Cross Island Parkway (Hilton Head Island)
Learn about Cross Island Parkway (Hilton Head Island) topic at NCR Works. NCR Works provides comprehensive hospitality learning resources.

U.S. Route 278 marker

U.S. Route 278
Route of US 278 in South Carolina highlighted in red
Route information
Auxiliary route of US 78
Maintained by SCDOT
Length 146.0 mi[1] (235.0 km)
Existed 1965 - present
Tourist
routes
Hilton Head Scenic Byway
Major junctions
West end / / / at the GA state line near North Augusta
 
East end
in Hilton Head
Location
Counties Aiken, Barnwell, Allendale, Hampton, Jasper, Beaufort
Highway system
->

U.S. Route 278 (US 278) is an east–west United States highway that traverses through the South Carolina Lowcountry, from North Augusta to Hilton Head Island.

Route description

After crossing the Savannah River from Georgia, US 278 bypasses downtown North Augusta, South Carolina to the south en route to Beech Island and Johnson Crossroads. It then forms a de facto northern boundary of the Savannah River Site, crossing into the property on a few occasions. The route then continues eastward and then southward through the communities of Barnwell, Kline, Allendale, Fairfax, Hampton, Varnville, Ridgeland, and Hardeeville where it meets I-95. US 278 shares the route between Ridgeland and Hardeeville with US 17.

Upon reaching Hardeeville, the route heads eastward toward the Atlantic with large residential and commercial developments lining the spine of the road from Hardeeville through Okatie and Bluffton. The route crosses over Calibogue Sound onto Hilton Head Island. After a five-mile stretch in which the route is tolled, US 278 ends at US 278 Business on the southern portion of Hilton Head Island, just outside Sea Pines Plantation.

Cross Island Parkway

On Hilton Head Island, US 278 was previously routed along what is now US 278 Business until a new toll road, named the Cross Island Parkway, opened on January 16, 1998.[2] The 6.8-mile (10.9 km) section of roadway[2] cost $83 million to build and was funded with a combination of state funds, federal funds, state highway bonds and tolls.[3]

The controlled access toll road has only one interchange along its route at Marshland Drive. It was the first toll road built in South Carolina in modern history.[2] A majority of the road users pay their tolls using Palmetto Pass, South Carolina's system for electronic toll collection. Tolls will be removed once the bonds sold to build the road are retired.[3]

The completion of the Cross Island Parkway (a direct expressway connection from the north side to the south side of the island) has caused a great amount of commercial and residential development along the road.[] Before the toll road opened, it could take one hour to travel the 12-mile (19 km) route of what was then signed as US 278 (William Hilton Parkway) during peak tourism season.[2] The Cross Island Parkway greatly relieved congestion on that road when it opened.[3]

Tolls

Cross Island Parkway Toll Plaza

Toll rates, for 2-axle vehicles, along Cross Island Parkway are $1.25 at the toll plaza and $1.00 at the Marshland Road/Spanish Wells Road interchange. Each additional axle is $1.00 (plaza and ramps). The toll plaza has both electronic toll collection (ETC) and cash lanes, which are manned 24 hours a day; Marshland Road/Spanish Wells Road interchange accept only ETC or exact change only. Those that do not have exact change or do not pay the toll have five days to contact the Cross Island Parkway Customer Service Center to make a payment; after that time, a violation notice will be mailed. Travelers that make a mistake of taking the toll road may request a "Turn Around Pass", which gives them ten minutes to continue along the highway, turn around at the roundabout and return the pass at the toll plaza on the return trip.[4]

Only the Palmetto Pass is accepted on the Cross Island Parkway.

History

US 278 was established, in South Carolina, in 1965, traveling from Augusta, Georgia to Hilton Head Island. Crossing the Savannah River, in concurrency with US 1/US 25/US 78/SC 121, it then overlapped with SC 125 on Atomic Road, to Beech Island. Replacing SC 28 from Beech Island to Almeda, where it then replaced SC 128, going through Ridgeland, to Old House. Replacing part of SC 462, it went south into Bluffton and then east into Hilton Head Island, replacing part of SC 46.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16]

