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The ARM Cortex-A72 is a microarchitecture implementing the ARMv8-A 64-bit instruction set designed by ARM Holdings. The Cortex-A72 is an out-of-order superscalar pipeline. It is available as SIP core to licensees, and its design makes it suitable for integration with other SIP cores (e.g. GPU, display controller, DSP, image processor, etc.) into one die constituting a system on a chip (SoC). The Cortex-A72 serves as the successor of the Cortex-A57, designed to use 20% less power or offer 90% greater performance.
- Pipelined processor with deeply out of order, speculative issue 3-way superscalar execution pipeline
- DSP and NEON SIMD extensions are mandatory per core
- VFPv4 Floating Point Unit onboard (per core)
- Hardware virtualization support
- Thumb-2 instruction set encoding reduces the size of 32-bit programs with little impact on performance.
- TrustZone security extensions
- Program Trace Macrocell and CoreSight Design Kit for unobtrusive tracing of instruction execution
- 32 KiB data (2-way set-associative) + 48 KiB instruction (3-way set-associative) L1 cache per core
- Integrated low-latency level-2 (16-way set-associative) cache controller, 512 KB to 4 MB configurable size per cluster
- 48-entry fully associative L1 instruction translation lookaside buffer (TLB) with native support for 4 KiB, 64 KiB, and 1 MB page sizes
- 32-entry fully associative L1 data TLB with native support for 4 KiB, 64 KiB, and 1 MB page sizes
- 4-way set-associative of 1024-entry unified L2 TLB per core, supports hit-under-miss
- Sophisticated branch prediction algorithm that significantly increases performance and reduces energy from misprediction and speculation
- Early IC tag -3-way L1 cache at direct-mapped power*
- Regionalized TLB and ?BTB tagging
- Small-offset branch-target optimizations
- Suppression of superfluous branch predictor accesses