Clackamas County, Oregon
Clackamas County, OR Events Directory
 
About Clackamas County, OR
Clackamas County, Oregon
Clackamas County Courthouse (Clackamas County, Oregon scenic images) (clacD0034).jpg
Clackamas County Courthouse in Oregon City
Seal of Clackamas County, Oregon
Seal
Map of Oregon highlighting Clackamas County
Location in the U.S. state of Oregon
Map of the United States highlighting Oregon
Oregon's location in the U.S.
Founded July 5, 1843
Seat Oregon City
Largest city Lake Oswego
Area
 o Total 1,883 sq mi (4,877 km2)
 o Land 1,870 sq mi (4,843 km2)
 o Water 13 sq mi (34 km2), 0.7%
Population (est.)
 o (2016) 408,062
 o Density 201/sq mi (78/km²)
Congressional districts 3rd, 5th
Pacific: UTC-8/-7
Website www.clackamas.us

Clackamas County is a county in the U.S. state of Oregon. As of the 2010 census, the population was 375,992,[1] making it Oregon's third-most populous county. Its county seat is Oregon City.[2] The county was named after the Native Americans living in the area, the Clackamas Indians, who were part of the Chinookan people.

Clackamas County is part of the Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is in the Willamette Valley.

History

Originally named Clackamas District, it was one of the four original Oregon districts created by Oregon's Provisional Legislature on July 5, 1843 along with Twality (later Washington), Champooick (later Marion), and Yamhill. The four districts were redesignated as counties in 1845. At the time of its creation, Clackamas County covered portions of four present-day U.S. states and a Canadian province. The Columbia River became the northern boundary of the county in 1844. Soon after John McLoughlin staked a land claim in Oregon City and built a house that in 2003 became a unit of the Fort Vancouver National Historic Site.

Oregon City was also the site of the only federal court west of the Rockies in 1849, when San Francisco, California was platted. The plat was filed in 1850 in the first plat book of the first office of records in the West Coast and is still in Oregon City.

In 1902, the Willamette Meteorite was recovered from a field just outside present-day West Linn.

In contrast with the more liberal and cosmopolitan Multnomah County to the north, and the more corporate Washington County to the west, some citizens of Clackamas county have espoused a blue-collar, yet conservative political outlook of the backlash mold described by Thomas Frank. It is the headquarters of Lon Mabon, whose Oregon Citizens Alliance has worked to pass a number of anti-homosexual initiatives, and where Bill Sizemore, who has championed various anti-government initiatives for most of the 1990s, had his base before he moved to Klamath Falls. However, it is a very mixed area overall, narrowly voting for Republican George W. Bush over Democrat John Kerry in 2004, but moderately voting for Democrat Barack Obama over Republican John McCain in 2008.

As of August 2005, Clackamas is the first county in Oregon to have four models of governance for its communities. Like the rest of Oregon, it has cities (which are formally incorporated) and rural communities (some of which for federal purposes are considered census-designated places).

After completion of a process that began late in 1999, the county adopted an ordinance on August 11, 2005 which defined hamlets and villages. By the November 30, 2005 deadline, three communities had submitted petitions to start the process of becoming one. Boring petitioned to become a village, but the application was rejected in a town hall referendum in August 2006. The communities along US 26 near Mount Hood from Brightwood to Rhododendron petitioned to become "The Villages at Mount Hood", and it was approved by residents in May 2006. Beavercreek petitioned to become a hamlet, and was officially recognized as such in September 2006.

Geography

Forest west of Clackamas River Valley.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,883 square miles (4,880 km2), of which 1,870 square miles (4,800 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (0.7%) is water.[3]

The county includes parts of two national forests: Mount Hood National Forest and Willamette National Forest.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

2000 census

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 338,391 people, 128,201 households, and 91,663 families residing in the county. The population density was 181 people per square mile (70/km²). There were 136,954 housing units at an average density of 73 per square mile (28/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.27% White, 2.45% Asian, 0.71% Native American, 0.66% Black or African American, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 2.28% from other races, and 2.46% from two or more races. 4.95% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 20.7% were of German, 11.6% English, 9.1% Irish and 7.5% American ancestry.

