|Formation||May 4, 1998|
|Legal status||Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China|
Shanghai Jiao Tong University
Xi'an Jiaotong University
University of Science and Technology of China
Harbin Institute of Technology
The C9 League is an official alliance of nine elite and prestigious universities in mainland China, initiated by the Chinese Central Government through Project 985 to promote the development and reputation of Chinese higher education system by founding world-class universities in the 21st century. It is analogous to the Ivy League in the United States, the U15 in Canada, the Golden Triangle in the UK, and the Go8 in Australia. The members of the C9 League are Peking University, Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, Nanjing University, Fudan University, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Xi'an Jiaotong University, University of Science and Technology of China and Harbin Institute of Technology. Together they account for 3% of the country's researchers but receive 10% of national research expenditures. They produce 20% of the nation's academic publications and 30% of total citations.
C9 League is one of the world's premier, most influential and top-performing network of universities, attaining tremendous success and achieving academic excellence in numerous fields and areas of education, its members are some of the highest ranking and most reputable universities in the world.
|Tsinghua University||1911||Ministry of Education (MOE)||Beijing|
|Peking University||1898||Ministry of Education (MOE)||Beijing|
|Zhejiang University||1897||Ministry of Education (MOE)||Hangzhou, Zhejiang|
|Nanjing University||1902||Ministry of Education (MOE)||Nanjing, Jiangsu|
|Fudan University||1905||Ministry of Education (MOE)||Shanghai|
|Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU)||1896||Ministry of Education (MOE)||Shanghai|
|Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU)||1896||Ministry of Education (MOE)||Xi'an, Shaanxi|
|University of Science and Technology of China (USTC)||1958||Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)||Hefei, Anhui|
|Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT)||1920||Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT)||Harbin, Heilongjiang; Weihai, Shandong; Shenzhen, Guangdong|
|University||ARWU World (2016)||QS World (2016)||THE World (2015/16)||CWTS Leiden (2016)|
|Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT)||151-200||278||501-600||77|
|Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU)||101-150||61||301-350||6|
|University of Science and Technology of China (USTC)||101-150||104||201-250||91|
|Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU)||151-200||318||501-600||74|
The C9 League was established by the Chinese central government on May 4, 1998 with the goal of advancing the Chinese higher education system. The establishment of the C9 League was a part of the Chinese central government's Project 985, which involves both national and local governments allocating large amounts of funding to certain universities in order to build new research centers, improve facilities, hold international conferences, attract world-renowned faculty and visiting scholars, and help Chinese faculty attend conferences abroad. In the first phase, the nine universities were selected and allocated funding for an initial period of three years. On October 10, 2009, these nine universities made up the C9 League.