|Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series|
|Venue||Daytona International Speedway|
|Location||Daytona Beach, Florida, United States|
|Distance||500 mi (800 km)|
|Laps||200 (Stage 1: 60
Stage 2: 60
Stage 3: 80)
|Previous names||Inaugural 500 Mile International Sweepstakes (1959)
Second Annual 500 Mile International Sweepstakes (1960)
Daytona 500 by STP (1991-1993)
Daytona 500 by Dodge (2001)
Daytona 500 by Toyota (2007)
Daytona 500 (1961-1990, 1994-2000, 2002-2006, 2008-present)
|Most wins (driver)||Richard Petty (7)|
|Most wins (team)||Petty Enterprises (9)|
|Most wins (manufacturer)||Chevrolet (23)|
|Length||2.5 mi (4.0 km)|
The Daytona 500 is a 500-mile-long (805 km) Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series motor race held annually at Daytona International Speedway in Daytona Beach, Florida. It is the first of two Cup races held every year at Daytona, the second being the Coke Zero 400. It is one of the four restrictor plate races on the Cup schedule. The inaugural Daytona 500 was held in 1959 coinciding with the opening of the speedway and since 1982, it has been the season-opening race of the Cup series.
The Daytona 500 is regarded as the most important and prestigious race on the NASCAR calendar, carrying by far the largest purse. Championship points awarded are equal to that of any other Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series race. It is also the series' first race of the year; this phenomenon is virtually unique in sports, which tend to have championships or other major events at the end of the season rather than the start. Since 1995, U.S. television ratings for the Daytona 500 have been the highest for any auto race of the year, surpassing the traditional leader, the Indianapolis 500 which in turn greatly surpasses the Daytona 500 in in-track attendance and international viewing. The 2006 Daytona 500 attracted the sixth largest average live global TV audience of any sporting event that year with 20 million viewers.
The race serves as the final event of Speedweeks and is sometimes known as "The Great American Race" or the "Super Bowl of Stock Car Racing". All 59 runnings of the race have been held in the month of February. From 1971 to 2011, it was associated with Presidents Day weekend, taking place on the Sunday before the third Monday in February. Beginning in 2012, the race was rescheduled to roughly a week later, the last Sunday of February to have a week break between Super Bowl and the race. Because of inclement weather conditions on February 26, the 2012 Daytona 500 was postponed until the evening of Monday, February 27. The 2013 Daytona 500 was held on February 24, the first time the race was actually held on the new schedule.
As of 2018, the race returns to its Presidential Weekend date.
The winner of the Daytona 500 is presented with the Harley J. Earl Trophy in Victory Lane, and the winning car is displayed in race-winning condition for one year at Daytona 500 Experience, a museum and gallery adjacent to Daytona International Speedway.
The race is the direct successor of shorter races held on the Daytona Beach Road Course. This long square was partially on the sand and also on the highway near the beach. Earlier events featured 200-mile (320 km) races with stock cars. Eventually, a 500-mile (805 km) stock car race was held at Daytona International Speedway in 1959. It was the second 500-mile NASCAR race, following the annual Southern 500, and has been held every year since. By 1961, it began to be referred to as the Daytona 500, by which it is still commonly known.
Daytona International Speedway is 2.5 miles (4 km) long and a 500-mile race requires 200 laps to complete. However, the race is considered official after half its distance (100 laps and 250 miles (400 km)) has been completed. The race has been shortened four times due to rain (in 1965, 1966, 2003, and 2009) and once in response to the energy crisis of 1974. Since the adaptation of the green-white-checker finish rule in 2004, the race has gone past 500 miles on seven occasions (2005, 2006, 2007, 2010, 2011, 2012, and 2015).
