constitutes a part of the Delaware Valley.
Similar to other areas near rivers and the bay, this area was inhabited for thousands of years by indigenous peoples. At the time of European contact, Lenni-Lenape Native Americans lived in the area, following a seasonal pattern of cultivation and hunting and fishing. The state-recognized Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape Indians of New Jersey maintain a cultural center here, serving a community of 12,000 in Cumberland, Gloucester and Salem counties.
The first recorded European settlement in what is now Bridgeton was made by 1686 when Richard Hancock established a sawmill here. Settlers established a pioneer iron-works in 1814. Bridgeton was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 3, 1845, from portions of Deerfield Township. Bridgeton city was incorporated on March 1, 1865, replacing both Bridgeton Township and Cohansey Township. The city was named for its location at a bridge on the Cohansey River and is said to be a corruption of "bridge town".
After the American Civil War, Bridgeton's industrial base and commercial centrality in this area of high agricultural production, along with its high profile as an educational center (it was home to the South Jersey Institute, the West Jersey Academy, and two notable academies for women), made it the most prosperous town in the state. Bridgeton was home to glass factories, sewing factories, metal and machine works and other manufacturers, most notably, the Ferracute Machine Works, which was founded and operated by Oberlin Smith, an inventive genius and philanthropist credited with inventing the first device for magnetic recording, and now in the New Jersey Inventors Hall of Fame.
Bridgeton Historic District covers a quarter of the city and includes more than 2,000 properties. These range from the early Federal architecture to the 1920s, including many structures eligible for individual listing and some documented by the Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) during the 1930s. The district was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1982 and is the largest such district of any municipality in New Jersey.
Although it is visually dominated by large Victorian homes and a downtown area constructed from the 1880s to the 1920s, the district, besides many neighborhoods of gingerbreaded "doubles" that were essentially working-class housing, includes several notable structures dating from the 18th century and early Federal period. One of these is Potter's Tavern, said to have been built in the 1750s, but restored to its appearance in 1776 when it was home to The Plain Dealer, considered New Jersey's first newspaper.
A second is Brearley (Masonic) Lodge, founded by General James Giles in 1795, and still active. A third is the so-called "Nail House" (c. 1815; second build c. 1855), administrative home of the Cumberland Nail & Iron Works that established Bridgeton's industrial prowess in the early nineteenth century. The first Cumberland National Bank building (1816), which was only the second bank chartered in New Jersey, is now part of the Bridgeton Library. There is also the David Sheppard House (1791), recently restored with assistance from the Garden State Historic Trust and home to the Cousteau Coastal Center of Rutgers University since 2008.
Bridgeton straddles the tidal Cohansey River and is located near the center of the Delaware Bay lowlands. It derives its name from the original movable bridge that offered the option of regular overland travel on the "King's Highway" across the Cohansey watershed region for the first time in 1716. The name is believed to have been changed from Bridge-towne to Bridgeton in 1816-1817 due to a printing error on documents published by the Cumberland Bank.
Bridgeton is home to numerous large municipal parks. The largest of these, consisting of pinelands, wetlands and lakes, as well as the original raceway system that provided waterpower to the mills, was formed out of the property owned and managed by the Cumberland Nail & Iron Works until 1899. Long considered a recreational area for the region even under ownership by the Iron Works, the property was finally purchased in 1902-3 by the City and preserved in perpetuity as the Bridgeton City Park. It includes three major lakes: Mary Elmer Lake, Sunset Lake, and East Lake. Bridgeton Park encompasses about 1,500 acres (6.1 km2). It now includes the Cohanzick Zoo, New Jersey's oldest zoo, which is free to the public.
The city suffered an economic downturn in the 1980s with the loss of its remaining manufacturing sector jobs in glass and textiles. Agricultural employment, however, has continued to attract immigrant workers largely from Mexico but also Guatemala, creating new challenges and opportunities for revitalization. A significant minority of Bridgeton residents and their children speak Zapoteco, either as their only language or alongside Spanish.
