Chinese Emperors Family Tree (late)
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Chinese Emperors Family Tree Late

This is a family tree of Chinese emperors from the Mongol conquest of 1279 to the end of the Qing dynasty in 1912.

Chinese emperors family tree (ancient) -> Chinese emperors family tree (early) -> Chinese emperors family tree (middle) -> Chinese emperors family tree (late)

Yuan dynasty

The following is the Yuan dynasty family tree. Genghis Khan founded the Mongol Empire in 1206. The empire became split beginning with the succession war of his grandsons Kublai Khan and Ariq Boke. Kublai Khan, after defeating his younger brother Ariq Boke, founded the Yuan dynasty in China in 1271. The dynasty was overthrown by the Ming dynasty during the reign of Toghun Temür in 1368, but it survived in Mongolia, known as the Northern Yuan dynasty; years of reign over the Northern Yuan dynasty (up to 1388) are given in brackets.

It should be noted that the Mongol Great Khans (Khagans) before Kublai Khan were only declared Yuan emperors after the creation of Yuan dynasty in 1271.

Yesükhei Baghatur
Yesugei Baghatur.jpg
123 (1)4 (2)5 (3)6 (4)
BelguteiBekhterTemujin
Genghis Khan
~1162-1227

YuanEmperorAlbumGenghisPortrait.jpg
Taizu
Khagan:
r.1206-1227
HasarHachiunTemüge
1168-1246
1234
Jochi
Juchi Khan.JPG
c.1181-1227
Chagatai
Chagatai Khan.JPG
1183-1242
Ögedei Khan
~1186-1241

YuanEmperorAlbumOgedeiPortrait.jpg
Taizong
Khagan:
r. 1229-1241
Töregene
Great Khatun
1242-1246
Tolui
~1190-1232

Tolui Khan.jpg
Ruizong
(Khagan:
r. 1227-1229)
11234
Oghul Qaimish
d. 1251
Khagan:
r.
1248-1251
Güyük Khan
~1206-1248

Guyuk.jpg
Dingzong
Khagan:
r. 1246-1248
Möngke Khan
~1208-1259

Mongke.jpg
Xianzong
Khagan:
r. 1251-1259
Kublai Khan
1215-1294
YuanEmperorAlbumKhubilaiPortrait.jpg
Khagan:
r. 1260-1271

Shizu
r.1271-1294
Hulagu
~1217-1265
Hulagu Khan.jpg
Ilkhan 1256-1265
Ariq Böke
d. 1266
Ariq Böke.jpg
Khagan:
r. 1260?
2
Zhenjin
1243-1286

Yuzong
123
Gammala
1263-1302
Xianzong
Darmabala
d. 1292

Shunzong
112
Yesün Temür Khan
1293-1328

Yesun.jpg
Taiding
r.1323-1328
Kayishan
Külüg Khan
1281-1311

YuanEmperorAlbumQaishanKulugPortrait.jpg
Wuzong
r.1307-1311
Ayurbarwada
Buyantu Khan
1286-1320

YuanEmperorAlbumAyurbarvadaBuyantuPortrait.jpg
Renzong
r.1311-1320
1121
Ragibagh Khan
~1320-1328?

Ragibagh.jpg
Tianshun
r.1328
Ku?ala
Khutughtu Khan
1300-1329

Kusala.jpg
Mingzong
r.1329
Shidibala
Gegeen Khan
1303-1323

Gegeen.jpg
Yingzong
r.1321-1323
12
Toghun Temür
Ukhaantu Khan
1320-1370

Toghon.jpg
Huizong
r.1333
-1368(-1370)
Rinchinbal Khan
1326-1332

YuanEmperorAlbumIrinchinbalPortrait.jpg
Ningzong
1332
Northern
Yuan
dynasty
Ayushiridara
Biligtü Khan

Ayushirdari.jpg
Zhaozong
r.1370-1378
Tögüs Temür
Uskhal Khan

Togus.jpg
Yizong
r.1378-1388

Ming dynasty and Southern Ming

The following is a simplified family tree for the Ming dynasty, which ruled China between 1368 and 1644.

