Burns United Methodist Church (2010)
Location within Marion County and Kansas
KDOT map of Marion County (legend)
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|o Mayor||Ryan Johnson |
|o City Clerk||Mike Hammann |
|o Total||0.35 sq mi (0.9 km2)|
|o Land||0.35 sq mi (0.9 km2)|
|o Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,499 ft (457 m)|
|o Estimate (2016)||220|
|o Density||650/sq mi (250/km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|o Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|FIPS code||20-09450 |
|GNIS ID||478038 |
Burns is a city in Marion County, Kansas, United States. The city name came from a nearby train station, which was named prior to the city being incorporated. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 228.
For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.
In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.
In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1855, Marion County was established within the Kansas Territory, which included the land for modern day Burns.
In 1877, the Florence, El Dorado, and Walnut Valley Railroad Company built a branch line from Florence to El Dorado, and a station called Burns was built north of the present city location. In 1881, the rail line was extended to Douglass, then later to Arkansas City. The line was leased and operated by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. The line from Florence through Burns to El Dorado was abandoned in 1942. The original branch line connected Florence through El Dorado to Arkansas City.
At the present location, a city named St. Francis was platted in August 1880. When the town incorporated, they discovered the official city name of St. Francis was already taken, so they changed the name to be the same as the nearby Burns train station, then soon afterward the station was moved into the new city. The original station was named after a railroad company official.
A post office was established in Burns on November 30, 1880.
Burns High School closed in 1965 as a result of statewide school district consolidation. Burns Elementary School and Junior High School closed in 1997 due to the lack of funds. Public education is currently provided by Peabody-Burns USD 398 in Peabody.
In 2010, the Keystone-Cushing Pipeline (Phase II) was constructed 6.5 miles west of Burns, north to south through Marion County, with much controversy over road damage, tax exemption, and environmental concerns (if a leak ever occurs). A pumping station named Burns was built 2 miles north of Potwin.
Burns is located at  in the scenic Flint Hills. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.35 square miles (0.91 km2), all of it land. The south city limits of Burns is the county line shared between Marion County and Butler County.(38.090692, -96.887103),
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Burns has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
Burns has one listing on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP).
As of the census of 2010, there were 228 people, 93 households, and 59 families residing in the city. The population density was 651.4 inhabitants per square mile (251.5/km2). There were 112 housing units at an average density of 320.0 per square mile (123.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.9% White, 1.3% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.4% Pacific Islander, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population.
There were 93 households of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.6% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.14.
The median age in the city was 38 years. 25% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.2% were from 25 to 44; 27.1% were from 45 to 64; and 15.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 53.9% male and 46.1% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 268 people, 101 households, and 79 families residing in the city. The population density was 755.6 people per square mile (295.6/km²). There were 116 housing units at an average density of 327.1 per square mile (128.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.51% White, 0.75% African American and 0.75% Native American.
There were 101 households out of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.4% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.8% were non-families. 17.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the city, the population was spread out with 29.1% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 17.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 107.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.1 males.
As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $33,500, and the median income for a family was $39,000. Males had a median income of $22,143 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,990. About 7.5% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.8% of those under the age of eighteen and 9.8% of those sixty five or over.
Burns High School closed in 1965 as a result of statewide school district consolidation. The school mascot was Burns Hornets. Burns Elementary School and Junior High School closed in 1997 due to the lack of funds.
The city is served by the Burns Public Library at 104 North Washington Avenue. The library is a member of the North Central Kansas Libraries System, which provides an inter-library book loan service between its members.
U.S. Route 77 highway runs north-south on the east side of Burns, and follows roughly parallel to the old railway.