Cowley County, Kansas
Cowley County, KS Events Directory
 
About Cowley County, KS
Cowley County, Kansas
County
Map of Kansas highlighting Cowley County
Location in the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Coordinates: 37°14?N 96°50?W / 37.233°N 96.833°W / 37.233; -96.833
Founded February 26, 1867
Named for Matthew R. Cowley
Seat Winfield
Largest city Arkansas City
Area
 o Total 1,132 sq mi (2,932 km2)
 o Land 1,126 sq mi (2,916 km2)
 o Water 6.7 sq mi (17 km2), 0.6%
Population (est.)
 o (2016) 35,753
 o Density 32/sq mi (12/km²)
Area code(s) 620
Congressional district 4th
Central: UTC-6/-5
Website cowleycounty.org

Cowley County (county code CL) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 36,311.[1] Its county seat is Winfield,[2] and its most populous city is Arkansas City.

History

19th century

For millennia, the land now known as Kansas was inhabited by Native Americans. It was visited by the explorer DeSoto in 1537,[3] In 1803, most of modern Kansas was secured by the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state.

Cowley County was officially organized as a county, but reserved for the Osage Indians, by the Kansas Legislature in March 1867, originally named Hunter County for Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter (1809-1887), a Virginia Representative and Senator to Congress and Speaker of the House in the twenty-sixth Congress. In 1870, the county was renamed for Matthew Cowley, First Lieutenant in Company I, 9th Kansas Cavalry, who died at Little Rock, Arkansas, on October 7, 1864. Officially opened for settlement July 15, 1870, there was a lengthy and bitter disagreement between the towns of Winfield and Cresswell (the town now named Arkansas City) over the possession of the county seat of government. Finally settled after two special elections and numerous petitions to the Governor and Legislature, Winfield was determined to be the county seat and a courthouse was constructed in 1873 at a cost of $11,500.[4]

21st century

In 2010, the Keystone-Cushing Pipeline (Phase II) was constructed north to south through Cowley County. Controversy arose from the Kansas legislature's decision to grant the pipeline a ten-year exemption from property taxes; it was estimated that this would mean $15 million per year in lost revenue to the six counties through which the pipeline passed. The counties were unsuccessful in an attempt to eliminate the exemption.[5][6][7][8]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,132 square miles (2,930 km2), of which 1,126 square miles (2,920 km2) is land and 6.7 square miles (17 km2) (0.6%) is water.[9]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Cowley County comprises the Arkansas City-Winfield, KS Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Wichita-Arkansas City-Winfield, KS Combined Statistical Area.

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[15] there were 36,291 people, 14,039 households, and 9,616 families residing in the county. The population density was 32 people per square mile (12/km2). There were 15,673 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 90.13% White, 2.70% Black or African American, 1.96% Native American, 1.53% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.36% from other races, and 2.30% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.59% of the population.

There were 14,039 households out of which 32.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.20% were married couples living together, 9.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.50% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.00% under the age of 18, 9.90% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, and 15.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,406, and the median income for a family was $43,636. Males had a median income of $31,703 versus $21,341 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,509. About 9.20% of families and 12.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.00% of those under age 18 and 11.20% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Presidential Elections Results[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 65.5% 8,270 28.1% 3,551 6.3% 800
2012 63.6% 8,081 34.0% 4,319 2.4% 310
2008 61.6% 8,492 36.4% 5,012 2.1% 283
2004 65.1% 9,407 33.4% 4,818 1.5% 222
2000 56.9% 8,080 39.0% 5,535 4.2% 595
1996 50.8% 7,872 36.1% 5,588 13.2% 2,039
1992 34.4% 5,422 34.2% 5,405 31.4% 4,957
1988 54.4% 7,778 43.3% 6,186 2.3% 322
1984 65.0% 10,008 33.7% 5,193 1.3% 198
1980 57.1% 8,749 35.8% 5,474 7.1% 1,089
1976 50.3% 7,513 47.5% 7,095 2.2% 323
1972 70.5% 10,332 24.5% 3,592 5.0% 729
1968 54.3% 8,070 33.7% 5,014 12.0% 1,777
1964 47.9% 7,092 51.3% 7,591 0.8% 114
1960 62.0% 10,276 37.4% 6,205 0.6% 99
1956 63.9% 6,734 35.6% 3,753 0.4% 46
1952 68.1% 11,454 31.2% 5,242 0.7% 116
1948 52.1% 8,102 45.3% 7,042 2.6% 397
1944 55.9% 8,453 43.5% 6,577 0.6% 90
1940 54.0% 9,684 45.3% 8,115 0.8% 136
1936 43.5% 8,378 56.1% 10,805 0.4% 72
1932 44.7% 7,657 50.7% 8,681 4.6% 788
1928 80.8% 12,701 17.9% 2,818 1.3% 202
1924 58.5% 8,529 21.7% 3,161 19.8% 2,887
1920 59.2% 7,352 38.1% 4,733 2.7% 329
1916 43.9% 5,297 49.4% 5,962 6.8% 816
1912 15.8% 1,113 35.9% 2,539 48.3% 3,414[a]
1908 42.4% 2,578 49.3% 2,995 8.3% 505
1904 61.3% 3,961 22.5% 1,456 16.1% 1,042
1900 50.5% 3,679 47.1% 3,436 2.4% 174
1896 45.1% 2,871 53.6% 3,410 1.2% 79
1892 49.1% 3,886 50.9% 4,023[b]
1888 53.4% 4,112 25.1% 1,933 21.5% 1,654