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The qualifying procedure is unique for the Daytona 500. Some teams must race their way into the Daytona 500 field. The first row is set by a timed round of qualifying, held one week before the race (prior to 2003, this was two rounds; prior to 2001, it was three). The remainder of the field is set by two separate qualifying races (these were 100 miles (160 km) from 1959 to 1967; 125 miles (201 km) from 1969 to 2004; and 150 miles (240 km) with two lap overtime, if necessary, beginning in 2005 (these races were not held in 1968 due to rain). The top two drivers from the qualifying races who were not in the top 35 in owner points were given spots on the field, and the rest of the field was set by the finishing order of the duels, with guaranteed spots to those in the top 35. The remaining spots, 40 to 43, were filled by top qualifying times of those not already in the field from the qualifying race. If there was a previous NASCAR champion without a spot, he would get one of those four spots, otherwise, the fourth fastest car was added to the field.
Prior to 2005 - and beginning again in 2013 - after the top two cars were set, the top fourteen cars in the qualifying races advance to the field, and then between six (1998-2003), eight (1995-97, 2004) or 10 (until 1994) fastest cars which do not advance from the qualifying race are added, then cars in the top 35 in owner points not locked into the race, and then the driver with the championship provisional, except for 1985 when no such car was eligible for a provisional starting spot, the only time that happened in the Daytona 500 from when the provisional was added in 1976 through 2004.
The Daytona 500 was the first 500-mile (800 km) auto race to be televised live flag-to-flag on network television when CBS aired it in 1979, continuing to air until 2000.
From 2001 to 2006, the race alternated between FOX and NBC under the terms of a six-year, $2.48 billion NASCAR television contract, with FOX broadcasting the Daytona 500 in odd-numbered years (2001, 2003, 2005) and the Pepsi 400 in even-numbered years (2002, 2004, 2006) and NBC broadcasting the opposite race in that year.
In 2005, a new television contract was signed, which made FOX the sole broadcaster of the Daytona 500 for eight years, from 2007 to 2014. In 2013, 10 more years were added to the contract, giving FOX every Daytona 500 from 2015 to 2024 as well, for a total of at least 20 Daytona 500s in a row. The installation of the lighting system at Daytona International Speedway in 1998, as well as the implementations of the television packages in 2001 and 2007 respectively, have resulted in the race starting and ending much later than it did in the race's early years. The race started at 12:15 p.m. EST from 1979 until 2000. The start time was moved to 1:00 p.m. Eastern time from 2001 to 2004, 2:30 p.m. in 2005 and 2006 and 3:30 p.m. from 2007 to 2009, all for the convenience of west coast viewers. The 2005 race ended at sunset for the first time in its history, and the 2006 race ended well after sunset.
Every Daytona 500 between 2006 and 2010, as well as the 2012 and 2014 races, ended under the lights. The changing track conditions caused by the onset of darkness in the closing laps in these years forced the crew chiefs to predict the critical car setup adjustments needed for their final two pit stops. The 2007 race was the first Daytona 500 to go into prime-time, ending at 7:07 p.m. Eastern time. In 2010, the race moved back to a 1:00 p.m. start time, which should have resulted in it ending in daylight; however, two red flags caused by track surface issues led to long delays that pushed the race to 7:34 p.m. EST, pushing the race into prime-time for the second time. The 2012 race was also scheduled to start at 1:00 p.m. EST on Sunday, February 26, but heavy rain in the area caused the race to be postponed to 7:00 p.m. EST on Monday, February 27, making it the first Daytona 500 to be postponed to a Monday, as well as the first (and only) Daytona 500 to be run as a night race. Due to a two-hour red flag period after a jet dryer fire on the track with 40 laps remaining, the race did not end until about 12:40 a.m. on Tuesday, February 28. The 2013 race marked a return to the race's past tradition of ending in the late afternoon, as it ended at about 4:40 p.m., the race's earliest ending time since 2004. Although the 2014 race started around 1:30 p.m. EST, heavy rain and a tornado warning red-flagged the race after 38 laps and it was delayed for a record six hours and 22 minutes; the race finished the entire 500-mile distance around after 11:00 p.m. the same day, which effectively competed with the time delayed East Coast broadcast of NBC's coverage of the 2014 Winter Olympics closing ceremony, scheduled between 7:00 and 10:30 p.m. The 2015 race started on time around 1:00 p.m., and ended after 203 laps due to a Green-white-checkered finish.