Those who became emperor are listed in bold, with their years of reign. In China, Ming emperors are best known by their temple names, which are given second below, after the personal name. (The Jianwen Emperor was not awarded a temple name: his posthumous name, Huidi (), is used instead.) The names given in bold are era names, the form by which Ming emperors are most commonly known in English, but which technically refer to the timespan of an emperor's reign rather than to the emperor himself. (Xingzong and Ruizong are temple names: they never actually ruled, but Xingzong was posthumously granted an emperor's title and Ruizong was raised posthumously to the status of emperor by his son, the Jiajing Emperor, in the Great Rites Controversy.) The imperial family's original family name was Zhu (?), but the Hongwu Emperor opted for the dynastic name Ming (?) (as were all but one imperial Chinese dynasties), meaning "brilliant". The numbers here indicate the seniority in birth of an emperor's sons as the Ming Dynasty was the only Chinese dynasty to have the eldest surviving son succeed the throne in continuous fashion (though not for the Yongle and Jingtai Emperors, both of whom usurped the throne; the Jiajing - see above, and Chongzhen Emperors - succeeded sonless brother), not unlike the Salic Law practised in some contemporary European monarchies (except that the eldest son by a non-principal consort was duly considered). After the fall of the dynasty in 1644 and the Chongzhen Emperor's suicide, a series of Ming princes based in the south of China claimed the imperial title, their court being known as the Southern Ming dynasty. These claimants are given with their era names, and the timespans of their purported reigns in brackets. Their purported periods of rule are given in brackets. In 1662, Koxinga regained control of Taiwan from the Dutch colonial regime, and established a state for those who wished restore the Ming dynasty to power. This state lasted until 1683, when it submitted to the Qing dynasty.

Legend:

Zhu Yuanzhang

1328-1398

.jpg
Taizu
Hongwu
r.1368-1398
14101723
Zhu Biao
1355-1392
Xingzong
Zhu Di
1360-1424

().jpg
Chengzu
Yongle
r.1402-1424
Zhu Tan

1370-1389
Prince Huang
of Lu
Zhu Quan

1378-1448
Prince of
Ning
Zhu Jing

1388-1415
Prince Ding
of Tang
211
Zhu Yunwen
1377-1402?

