Cessna C-34
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Cessna C-34
Airmaster
Cessna 165 Keevil 28.05.06R.jpg
A C-165 Airmaster in May 2006
Role Civil aircraft
Manufacturer Cessna
Designer Dwane Wallace (lead designer)
First flight August 19, 1934
Introduction 1930s
183[1]

The Cessna Airmaster, is a family of single-engined aircraft manufactured by the Cessna Aircraft Company. The Airmaster played an important role in the revitalization of Cessna in the 1930s after the crash of the aviation industry during the Great Depression.[2]

Development

Initial model

1936-built Cessna C-34 Airmaster at Blackpool (Squires Gate) Airport in 1950

In the mid-1930s, nearing the end of the Great Depression, the American economy began to slowly strengthen.[2]Dwane Wallace (founder Clyde Cessna's nephew who was a recent college graduate in aeronautical engineering) decided to assist his uncle and cousin, Eldon Cessna (Clyde's son), in building more modern airplanes for Cessna Aircraft. The design of the first Airmaster is credited to Wallace, and the first flight of the C-34 model was in June 1935.[3] Not long after introduction of the C-34, Clyde Cessna retired from the aircraft industry, leaving the company to his nephew.

Later models

The original Airmaster, the C-34, evolved into more advanced versions of the Airmaster. The C-37 had a wider cabin, improved landing gear and electric flaps. The C-38 had a taller vertical tail, curved main gear legs and a landing flap under the fuselage.[3] Changes common to both the C-37 and C-38 included wider fuselages and landing gear along with rubber engine mounts to hold the 145 hp (108 kW) Warner Super Scarab engine.[2] The final revisions of the C-34 were the C-145 and the C-165, of which 80 were built. On these models, the belly flaps added on the C-38 were removed and the overall length of the fuselage was increased. The only difference between the C-145 and C-165 was the engine horsepower, with the latter having an upgraded 165 hp (123 kW) Warner engine.[2]

End of the line

It was with the beginning of World War II that the Airmaster line came to an end. The welded tubular fuselage, fabric-covered body, extensive woodwork, wooden wings and radial engines, all characteristic of 1930s-era aircraft technology, became too expensive and slow to produce.[2] The old-style aircraft was quickly replaced with aircraft constructed from aluminium with strut braced wings first seen in the Cessna 120.

Design

The design of the C-34 incorporates characteristics that were borrowed from previous models of Cessna Aircraft. These similarities include the high mounted cantilever wing and the narrow design of the cabin windows.[2] The wings and tail surfaces were composed entirely of wood while the fuselage was structured with steel tubing coupled with wooden stringers and formers.[2] Both C-145 and C-165 models were offered with floats.[4]

Variants

C-34
Four-seat light cabin aircraft, powered by a 145-hp (108-kW) Warner Super Scarab radial piston engine; 42 built.
C-37
the cabin was widened by 12.7 cm (5 in). It was fitted with improved landing gear and electrically operated flaps; 46 built.
C-38
Fitted with wide landing gear with curved legs, plus a taller vertical tail and a landing flap under the fuselage; 16 built.
C-39
Original designation of the Cessna C-145.
C-145
Powered by a 145-hp (108-kW) Warner Super Scarab radial piston engine.
C-165
Powered by a 165-hp (123-kW) Warner Super Scarab radial piston engine.
C-165D
Powered by a 175-hp (130-kW) Warner Super Scarab radial piston engine.
UC-77B
Two Cessna C-34s were impressed into service with the USAAF during world War II.
UC-77C
One Cessna C-37 was impressed into service with the USAAF in 1942.
UC-94
Three Cessna C-165s were impressed into service with the USAAF in 1942.

Operators

Military operators

 Australia
 Finland
 United States

Survivors

As of December 31, 2006 there are 69 aircraft in the FAA database with the listed Models (totals) being C-165 (30), C-145 (10), C-34 (8), C-37 (14), and C-38 (7).

Specifications

Data from American Aircraft Specifications[6]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Capacity: 3 passengers
  • Length: 24 ft 10 in (7.57 m)
  • Wingspan: 33 ft 10 in (10.31 m)
  • Height: 7 ft 3 in (2.21 m)
  • Wing area: 180 sq ft (17 m2)
  • Empty weight: 1,300 lb (590 kg)
  • Gross weight: 2,220 lb (1,007 kg)
  • Fuel capacity: 35 US gal (29 imp gal; 130 L)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Warner Super Scarab 7-cylinder radial engine, 145 hp (108 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 162 mph (261 km/h; 141 kn) at sea level
  • Cruise speed: 143 mph (230 km/h; 124 kn)
  • Stall speed: 47 mph (76 km/h; 41 kn)
  • Range: 550 mi (478 nmi; 885 km)
  • Service ceiling: 18,900 ft (5,800 m)
  • Rate of climb: 1,000 ft/min (5.1 m/s)

See also

Related lists

References

Notes
  1. ^ Phillips, 1985
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Cessna 165 Airmaster Aircraft performance and specifications". Retrieved .
  3. ^ a b Simpson, 2001, p. 132
  4. ^ Phillips, Edward H: Cessna, A Master's Expression, Flying Books, 1985. ISBN 978-0-911139-04-4
  5. ^ Wilson, Stewart (1994). Military Aircraft of Australia. Weston Creek, Australia: Aerospace Publications. p. 216. ISBN 1875671080.
  6. ^ Aviation March 1936, pp. 84-85.
Bibliography

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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