California's Congressional Districts
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California's Congressional Districts
California's Congressional districts since 2013.

California is the most populous U.S. state and as a result has the most representation in the United States House of Representatives, with 53 Representatives. Each Representative represents one congressional district.

1992: Court ordered districts

The 1990 census gave California seven additional congressional seats. Attempts by the legislature to draw up new districts were unsuccessful, as three different plans drawn up by the Democratic-controlled Legislature were vetoed by Republican governor Pete Wilson. In September 1991 the California Supreme Court took jurisdiction over the redistricting process to break the stalemate.[1][2] Districts were drawn up by a panel of retired judges.

2002: Bipartisan redistricting

After the 2000 census, the California State Legislature was obliged to complete redistricting[3] for House of Representatives districts (in accordance with Article 1, Section 4 of the United States Constitution) as well as California State Assembly and California State Senate districts. It was mutually decided by legislators that the status quo in terms of balance of power would be preserved - a so-called Incumbent Protection Plan.[4] A bipartisan redistricting effort was done, and districts were configured in such a way that they were dominated by one or the other party, with few districts that could be considered competitive. In some cases this resulted in extremely convoluted boundary lines.

In the 2004 elections, a win by less than 55 percent of the vote was quite rare. This was seen in only five out of 80 State Assembly seats and two out of 20 State Senate seats up for election. The congressional seats were even less competitive than the state legislative districts - just three of the 53 districts were won with less than 60 percent majority in 2004.

2012: Citizens Redistricting Commission

Proposition 11, a California ballot proposition known as the Voters FIRST Act, was approved by the voters on November 4, 2008. It removed from the California Legislature the responsibility for drawing the state's congressional districts, and gave the responsibility instead to a 14-member Citizens Commission.[5] The U.S. Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of removing the responsibility from the legislature. The proposition also required that the districts drawn up (1) comply with the federal Voting Rights Act; (2) make districts contiguous; (3) respect, to the extent possible, the integrity of cities, counties, neighborhoods and "communities of interest"; and (4) to the extent possible, make districts compact. Several of these terms are not defined in law.

Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger had earlier proposed placing the redistricting process in the hands of retired judges, which was on the November ballot as an initiative in a special election (called by the Governor on June 14, 2005), Proposition 77. The special election was held on November 8, 2005. However, the initiative was overwhelmingly defeated, with 59 percent voting no. All initiatives, including those proposed by the Governor's allies and several independent initiatives, failed that year.

The California Citizens Redistricting Commission certified final district maps on August 15, 2011, and they took effect with the 2012 election.[6] The new districts are described as more "purple" than "red" or "blue" - that is, more mixed in electoral composition compared to the mostly "safe" districts of the previous decade, where incumbents were almost guaranteed re-election. An interactive map comparing the old districts with the new ones is available via the Los Angeles Times.[7]

These new districts, combined with demographic trends over several decades that favored the Democratic party, resulted in a gain of four House of Representatives seats for California Democrats in this election. For details see United States House of Representatives elections, 2012#California

Current districts and representatives

List of members of the Californian United States House delegation, their terms in office, district boundaries, and their political ratings according to the CPVI. The delegation has a total of 53 members, with 39 Democrats (including minority leader Nancy Pelosi) and 14 Republicans (including majority leader Kevin McCarthy).