The television ratings for the Daytona 500 have surpassed those of the larger Indianapolis 500 (which has much larger physical attendance and international attendance) since 1995, even though the 1995 race was available in far fewer homes than the year before. Then-broadcaster CBS had lost well-established VHF (channels 2-13) affiliates in major markets as a result of the Fox affiliate switches of 1994. As an example, new affiliates WDJT in Milwaukee and WGNX in Atlanta -- both cities that are home to NASCAR races -- and WWJ in Detroit, close to Michigan International Speedway, were on the UHF band (channels 14-69), meaning that they had a significantly reduced broadcast area compared to former affiliates WITI, WAGA-TV, and WJBK, respectively. WDJT was not available in many Wisconsin markets by the time the Daytona 500 took place.
|Year||Date||No.||Driver||Team||Manufacturer||Distance||Race Time||Average Speed
|1959||February 22||42||Lee Petty||Petty Enterprises||Oldsmobile||200||500 (804.672)||3:41:22||135.521||Report|
|1960||February 24||27||Junior Johnson||John Masoni||Chevrolet||200||500 (804.672)||4:00:30||124.74||Report|
|1961||February 26||20||Marvin Panch||Smokey Yunick||Pontiac||200||500 (804.672)||3:20:32||149.601||Report|
|1962||February 18||22||Fireball Roberts||Jim Stephens||Pontiac||200||500 (804.672)||3:10:41||152.529||Report|
|1963||February 24||21||Tiny Lund||Wood Brothers Racing||Ford||200||500 (804.672)||3:17:56||151.566||Report|
|1964||February 23||43||Richard Petty||Petty Enterprises (2)||Plymouth||200||500 (804.672)||3:14:23||154.334||Report|
|1965||February 14||28||Fred Lorenzen||Holman Moody||Ford||133*||332.5 (535.106)||2:22:56||141.539||Report|
|1966||February 27||43||Richard Petty (2)||Petty Enterprises (3)||Plymouth||198*||495 (796.625)||3:04:54||160.927||Report|
|1967||February 26||11||Mario Andretti+||Holman Moody (2)||Ford||200||500 (804.672)||3:24:11||146.926||Report|
|1968||February 25||21||Cale Yarborough||Wood Brothers Racing (2)||Mercury||200||500 (804.672)||3:23:44||143.251||Report|
|1969||February 23||98||LeeRoy Yarbrough||Junior Johnson & Associates||Ford||200||500 (804.672)||3:09:56||157.95||Report|
|1970||February 22||40||Pete Hamilton||Petty Enterprises (4)||Plymouth||200||500 (804.672)||3:20:32||149.601||Report|
|1971||February 14||43||Richard Petty (3)||Petty Enterprises (5)||Plymouth||200||500 (804.672)||3:27:40||144.462||Report|
|1972||February 20||21||A. J. Foyt||Wood Brothers Racing (3)||Mercury||200||500 (804.672)||3:05:42||161.55||Report|
|1973||February 18||43||Richard Petty (4)||Petty Enterprises (6)||Dodge||200||500 (804.672)||3:10:50||157.205||Report|
|1974||February 17||43||Richard Petty (5)||Petty Enterprises (7)||Dodge||180*||450 (724.205)||3:11:38||140.894||Report|
|1975||February 16||72||Benny Parsons||L.G. DeWitt||Chevrolet||200||500 (804.672)||3:15:15||153.649||Report|
|1976||February 15||21||David Pearson||Wood Brothers Racing (4)||Mercury||200||500 (804.672)||3:17:08||152.181||Report|
|1977||February 20||11||Cale Yarborough (2)||Junior Johnson & Associates (2)||Chevrolet||200||500 (804.672)||3:15:48||153.218||Report|