Jianwen Emperor.jpg
Huidi
Jianwen
r.1398-1402
Zhu Gaochi
1378-1425

.jpg
Renzong
Hongxi
r.1424-1425
Zhu Zhaohui

1388-1466
Prince Jing
of Lu
Zhu Qiongda

d. 1475
Prince Xian
of Tang
1171
Zhu Wenkui

1396-?
Zhu Zhanji
1399-1435

.jpg
Xuanzong
Xuande
r.1425-1435
Zhu Zhanyu

1409-1446
Prince Jing
of Huai
Zhu Taikan

1412-1473
Prince Hui
of Lu
Zhu Zhizhi

d. 1485
Prince Zhuang
of Tang
121
Zhu Qizhen
1427-1464

.jpg
Yingzong
Zhengtong
r.1435-1449
Tianshun
r.1457-1464
Zhu Qiyu
1428-1457

Jingtai.jpg
Daizong
Jingtai
r.1449-1457
Zhu Qiquan

1435-1502
Prince Kang
of Huai
Zhu Yangzhu

1448-1523
Prince Zhu?ng
of Lu
Zhu Miqian

Prince Gong
of Tang
11
Zhu Jianshen
1447-1487

.jpg
Xianzong
Chenghua
r.1464-1487
Zhu Jiandian

?-1502
Prince Duan
of Huai
Zhu Dangcong

1473-1505
Prince Huai
of Lu
Zhu Yuwen

d. 1560
Prince Jing
of Tang
341
Zhu Youtang
1470-1505

?.jpg
Xiaozong
Hongzhi
r.1487-1505
Zhu Youyuan
1476-1519

Ming Yejong.jpg
Ruizong
Zhu Youkui

1500-1537
Prince Zhuang
of Huai
Zhu Jianyi

1494-1520
Prince Dao
of Lu
Zhu Zhouyong

d.1564
Prince Shun
of Tang
121
Zhu Houzhao
1491-1521

.jpg
Wuzong
Zhengde
r.1505-1521
Zhu Houcong
1507-1567

.jpg
Shizong
Jiajing
r.1521-1567
Zhu Houchou

1519-1563
Prince Xian
of Huai

1520-1549
Prince Duan
of Lu
Zhu Shuohuang

d. 1632
Prince Duan
of Tang
31
Zhu Zaihou
1537-1572

.jpg
Muzong
Longqing
r.1567-1572
Zhu Zaijian

?-1595
Prince Shun
of Huai
Zhu Yitan

?-1594
Prince Gong
of Lu
Zhu Qisheng

Prince Yu
of Tang
349
Zhu Yijun
1563-1620

.jpg
Shenzong
Wanli
r.1572-1620
Zhu Yiliu

1568-1614
Prince of Lu
Zh? Yiju

?-1616
Prince of Huai
Zhu Shouyong

?-1639
Prince Su
of Lu
Zhu Yujian
1602-1646
Long-wu.jpg
Prince of Tang

Longwu
1645-1646
Zhu Yuyue

1605-1646
Prince of Tang

Shaowu
r.1646
13735
Zhu Changluo
1582-1620

.jpg
Guangzong
Taichang
r.1620
Zhu Changxun

1586-1641
Prince Zhong
of Fu
Zhu
Changying

1601-1645
Prince Duan of Gui
Zhu
Changfang


1608-1646
Prince of Lu
Zhu Changqing

d.1649
Prince of Huai

Dongwu
r.1648-1649
Zhu Yihai

1618-1662

Gengyin
r.1645-1655
Zheng
Chenggong

1624-1662

Koxinga
Ruler of
the Tungning

r.1661-1662
1584
Zhu Youxiao
1605-1627

?.jpg
Xizong
Tianqi
r.1620-1627
Zhu Youjian
1611-1644

Ming Chongzhen.jpg
Sizong
Chongzhen

r.1627-1644
Zhu Yousong

1607-1646
Prince of Fu

Hongguang

r.1644-1645
Zhu Youlang

1623-1662
Prince of Gui

Yongli
r.1646-1662
Zhu Honghuan
Zhèng Shì

Qing dynasty

The following is a simplified family tree for the Qing dynasty, which ruled China between 1644 and the declaration of the Republic of China on January 1, 1912.

Those who became emperor of China are listed in bold, with their years of reign. Nurhaci and Hong Taiji were emperors of the dynasty, which at the time dominated the Manchuria region, but were not emperors of China as a whole; their years of reign over the dynasty are therefore given in brackets. The names given for emperors are era names, the form by which Qing emperors were most commonly known (with the exception of Puyi, who ruled as the Xuantong Emperor, but was generally known by his given name after his deposition). Puyi abdicated as head of state on February 12, 1912, but was permitted to retain his imperial titles until 1924. The imperial family's original Manchu clan name was Aisin Gioro (lit. "golden clan"). The dynasty was originally titled the Later Jin dynasty, in reference to its origins in the Jurchen-led Jin dynasty (1115-1234), by Nurhaci in 1616, but in 1636 Hong Taiji opted to replace this title with the Chinese dynastic title Qing (?), meaning "clear" or "pure".

Giocangga

d.1582
Taksi
d. 1583
Xianzu
13
Nurhaci
?
1559-1626

Nurhaci.jpg
Taizu
r.1616-1626
?urhaci
?
1564-1611
Prince Zhuang
of the First Rank

1278121314156
Cuyen

1580-1615
Crown Prince
Guanglue
?
Dai?an
1583-1648
Daisan.jpg
Prince Lilie
of the First Rank