District Representative Party CPVI Incumbent time in office District map
1st Doug LaMalfa 113th Congress official photo.jpg Doug LaMalfa (R-Richvale) Republican R+11 January 3, 2013 - present California US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
2nd Jared Huffman official photo (cropped).png Jared Huffman (D-San Rafael) Democratic D+22 January 3, 2013 - present California US Congressional District 2 (since 2013).tif
3rd John Garamendi 113th Congress.jpg John Garamendi (D-Walnut Grove) Democratic D+5 November 3, 2009 - present California US Congressional District 3 (since 2013).tif
4th Tom McClintock, Official Portrait.JPG Tom McClintock (R-Elk Grove) Republican R+10 January 3, 2009 - present California US Congressional District 4 (since 2013).tif
5th Mike Thompson.jpg Mike Thompson (D-St. Helena) Democratic D+21 January 3, 1999 - present California US Congressional District 5 (since 2013).tif
6th Doris Matsui Official Photo.JPG Doris Matsui (D-Sacramento) Democratic D+21 March 8, 2005 - present California US Congressional District 6 (since 2013).tif
7th Ami Bera official portrait (cropped).jpg Ami Bera (D-Elk Grove) Democratic D+3 January 3, 2013 - present California US Congressional District 7 (since 2013).tif
8th Paul Cook, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Paul Cook (R-Yucca Valley) Republican R+9 January 3, 2013 - present California US Congressional District 8 (since 2013).tif
9th Jerry McNerney (2014).jpg Jerry McNerney (D-Stockton) Democratic D+8 January 3, 2007 - present California US Congressional District 9 (since 2013).tif
10th Jeff Denham official congressional photo.jpg Jeff Denham (R-Atwater) Republican EVEN January 3, 2011 - present California US Congressional District 10 (since 2013).tif
11th Mark DeSaulnier-1.jpeg Mark DeSaulnier (D-Concord) Democratic D+21 January 3, 2015 - present California US Congressional District 11 (since 2013).tif
12th Nancy Pelosi 2012.jpg Nancy Pelosi (D-San Francisco) Democratic D+37 June 2, 1987 - present California US Congressional District 12 (since 2013).tif
13th Barbara Lee official portrait.jpg Barbara Lee (D-Oakland) Democratic D+40 April 7, 1998 - present California US Congressional District 13 (since 2013).tif
14th Jackie Speier official photo (cropped).jpg Jackie Speier (D-Hillsborough) Democratic D+27 April 8, 2008 - present California US Congressional District 14 (since 2013).tif
15th Eric Swalwell 114th official photo (cropped).jpg Eric Swalwell (D-Dublin) Democratic D+20 January 3, 2013 - present California US Congressional District 15 (since 2013).tif
16th Jimcosta.jpeg Jim Costa (D-Fresno) Democratic D+9 January 3, 2005 - present California US Congressional District 16 (since 2013).tif
17th Ro Khanna, official portrait, 115th Congress.jpg Ro Khanna (D-Fremont) Democratic D+25 January 3, 2017 - present California US Congressional District 17 (since 2013).tif
18th Anna Eshoo 113th Congress.jpg Anna Eshoo (D-Atherton) Democratic D+23 January 3, 1993 - present California US Congressional District 18 (since 2013).tif
19th Zoe Lofgren 111th pictorial.jpg Zoe Lofgren (D-San Jose) Democratic D+24 January 3, 1995 - present California US Congressional District 19 (since 2013).tif
20th Jimmy Panetta official portrait.jpg Jimmy Panetta (D-Carmel Valley) Democratic D+23 January 3, 2017 - present California US Congressional District 20 (since 2013).tif
21st David Valadao, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg David Valadao (R-Hanford) Republican D+5 January 3, 2013 - present California US Congressional District 21 (since 2013).tif
22nd Devin Nunes, official color photo portrait.jpg Devin Nunes (R-Tulare) Republican R+8 January 3, 2003 - present California US Congressional District 22 (since 2013).tif
23rd House Maj. Leader Kevin McCarthy official photo.jpg Kevin McCarthy (R-Bakersfield) Republican R+14 January 3, 2007 - present California US Congressional District 23 (since 2013).tif
24th Salud Carbajal 115th Congress photo.jpg Salud Carbajal (D-Santa Barbara) Democratic D+7 January 3, 2017 - present California US Congressional District 24 (since 2013).tif
25th Steve Knight official congressional photo.jpeg Steve Knight (R-Palmdale) Republican EVEN January 3, 2015 - present California US Congressional District 25 (since 2013).tif
26th Julia Brownley 113th Congress official photo.jpg Julia Brownley (D-Oak Park) Democratic D+7 January 3, 2013 - present California US Congressional District 26 (since 2013).tif
27th Judy Chu official portrait.jpg Judy Chu (D-Monterey Park) Democratic D+16 July 14, 2009 - present California US Congressional District 27 (since 2013).tif
28th Adam Schiff 115th official photo (cropped).jpg Adam Schiff (D-Burbank) Democratic D+23 January 3, 2001 - present California US Congressional District 28 (since 2013).tif
29th U.S. Rep. Tony Cárdenas.jpg Tony Cardenas (D-San Fernando Valley) Democratic D+29 January 3, 2013 - present California US Congressional District 29 (since 2013).tif