Downtown Bridgeton includes an art gallery, second hand stores, a makerspace, and the headquarters of the Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape Tribal Nation. The makerspace, called STEAMWorks, was opened as a collaborative project between the city and the local Cumberland County College, run by the college the space offers specialized equipment and software to the public at a membership based pricing system, as well as workshops and a limited set of certification courses, no involvement with the college is required.
Bridgeton Main Street declared its downtown a Culinary Arts district and is highlighting downtown activity through the food and cooking-related retail sector. Bridgeton Main Street Association is the oldest Main Street Association in the state, founded in 1990.
In 2008, Rutgers opened the Cousteau Coastal Center of its Institute of Marine & Coastal Sciences in the former David Sheppard House, a base from which it coordinates cutting-edge ecological research and develops modules for environmental learning at all educational levels from elementary school upward.
South Woods State Prison, opened near Bridgeton in 1997, is the largest state prison in New Jersey and provides a range of employment.
Bridgeton is home to the Rutgers Food Innovation Center, an entry point for startup food manufacturers that allows a new company or entrepreneur to work with a specialized team from Rutgers University to develop, test, brand, and package their product.
The Cohansey River in Bridgeton in 2006
Bridgeton is located about one hour away from Philadelphia, and 50 minutes away from Wilmington, Delaware. It is also about one hour away from Atlantic City and Cape May. Bridgeton is divided into three sections, Northside, Southside and Hillside.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 6.431 square miles (16.656 km2), including 6.179 square miles (16.003 km2) of land and 0.252 square miles (0.653 km2) of water (3.92%).
Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the city include East Lake.
Bridgeton borders Upper Deerfield Township, Hopewell Township, and Fairfield Township.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Bridgeton has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
As of 2015, 32.0% of residents were living in poverty in 2015. The poverty rate was 13.3% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 35.6% for Black residents, 33.7% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 66.3% for American Indian residents, 32.9% for other race residents and 29.9% for two or more races residents.
Residents in the town include numerous immigrants from Mexico, whose Amerindian languages include Zapotec, Nahuatl, and Mixtec.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 25,349 people, 6,265 households, and 4,304 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,102.5 per square mile (1,584.0/km2). There were 6,782 housing units at an average density of 1,097.6 per square mile (423.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 32.64% (8,274) White, 35.49% (8,996) Black or African American, 1.38% (350) Native American, 0.60% (153) Asian, 0.05% (12) Pacific Islander, 25.71% (6,518) from other races, and 4.13% (1,046) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 43.58% (11,046) of the population.
There were 6,265 households out of which 40.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.7% were married couples living together, 27.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.3% were non-families. 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.36 and the average family size was 3.85.
In the city, the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 12.2% from 18 to 24, 34.6% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 7.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.7 years. For every 100 females there were 135.3 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 151.6 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $31,044 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,412) and the median family income was $38,750 (+/- $2,233). Males had a median income of $31,202 (+/- $3,369) versus $31,031 (+/- $2,158) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $12,418 (+/- $1,023). About 26.3% of families and 27.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.4% of those under age 18 and 15.6% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 22,771 people, 6,182 households, and 4,179 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,659.8 people per square mile (1,413.5/km2). There were 6,795 housing units at an average density of 1,092.1 per square mile (421.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 38.88% White, 41.84% African American, 1.19% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 13.67% from other races, and 3.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 24.49% of the population.
There were 6,182 households out of which 36.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.3% were married couples living together, 26.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.4% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.49.
In the city, the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 36.0% from 25 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 130.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 139.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $26,923, and the median income for a family was $30,502. Males had a median income of $28,858 versus $22,722 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,917. About 22.7% of families and 26.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.3% of those under age 18 and 17.8% of those age 65 or over.
Portions of Bridgeton are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales tax rate (versus the 7% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.
Bridgeton has consistently had violent crime rates above the national average. They are among the highest in the state, along with Camden, Atlantic City, Newark, and Trenton. In 2015, NeighborhoodScout, a real estate analytics firm, ranked it as the 25th most dangerous city in America. It has also ranked within the top 50 several other times. Several government officials have attributed crime in Bridgeton to high levels of poverty. According to census data, the poverty rate in Bridgeton is 32%, nearly three times the national average.