?
Abatai

1589-1646
Prince Raoyu of
the Second Rank
Hong Taiji

1592-1643

Hong taiji screenshot.jpg
Taizong
r.1626-1643
Ajige

1605-1651
Prince Ying
of the First Rank
Laimbu
1612-1646
Fuguo Gong
Dorgon

1612-1650
Dorgon screenshot.jpg
Prince Ruizhong
of the First Rank

?
Dodo

1614-1649
Dodo, Prince Yu.JPG
Prince Yutong of
the First Rank

?
Jirgalang
?
1599-1655
Prince Zhengxian
of the First Rank

?
159
Yuetuo

1599-1639
Prince Keqin
of the Second Rank

?
Sahalin

1604-1636
Prince Yingyi
of the First Rank

?
Hooge

1609-1647
Prince Suwu
of the First Rank

?
Shuosai

1627-1654
Prince Chengzeyu
of the First Rank

Fulin
1638-1661

Shunzhi.jpg
Shunzhi
Shizu
r.(1643-)1644
-1661
235
Lokodhui
?
1619-1652
Prince
Shunchenggonghui
of the Second Rank

Fuquan

1653-1703
Prince Yuxian
of the First Rank

?
Xuanye
1654-1722

Young Kangxi.jpg
Kangxi
Shengzu
r.1661-1722
Changning

1657-1703
Prince Gong
of the First Rank

123489131417
Yunzhi
1672-1734
Prince Zhi
of the
Second Rank

Yinreng
1674-1725
Crown Prince Yinreng.jpg
Prince Limi
of the First Rank

?
Yinzhi
1677-1732
Yinzhi.jpg
Prince Chengyin
of the First Rank

?
Yinzhen
1678-1735

Yongzheng as Commoner's dress.jpg
Yongzheng

Shizong
r.1723-1735
Yinsi

Yinsi.jpg
1681-1726
Yuntang

Yintang.jpg
1683-1726
Yinxiang

1686-1730
Yinxiang.jpg
Prince Yixian
of the First Rank

?
Yinti
1688-1756
Yinti, Prince Xun, son of the Kangxi-Emperor.jpg
Prince Xunqin
of the Second
Rank
?
Yinli
1697-1738
Yinli.jpg
Prince Guoyi
of the First Rank

?
345
Hongshi

1704-1727
Hongli
1711-1799

Qianlong1.jpg
Qianlong
Gaozong
1735-1796
Hongzhou

1712-1765
Prince Hegong
of the First Rank

?
51517
Yongqi

1741-1766
Prince Rongchun
of the First Rank

?
Yongyan
1760-1820

The Imperial Portrait of Emperor Jiaqing2.jpg
Jiaqing
Renzong
r.1796-1820
Yonglin

1766-1820
Prince Qingxi
of the First Rank

?
234
Minning
1782-1850

?  .jpg
Daoguang
Xuanzong
r.1820-1850
Miankai

Prince Dun
of the First Rank

1795-1838
Mianxin

Prince Rui
of the First Rank

1805-1828
Mianxing

Fuguo Gong
45671
Yizhu
1831-1861

Emperor Xianfeng.png
Xianfeng
Wenzong
r.1850-1861
Yicong

1831-1889
Yicong.png
Prince Dunke
of the First Rank

?
Yixin

1833-1898
Prince Gong.jpg
Prince Gongzhong
of the First Rank

?
Yixuan

1840-1891
1stPrinceChun2.jpg
Prince Chunxian
of the First Rank

?
Yizhi

1827-1850
Yikuang

1838-1917
Hubert Vos's painting of Yikuang.jpg
Prince Qingmi
of the First Rank

?
121271
Zaichun
1856-1875

002-The Imperial Portrait of a Chinese Emperor called "Tongzhi".JPG
Tongzhi
Muzong
r.1861-1875
Zaiyi
1856-1922
Prince Duan (Tuan).jpg
Prince Duan
of the
Second Rank

Zaitian
1871-1908

Guangxu Emperor.jpg
Guangxu
Dezong
r.1875-1908
Zaifeng

1883-1951
2ndPrinceChun1.jpg
Prince Chun
of the First Rank


Zaitao

Prince Zaitao of Qing.jpg
1887-1970
Beile
Zaizhen

1876-1947
Zaizhen().jpg
Prince Qing
of the First Rank
124
Puyi
1906-1967

Puyi (1922).jpg
Xuantong

r.1908-1912
Pujie
1907-1994
Puren
1918-2015

References

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Chinese_emperors_family_tree_(late)
 



 

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