Catherine de Zegher (born Groningen, April 14, 1955) is an international curator and contemporary art critic and art historian. Currently, she is the Director of the Museum of Fine Arts, Gent (Belgium). She was the curator of the Australian Pavilion at the 55th Venice Biennale in 2013 and the curator of the 5th Moscow Biennale. De Zegher was the artistic co-director of the 18 Biennale of Sydney, Australia in 2012.
Catherine de Zegher's most recent book is an anthology of collected essays on contemporary women artists written over 13 years: Women's Work. Is Never Done. In 2012, de Zegher edited All our relations (18th Biennale of Sydney). Catherine de Zegher wrote On Line. Drawing Through the Twentieth Century (1910-2010) as a curator of an exhibition by that name at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. In 2010 she has curated the exhibition Alma Matrix: Bracha Ettinger and Ria Verhaeghe in juxtaposition with Eva Hesse. Studioworks (2010) at the Fundació Antoni Tàpies in Barcelona. De Zegher was the Director of Exhibitions and Publications at the Art Gallery of Ontario in Toronto in 2007-09 and the Executive Director and Chief Curator of The Drawing Center in New York in 1999-2006 and Editor of its Drawing Papers. She was previously co-founder and Director of the Kanaal Art Foundation (Kortrijk, Belgium, 1988-1998).
De Zegher came to prominence after she had curated Inside the Visible: An Elliptical Traverse of Twentieth-Century Art in, of, and from the Feminine at the Institute of Contemporary Art in Boston in 1996. The exhibition was accompanied by an important book (MIT Press). Her exhibitions accompanied by books and catalogues include: Mona Hatoum: Beyond the Violence Vortex into the Beauty Vortex (2011); Bracha L. Ettinger: Art as Compassion (2011), co-edited with Griselda Pollock; Cristina Iglesias: Deep Fountain (2008); Julie Mehretu: Drawings (2007); Freeing the Line (2007); Eva Hesse Drawing (2006); Joelle Tuerlinck: Drawing Inventory (2006); 3 x Abstraction: New Methods of Drawing by Hilma af Klint, Emma Kunz, and Agnes Martin (2005);Richard Tuttle: It's a Room for 3 People (2005); Giuseppe Penone: The Imprint of Drawing (2004); The Stage of Drawing: Gesture and Act. Selected from the Tate Collection (2003); Anna Maria Maiolino: A Life Line/Vida Afora (2002); Untitled Passages by Henri Michaux (2000); The Prinzhorn Collection: Traces upon the Wunderblock (2000), and Martha Rosler: Positions in the Life, 1998. She co-edited with Carol Armstrong Women Artists at the Millennium (MIT Press).
In 2018 the Museum of Fine Arts in Ghent hosted an exhibition of Russian art, the Toporovski collection, that turned out to be doubtful concerning their authenticity. Catherine de Zegher insisted she had two independent experts verifying the artwork before the exhibition and claimed to be able to proof it with the needed documents. Both of the experts however denied having checked the work and claimed to have warned Catherine de Zegher not exhibiting the Toporovski collection. The city of Ghent reacted by disbanding the committee responsible for he exhibition and stopping the exhibition. The art work will be returned to the owner. The latter stated that an investigation will be conducted to verify the authenticity of the work. Several art directors already critiqued the handling of Catherine de Zegher. Catherine de Zegher however insists that she made no errors in judgement.  The Museum board has ordered an audit on the event and has suspended Catherine de Zegher pending this process. 
2018. The Toporovski collection at the Museum of Fine Arts in Ghent
2013. the Australian Pavilion at the 55th Venice Biennale.
2013. 5th Moscow Biennale
2012. 18th Biennale of Sydney.
2010. On Line. Drawing Through the Twentieth Century, Museum of Modern Art, New York.
2010. Alma Matrix: Shared Traces/Trazos en Comun. Bracha Ettinger and Ria Verhaeghe (juxtaposed with Eva Hesse: Studioworks). Fundacion Antoni Tàpies Foundation, Barcelona.
2006. Eva Hesse Drawing. The Menil Collection, Houston; The Drawing Center, New York; LAMoCA, Los Angeles; Walker Art Center, Minneapolis (The Association of Art Museum Curators AAMC Award for Excellence).
2006. Joelle Tuerlinckx's Drawing Inventory. The Drawing Center, NY.
2005. Persistent Vestiges: Drawing from the American Vietnam War. The Drawing Center, New York.
2005. 3 x Abstraction: New Methods of Drawing by Hilma af Klint, Emma Kunz, and Agnes Martin (Best Show AICA Award 2005), The Drawing Center, New York; Santa Monica Museum, Los Angeles; Kilmainham Museum, Dublin, Ireland.
2005. Richard Tuttle: It's a Room for 3 People, The Drawing Center, New York; The Aspen Art Museum, Aspen, Colorado.
2003-2004. Giuseppe Penone: The Imprint of Drawing. The Drawing Center, New York; 2004. Milton Keynes Gallery, United Kingdom.
2003. The Stage of Drawing: Gesture and Act. Selected from the Tate Collection The Drawing Center, New York, 2003. Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney, Australia; Tate Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom ; Tate Britain, London, United Kingdom.
2002. Anna Maria Maiolino: A Life Line/Vida Afora. The Drawing Center, New York.
2001. Bracha Lichtenberg Ettinger: Eurydice Series. The Drawing Center, New York.
2001. Between Street and Mirror: The Drawings of James Ensor. The Drawing Center, New York.
2000. Untitled Passages by Henri Michaux, 2000. The Drawing Center, New York.
2000. The Prinzhorn Collection: Traces Upon the Wunderblock (Best Show AICA Award, 2000-2001). The Drawing Center, New York.
1998. Martha Rosler: Positions in the Life World. Retrospective exhibition co-curated by Elizabeth Macgregor and organized by Ikon Gallery, Birmingham, UK, and touring to Le Nouveau Musée de Art Contemporanin, Barcelona; The Generali Foundation, Vienna; The New Museum, New York.
1997. Thierry de Cordier. Belgian Pavilion, XLVII Biennial of Venice.
1996-1997. Inside the Visible. An Elliptical Traverse of 20th Century Art in, of, and from the Feminine. Institute of Contemporary Art ICA Boston; National Museum of Women in the Arts, Washington, DC; Whitechapel Gallery, London; Art Gallery of Western Australia, Perth.
1994. Bracha L. Ettinger: Oeuvres autistes. Kanaal Art Foundation.
1994. Nancy Spero, Kanaal Art Foundation.