|1978||February 19||15||Bobby Allison||Bud Moore Engineering||Ford||200||500 (804.672)||3:07:49||159.73||Report|
|1979||February 18||43||Richard Petty (6)||Petty Enterprises (8)||Oldsmobile||200||500 (804.672)||3:28:22||143.977||Report|
|1980||February 17||28||Buddy Baker||Ranier-Lundy||Oldsmobile||200||500 (804.672)||2:48:55||177.602?||Report|
|1981||February 15||43||Richard Petty (7)||Petty Enterprises (9)||Buick||200||500 (804.672)||2:56:50||169.651||Report|
|1982||February 14||88||Bobby Allison (2)||DiGard Motorsports||Buick||200||500 (804.672)||3:14:49||153.991||Report|
|1983||February 20||28||Cale Yarborough (3)||Ranier-Lundy (2)||Pontiac||200||500 (804.672)||3:12:20||155.979||Report|
|1984||February 19||28||Cale Yarborough (4)||Ranier-Lundy (3)||Chevrolet||200||500 (804.672)||3:18:41||150.994||Report|
|1985||February 17||9||Bill Elliott||Melling Racing||Ford||200||500 (804.672)||2:54:09||172.265||Report|
|1986||February 16||5||Geoff Bodine||Hendrick Motorsports||Chevrolet||200||500 (804.672)||3:22:32||148.124||Report|
|1987||February 15||9||Bill Elliott (2)||Melling Racing (2)||Ford||200||500 (804.672)||2:50:12||176.263||Report|
|1988||February 14||12||Bobby Allison (3)||Stavola Brothers Racing||Buick||200||500 (804.672)||3:38:08||137.531||Report|
|1989||February 19||17||Darrell Waltrip||Hendrick Motorsports (2)||Chevrolet||200||500 (804.672)||3:22:04||148.466||Report|
|1990||February 18||10||Derrike Cope||Whitcomb Racing||Chevrolet||200||500 (804.672)||3:00:59||165.761||Report|
|1991||February 17||4||Ernie Irvan||Morgan-McClure Motorsports||Chevrolet||200||500 (804.672)||3:22:30||148.148||Report|
|1992||February 16||28||Davey Allison||Robert Yates Racing||Ford||200||500 (804.672)||3:07:12||160.256||Report|
|1993||February 14||18||Dale Jarrett||Joe Gibbs Racing||Chevrolet||200||500 (804.672)||3:13:35||154.972||Report|
|1994||February 20||4||Sterling Marlin||Morgan-McClure Motorsports (2)||Chevrolet||200||500 (804.672)||3:11:10||156.931||Report|
|1995||February 19||4||Sterling Marlin (2)||Morgan-McClure Motorsports (3)||Chevrolet||200||500 (804.672)||3:31:42||141.71||Report|
|1996||February 18||88||Dale Jarrett (2)||Robert Yates Racing (2)||Ford||200||500 (804.672)||3:14:25||154.308||Report|
|1997||February 16||24||Jeff Gordon||Hendrick Motorsports (3)||Chevrolet||200||500 (804.672)||3:22:18||148.295||Report|
|1998||February 15||3||Dale Earnhardt||Richard Childress Racing||Chevrolet||200||500 (804.672)||2:53:42||172.712||Report|
|1999||February 14||24||Jeff Gordon (2)||Hendrick Motorsports (4)||Chevrolet||200||500 (804.672)||3:05:42||161.551||Report|
|2000||February 20||88||Dale Jarrett (3)||Robert Yates Racing (3)||Ford||200||500 (804.672)||3:12:43||155.669||Report|
|2001||February 18||15||Michael Waltrip||Dale Earnhardt, Inc.||Chevrolet||200||500 (804.672)||3:05:26||161.783||Report|
|2002||February 17||22||Ward Burton||Bill Davis Racing||Dodge||200||500 (804.672)||3:29:50||130.81||Report|
|2003||February 16||15||Michael Waltrip (2)||Dale Earnhardt, Inc. (2)||Chevrolet||109*||272.5 (438.546)||2:02:08||133.87||Report|
|2004||February 15||8||Dale Earnhardt Jr.||Dale Earnhardt, Inc. (3)||Chevrolet||200||500 (804.672)||3:11:53||156.341||Report|