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 1996, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink without a food sales requirement.[17]

Education

Unified school districts

Colleges

Communities

2005 KDOT Map of Cowley County (map legend)

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Cowley County is divided into twenty-five townships. The cities of Arkansas City and Winfield are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Beaver 05025 244 3 (7) 92 (36) 2 (1) 1.91% 37°10?42?N 97°5?26?W / 37.17833°N 97.09056°W / 37.17833; -97.09056
Bolton 07875 1,754 13 (33) 136 (53) 2 (1) 1.59% 37°3?1?N 97°4?0?W / 37.05028°N 97.06667°W / 37.05028; -97.06667
Cedar 11250 44 0 (1) 119 (46) 1 (0) 0.45% 37°5?9?N 96°36?27?W / 37.08583°N 96.60750°W / 37.08583; -96.60750
Creswell 16375 2,098 22 (56) 97 (38) 2 (1) 2.07% 37°4?42?N 97°1?3?W / 37.07833°N 97.01750°W / 37.07833; -97.01750
Dexter 17950 506 3 (7) 185 (71) 0 (0) 0.19% 37°11?56?N 96°42?27?W / 37.19889°N 96.70750°W / 37.19889; -96.70750
Fairview 22475 203 2 (6) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.29% 37°21?22?N 96°58?50?W / 37.35611°N 96.98056°W / 37.35611; -96.98056
Grant 27550 76 1 (2) 116 (45) 0 (0) 0.09% 37°3?49?N 96°41?3?W / 37.06361°N 96.68417°W / 37.06361; -96.68417
Harvey 30525 117 1 (2) 162 (63) 0 (0) 0.24% 37°26?47?N 96°37?58?W / 37.44639°N 96.63278°W / 37.44639; -96.63278
Liberty 39950 218 2 (5) 124 (48) 0 (0) 0.02% 37°9?3?N 96°50?31?W / 37.15083°N 96.84194°W / 37.15083; -96.84194
Maple 44450 702 8 (20) 91 (35) 0 (0) 0% 37°25?59?N 97°6?7?W / 37.43306°N 97.10194°W / 37.43306; -97.10194
Ninnescah 50625 1,114 12 (31) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.09% 37°21?59?N 97°6?21?W / 37.36639°N 97.10583°W / 37.36639; -97.10583
Omnia 52850 357 4 (10) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.22% 37°26?13?N 96°46?25?W / 37.43694°N 96.77361°W / 37.43694; -96.77361
Otter 53625 54 0 (1) 135 (52) 1 (0) 0.68% 37°11?25?N 96°33?0?W / 37.19028°N 96.55000°W / 37.19028; -96.55000
Pleasant Valley 56500 838 7 (18) 117 (45) 0 (0) 0.05% 37°9?45?N 97°0?0?W / 37.16250°N 97.00000°W / 37.16250; -97.00000
Richland 59275 178 2 (4) 108 (42) 0 (0) 0% 37°25?33?N 96°52?50?W / 37.42583°N 96.88056°W / 37.42583; -96.88056
Rock Creek 60525 243 3 (7) 92 (35) 1 (0) 0.55% 37°26?5?N 96°59?25?W / 37.43472°N 96.99028°W / 37.43472; -96.99028
Salem 62625 364 5 (14) 66 (26) 0 (0) 0.27% 37°20?9?N 96°53?20?W / 37.33583°N 96.88889°W / 37.33583; -96.88889
Sheridan 64650 159 2 (4) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.01% 37°15?44?N 96°45?51?W / 37.26222°N 96.76417°W / 37.26222; -96.76417
Silver Creek 65500 770 8 (21) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.27% 37°20?8?N 96°45?41?W / 37.33556°N 96.76139°W / 37.33556; -96.76139
Silverdale 65575 327 2 (6) 136 (53) 0 (0) 0.31% 37°3?55?N 96°52?56?W / 37.06528°N 96.88222°W / 37.06528; -96.88222
Spring Creek 67400 77 1 (2) 115 (45) 0 (0) 0.26% 37°4?31?N 96°47?10?W / 37.07528°N 96.78611°W / 37.07528; -96.78611
Tisdale 70725 340 4 (11) 78 (30) 0 (0) 0.13% 37°16?6?N 96°52?25?W / 37.26833°N 96.87361°W / 37.26833; -96.87361
Vernon 73575 502 5 (13) 102 (39) 1 (0) 0.67% 37°15?25?N 97°5?18?W / 37.25694°N 97.08833°W / 37.25694; -97.08833
Walnut 74925 626 7 (18) 89 (34) 0 (0) 0.18% 37°15?17?N 96°57?27?W / 37.25472°N 96.95750°W / 37.25472; -96.95750
Windsor 79875 211 1 (2) 243 (94) 0 (0) 0.18% 37°19?13?N 96°38?22?W / 37.32028°N 96.63944°W / 37.32028; -96.63944
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. Archived from the original on 2002-08-02. 

