C9 League
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C9 League
C9 League
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The C9 League is an official alliance of nine elite and prestigious universities in mainland China, initiated by the Chinese Central Government through Project 985 to promote the development and reputation of Chinese higher education system by founding world-class universities in the 21st century. It is analogous to the Ivy League in the United States, the U15 in Canada, the Golden Triangle in the UK, and the Go8 in Australia. The members of the C9 League are Peking University, Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, Nanjing University, Fudan University, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Xi'an Jiaotong University, University of Science and Technology of China and Harbin Institute of Technology.[1] Together they account for 3% of the country's researchers but receive 10% of national research expenditures. They produce 20% of the nation's academic publications and 30% of total citations.[2]

C9 League is one of the world's premier, best-performing and highly influential network of universities, attaining tremendous success and achieving academic excellence in numerous fields and areas of education, its members are some of the highest ranking and most reputable universities in the world.[3][4][5]




Map showing major universities in China. Universities comprising the C9 League are marked in red.


University ARWU World (2016)[6] QS World (2016)[7] THE World (2015/16)[8] CWTS Leiden (2016)[9]
Fudan University 101-150 43 201-250 36
Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT) 151-200 278 501-600 77
Nanjing University 201-300 115 251-300 67
Peking University 71 39 42 23
Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) 101-150 61 301-350 6
Tsinghua University 58 24 47 17
University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) 101-150 104 201-250 91
Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU) 151-200 318 501-600 74
Zhejiang University 101-150 87 251-300 4


The C9 League was established by the Chinese central government on May 4, 1998 with the goal of advancing the Chinese higher education system. The establishment of the C9 League was a part of the Chinese central government's Project 985, which involves both national and local governments allocating large amounts of funding to certain universities in order to build new research centers, improve facilities, hold international conferences, attract world-renowned faculty and visiting scholars, and help Chinese faculty attend conferences abroad.[10] In the first phase, the nine universities were selected and allocated funding for an initial period of three years. On October 10, 2009, these nine universities made up the C9 League.[11][12]


The aim of the C9 is to serve as a network of elite universities to improve education and research in China.[13][14]

See also


  1. ^ "Education Ministry supports formation of China's"Ivy League"". Ministry of Education of People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013. 
  2. ^ "Eastern stars: Universities of China's C9 League excel in select fields". 
  3. ^ "Building research universities". The Daily Star. 29 October 2016. 
  4. ^ "Top 20 Chinese universities in 2016 - China.org.cn". www.china.org.cn. 
  5. ^ "Eastern stars: Universities of China's C9 League excel in select fields". Times Higher Education (THE). 17 February 2011. 
  6. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities - 2016". www.shanghairanking.com. Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. 2016. Retrieved 2016. 
  7. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2015/16". Quacquarelli Symonds. Retrieved 2015. 
  8. ^ "World University Rankings 2015-16". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 2015. 
  9. ^ "CWTS Leiden Ranking 2016". Centre for Science and Technology Studies, Leiden University. Retrieved 2016. 
  10. ^ "World Education News & Reviews". wenr.wes.org. 
  11. ^ "". Archived from the original on 2012-08-05. 
  12. ^ Sainsbury, Michael (4 November 2009). "China establishes group of Ivy League universities". The Australian. 
  13. ^ "China's 'Ivy League'". 
  14. ^ http://brand.hjenglish.com/b1094/p15877/

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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