Throughout the 1980s, US 278 was widen to four-lane, in phases, east of SC 170, in Bluffton. In 1996-1997, US 278 was rerouted south of Ridgeland to Hardeeville, then east on new primary routing to SC 170, in Bluffton. Its former routing was replaced by SC 336 to Old House and SC 462 to SC 170.[17][18] In 1998, US 278 was rerouted onto new routing along the west side of Hilton Head Island; known as the Cross Island Parkway, the toll road provides quicker access to the far south end of the island. The old alignment, in Hilton Head Island, became US 278 Business.[19][20]

Junction list

CountyLocationmi[1]kmDestinationsNotes
AikenNorth Augusta0.00.0 south / south / west / west / west / south - AugustaContinuation from Georgia over the Savannah River
0.20.325th Street Bridge / River North Drive
0.71.1 / north - North Augusta, EdgefieldEastern end of US 25 and SC 121 concurrencies
1.52.4 (Palmetto Parkway) - Augusta, Columbia, AtlantaI-520 exit 17
Clearwater2.33.7 / / north (Jefferson Davis Highway) / begins (Augusta Road) - Aiken, North Augusta, ClearwaterEastern end of US 1 and US 78 concurrencies; western end of SC 125 concurrency; southern terminus of SC 421
Beech Island7.211.6 west (Sand Bar Ferry Road) / south (Atomic Road) - Savannah River Site, AugustaEastern end of SC 125 concurency
13.421.6 (Silver Bluff Road) - Jackson, Aiken
New Ellenton19.631.5 - New Ellenton, Aiken, Savannah River Site
28.946.5 east - Williston, CharlestonWestern terminus of SC 781
Barnwell32.752.6 - Williston
41.066.0 north - Elko, WillistonSouthern terminus of SC 37
Barnwell43.369.7 west (Dunbarton Boulevard) - Savannah River SiteWestern end of SC 64 concurrency
43.670.2 east (Allen Street) / Dunbarton Boulevard - DenmarkWestern terminus of SC 70
43.970.7 east (Hagood Avenue) - WalterboroEastern end of SC 64 concurrency
45.272.7 north (Marlboro Avenue) - ColumbiaWestern end of SC 3 concurrency
46.574.8 south - SylvaniaEastern end of SC 3 concurrency
46.875.3 south - UlmerNorthern terminus of SC 300
AllendaleAllendale60.497.2 north (Burton's Ferry Highway) - WalterboroWestern end of US 301 concurrency; to USC Salkehatchie
60.797.7 south (Main Street) / north (Railroad Avenue) - Savannah River Site, Augusta, SylvaniaEastern end of US 301 concurrency
Fairfax66.2106.5 (Hampton Avenue) - Estill, Savannah, Orangeburg, ColumbiaTo USC Salkehatchie
HamptonHampton75.1120.9 west (Shaw Drive) - Lake Warren State ParkWestern end of SC 363 concurrency
75.3121.2 north (Hoover Street) - OrangeburgWestern end of US 601 concurrency
75.9122.1 south (First Street) - Estill, SavannahEastern end of US 601 concurrency
76.1122.5 east (Third Street) - Walterboro, CharlestonEastern end of SC 363 concurrency
Varnville77.9125.4 east (Main Street) - WalterboroWestern terminus of SC 63
Almeda80.1128.9 east (Yemassee Highway) - YemasseeWestern terminus of SC 68
JasperGrays91.6147.4 north (Heritage Road) - Early BranchSouthern terminus of SC 3
Gillisonville96.5155.3 west (Gillison Branch Road) - PinelandWestern end of SC 462 concurrency
97.3156.6 east (Morgandollar Road) - CoosawhatchieEastern end of SC 462 concurrency
102.1164.3 west (Calf Pen Bay Road) - PinelandEastern terminus of SC 652
Ridgeland106.4171.2 north (Jacob Smart Boulevard) - CharlestonWestern end of US 17 concurrency
106.6171.6 (Main Street) - Tillman, Beaufort, Hilton Head Island
108.9175.3 To  - Savannah, Florence
Hardeeville119.2191.8 south (Whyte Hardee Boulevard) - HardeevilleEastern end of US 17 concurrency
119.5192.3 - Savannah, FlorenceI-95 exit 8
124.5200.4Argent Boulevard - Beaufort
Beaufort127.4205.0 (Okatie Highway) - Savannah, BeaufortTo Parris Island
Bluffton129.1207.8Buckwater Parkway
133.2214.4 west (Bluffton Road) - BlufftonEastern terminus of SC 46
Bluffton137.7221.6Bluffton ParkwayNo direct access from US 278 eastbound to Bluffton Parkway or Bluffton Parkway to US 278 westbound
Hilton Head Island140.8226.6
east (William Hilton Parkway)
To Hilton Head Airport
