|Wholly Owned Subsidiary|
|Industry||Hospitality, Travel, and Tourism|
|Founded||March 11, 1972|
|Headquarters||Miami, Florida, U.S.|
|Christine Duffy, President|
|Revenue||US$10.9 billion (FY 2011)|
|US$1.9 billion (FY 2011)|
|US$35 billion (FY 2011)|
|US$13.4 billion (FY 2011)|
Number of employees
|3,900 - Shoreside
33,500 - Shipboard
|Parent||Carnival Corporation & plc|
Footnotes / references
Carnival Cruise Line is one of ten cruise line brands owned by the world's largest cruise ship operator the American-British Carnival Corporation & plc. In 2018 Carnival Cruise Line was estimated to hold a 8.9% share of cruise industry revenue and 22.0% of passengers. It has the largest fleet in the Carnival group, with 26 vessels. The ships fly flags of convenience; 18 of the ships fly the Panama flag, 6 of the Bahamas and 2 of Malta. Its headquarters are in Miami, Florida, the United States. Executive control of the company is provided by the North American division of Carnival Corporation, headquartered in Doral, Florida.
Carnival's format is to offer shorter, less expensive cruises. Its ships are known for their Las Vegas-style decor and entertainment. The line calls its ships "The Fun Ships", and there are a wide range of activities offered on board. Its trademark is the funnel, which is red, white and blue and shaped like a whale's tail. The mascot for Carnival is Fun Ship Freddy, a character in the shape of Carnival's distinctive funnel.
Carnival Cruise Line was founded in 1972 by Ted Arison. To finance the venture Arison turned to his friend Meshulam Riklis who owned Boston-based American International Travel Service (AITS). Arison and Riklis set up the new company as a subsidiary of AITS. AITS was to market and promote the new venture. In 1974, due to regulatory issues, Riklis sold AITS's interest in the company to Arison for $1, but subject to Arison taking over the substantial company debts. The split enabled Arison to enter into new relationships with independent travel agents. He also promoted his cruises to fun-loving younger people. The format was very successful financially. Until 1975, the line consisted of only one ship the Mardi Gras. In 1975 another ship was acquired Carnivale.
In 2001, Robert H. Dickinson, then President and CTC, participated in a BBC documentary, Back To The Floor. Dickinson went to work at the lowest crew levels on the Fun Ship MS Carnival Imagination in the Caribbean, where he shadowed a Romanian cleaner, Alina.
In 2004, Carnival Corporation ordered for a development program for Carnival's new ships, the Pinnacle Project, calling for a 200,000 GT prototype, which would have been the world's largest cruise ship at the time. The ship was cancelled and after that they came up with a project called Next Generation.
As of 2009, the latest and largest asset in the Carnival fleet was Carnival Dream, a new 128,000 GT ship. Carnival Dream entered service on 21 September 2009. After several voyages in the Mediterranean she was set to offer weekly Caribbean cruises from Port Canaveral from 5 December 2009. A sister ship, Carnival Magic, debuted on 1 May 2011. On 1 December 2009 it was announced that Carnival placed an order for a third Dream-class vessel. It entered service in June 2012 and its homeport is now Galveston. On May 10, 2010, Carnival selected a name for their new Dream-class vessel in 2012 - Carnival Breeze.
On 26 October 2012, it was announced that Carnival had ordered a brand new ship for their Carnival Cruise Line brand. This ship, built by Fincantieri, was the largest ship they have ever built. It sailed its maiden voyage on May 1, 2016. The new ship was named Carnival Vista.
In January 2017, Michael Thamm was appointed CEO of Carnival Asia, to oversee operations in China and the region. Thamm's career spans more than three decades in the cruise and shipping industry. Thamm serves as CEO of Costa Group since July 1, 2012 and continues to work at Costa Group in addition to duties at Carnival Asia.
In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, three of the Carnival cruise ships were chartered by the United States government for six months to serve as temporary housing until the houses can be rebuilt. After being chartered for six months, their planned voyages were cancelled, and passengers were refunded. Holiday was originally docked in Mobile, Alabama, and later Pascagoula, Mississippi, and Ecstasy and Sensation were docked at New Orleans, Louisiana. The six-month contract cost $236 million. The contract was widely criticized, because the vessels were never fully utilized, and Carnival received more money than it would have earned by using the ships in their normal rotation.
The company has reportedly been paying wages under $1.50 per hour to employees with low-to-nonexistent benefits, such as holidays or minimal vacations. Monthly salaries of the high paid workers are around $1,300. The crew wages are supplemented by gratuities, and one former Carnival crew member cited that crew receive up to 95% of their income from tips. Employees report strenuous working conditions such as 14-hour shifts with no days off. As of October 2013 retirement benefits were revoked.