The Cumberland County Courthouse in Bridgeton in 2006
The City of Bridgeton is governed within the Faulkner Act system of municipal government, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under Mayor-Council plan A, as implemented on July 1, 1970, based on the recommendations of a Charter Study Commission. Voters elect a Mayor and five City Council members. Council members are elected at-large in non-partisan elections and serve four-year concurrent terms of office in balloting held as part of the November general election. Based on the results of an ordinanace passed in June 2011, Bridgeton's non-partisan elections were shifted from May to November, which first took effect with the November 2014 general election.
The Mayor exercises executive power of the municipality and appoints department heads with Council approval. The Mayor may remove department heads subject to Council disapproval by 2/3 of all members, prepares the budget. The Mayor has veto over ordinances subject to override by 2/3 of all members of Council. The Mayor exercises executive power of the municipality. Up to 10 departments may be created under the Mayor's direction. A Business Administrator assists the Mayor in budget preparation and administers purchasing and personnel systems. By ordinance, the Business Administrator may supervise administration of departments, subject to Mayor's direction.
The City Council exercises legislative power of municipality and approves appointment of department heads. The Council may disapprove removal of department heads by 2/3 vote of all members and can override the Mayor's veto by 2/3 of all members. The Council selects one of its own members to serve as Council President.
As of 2016Mayor of Bridgeton is Albert B. Kelly, whose term of office ends on December 31, 2018. Members of the City Council are Council President J. Curtis Edwards, Gladys Lugardo-Hemple, William D. Spence, Jack Surrency and Michael D. Zapolski Sr., all of whom are serving concurrent terms of office that end December 31, 2018.
Federal, state and county representation
Bridgeton is located in the 2nd Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 3rd state legislative district.
New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (Paramus, 2019).
For the 2016-2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 3rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Stephen M. Sweeney (D, West Deptford Township) and in the General Assembly by John J. Burzichelli (D, Paulsboro) and Adam Taliaferro (D, Woolwich Township). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Cumberland County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large in partisan elections to serve staggered three-year terms in office, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as Freeholder Director and another as Deputy Director. As of 2014 , Cumberland County's Freeholders (with committee liaison assignments, political party, residence and term-end dates listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Joseph Derella (Administration / Public Safety; D, Millville, term ends December 31, 2015), Freeholder Deputy Director Douglas M. Long (NA; D, Upper Deerfield Township, 2015), Darlene Barber (Education; D, 2016, Upper Deerfield Township), Carol Musso (Community Services; D, Deerfield Township, 2014), James Sauro (Agriculture; R, Vineland, 2014), Thomas Sheppard (Health; R, Lawrence Township, 2016) and Tony Surace (Public Works; D, Millville, 2014). The county's constitutional officers are County Clerk Gloria Noto (Vineland, 2014), Sheriff Robert A. Austino (Vineland, 2014) and Surrogate Douglas M. Rainear (Bridgeton, 2018).
The New Jersey Department of Corrections South Woods State Prison is located in Bridgeton. When officials from the City of Bridgeton heard of a state report proposing to move over 1,000 prisoners from Riverfront State Prison in Camden to South Woods, Bridgeton officials opposed the plans.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 8,699 registered voters in Bridgeton, of which 2,816 (32.4%) were registered as Democrats, 772 (8.9%) were registered as Republicans and 5,104 (58.7%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 7 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 81.6% of the vote (4,125 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 17.6% (891 votes), and other candidates with 0.7% (37 votes), among the 5,088 ballots cast by the city's 9,034 registered voters (35 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 56.3%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 77.9% of the vote here (4,238 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain, who received 20.4% (1,111 votes), with 5,440 ballots cast among the city's 8,986 registered voters, for a turnout of 60.5%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 66.0% of the vote here (3,044 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush, who received 33.6% (1,552 votes), with 4,615 ballots cast among the city's 7,978 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 57.8.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 62.7% of the vote (1,513 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 35.9% (867 votes), and other candidates with 1.4% (33 votes), among the 2,499 ballots cast by the city's 8,320 registered voters (86 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 30.0%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 67.2% of the vote here (1,806 ballots cast), ahead of both Republican Chris Christie with 24.1% (647 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 4.4% (118 votes), with 2,687 ballots cast among the city's 8,524 registered voters, yielding a 31.5% turnout.