143.1230.3Marshland Road / Spanish Wells RoadEastbound exit toll
143.6231.1Toll plaza
146.0235.0
west (William Hilton Parkway) / Greenwood Drive / Pope Avenue
Eastern terminus; Roundabout; to Coligny Beach
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Google (April 12, 2014). "U.S. Route 278 in South Carolina" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d Associated Press (January 16, 1998). "Hilton Head toll road to open". The Augusta Chronicle. Morris Communications. Archived from the original on February 16, 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "27-in-7 Peak Performance". South Carolina Department of Transportation. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 16, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Cross Island Parkway FAQ's". South Carolina Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2014. 
  5. ^ General Highway Map, Aiken County, South Carolina (PDF) (Map). Cartography by SCDOT. South Carolina Department of Transportation. 1956. Retrieved 2014. 
  6. ^ General Highway Map, Aiken County, South Carolina (PDF) (Map). Cartography by SCDOT. South Carolina Department of Transportation. 1967. Retrieved 2014. 
  7. ^ General Highway Map, Barnwell County, South Carolina (PDF) (Map). Cartography by SCDOT. South Carolina Department of Transportation. 1962. Retrieved 2014. 
  8. ^ General Highway Map, Barnwell County, South Carolina (PDF) (Map). Cartography by SCDOT. South Carolina Department of Transportation. 1967. Retrieved 2014. 
  9. ^ General Highway Map, Allendale County, South Carolina (PDF) (Map). Cartography by SCDOT. South Carolina Department of Transportation. 1962. Retrieved 2014. 
  10. ^ General Highway Map, Allendale County, South Carolina (PDF) (Map). Cartography by SCDOT. South Carolina Department of Transportation. 1967. Retrieved 2014. 
  11. ^ General Highway Map, Hampton County, South Carolina (PDF) (Map). Cartography by SCDOT. South Carolina Department of Transportation. 1963. Retrieved 2014. 
  12. ^ General Highway Map, Hampton County, South Carolina (PDF) (Map). Cartography by SCDOT. South Carolina Department of Transportation. 1967. Retrieved 2014. 
  13. ^ General Highway Map, Jasper County, South Carolina (PDF) (Map). Cartography by SCDOT. South Carolina Department of Transportation. 1959. Retrieved 2014. 
  14. ^ General Highway Map, Jasper County, South Carolina (PDF) (Map). Cartography by SCDOT. South Carolina Department of Transportation. 1966. Retrieved 2014. 
  15. ^ General Highway Map, Beaufort County, South Carolina (PDF) (Map). Cartography by SCDOT. South Carolina Department of Transportation. 1963. Retrieved 2014. 
  16. ^ General Highway Map, Beaufort County, South Carolina (PDF) (Map). Cartography by SCDOT. South Carolina Department of Transportation. 1966. Retrieved 2014. 
  17. ^ General Highway System, Jasper County (PDF) (Map). South Carolina Department of Transportation. June 2005. Retrieved 2014. 
  18. ^ General Highway System, Beaufort County (PDF) (Map). South Carolina Department of Transportation. January 2005. Retrieved 2014. 
  19. ^ "Report of the Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering to the Standing Committee on Highways" (PDF). AASHTO. November 6, 1998. p. 11. Retrieved 2014. 
  20. ^ Hilton Head Island Urban Area, Beaufort County (PDF) (Map). South Carolina Department of Transportation. December 2011. Retrieved 2014. 

External links

KML is not from Wikidata


U.S. Route 278
Previous state:
Georgia
South Carolina Next state:
Terminus

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Cross_Island_Parkway_(Hilton_Head_Island)
 



 
Like2do.com was developed using defaultLogic.com's knowledge management platform. It allows users to manage learning and research. Visit defaultLogic's other partner sites below:
PopFlock.com : Music Genres | Musicians | Musical Instruments | Music Industry
NCR Works : Retail Banking | Restaurant Industry | Retail Industry | Hospitality Industry