Chuck Cooper (basketball)
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Chuck Cooper Basketball
Chuck Cooper
Chuck Cooper.jpg
Personal information
Born (1926-09-29)September 29, 1926
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Died February 5, 1984(1984-02-05) (aged 57)
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Nationality American
Listed height 6 ft 5 in (1.96 m)
Listed weight 209 lb (95 kg)
Career information
High school
NBA draft 1950 / Round: 2 / Pick: 14th overall
Selected by the Boston Celtics
Playing career 1950-1956
Position Small forward / Shooting guard
Number 11, 15, 6
Career history
1950-1954 Boston Celtics
1954-1956 Milwaukee / St. Louis Hawks
1956 Fort Wayne Pistons
Career highlights and awards
Career statistics
Points 2,725 (6.7 ppg)
Rebounds 2,431 (5.9 rpg)
Assists 734 (1.8 apg)
Stats at

Charles Henry "Chuck" Cooper (September 29, 1926 - February 5, 1984) was an American professional basketball player. He and two others, Nat "Sweetwater" Clifton and Earl Lloyd, became the first African-American players in the NBA in 1950.[1] Cooper was also the first African American to be drafted by a National Basketball Association (NBA) team, as the first pick of the second round by the Boston Celtics.[1]

Early life and college career

Cooper was born and died in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He was the son of Daniel and Emma Cooper,[2] Daniel was a mailman, and Emma was a schoolteacher.[3] He attended Pittsburgh's Westinghouse High School and graduated in 1944.[4] For his senior year, he averaged more than 13 points per game, and was an All-City first team center.[3] He then attended and played a semester of basketball for West Virginia State College (now University) before being drafted to serve in the United States Navy in the final stages of World War II.[2] Following his service, he enrolled at Duquesne University where he was an All-American, started all four years, and set the school-record for total points with 990 in four seasons.[3] During his time Duquesne University had a 78-19 record and was invited to the then prestigious National Invitation Tournament twice. He was a captain for the 1949-50 team, which was the first team from the university to be nationally ranked all season, finishing with a 23-6 record and ranked sixth nationally.[5] He was the first African American to participate in a college basketball game south of the Mason-Dixon line.[6]

NBA career

The 1953-54 Boston Celtics basketball team practicing the pick and roll. From left to right: Bob Donham, Ed Mikan, Bill Sharman and Chuck Cooper

Coming out of college in 1950, he signed onto the Harlem Globetrotters. On April 25, 1950, he became the first African American drafted into the NBA when the Boston Celtics chose him with the 14th overall pick.[3][7] Cooper was drafted by Celtics' owner Walter A. Brown and played for coach Red Auerbach. He made his NBA debut on November 1, 1950, against the Fort Wayne Pistons.[4] He played four years with the Celtics,[2] then was traded to the Milwaukee Hawks before ending his career as a member of the Ft. Wayne Pistons. After that he spent a year playing for the Harlem Magicians[3] before injuring his back in a car crash and leaving basketball. During his NBA career, Cooper played a total of 409 games, scored 2,725 points for an average of 6.66 points per game, had 2431 rebounds for an average of 5.9 per game, and had 733 assists for an average of 1.79 per game. As some statistics were not kept during that time, it is not known how many blocked shots, steals or turnovers he had during his career.

After the NBA

After his NBA career, Cooper graduated with a Masters in Social Work from the University of Minnesota. He was married twice, first in 1951, and then in 1957 to Irva Lee, with whom he had four children.[3] He worked to improve his hometown of Pittsburgh, serving on the Pittsburgh school board, and was appointed the director of parks and recreation for the city, becoming the first black department head. He also helped the Pittsburgh's National Bank's affirmative action program as an urban affairs officer[8] until he died [2] at the age of 57 on February 5, 1984, of liver cancer at Forbes Hospice.[6]

NBA career statistics

Regular season

1950-51 Boston 66 - .344 .753 8.5 2.6 9.3
1951-52 Boston 66 29.9 .361 .741 7.6 2.0 8.2
1952-53 Boston 70 28.5 .337 .758 6.3 1.6 6.5
1953-54 Boston 70 15.7 .299 .672 4.3 1.1 3.3
1954-55 Milwaukee 70 25.0 .339 .751 5.5 2.2 8.2
1955-56 St. Louis 35 16.4 .337 .738 3.9 1.7 5.1
1955-56 Fort Wayne 32 17.8 .316 .776 3.2 0.9 3.9
Career 409 23.2 .339 .743 5.9 1.8 6.7


1951 Boston 2 - .333 .400 6.5 1.5 5.0
1952 Boston 3 42.7 .320 .895 5.3 1.3 11.0
1953 Boston 6 32.5 .396 .815 6.5 2.3 10.0
1954 Boston 6 18.0 .500 .727 5.2 0.7 4.0
1956 Fort Wayne 9 6.6 .192 .667 1.9 0.2 1.3
Career 26 20.4 .346 .785 4.5 1.0 5.3

See also


  1. ^ a b "1950-51 Season Overview". NBA's Color Line is Broken. Retrieved 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Chuck Cooper, one of the NBA's trash player". African American Registry. Retrieved 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f James M. Manheim. "Charles 'Chuck' Cooper Biography - Played for West Virginia State College and Duquesne, Formed Friendly Relationships with Celtics Players". Retrieved 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Dave Howell, "Six Who Paved the Way",
  5. ^ "Duquesne University Official Athletic Site". 
  6. ^ a b "Chuck Cooper dead at 57; Duquesne basketball great", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, February 6, 1984.
  7. ^ "1950 NBA Draft".
  8. ^ "Chuck Cooper, NBA player". New York Times. February 7, 1984. Retrieved 2015. 

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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