See also Costa Crociere Accidents and incidents for incidents associated with the parent company's other cruise operations.
On September 19, 1999, Carnival Tropicale's engine room caught fire en route from Cozumel to Tampa. While disabled in the Gulf of Mexico, the ship was struck by Tropical Storm Harvey. No crew or guests were injured during the two days Carnival Tropicale spent without propulsion. The ship was later sold and renamed Ocean Dream.
On February 10, 2013, Carnival Triumph, with 3,143 passengers aboard, suffered an engine room fire, leaving the ship adrift for four days in the Gulf of Mexico.. The engine fire led to a power outage on the ship which in turn, cause raw sewage to back up. This led to the media to dub the ordeal "The Poop Cruise". The ship was towed to Mobile, Alabama, docking on the evening of February 14. In subsequent litigation, Carnival documents were uncovered that revealed multiple generator maintenance problems creating a "disaster waiting to happen." In response, Carnival's court filing takes the position that the contract that passengers agree to when they buy a ticket "makes absolutely no guarantee for safe passage, a seaworthy vessel, adequate and wholesome food, and sanitary and safe living conditions."
On March 14, 2013, Carnival Dream experienced an emergency generator failure while docked in port at Philipsburg, Sint Maarten. The ship was scheduled to leave port around 5 p.m. ET the day before. The United States Coast Guard said they were notified by Carnival that Carnival Dream was experiencing emergency generator problems. Carnival announced that the passengers would be flown back to Florida rather than completing their scheduled voyage.
On the morning of March 15, 2013, Carnival Legend suffered a mechanical problem with one propulsion pod while at sea. The cruise line cancelled Carnival Legend's scheduled stops in Belize and Grand Cayman, and the ship returned to Tampa, Florida at a reduced speed of 19 knots (22 mph) (Legend has a regular cruising speed of 24 knots).
|Carnival Horizon||Vista||2018-present||133,500 GT||3,960||New York City, New York
Until September 17th, 2018
Beginning September 20th, 2018
|Panama||The largest ship ever built by Fincantieri for Carnival Cruise Line. |
|Carnival Vista||Vista||2016-present||133,500 GT||3,934||Miami, Florida
Until September 20, 2018
Beginning September 23, 2018
|Panama||The largest ship ever built by Fincantieri until Carnival Horizon|
|Carnival Breeze||Dream||2012-Present||128,000 GT||3,690||Galveston, Texas
Until September 16, 2018
Beginning September 30, 2018
|Panama||The largest ship ever built by Fincantieri until Carnival Vista|
|Carnival Magic||Dream||2011-Present||128,000 GT||3,690||
Port Canaveral, Florida
Until September 29, 2018
Beginning September 30, 2018
Beginning May 5, 2019
|Panama||The largest ship ever built by Fincantieri until Carnival Breeze|
|Carnival Dream||Dream||2009-Present||128,000 GT||3,646||New Orleans, Louisiana
Until May 12, 2019
Beginning May 13, 2019
|Panama||The largest ship ever built by Fincantieri until Carnival Magic|
|Carnival Splendor||Splendor||2008-Present||113,300 GT||3,012||Panama||Referred to as a Splendor-class ship, was originally designed for Costa Cruises as Costa Splendor, but the Carnival Splendor was transferred to Carnival Cruise Line during construction and is essentially a modified version of the Concordia-class ships.|
|Carnival Freedom||Conquest||2007-Present||110,000 GT||2,980||Galveston, Texas||Panama|
|Carnival Liberty||Conquest||2005-Present||110,000 GT||2,980||Panama|
|Carnival Valor||Conquest||2004-Present||110,000 GT||2,980||
Until May 10, 2019
Beginning May 11, 2019
|Carnival Glory||Conquest||2003-Present||110,000 GT||2,980||Miami, Florida
Until February 28, 2019
Beginning March 2, 2019
|Carnival Conquest||Conquest||2002-Present||110,000 GT||2,980||Fort Lauderdale, Florida
Until May 5, 2019
Beginning May 5, 2019
|Carnival Miracle||Spirit||2004-Present||88,500 GT||2,124||Panama||Built to Panamax form factor|
|Carnival Legend||Spirit||2002-Present||88,500 GT||2,124||(April-September)
Seattle, Washington ; Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada ; Honolulu, Hawaii
|Malta||Built to Panamax form factor|
|Carnival Pride||Spirit||2002-Present||88,500 GT||2,124||Baltimore, Maryland||Panama||Built to Panamax form factor, Former Flagship for Carnival|
|Carnival Spirit||Spirit||2001-Present||88,500 GT||2,124||Sydney, Australia
|Malta||Built to Panamax form factor|
|Carnival Victory||Destiny/Triumph||2000-Present||101,509 GT||2,754||Miami, Florida||Panama||Modified Destiny-class|
|Carnival Triumph||Destiny/Triumph||1999-Present||101,509 GT||2,754||New Orleans, Louisiana
Until March 1, 2019
Beginning April 15, 2019
On February 14, 2013 the ship was towed to Mobile, Alabama for repairs after an engine room fire and resumed service on June 13, 2013, almost 4 months after being out of service. After Dry Dock she became the leader of the two member Triumph Class.
|Carnival Sunshine||Destiny/Sunshine||2013-Present 1996-2013 as Carnival Destiny||102,853 GT||3,002||Port Canaveral, Florida
Until May 17, 2019
Beginning May 18, 2019
|Bahamas||Originally sailed as Carnival Destiny from 1996 to 2013.