Bridgeton's public schools are operated by Bridgeton Public Schools, which serve students in preschool through twelfth grade. The district is one of 31 Abbott districts statewide, which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.
As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's eight schools had an enrollment of 4,990 students and 418.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student-teacher ratio of 11.92:1. Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are the Geraldyn O. Foster Early Childhood Center (852 students in PreK), six K-8 elementary schools -- Broad Street School (945), Buckshutem Road School (358), Cherry Street School (444), Indian Avenue School (571), Quarter Mile Lane School (283) and West Avenue School (670) -- and Bridgeton High School for grades 9-12 (867). Students from Downe Township and some students from Lawrence Township attend the district's high school for ninth through twelfth grades as part of sending/receiving relationships; Other students from Lawrence Township are sent to Millville Senior High School.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010New Jersey Department of Transportation.
, the city had a total of 71.95 miles (115.79 km) of roadways, of which 46.36 miles (74.61 km) were maintained by the municipality, 20.62 miles (33.18 km) by Cumberland County and 4.97 miles (8.00 km) by the
NJ Transit offers service on the 410 route between Bridgeton and Philadelphia, and the 553 route between Upper Deerfield Township and Atlantic City.
The following public-use airports are located in Bridgeton:
Places of interest
Old Broad Street Presbyterian
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Bridgeton include:
- Jonathan Adler (born 1966), designer.
- Newton Bateman (1822-1897), academic, educational administrator, and editor.
- Ella Reeve Bloor (1862-1951), radical labor organizer.
- Frank L. Bodine (1874-c. 1930), American architect who practiced in Asbury Park, New Jersey and in Orlando, Florida in the first four decades of the twentieth century.
- Charles Brown (1797-1883), member of the United States House of Representatives from Pennsylvania.
- Lester R. Brown (born 1934), environmentalist, founder and president of the Earth Policy Institute.
- Nadia Davy (born 1980), track and field athlete, competing internationally for Jamaica, who was a bronze medalist in the 4 × 400 m relay at the 2004 Olympic Games in Athens.
- Julie Ann Dawson (born 1971), a horror fiction writer, RPG designer, and publisher.
- Braheme Days Jr. (born 1995), shot putter who won a bronze medal at the 2011 World Youth Championships in Athletics.
- Lucius Elmer (1793-1883), represented New Jersey's 1st congressional district from 1843-1845.
- Douglas H. Fisher (born c. 1948), New Jersey Secretary of Agriculture, member of the New Jersey General Assembly who represented the 3rd Legislative District and served on the Bridgeton City Council from 1990-1992.
- James Galanos (born 1924), fashion designer.
- Goose Goslin (1900-1971), Baseball Hall of Fame left fielder who played for the Washington Senators, St. Louis Browns and Detroit Tigers, in a career that ran from 1921-1938
- Edward Everett Grosscup (1860-1933), chairman of the New Jersey Democratic State Committee from 1911 to 1919 and Treasurer of the State of New Jersey from 1913 to 1915.
- James G. Hampton (1814-1861) represented New Jersey's 1st congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1845 to 1849.
- Charles L. Harris (1834-1910), Union Army Brigadier General.
- Alfred Ellet Hitchner (1882-1959), college football pioneer who was head coach of the Rutgers Scarlet Knights football team in 1904.
- George Jamison (born 1962), NFL linebacker who played for the Detroit Lions.
- Harvey Johnson (1919-1983), served as head coach for the National Football League's Buffalo Bills.
- Carwood Lipton (1920-2001), decorated soldier of Easy Company, 506th Parachute Infantry, 101st Airborne Division.
- Frank LoBiondo (born 1946), Congressman who represents New Jersey's 2nd congressional district.
- Brison Manor (born 1952), defensive lineman who played eight seasons in the National Football League for the Denver Broncos, from 1977-1984.
- Harold E. Pierce (1922-2006), dermatologist and cosmetic surgeon.
- Steve Rammel (born 1968), retired U.S. soccer forward who played two seasons in Major League Soccer.
