Cottbus
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Cottbus

Cottbus/Chó?ebuz
View-over-cottbus.jpg
State Theater in Cottbus.jpg
The Spremberger Tower.jpg
View on the Karl-Liebknecht Str.jpg
Cottbus University Library.jpg

The Art-Nouveau façade of the State Theater (1905), The 14th cent. Spremberger Tower,
View on the Karl-Liebknecht Str, The library of the Brandenburg University of Technology
Coat of arms of Cottbus/Chó?ebuz
Coat of arms
Location of Cottbus/Chó?ebuz
Cottbus/Chó?ebuz is located in Germany
Cottbus/Chó?ebuz
Cottbus/Chó?ebuz
Cottbus/Chó?ebuz is located in Brandenburg
Cottbus/Chó?ebuz
Cottbus/Chó?ebuz
Coordinates: 51°45?38?N 14°20?03?E / 51.76056°N 14.33417°E / 51.76056; 14.33417Coordinates: 51°45?38?N 14°20?03?E / 51.76056°N 14.33417°E / 51.76056; 14.33417
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictUrban district
Government
 o Lord MayorHolger Kelch (CDU)
Area
 o Total164.28 km2 (63.43 sq mi)
Elevation
70 m (230 ft)
Population
(2017-12-31)[1]
 o Total101,036
 o Density620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
03042-03055
Dialling codes0355
Vehicle registrationCB
Websitewww.cottbus.de

Cottbus (German pronunciation: ['k?tb?s]; Lower Sorbian: Chó?ebuz ['xbus]) is a university city and the second-largest city in Brandenburg, Germany. Situated around 125 km (78 mi) southeast of Berlin, on the River Spree, Cottbus is also a major railway junction with extensive sidings/depots. Although only a small Sorbian minority lives in Cottbus itself, the city is considered as the political and cultural center of the Sorbs in Lower Lusatia.

Spelling

Until the beginning of the 20th century the spelling of the city's name was disputed. In Berlin the spelling "Kottbus" was preferred, and it is still used for the capital's Kottbusser Tor ("Cottbus Gate"), but locally the traditional spelling "Cottbus" (which defies standard German-language rules) was preferred, and it is now used in most circumstances. Because the official spelling used locally before the spelling reforms of 1996 had contravened even the standardized spelling rules already in place, the Standing Committee for Geographical Names stress their urgent recommendation that geographical names should respect the national spelling standards. In this context it is to be noted that a citizen of the city may be identified as either a "Cottbuser" or a "Cottbusser".

Names in different languages:

History

Historical affiliations

The settlement was established in the 10th century, when Sorbs erected a castle on a sandy island in the River Spree. The first recorded mention of the town's name was in 1156. In the 13th century German settlers came to the town and thereafter lived side by side with the Sorbs. In the Middle Ages Cottbus was known for wool, and the town's drapery was exported throughout Brandenburg, Bohemia and Saxony. In 1445 Cottbus was acquired by the Margraviate of Brandenburg from Bohemia. In 1514 Jan Rak founded the Universitas Serborum, a Sorbian gymnasium, in the city. In 1701 the city became part of the Kingdom of Prussia. It was also ruled by Saxony between 1807 and 1813. In 1815 the surrounding districts of Upper and Lower Lusatia were ceded by the Kingdom of Saxony to Prussia. During World War II, Cottbus was taken by the Red Army on 22 April 1945.

From 1949 until German reunification in 1990, Cottbus was part of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany).

Demography

Largest groups of foreign residents by 31.12.2017

 Syria 3,020
 Poland 1,990
 Russia 875
 Afghanistan 850
 Ukraine 530

Culture and education

The Lower Sorbian Gymnasium

Cottbus is the cultural centre of the Lower Sorbian minority. Many signs in the town are bilingual, and there is a Lower Sorbian-medium Gymnasium and a Sorbian Quarter, but Sorbian is rarely spoken on the streets.

Next to Cottbus is the famous Branitz Park, created by Prince Hermann von Pückler-Muskau after 1845. Schloss Branitz (Branitz Castle) was rebuilt by Gottfried Semper in a late Baroque style between 1846 and 1852, and the gardens Prince Hermann laid feature two pyramids. One of these, the Seepyramide, is in the middle of an artificial lake and serves as his mauseoleum.[3]

Cottbus is also home of the Brandenburg University of Technology (BTU) and the maths/science-oriented Max-Steenbeck-Gymnasium, named after the physicist Max Steenbeck.

Every year Cottbus hosts the East European Film Festival.

Cottbus has a football team, Energie Cottbus, that plays in the 3. Liga. Their home matches are played at the city's Stadion der Freundschaft.

Power generation

There are several lignite-fired power stations in the area around Cottbus (Lausitz). The biggest stations are "Schwarze Pumpe" (1600 MW), "Boxberg" (1900 MW) and "Jänschwalde" (3000 MW).

International relations

Twin towns - sister cities

Cottbus is twinned with:[4]

Notable people

before 1800

Carl Blechen - Self-Portrait

1801-1850

1851-1950

1951-1975

Since 1976

See also

References

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2017 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 2018.
  2. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons
  3. ^ Udo Lauer, Fürst Pücklers Traumpark, Ullstein Verlag, 1996, Berlin
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Our twin cities - Cottbus". cottbus.de/. Archived from the original on 4 November 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  5. ^ "Zielona Góra Miasta partnerskie". Urz?d Miasta Zielona Góra. Retrieved 2013.
  6. ^ "International Contacts". Targovishte Municipality. Archived from the original on 21 August 2006. Retrieved 2013.
  7. ^ "Twin cities of the City of Kosice". Magistrát mesta Ko?ice, Tr. Retrieved 2013.
  8. ^ "Town Twinnings". Landeshauptstadt Saarbrücken. Retrieved 2013.
  9. ^ "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr District" (PDF). 2009 Twins2010.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 November 2009. Retrieved 2009. External link in |publisher= (help)

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Cottbus
 



 

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