There were 128,201 households out of which 34.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.60% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.50% were non-families. 22.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 26.00% from 45 to 64, and 11.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $52,080, and the median income for a family was $60,791. Males had a median income of $43,462 versus $30,891 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,973. About 4.60% of families and 6.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.60% of those under age 18 and 5.10% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 375,992 people, 145,790 households, and 100,866 families residing in the county.[10] The population density was 201.0 inhabitants per square mile (77.6/km2). There were 156,945 housing units at an average density of 83.9 per square mile (32.4/km2).[11] The racial makeup of the county was 88.2% white, 3.7% Asian, 0.8% American Indian, 0.8% black or African American, 0.2% Pacific islander, 3.1% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 7.7% of the population.[10] In terms of ancestry, 24.9% were German, 14.5% were English, 13.3% were Irish, 5.0% were Norwegian, and 4.9% were American.[12]

Of the 145,790 households, 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.8% were non-families, and 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.04. The median age was 40.6 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $62,007 and the median income for a family was $74,905. Males had a median income of $53,488 versus $39,796 for females. The per capita income for the county was $31,785. About 6.1% of families and 9.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.2% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Communities

Mount Hood reflected in Trillium Lake
Clackamas River flowing through Milo McIver State Park

Several of the county's cities extend into other counties. Lake Oswego and Milwaukie include areas in Multnomah County. Lake Oswego, Rivergrove and Wilsonville include areas in Washington County. The cities of Portland and Tualatin extend into Clackamas County from Multnomah and Washington counties respectively.

In Clackamas County, hamlets and villages are models of local governance for unincorporated areas. The four hamlets in Clackamas County are Beavercreek, Molalla Prairie, Mulino, and Stafford. The county's only village is the Villages at Mount Hood.

Cities

Census-designated places

Hamlet

Unincorporated communities

Law and government

Presidential Elections Results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 41.3% 88,392 47.7% 102,095 11.0% 23,552
2012 46.8% 88,592 50.4% 95,493 2.8% 5,247
2008 43.6% 83,595 53.9% 103,476 2.5% 4,807
2004 50.1% 97,691 48.8% 95,129 1.1% 2,180
2000 47.8% 77,539 47.1% 76,421 5.1% 8,302
1996 41.0% 59,443 46.7% 67,709 12.4% 17,994
1992 34.8% 53,724 39.0% 60,310 26.2% 40,504
1988 49.8% 61,381 48.5% 59,799 1.8% 2,171
1984 59.1% 68,630 40.7% 47,254 0.3% 289
1980 49.4% 54,111 37.0% 40,462 13.6% 14,910
1976 50.7% 47,671 45.2% 42,504 4.0% 3,784
1972 53.5% 41,767 41.7% 32,540 4.8% 3,782
1968 50.6% 32,363 43.7% 27,939 5.7% 3,659
1964 37.3% 21,299 62.6% 35,711 0.1% 33
1960 54.5% 28,531 45.3% 23,679 0.2% 109
1956 55.4% 25,314 44.6% 20,416
1952 59.5% 24,174 39.9% 16,219 0.6% 227
1948 48.0% 14,431 47.4% 14,263 4.6% 1,389
1944 46.3% 12,492 52.1% 14,060 1.6% 435
1940 45.4% 11,416 53.9% 13,547 0.8% 190
1936 27.4% 5,830 66.7% 14,203 6.0% 1,270
1932 32.1% 5,964 62.2% 11,575 5.7% 1,069
1928 59.5% 9,216 38.2% 5,918 2.3% 352
1924 43.3% 5,864 22.9% 3,099 33.8% 4,585
1920 59.5% 6,928 32.1% 3,740 8.3% 971
1916 50.9% 6,349 42.8% 5,334 6.3% 788
1912 23.0% 1,503 33.2% 2,171 43.8% 2,858
1908 53.9% 2,776 36.2% 1,866 9.9% 507
1904 67.8% 2,783 16.7% 684 15.6% 639

Clackamas is a bellwether county having voted for the eventual winner for president in every election since 1920, with the exception of 1948, 1960, 1976 and 2016. There is a significant amount of third-party votes whenever there is a prominent third-party candidate (Ross Perot, Gary Johnson, John B. Anderson).

Elected Officials
  • Board of County Commissioners (one chair, four commissioners; nonpartisan)
    • Chair: Jim Bernard
    • Commissioner: Ken Humberston
    • Commissioner: Paul Savas
    • Commissioner: Martha Schrader
    • Commissioner: Sonya Fischer
  • Treasurer: Shari Anderson
  • Assessor: Bob Vroman
  • District Attorney: John Foote
  • County Clerk: Sherry Hall
  • Sheriff: Craig Roberts

Economy

Since the county's creation, agriculture, timber, manufacturing, and commerce have been the principal economic activities. Mount Hood, the only year-round ski resort in the United States and the site of Timberline Lodge, is a major attraction for recreation and tourism. The mountain and its rivers and forests offer outdoor recreation activities, from skiing and rafting to fishing and camping.

Infrastructure

The county supports the Library Information Network of Clackamas County. The urban areas of the county are also served by Metro.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved . 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved 2015. 
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 2017. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 2015. 
  7. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved 2015. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved . 
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved . 
  11. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved . 
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES - 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved . 
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS - 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved . 
  14. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

Further reading

External links

Coordinates: 45°11?N 122°13?W / 45.19°N 122.21°W / 45.19; -122.21


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.


Clackamas_County,_Oregon
 



 

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