||Parts of this article (those related to rebuilding following hurricanes, specifically the 2017 Hurricane Irma, and developing discussions of urban resilience and climate resilience planning) need to be updated. (September 2017)|
|Broward County, Florida|
The Broward County Courthouse in November 2010.
Location in the U.S. state of Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
|Founded||April 30, 1915|
|Named for||Napoleon Bonaparte Broward|
|Largest city||Fort Lauderdale|
|o Total||1,323 sq mi (3,427 km2)|
|o Land||1,210 sq mi (3,134 km2)|
|o Water||113 sq mi (293 km2), 8.5%|
|o Density||1,445/sq mi (558/km²)|
|Congressional districts||20th, 22nd, 23rd, 24th|
Broward County is a county in the U.S. state of Florida. As of 2016, the population was 1,909,632, making it the second-most populous county in Florida and the 17th-most populous in the United States. Its county seat is Fort Lauderdale.
Broward County is part of the Miami metropolitan area, which was home to an estimated 6,012,331 people at the 2015 census.
|This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (October 2015)|
Although the area has been settled since about 1400 B.C., Broward County was founded on October 1, 1915. It was named for Napoleon Bonaparte Broward, Governor of Florida from 1905 to 1909, remembered for his campaign to turn the Everglades into "useful land". It was originally intended to be named Everglades County, but then-Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives Ion Farris amended the bill that established the county to be named after Broward. In 1915, Palm Beach County and Dade County contributed nearly equal portions of land to create Broward County.
Broward County began a huge development boom after its incorporation, with the first "tourist hotel", in Fort Lauderdale, opening in 1919. A year later, developers began dredging wetlands in the county in order to create island communities. By 1925, the boom was considered to have reached its peak, but a 1926 hurricane caused economic depression in the county. The structure of county government was signed into law in 1975 with the passage of the Broward County charter.
At its inception, Broward County was considered a leader in agricultural products and services within the State of Florida, but the massive post-World War II buildup of South Florida transformed the region. It was one of the counties at the center of the 2000 U.S. Presidential election recount controversy.
From 2008 to 2011, Broward County led the nation in new HIV/AIDS diagnoses, according to federal health officials. The per capita cases of new infections in Broward has not decreased in over a decade, prompting government health agencies to direct more funding to AIDS prevention campaigns in Broward. During that time period, Dade County was ranked number two nationally for the epidemic. However, as of January 31, 2014, those statistics have reversed, though not dramatically enough to be called an improvement. Some communities in the area have been affected disproportionately, with 48% of the afflicted being in black communities. In Broward County, sexual education in public schools is not mandatory and the curriculum that is employed sporadically has not been updated in ten years or more, according to school officials. In 2013, the Broward County School Board held a vote to require schools to teach sex-ed at least once a year for every grade, a program slated to begin in the 2014-2015 school year if passed.
Broward County has an average elevation of six feet (1.8 m) above sea level. It is rather new geologically and located at the eastern edge of the Florida Platform, a carbonate plateau created millions of years ago. Broward County is composed of Oolite limestone while western Broward is composed mostly of Bryozoa. Broward is among the last areas of Florida to be created and populated with fauna and flora, mostly in the Pleistocene.
Of developable land in Broward County, approximately 471 square miles (1,219.9 km2), the majority is built upon, as the urban area is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Everglades Wildlife Management Area to the west. Within developable land, Broward County has a population density of 3,740 per square mile (1,444 per square kilometer).
As of 2010, Haitians made up the largest population of immigrants, with Jamaicans coming in second, Colombians in third, followed by Cuban exiled refugees in fourth place, then Peruvians, Venezuelans, Brazilians, Dominicans, Canadians, and Mexicans being the tenth highest group of expatriates.
There were 810,388 households out of which 28.61% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.80% were married couples living together, 15.28% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.67% were non-families. 28.79% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.07% (3.31% male and 7.76% female) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.14.
The age distribution is 22.4% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.7 years. For every 100 females there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $51,694, and the median income for a family was $62,619. Males had a median income of $44,935 versus $36,813 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,631. About 9.1% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.2% of those under age 18 and 12.2% of those aged 65 or over.
In 2010, 30.9% of the county's population was foreign born, with 49.2% being naturalized American citizens. Of foreign born residents, 77.4% were born in Latin America, 9.0% were born in Europe, 8.4% born in Asia, 3.5% in North America, 1.6% born in Africa, and 0.1% were born in Oceania.
According to the 2010 U.S. Census, Broward County is the 9th largest county with same sex households. As of the 2010 Census, there were 9,125 same sex households out of a total of 686,047 households (1.33%).