- Floyd Reid (1927-1994), running back who played in the NFL for the Green Bay Packers from 1950-1956.
- Celeste Riley (born 1960), first woman to represent the 3rd Legislative District.
- Elias P. Seeley (1791-1846), 11th Governor of New Jersey in 1833.
- Oberlin Smith (1840-1926), engineer and inventor.
- John J. Spoltore (1921-1973), Republican Party politician who served as Chairman of the New Jersey Republican State Committee in 1973 after having served four years as Mayor of Bridgeton in the mid-1950s.
- Aharon Wasserman (born 1986), entrepreneur and software designer.
- Shana Williams (born 1972), former track and field athlete who competed in the long jump.
- H. Boyd Woodruff (1917-2017), soil microbiologist who discovered actinomycin and developed industrial production by fermentation of many natural products, including cyanocobalamin (a synthetic form of Vitamin B12), the avermectins and other important antibiotics.
- ^ a b c d e f 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- ^ a b Mayor and City Council, Bridgeton, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2016.
- ^ 2017 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 30, 2017.
- ^ Department of Administration, City of Bridgeton. Accessed September 4, 2016.
- ^ City Clerk, City of Bridgeton. Accessed June 30, 2016.
- ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 19.
- ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Bridgeton, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 4, 2013.
- ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Bridgeton city, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2012.
- ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 2. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Bridgeton city, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 9, 2012.
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- ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Bridgeton, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed December 1, 2011.
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- ^ Marine, Jaime. "Annual Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape Pow-Wow coming to Salem County Fairgrounds", Today's Sunbeam, June 9, 2010. Accessed July 9, 2012. "'The main purpose of the Pow-Wow is to educate the American public about the rich history of the Native Americans,' Gail Gould, of the Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape Tribal Office in Bridgeton, said Wednesday. 'It is also like a big family reunion for us.' According to Gould, there are more than 12,000 members of the Lenape tribe throughout Salem, Gloucester and Cumberland counties."
- ^ Historic Bridgeton Walking Tour; New Jersey's Largest Historic District, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed November 8, 2016.
- ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 119. Accessed July 9, 2012.
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- ^ Gannett, Henry. The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States, p. 37. United States Government Printing Office, 1905. Accessed August 27, 2015.
- ^ a b Staff. "Rites for Oberlin Smith Held.", The New York Times, July 22, 1926. Accessed July 8, 2012. "The funeral of Oberlin Smith, Bridgeton's most distinguished citizen and inventor of international note, took place this afternoon from Lockwold, his late residence on the shore of East Lake."
- ^ Staff. "BRIDGETON HISTORIC DISTRICT / Managing the past", The Press of Atlantic City, November 6, 2007. Accessed July 8, 2012. "Funkhouser's story mirrors the problems facing the entire historic district in Bridgeton. Drawn up in 1982, the district covers almost a quarter of the city and is the largest contiguous historic district in the state."
- ^ Arney, Pat. "PRESERVING BRIDGETON'S HISTORY / HISTORICAL SOCIETY SAYS POTTER'S TAVERN NEEDS A LOT OF WORK", The Press of Atlantic City, August 26, 1993. Accessed July 9, 2012. "It was New Jersey's first newspaper. Called the "Plain Dealer," the hand-written paper came out weekly between Dec. 25, 1775, and Feb. 12, 1776, at Potter's Tavern, a gathering spot for the local firebrands that still stands today, across from the Cumberland County Courthouse on West Broad Street."
- ^ Cumberland Bank Building, New Jersey Historic Trust. Accessed July 9, 2012.
- ^ Cousteau Center at Bridgeton, Rutgers University Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences. Accessed July 9, 2012.
- ^ Parks and Recreation, City of Bridgeton. Accessed November 8, 2016.
- ^ Cohanzick Zoo... "New Jersey's First Zoo" , City of Bridgeton. Accessed November 8, 2016.
- ^ New Jersey School Performance Report for the Bridgeton School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed May 31, 2015.
- ^ Zotigh, Dennis (2016-09-06). "Meet Native America: Mark Gould, Chief of the Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape Tribal Nation". National Museum of the American Indian. Retrieved .