30th Brad Sherman official photo.jpg Brad Sherman (D-Sherman Oaks) Democratic D+18 January 3, 1997 - present California US Congressional District 30 (since 2013).tif
31st Pete Aguilar official portrait 114th Congress.jpg Pete Aguilar (D - Fontana) Democratic D+8 January 3, 2015 - present California US Congressional District 31 (since 2013).tif
32nd Rep-Napolitano.jpg Grace Napolitano (D-Norwalk) Democratic D+17 January 3, 1999 - present California US Congressional District 32 (since 2013).tif
33rd Congressman Ted W. Lieu Official Photo.jpg Ted Lieu (D-Torrance) Democratic D+16 January 3, 2015 - present California US Congressional District 33 (since 2013).tif
34th Jimmy Gomez official portrait (cropped).jpg Jimmy Gomez (D-Los Angeles) Democratic D+35 June 6, 2017 - present California US Congressional District 34 (since 2013).tif
35th Norma Torres 115th official photo.jpg Norma Torres (D-Pomona) Democratic D+19 January 3, 2015 - present California US Congressional District 35 (since 2013).tif
36th Raul Ruiz, official portrait, 113th congress.jpg Raul Ruiz (D-Palm Desert) Democratic D+2 January 3, 2013 - present California US Congressional District 36 (since 2013).tif
37th Karen-Bass-2012.jpg Karen Bass (D-Baldwin Hills) Democratic D+37 January 3, 2011 - present California US Congressional District 37 (since 2013).tif
38th Linda Sánchez official photo.jpg Linda Sánchez (D-Orange) Democratic D+17 January 3, 2003 - present California US Congressional District 38 (since 2013).tif
39th Edward Royce, official photo portrait color.jpg Ed Royce (R-Fullerton) Republican EVEN January 3, 1993 - present California US Congressional District 39 (since 2013).tif
40th Lucille Roybal-Allard official photo.jpg Lucille Roybal (D-Downey) Democratic D+33 January 3, 1993 - present California US Congressional District 40 (since 2013).tif
41st Mark Takano 113th Congress official photo.jpg Mark Takano (D-Riverside) Democratic D+12 January 3, 2013 - present California US Congressional District 41 (since 2013).tif
42nd Ken Calvert Portrait.jpg Ken Calvert (R-Corona) Republican R+9 January 3, 1993 - present California US Congressional District 42 (since 2013).tif
43rd Maxine Waters Official.jpg Maxine Waters (D-Inglewood) Democratic D+29 January 3, 1991 - present California US Congressional District 43 (since 2013).tif
44th Nanette Barragan official portrait.jpg Nanette Barragán (D-San Pedro) Democratic D+35 January 3, 2017 - present California US Congressional District 44 (since 2013).tif
45th Mimi Walters official congressional photo 2.jpg Mimi Walters (R-Laguna Niguel) Republican R+3 January 3, 2015 - present California US Congressional District 45 (since 2013).tif
46th Lou Correa official portrait.jpg Lou Correa (D-Santa Ana) Democratic D+15 January 3, 2017 - present California US Congressional District 46 (since 2013).tif
47th Alan Lowenthal 113th Congress Portrait.jpeg Alan Lowenthal (D-Long Beach) Democratic D+13 January 3, 2013 - present California US Congressional District 47 (since 2013).tif
48th Dana Rohrabacher official photo (cropped).jpg Dana Rohrabacher (R-Costa Mesa) Republican R+4 January 3, 1989 - present California US Congressional District 48 (since 2013).tif
49th Congressman Darrell Issa.jpg Darrell Issa (R-Vista) Republican R+1 January 3, 2001 - present California US Congressional District 49 (since 2013).tif
50th Duncan D. Hunter official photo (cropped).jpg Duncan D. Hunter (R-Lakeside) Republican R+11 January 3, 2009 - present California US Congressional District 50 (since 2013).tif
51st Juan Vargas official photo.jpg Juan Vargas (D-Golden Hill) Democratic D+22 January 3, 2013 - present California US Congressional District 51 (since 2013).tif
52nd Scott Peter's Official 113th Congressional Portrait.jpg Scott Peters (D-La Jolla) Democratic D+6 January 3, 2013 - present California US Congressional District 52 (since 2013).tif
53rd Susan A. Davis 113th Congress.jpg Susan Davis (D-San Diego) Democratic D+14 January 3, 2001 - present California US Congressional District 53 (since 2013).tif

Historical district boundaries

See also

References

  1. ^ "Supreme Court takes over remapping job". Sacramento Bee. September 26, 1991. Retrieved 2011. 
  2. ^ "Court Remap Plan Could Cut Democrats' Clout in California". Washington Post. December 4, 1991. Retrieved 2011. 
  3. ^ The word "gerrymandering" is replaced with redistricting as the word "gerrymandering" refers, by definition, to the redrawing of districts to the advantage of a single party or for partisan gain
  4. ^ "Latinos May Gain Few Seats in Redistricting; Politics: Their push for more representation in Congress clashes with Democrats' desire to protect incumbents as district boundaries are redrawn". Los Angeles Times. August 26, 2001. Retrieved 2011. 
  5. ^ Citizens Commission website: background
  6. ^ Redistricting Commission
  7. ^ "California's citizen commission final district maps: Find out what's changed where you live". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2011. 

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