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,623,018 people, 654,445 households, and 411,645 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,346 people per square mile (520/km²). There were 741,043 housing units at an average density of 615 per square mile (237/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 70.57% White (58% were Non-Hispanic), 20.54% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 2.25% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 3.00% from other races, and 3.35% from two or more races. 16.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
In 2000, with relation to ancestry (excluding the various Hispanic and Latino ancestries), 9.4% were Italian, 7.4% American, 6.8% German, 6.7% Irish, and 4% English ancestry. Also, among West Indians, 5.99% were Haitian and were 5.91% Jamaican. Broward was the only county in the nation outside the Northeast in which Italian-Americans formed the largest ethnic group in 2000. They are concentrated mainly in the Pompano Beach area.
There were 654,445 households out of which 29.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.1% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals and % had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the county, the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $41,691, and the median income for a family was $50,531. Males had a median income of $36,741 versus $28,529 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,170. About 8.7% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.
As of 2005, Broward County led the nation's metropolitan areas in new AIDS diagnoses, with a reported rate 58.4 new AIDS diagnoses per 100,000 people. County officials think the numbers may stem from a new and successful HIV testing campaign that has resulted in many people being diagnosed with AIDS at the same time they've been diagnosed with HIV. Without the implementation of the new testing campaign, the reported numbers of new diagnoses would have probably been lower.
As of 2010, 63.44% of all residents spoke English as their first language, while 22.22% spoke Spanish, 5.42% French Creole (mostly Haitian Creole,) 1.48% Portuguese, 1.41% French, and 0.59% of the population spoke Italian as their mother language. In total, 36.56% of the population spoke languages other than English as their primary language. Since many immigrants are coming from the Anglophone Caribbean, where English is spoken, the change is not as fast as the rate of immigration would suggest.
The Broward County Library is one of the largest public library systems in the country, comprising 41 branch locations. There are also five municipal public libraries in the county that are not part of the Broward County Library: Ethel M. Gordon Oakland Park Library, Lighthouse Point Library, Helen B. Hoffman Plantation Library, and Parkland Public Library.
Community services in Broward County include Women in Distress (WID), a nationally accredited, state-certified, full service domestic violence center. WID works in partnership wit's office">Broward Sheriff's Office</ref>
The Broward County Charter provides for a separation between the legislative and administrative functions of government. The Board of County Commissioners is the legislative branch of Broward County Government.
The County Commission is composed of nine members elected by district. Each Commissioner must be a resident of the district for which he or she seeks election. Each year the Commission elects a Mayor and Vice Mayor. The Mayor's functions include serving as presiding officer, and as the County's official representative. The Commission appoints the County Administrator, County Attorney and County Auditor. The Commission also appoints numerous advisory and regulatory boards.
|Name||Start of Term||End of Term|
|Barbara Sharief||Nov. 17, 2016||Nov. 17, 2017|
|Marty Kiar||Nov. 17, 2015||Nov. 17, 2016|
|Tim Ryan||Nov. 18, 2014||Nov. 17, 2015|
|Barbara Sharief||Nov. 19, 2013||Nov. 18, 2014|
The County Commission meets in formal session the first four Tuesdays of each month at 10:00 a.m. in Room 422 of the Broward County Governmental Center. Over 507,000 cable subscribers in Broward County have access to Government-access television (GATV) coverage of Commission meetings, which are broadcast live beginning at 10:00 a.m. each Tuesday, and rebroadcast at 5:30 p.m. the following Friday. Meetings can also be viewed via webcasting at www.broward.org.
Silver Airways has its headquarters on the property of Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport in an unincorporated area.  Other companies with headquarters in unincorporated areas include Locair.
When Chalk's International Airlines existed, its headquarters was on the grounds of the airport in an unincorporated area. When Bimini Island Air existed, its headquarters were in an unincorporated area.
According to the Secretary of State's office, Democrats maintain a majority among registered voters in Broward County. The county is also one of the few counties in the state where Independents outnumber Republicans among registrants.
|Broward County Voter Registration & Party Enrollment as of July 31, 2016|
|Political Party||Total Voters||Percentage|
Over the past 50 years, Broward County has gone from solidly Republican to solidly Democratic. In the 1964 presidential election for example, the county supported Barry Goldwater by a 56-44 margin, even as he lost in a landslide nationwide, and in the 1972 presidential election, Broward County voters strongly backed Richard Nixon over George McGovern. From the 1976 presidential election onward, however, voters of Broward County have supported the Democratic presidential nominee over the Republican nominee by increasing majorities, except in the three Republican landslide elections of the 80s. Broward County is now the most reliably Democratic county in the state, with the exception of the much less populous and majority African American Gadsden County in North Florida. This change in voting tendencies can be attributed to the large migrations of middle and upper-class snowbirds and transplants from more liberal states, a growing LGBT community, liberal positions on social issues such as abortion and gun control, and naturalized U.S. citizens born in places such as Latin America, the Caribbean, Canada, Europe, and Asia.
