|Charles County, Maryland|
Location in the U.S. state of Maryland
Maryland's location in the U.S.
|Founded||April 13, 1658|
|Named for||Charles Calvert|
|o Total||643 sq mi (1,665 km2)|
|o Land||458 sq mi (1,186 km2)|
|o Water||185 sq mi (479 km2), 29%|
|o Density||349/sq mi (135/km2)|
Charles County is a county located in the southern central portion of the U.S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 census, the population was 146,551. The county seat is La Plata. The county was named for Charles Calvert (1637-1715), third Baron Baltimore.
Charles County is included in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Southern Maryland region.
The county has a number of properties on the National Register of Historic Places. Among which, are the distinguished Green Park and the historical Pleasant Hill, home of the Green and Spalding Families.
On December 4, 2004, an arson took place in the development of Hunters Brooke which is located a few miles southeast of Indian Head. It later became the largest residential arson in the history of the state of Maryland.
Owing to the considerable voting power of its large number of freedmen following the Civil War, and later its growth as a suburban area, Charles County was for a long time solidly Republican. The only Democrat to carry Charles County up to 1956 was Franklin Roosevelt in 1932, although later opponents Alf Landon and Wendell Willkie defeated Roosevelt in the following two elections by two combined margins totalling just fifty votes. Since the turn of the millennium, Charles County has become reliably Democratic, although not as overwhelmingly so as other parts of Maryland's Washington, D.C. suburbs. Charles County is only one of two different counties in the entire nation to have voted for Al Gore in 2000 after voting for Bob Dole in 1996, a distinction it shares with Orange County, Florida.
Charles County is governed by county commissioners, the traditional form of county government in Maryland. There are five commissioners. As of 2015, they are:
|President||Peter F. Murphy||Democratic||At-Large|
|Vice-President||Ken Robinson||Democratic||District 1|
|Commissioner||Amanda M. Stewart, M.Ed.||Democratic||District 3|
|Commissioner||Debra M. Davis, Esq.||Democratic||District 2|
|Commissioner||Bobby Rucci||Democratic||District 4|
Charles County is entirely located within the 5th Congressional District, which also includes Calvert, St. Mary's, and parts of Anne Arundel and Prince George's counties. The current representative is Democratic House Minority Whip Steny H. Hoyer.
As of the census of 2000, there were 120,546 people, 41,668 households, and 32,292 families residing in the county. The population density was 262 people per square mile (101/km²). There were 43,903 housing units at an average density of 95 per square mile (37/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 68.51% White, 26.06% Black or African American, 0.75% Native American, 1.82% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.72% from other races, and 2.08% from two or more races. 2.26% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 11.6% were of German, 10.8% Irish, 10.2% English, 9.3% American and 5.3% Italian ancestry.
There were 41,668 households out of which 41.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.00% were married couples living together, 14.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.50% were non-families. 17.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.21.
In the county, the population was spread out with 28.70% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 33.20% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 7.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $62,199, and the median income for a family was $67,602 (these figures had risen to $80,573 and $89,358 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $43,371 versus $34,231 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,285. About 3.70% of families and 5.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.70% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over.
As of 2010 the county population's racial makeup was 48.38% Non-Hispanic whites, 40.96% blacks, 0.65% Native Americans, 2.98% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islanders, 0.17% Non-Hispanics of some other race, 3.20% Non-Hispanics reporting more than one race and 4.27% Hispanic.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 146,551 people, 51,214 households, and 38,614 families residing in the county. The population density was 320.2 inhabitants per square mile (123.6/km2). There were 54,963 housing units at an average density of 120.1 per square mile (46.4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 50.3% white, 41.0% black or African American, 3.0% Asian, 0.7% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.3% from other races, and 3.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.3% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 12.6% were German, 10.8% were Irish, 8.7% were English, 6.3% were American, and 5.1% were Italian.
Of the 51,214 households, 41.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.6% were non-families, and 19.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.24. The median age was 37.4 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $88,825 and the median income for a family was $98,560. Males had a median income of $62,210 versus $52,477 for females. The per capita income for the county was $35,780. About 3.7% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.8% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.
According to the County's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers by number of employees in the county are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees||Percentage of Total County Employment|
|1||Charles County Board of Education||3,430||4.35%|
|2||Indian Head Naval Surface Warfare Center||3,404||4.49%|
|3||Charles County Government||1,638||2.16%|
|4||Civista Medical Center||850||1.12%|
|5||College of Southern Maryland||819||1.08%|
|7||The Facchina Group of Companies||550||0.73%|
|11||Southern Maryland Electric Cooperative||386||0.51%|
|12||Genesis Health Care||312||0.41%|
|13||Bloomin' Brands (formerly OSI Restaurant Partners)||300||0.40%|
|14||Charles County Nursing Home||255||0.34%|
The Census Bureau recognizes the following census-designated places in the county:
|Southern Maryland Blue Crabs||ALPB, Baseball||Regency Furniture Stadium||2008||0|