- ^ STEAMWorks, City of Bridgeton. Accessed June 9, 2017.
- ^ Adomaitis, Greg. "Bridgeton Main Street president receives inaugural award", South Jersey Times, February 2, 2012. Accessed May 31, 2015. "Fellow BMSA members and co-workers turned their attention to their president and member of five years, who leads the oldest Main Street association in the state.... The Main Street effort was instituted nationally around the late-1970s and was officially incorporated here in 1990."
- ^ Cousteau Center at Bridgeton, Cousteau Center at Bridgeton. Accessed October 7, 2013.
- ^ Barlas, Thomas. "Cumberland County banking on prisons for economic stability", The Press of Atlantic City, July 3, 2013. Accessed October 7, 2013. "Those prisoners - the county will accept between 100 and 350, depending on space - will join thousands of inmates lodged in three state prisons located in Cumberland County. Bayside State Prison and Southern State Correctional Facility in Maurice River Township and South Woods State Prison in Bridgeton house about a third of the more than 23,100 inmates in all of the state's prisons."
- ^ Driving Directions, Rutgers Food Innovation Center. Accessed June 9, 2017.
- ^ Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- ^ Climate Summary for Bridgeton, New Jersey
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- ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 269, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed October 7, 2013. "Bridgeton, the county town, contains three wards, and is located in Bridgeton township. Its population in 1850 was 2,446; in 1860, 3,595; and in 1870, 6,830. Previous to 1747, it formed a portion of Salem county "
- ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 258. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed October 7, 2013.
- ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 97. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed October 7, 2013.
- ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 336. Accessed October 7, 2013.
- ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, p. 710, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 1, 2011.
- ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed June 28, 2015.
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- ^ What is a County Freeholder?, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014. "Freeholders are elected at-large and serve three year staggered terms. Each January, the Board reorganizes and selects its leadership."
- ^ About Cumberland County Government, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014. "By law, Cumberland County is allowed 7 freeholders, who serve staggered, overlapping three year terms. Two are elected in two successive years, three in the third year, elected from the county at-large. A Director of the Board is selected by his colleagues for a one year term."
- ^ Joseph Derella, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
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- ^ Darlene Barber, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
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- ^ Marko, Deborah M.; and Kov, Daniel. "GOP keeps two seats on freeholder boardRainear re-elected as surrogate; Mercado ousted", The Daily Journal (New Jersey), November 6, 2013. Accessed July 28, 2014. "GOP candidate Tom Sheppard wins a three-year seat. His running mate, James Sauro, wins a one-year seat. The pair will be the only GOP representatives on the seven-member freeholder board. Darlene Barber, a Democrat in her first race, won the other three-year freeholder seat that was available.... In the surrogate race, incumbent Democrat Douglas Rainear defeated Republican newcomer Timothy Codispoti."
- ^ Cumberland County Clerk's Office, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
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- ^ Voter Registration Summary - Cumberland, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed October 22, 2012.
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- ^ Region Profile - Western/Southern Cumberland Region Strategic Plan, Cumberland Development Corporation, January 2003. Accessed December 21, 2014. "Students in grades 9-12 residing in Commercial, Maurice River and a portion of Lawrence Townships attend Millville High School. Students in Bridgeton, Downe and a portion of Lawrence Township attend Bridgeton High School."
- ^ Staff. "Bridgeton High School", South Jersey magazine. Accessed December 21, 2014. "Bridgeton High School provides opportunities for students from Bridgeton, Lawrence Township and Downe Township in Cumberland County to become members of society who are thoughtful, informed, involved and committed to life-long learning."
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- ^ Old Broad Street Church, First Presbyterian Church of Bridgeton, NJ. Accessed November 8, 2016. "This was the first church erected in Bridge Town; the cornerstone was laid in 1792. It was finished and first used for worship in 1795, but not before funds were raised by a state-wide lottery to complete the building. "
- ^ Potter's Tavern, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed November 8, 2016.
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- ^ New Sweden Farmstead Museum, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed October 7, 2013.
- ^ Colman, David. "His Guiding Light? Mom, of Course", The New York Times, December 7, 2012. Accessed December 9, 2012. "One might guess that Mr. Adler, 46, who studied semiotics at Brown University and ceramics at the Rhode Island School of Design, had developed his careful balancing act of cynicism and sincerity -- cynicerity, for short -- as an adult. But, it turns out, he had a lucky star guiding him right from the day he was born. A wholly artificial star, of course: the chandelier that hung above his family's dining table in their house in Bridgeton, N.J."
- ^ Freeman, Joseph H. Twenty-Second Biennial Report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction of the State of Illinois; July 1, 1896 - June 30, 1898, p. 69. The Superintendent, 1898. Accessed December 21, 2014. "Newton Bateman, of English ancestry, was born in Bridgeton, county seat of a southern county of New Jersey, July 27, 1822, and was a little over seventy-five years old at his death October 21, 1897."
- ^ Ella Reeve Bloor, Encyclopædia Britannica. Accessed September 24, 2007
- ^ Bodine, Frank Lee (1874-1964) , Philadelphia Architects and Buildings. Accessed December 21, 2014. "Frank L. Bodine was born in Bridgeton, NJ, the son of J. Nixon and Annie Alexander Millikan Bodine."
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- ^ "Breaking new ground with environmental pioneer, Lester R. Brown", WHYY-FM, December 12, 2013. Accessed December 21, 2014.
- ^ Brown, Scott. "Bridgeton's Davy Runs Wild At States The Jamaica Native Set Records In The 200 And 400. Her Coach Thinks She Will Only Improve.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, June 1, 1998. Accessed December 21, 2014. "That's because Bridgeton's Nadia Davy eclipsed their times in the 200 and 400 to set both records."
- ^ Arney, Pat. "HORROR-FICTION WRITER FOUNDS CREATIVE SOCIETY", The Press of Atlantic City, July 18, 1994. Accessed February 20, 2011. "Julie Ann Dawson, a budding horror-fiction writer and poet, found herself in a "creative void" after she graduated from Rowan College last year. At college she had many opportunities to socialize with fellow creative artists, said the 22-year-old Bridgeton resident, such as the English honor society, the student honors organization, the Literary Forum, and the school magazine, Venue."
- ^ McGarry, Michael. "Bridgeton's Braheme Days Jr. third in shot put at World Junior Track and Field Championships", The Press of Atlantic City, Julyu 24, 2014. Accessed December 21, 2014. "Bridgeton's Braheme Days Jr. finished third Thursday night in the shot put at the IAAF World Junior Track and Championships in Eugene, Ore.... Days Jr., a 2013 Bridgeton High School graduate, put himself in position to win the world title by finishing first in his heat and second overall with a throw of 64 feet, 4 inches in the preliminaries."
- ^ Lucius Quintius Cincinnatus Elmer, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 20, 2007.
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- ^ Colonel Charles L. Harris, 11th Wisconsin Civil War Regiment, July 9, 2007. Accessed October 22, 2012. "Charles L. Harris, born August 24th, 1834 in Bridgeton, New Jersey, was a prominent Madison resident when the war broke out."
- ^ Class of 1904 - Rutgers College - History to 1907, p. 12. Accessed December 21, 2014. "ALFRED ELLET HITCHNER. ... Before entering college lived at Clayton, N. J., and Bridgeton, N. J. Prepared at Bridgeton High School and West Jersey Academy."
- ^ Weinberg, David. "PRO FOOTBALL / SURPRISE! BRIDGETON CELEBRATES GEORGE JAMISON'S LONG NFL CAREER", The Press of Atlantic City, August 22, 2000. Accessed October 22, 2012. "One of the reasons George Jamison was able to play in the NFL for 13 seasons was that he was seldom surprised. As an outside linebacker for the Detroit Lions and Kansas City Chiefs, the Bridgeton native was rarely caught out of position, even when faced with the most creative trick plays."
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- ^ via Associated Press. "Yanks Swamp 'Hawks, 31-0", St. Petersburg Times, December 10, 1946. Accessed June 7, 2011. "The Yanks opened the scoring midway in the first quarter when Harvey Johnson, of Bridgeton, N. J., booted a field goal be tween the uprights from the Miami 45 yard line."
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