|2016||31.16% 260,951||66.08% 553,320||2.76% 23,117|
|2012||32.23% 244,101||67.12% 508,312||0.65% 4,941|
|2008||32.34% 237,729||67.02% 492,640||0.64% 4,722|
|2004||34.61% 244,674||64.21% 453,873||1.18% 8,325|
|2000||30.93% 177,939||67.41% 387,760||1.66% 9,540|
|1996||28.29% 142,870||63.51% 320,779||8.20% 41,449|
|1992||30.92% 164,832||51.85% 276,361||17.23% 91,857|
|1988||50.00% 220,316||49.54% 218,274||0.46% 2,015|
|1984||56.68% 254,608||43.32% 194,584||0.01% 34|
|1980||55.95% 229,693||35.64% 146,323||8.42% 34,545|
|1976||47.15% 161,411||51.55% 176,491||1.30% 4,441|
|1972||72.41% 196,528||27.31% 74,127||0.28% 754|
|1968||54.50% 106,122||29.07% 56,613||16.43% 31,992|
|1964||55.49% 85,264||44.51% 68,406|
|1960||58.82% 68,294||41.18% 47,811|
|1956||72.45% 43,552||27.55% 16,561|
|1952||69.10% 26,506||30.90% 11,854|
|1948||50.88% 9,933||36.35% 7,096||12.76% 2,492|
|1944||47.45% 5,583||52.55% 6,183|
|1940||38.31% 3,988||61.69% 6,422|
|1936||30.30% 1,906||69.70% 4,385|
|1932||34.27% 1,717||65.73% 3,293|
|1928||63.63% 2,889||34.45% 1,564||1.92% 87|
|1924||41.45% 407||42.87% 421||15.68% 154|
|1920||44.24% 442||41.54% 415||14.21% 142|
|1916||22.57% 158||54.57% 382||22.86% 160|
|2014||29.52% 138,394 (Scott/Incumbent)||68.02% 318,950 (Crist)||2.46% 11,549|
|2010||33.40% 140,445 (Scott)||64.59% 271,606 (Sink)||2.01% 8,480|
|2006||35.09% 143,043 (Crist)||62.81% 256,072 (Davis)||2.10% 8,558|
|2002||40.02% 175,756 (Bush/Incumbent)||59.05% 259,370 (McBride)||0.93% 4,076|
|1998||37.93% 137,494 (Bush)||62.07% 225,010 (McKay)||0.00% 8|
|1994||34.61% 138,333 (Bush)||65.39% 261,368 (Chiles/Incumbent)||0.00% 11|
A street grid stretches throughout Broward County. Most of this grid is loosely based on three primary eastern municipalities, (from South to North) Hollywood, Fort Lauderdale, and Pompano Beach. Deerfield Beach--another primary eastern municipality--has its own street grid, as do two smaller municipalities--Dania and Hallandale.
Municipality populations are based on the 2010 Census.
|#||Incorporated Community||Designation||Date incorporated||Population|
|2||Coconut Creek||City||February 20, 1967||52,909|
|26||Cooper City||City||June 20, 1959||28,547|
|4||Coral Springs||City||July 10, 1963||121,096|
|23||Dania Beach||City||November 30, 1904||29,639|
|22||Davie||Town||November 16, 1925||91,992|
|3||Deerfield Beach||City||June 11, 1925||75,018|
|16||Fort Lauderdale||City||March 27, 1911||165,521|
|31||Hallandale Beach||City||May 11, 1927||37,113|
|8||Hillsboro Beach||Town||June 12, 1939||1,875|
|24||Hollywood||City||November 28, 1925||140,768|
|11||Lauderdale-by-the-Sea||Town||November 30, 1927||6,056|
|17||Lauderdale Lakes||City||June 22, 1961||32,593|
|18||Lauderhill||City||June 20, 1959||66,887|
|15||Lazy Lake||Village||June 3, 1953||24|
|7||Lighthouse Point||City||June 13, 1956||10,344|
|5||Margate||City||May 30, 1955||53,284|
|28||Miramar||City||May 26, 1955||122,041|
|10||North Lauderdale||City||July 10, 1963||41,023|
|13||Oakland Park||City||June 10, 1929||41,363|
|1||Parkland||City||July 10, 1963||23,962|
|30||Pembroke Park||Town||October 10, 1957||6,102|
|27||Pembroke Pines||City||March 2, 1959||154,750|
|20||Plantation||City||April 30, 1953||84,955|
|6||Pompano Beach||City||June 6, 1908||99,845|
|12||Sea Ranch Lakes||Village||October 6, 1959||670|
|25||Southwest Ranches||Town||June 6, 2000||7,345|
|19||Sunrise||City||June 22, 1961||84,439|
|9||Tamarac||City||August 15, 1963||60,427|
|29||West Park||City||March 1, 2005||14,156|
|21||Weston||City||September 3, 1996||65,333|
|14||Wilton Manors||City||May 13, 1947||11,632|
Broward boasts numerous notable attractions, such as: