Chen-Ning Yang
Get Chen-Ning Yang essential facts below. View Videos or join the Chen-Ning Yang discussion. Add Chen-Ning Yang to your topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Chen-Ning Yang
Chen-Ning Frank Yang
Yang in 2005
Native name ( Yáng Zhènníng)
Born (1922-10-01) 1 October 1922 (age 95)[1]
Hefei, Anhui Province, China
Residence Beijing
Nationality Chinese
Alma mater
Known for
Chih-Li Tu (1950-2003)
Fan Weng (2004-present)
Children 3
Scientific career
Fields Statistical mechanics
Particle physics
Doctoral advisor Edward Teller
Other academic advisors Enrico Fermi
Doctoral students Bill Sutherland
Chen-Ning Yang
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese

Chen-Ning Frank Yang, also known as Yang Zhenning (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Yáng Zhènníng; born October 1,[1] 1922), is a Chinese physicist who works on statistical mechanics and particle physics. He and Tsung-dao Lee received the 1957 Nobel Prize in Physics[2] for their work on parity nonconservation of weak interaction. The two proved theoretically[] that one of the basic quantum-mechanics laws, the conservation of parity, is violated in the so-called weak nuclear reactions, those nuclear processes that result in the emission of beta or alpha particles. The most important work of Yang is Yang-Mills theory.


Yang was born in Hefei, Anhui, China; his father, Yang Wu-Chih (; courtesy name?) (1896-1973), was a mathematician, and his mother, Luo Meng-hua (), was a housewife. Yang attended elementary school and high school in Beijing, and in the autumn of 1937 his family moved to Hefei after the Japanese invaded China. In 1938 they moved to Kunming, Yunnan, where the National Southwestern Associated University, Lianda, was located. In the same year, as a second year student, Yang passed the entrance examination and studied at Lianda. He received his bachelor's degree in 1942,[3] with his thesis on the application of group theory to molecular spectra, under the supervision of Ta-You Wu. He continued to study graduate courses there for two years under the supervision of Wang Zhuxi, working on statistical mechanics. In 1944 he received his master's degree from Tsinghua University, which had moved to Kunming during the Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945).[3] Yang was then awarded a scholarship from the Boxer Indemnity Scholarship Program, set up by the United States government using part of the money China had been forced to pay following the Boxer Rebellion. His departure for the United States was delayed for one year, during which time he taught in a middle school as a teacher and studied field theory.

From 1946, Yang studied with Edward Teller (1908-2003) at the University of Chicago, where he received his doctorate in 1948. He remained at the University of Chicago for a year as an assistant to Enrico Fermi. In 1949 he was invited to do his research at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey, where he began a period of fruitful collaboration with Tsung-Dao Lee. He was made a permanent member of the Institute in 1952, and full professor in 1955. In 1963, Princeton University Press published his textbook, Elementary Particles. In 1965 he moved to Stony Brook University, where he was named the Albert Einstein Professor of Physics and the first director of the newly founded Institute for Theoretical Physics. Today this institute is known as the C. N. Yang Institute for Theoretical Physics.

He retired from Stony Brook University in 1999, assuming the title Emeritus Professor. In 2010, Stony Brook University honored Yang's contributions to the university by naming its newest dormitory building C. N. Yang Hall.[4]

He has been elected a Fellow of the American Physical Society, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Academia Sinica, the Russian Academy of Sciences, and the Royal Society. He was awarded honorary doctorate degrees by Princeton University (1958), Moscow State University (1992), and the Chinese University of Hong Kong (1997).

Yang visited the Chinese mainland in 1971 for the first time after the thaw in China-US relations, and has subsequently made great efforts to help the Chinese physics community rebuild the research atmosphere which was destroyed by the radical political movements during the Cultural Revolution. After retiring from Stony Brook he returned as an honorary director of Tsinghua University, Beijing, where he is the Huang Jibei-Lu Kaiqun Professor at the Center for Advanced Study (CASTU). He also is one of the two Shaw Prize Founding Members and is a Distinguished Professor-at-Large at the Chinese University of Hong Kong.

Personal life

Yang married Chih-li Tu (Chinese: ; pinyin: Dù Zhìl?), a teacher, in 1950 and has two sons and a daughter with her: Franklin Jr., Gilbert and Eulee. His father-in-law was a Kuomintang Army General Du Yuming who was taken POW at the end of Chinese civil war. First wife Tu died in the winter of 2003. Yang married then 28-year-old Weng Fan (Chinese: ; pinyin: W?ng F?n) in December 2004.[5][6]

Yang became a U.S. citizen in 1964. He now resides in China, and he was granted permanent residency in China in 2004.[7][8] He renounced his U.S. citizenship as of Sep 30, 2015[9] and became a citizen of China.[10][11]

On Yang's religious views, he is an agnostic.[12]


Yang (seated, left) with fellow Nobel Prize winners (left to right; standing) Val Fitch, James Cronin and Samuel C. C. Ting, and (seated) Isidor Isaac Rabi.

Publications (selection)

  • Yang C. N., Mills R. L. (1954). "Conservation of Isotopic Spin and Isotopic Gauge Invariance". Phys. Rev. 96: 191-195. Bibcode:1954PhRv...96..191Y. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.96.191. 
  • Mills R. L., Yang C. N. (1966). "Treatment of Overlapping Divergences in the Photon Self-Energy Function". Prog. Theor. Phys. Sup. 37: 507. 

See also




  1. ^ a b Bing-An Li, Yuefan Deng. "Biography of C.N. Yang" (PDF). Retrieved . His birth date was erroneously recorded as September 22, 1922 in his 1945 passport. He has since used this incorrect date on all subsequent official documents. 
  2. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physics 1957". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Nobel Prize Web site". Retrieved . 
  4. ^ "Exclusive: New Dorm Likely to Honor Nobel Laureate". 2010-03-18. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved . 
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^ "" (in Chinese). . 2004-11-05. Retrieved . 
  8. ^ "Chinese "Green Card"". China Central Television. 2005-06-24. Retrieved . 
  9. ^ "Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G". Federal Register. Retrieved 2017. 
  10. ^ "" (in Chinese). 2017-02-21. Retrieved . 
  11. ^ Zhang, Zhihao (2017-02-21). "Nobel laureate, Turing Award winner become Chinese citizens, join CAS". China Daily. Retrieved . 
  12. ^ Jesse Hong Xiong (2009). "Seven". The Outline of Parapsychology. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 322. ISBN 9780761849452. When a reporter asked him: "Do you believe there is a Creator who creates all in the universe?" Professor Chen Ning Yang (1922- ), a Chinese Nobel Prize winner in physics in 1957, answered: "I think it is hard for me to directly say 'yes' or 'no'. I can only say that when we more and more understand the wonderful structures in the nature, no matter whether we directly or indirectly ask the question, there does exist the question you ask: is there someone or God who takes charge of all? I think it is a question that will never be finally answered. (The reporter asked: 'Is it because what man knows is too limited?') On one hand, yes; on the other hand, we can have a feeling that the universe will not be created so wonderful without an ultimate goal." Professor Yang held agnosticism here. 
  13. ^ "Benjamin Franklin Medal for Distinguished Achievement in the Sciences Recipients". American Philosophical Society. Retrieved 2011. 


External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Top US Cities