David P. DiVincenzo
David P. DiVincenzo
Born 1959
Philadelphia, USA
Residence  The Netherlands Voerendaal, Netherlands
Nationality  USA American
Alma mater
Known for Quantum computing
the Loss-DiVincenzo quantum computer
DiVincenzo Criteria
Barbara Terhal [1]
Awards Alexander von Humboldt Foundation Alexander von Humboldt Professorship (2011)[2]
Scientific career
Fields Physics (theoretical)
Institutions RWTH Aachen University Forschungszentrum Jülich
Doctoral advisor Eugene Mele
Doctoral students Sebastian Mehl, Firat Solgun

David P. DiVincenzo is a theoretical physicist. He is the director of the Institute of Theoretical Nanoelectronics at the Peter Grünberg Institute in Jülich and Professor at the Institute for Quantum Information at RWTH Aachen University. With Daniel Loss (at the University of Basel), he proposed the Loss-DiVincenzo quantum computer in 1997,[3] which would use electron spins in quantum dots as qubits.[4]


In 1996, during his research at IBM, he published a paper "Topics in Quantum Computing"[5] which outlined the 5 minimal requirements he predicted were necessary for creating a quantum computer. It has since become known as the "DiVincenzo Criteria"[6][7][8][9] and has influenced much of the experimental research into developing a working quantum computer.[10]

The DiVincenzo Criteria that a quantum computer implementation must satisfy are as follows:[11]

  1. A scalable physical system with well-characterized qubits,
  2. The ability to initialize the state of the qubits to simple fiducial state, such as to ,
  3. A "universal" set of quantum gates,
  4. Long relevant decoherence times, much longer than the gate-operation time,
  5. A qubit-specific measurement capability.

For quantum communication (transmitting intact qubits from place to place), two additional criteria must be satisfied:

        6. The ability to interconvert stationary and flying qubits, and
        7. The ability to transmit flying qubits between distant locations.


  1. ^ "Barbara Terhal M.". zoominfo. 
  2. ^ Alexander von Humboldt Professorship - Award Winners 2011
  3. ^ D. Loss and D. P. DiVincenzo, "Quantum computation with quantum dots", Phys. Rev. A 57, p120 (1998); on arXiv.org in Jan. 1997
  4. ^ Hellemans, Alexander (2 October 2015). "David DiVincenzo on his Tenure at IBM and the Future of Quantum Computing". IEEE Spectrum. Retrieved 2015. 
  5. ^ DiVincenzo, David (16 December 1996). "TOPICS IN QUANTUM COMPUTERS" (PDF). Mesoscopic Electron Transport. Retrieved 2015. 
  6. ^ "Proposed modular quantum computer architecture offers scalability to large numbers of qubits". phys.org. Phys.org. Retrieved . 
  7. ^ Langford, N. K.; Ramelow, S.; Prevedel, R.; Munro, W. J.; Milburn, G. J.; Zeilinger, A. (2011-10-20). "Efficient quantum computing using coherent photon conversion". Nature. 478 (7369): 360-363. ISSN 0028-0836. PMID 21993627. doi:10.1038/nature10463. 
  8. ^ Azuma, Koji; Tamaki, Kiyoshi; Lo, Hoi-Kwong (2015-04-15). "All-photonic quantum repeaters". Nature Communications. 6: 6787. PMC 4410623 Freely accessible. PMID 25873153. doi:10.1038/ncomms7787. 
  9. ^ "A Blueprint for Building a Quantum Computer". cacm.acm.org. Retrieved . 
  10. ^ Pérez-Delgado, Carlos A.; Kok, Pieter (2011-01-13). "Quantum computers: Definition and implementations". Physical Review A. 83 (1): 012303. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.83.012303. 
  11. ^ DiVincenzo, David P. "The Physical Implementation of Quantum Computation". Fortschritte der Physik. 48 (9-11): 771-783. ISSN 0015-8208. doi:10.1002/1521-3978(200009)48:9/113.0.CO;2-E. 

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