Notable people

See List of people from Cowley County, Kansas

General Dean Coldwell Strother was a United States Air Force four-star general who served as U.S. Military Representative, NATO Military Committee (USMILREP), from 1962 to 1965; and as Commander in Chief, North American Air Defense Command/Commander in Chief, Continental Air Defense Command (CINCNORAD/CINCONAD), from 1965 to 1966.

Robert Docking was a successful banker and mayor of Arkansas City before he became the 38th Governor of Kansas.

Several college football head coaches have passed through Winfield that have gone on to become widely recognized. Jerry Kill is the current head coach for the Minnesota Golden Gophers--he played for the Southwestern Moundbuilders under Dennis Franchione when he was head coach. Jack Mitchell went on to coach several schools including the Kansas Jayhawks. Former head coach and for the Oklahoma Sooners and College Football Hall of Fame member Bennie Owen was born in Arkansas City.

Perhaps the most famous resident of Cowley County is the fictional character Mary Ann Summers from the television show Gilligan's Island. It is said on the show that she is "employed at the Winfield General Store."

See also

Notes

  1. ^ These comprised 2,594 votes for Progressive Theodore Roosevelt (who carried the county) and 820 for Socialist Eugene V. Debs.
  2. ^ 3,896 of these votes were for Populist James B. Weaver (who was supported by the state's Democrats) and 127 for Prohibition Party candidate John Bidwell.

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011. 
  3. ^ D. A. Millington and E. P. Greer, "History of Cowley County Kansas"., Winfield Courier, January 1, 1901 Supplement
  4. ^ "William G. Cutler's, History of the State of Kansas". A. T. Andreas Press, 1883. 
  5. ^ Davis, Dakotah. "Commissioners green light pipeline, sort of". NewsCow.net. May 19, 2010. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
  6. ^ "Counties to seek denial of pipeline tax exemption". Clay Center Dispatch. November 5, 2009. Archived December 16, 2009.
  7. ^ "Court upholds pipeline tax exemption". Topeka Capital-Journal. May 18, 2012. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
  8. ^ Milburn, John. "Kansas appeals court upholds Keystone pipeline tax ruling". Kansas City Star. April 26, 2013. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved 2011. 
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 2017. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved 2014. 
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 2014. 
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014. 
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008. 
  16. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  17. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Archived from the original on February 19, 2008. Retrieved 2007. 

Further reading

Cowley County
Kansas

External links

County
Historical
Maps

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