World's largest passenger ship (measured by gross tonnage), when built.
First cruise ship over 100,000 GT. Carnival now identifies the Sunshine as the only member of Sunshine Class. The first ship in the fleet to receive all Funship 2.0 amenities.
|Carnival Paradise||Fantasy||1998-Present||70,367 GT||2,124||Tampa, Florida||Panama||Originally, Paradise|
|Carnival Elation||Fantasy||1998-Present||71,909 GT||2,130||Jacksonville, Florida
Until May 11, 2019
Beginning May 12, 2019
|Carnival Inspiration||Fantasy||1996-Present||70,367 GT||2,056||Long Beach, California||Bahamas||Originally, Inspiration|
|Carnival Imagination||Fantasy||1995-Present||70,367 GT||2,056||Long Beach, California||Bahamas||Originally, Imagination|
|Carnival Fascination||Fantasy||1994-Present||70,367 GT||2,056||San Juan, Puerto Rico ; Barbados
|Carnival Sensation||Fantasy||1993-Present||70,367 GT||2,056||Miami, Florida||Bahamas||Originally, Sensation|
|Carnival Ecstasy||Fantasy||1991-Present||70,367 GT||2,056||Charleston, South Carolina
Until May 15, 2019
|Carnival Fantasy||Fantasy||1990-present||70,367 GT||2,056||Mobile, Alabama||Panama||Originally, Fantasy|
|Will sail for
|Gross Tonnage||Home Port||Flag||Notes||Image|
|Carnival Panorama||2019||2019||133,500 GT||Long Beach, California||Panama||Sister to the Carnival Vista and Carnival Horizon. Originally planned to sail for P&O Cruises Australia.|
|TBA||2020||2020||180,000 GT||TBA||Panama||Will be the first LNG powered and the largest ship ever built for Carnival Cruise Line.|
|TBA||2022||2022||180,000 GT||TBA||Panama||Build by Meyer Turku, Finland|
On July 29, 2016, Carnival announced that the second Vista Class Ship would be named Carnival Horizon that is scheduled to be delivered March 2018.
|Mardi Gras||Empress||1961||1972-1993||27,284 GT
registered as 18,261 GT
|Panama||Also known as Empress of Canada, Olympic, Star of Texas, Lucky Star, Apollo, and Apollon. Scrapped in 2003.|
|Carnivale||Empress||1956||1975-1993||31,500 GT||Panama||Also known as Empress of Britain, Queen Anna Maria, Fiesta Marina, Olympic, and The Topaz. Sold for scrap in 2008.|
|Festivale||Festivale||1962||1977-1996||32,697 GT||Panama||Also known as Transvaal Castle, S.A. Vaal, Island Breeze, and Big Red Boat III. Sold for scrap in 2003.|
|Tropicale||Tropicale||1982||1982-2001||36,674 GT||Liberia||Was Carnival's first purpose-built ship. Also known as Costa Tropicale, and Pacific Star. Now known as Ocean Dream in May 2008.|
|Holiday||Holiday||1985||1985-2009||46,051 GT||Madeira, Portugal||In 2009, Holiday became the Grand Holiday for Iberocruceros. Now sails with Cruise & Maritime Voyages as the Magellan.|
|Jubilee||Holiday||1986||1986-2004||47,262 GT||Liberia||In 2004 Jubilee became the Pacific Sun for P&O Cruises Australia and the Henna in 2013. Sold for scrap in 2017.|
|Celebration||Holiday||1987||1987-2008||47,262 GT||Madeira, Portugal||In 2008 Celebration became the Grand Celebration for Iberocruceros, now sails for Bahamas Paradise Cruise Line.|
Restaurants on board Carnival ships include Ji Ji Asian Kitchen, Carnival Steakhouses, Cucina Del Capitano, Mongolian Wok, Guy's Burger Joint, Pizza Stations, Tandoor Kitchen, Taste Bar, Chef's Kitchen, Dining Rooms, Red Frog Pub, BlueIguana Cantina, Carnival Deli, Java Blue, Shake Spot, Pig and Anchor, and Fish and Chips