|2005||February 20||24||Jeff Gordon (3)||Hendrick Motorsports (5)||Chevrolet||203*||507.5 (816.742)||3:45:16||135.173||Report|
|2006||February 19||48||Jimmie Johnson||Hendrick Motorsports (6)||Chevrolet||203*||507.5 (816.742)||3:33:26||142.667||Report|
|2007||February 18||29||Kevin Harvick||Richard Childress Racing (2)||Chevrolet||202*||505 (812.719)||3:22:55||149.333||Report|
|2008||February 17||12||Ryan Newman||Penske Racing||Dodge||200||500 (804.672)||3:16:30||152.672||Report|
|2009||February 15||17||Matt Kenseth||Roush Fenway Racing||Ford||152*||380 (611.551)||2:51:40||132.816||Report|
|2010||February 14||1||Jamie McMurray||Earnhardt Ganassi Racing||Chevrolet||208*||520 (836.859)||3:47:16||137.284||Report|
|2011||February 20||21||Trevor Bayne||Wood Brothers Racing (5)||Ford||208*||520 (836.859)||3:59:24||130.326||Report|
|2012||February 27-28*||17||Matt Kenseth (2)||Roush Fenway Racing (2)||Ford||202*||505 (812.719)||3:36:02||140.256||Report|
|2013||February 24||48||Jimmie Johnson (2)||Hendrick Motorsports (7)||Chevrolet||200||500 (804.672)||3:08:23||159.25||Report|
|2014||February 23||88||Dale Earnhardt Jr. (2)||Hendrick Motorsports (8)||Chevrolet||200||500 (804.672)||3:26:29||145.29||Report|
|2015||February 22||22||Joey Logano||Team Penske (2)||Ford||203*||507.5 (816.742)||3:08:02||161.939||Report|
|2016||February 21||11||Denny Hamlin||Joe Gibbs Racing (2)||Toyota||200||500 (804.672)||3:10:25||157.549||Report|
|2017||February 26||41||Kurt Busch||Stewart-Haas Racing||Ford||200||500 (804.672)||3:29:31||143.187||Report|
+ - Andretti was born in a part of Italy that is now in Croatia, but became a naturalized American citizen. He remains the only foreign-born driver to win the race.
? - Record for fastest Daytona 500 at 177.602 mph (285.823 km/h) set by Buddy Baker in 1980.
Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series Races that have been shortened:
Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series Races that have been extended due to an overtime finish:
Note: From 2004 through 2009, only one attempt[clarification needed] was permitted in Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series racing. Starting from 2010 through 2015, a maximum of three attempts are permitted. Beginning in 2016, NASCAR allowed an unlimited attempts to cross an overtime line (which was in the middle of the back stretch) to make it a clean restart. In 2018, the "overtime line" was eliminated and the drivers must complete a full lap prior to another yellow flag coming out. Otherwise the unlimited attempts part of the rule stands.
Only one race has been rescheduled from its original date.
|# Wins||Driver||Years Won|
|7||Richard Petty||1964, 1966, 1971, 1973, 1974, 1979, 1981|
|4||Cale Yarborough||1968, 1977, 1983, 1984|
|3||Bobby Allison||1978, 1982, 1988|
|Dale Jarrett||1993, 1996, 2000|
|Jeff Gordon||1997, 1999, 2005|
|2||Bill Elliott||1985, 1987|
|Sterling Marlin||1994, 1995|
|Michael Waltrip||2001, 2003|
|Matt Kenseth||2009, 2012|
|Jimmie Johnson||2006, 2013|
|Dale Earnhardt Jr.||2004, 2014|
|# Wins||Team||Years Won|
|9||Petty Enterprises||1959, 1964, 1966, 1970, 1971, 1973, 1974, 1979, 1981|
|8||Hendrick Motorsports||1986, 1989, 1997, 1999, 2005, 2006, 2013, 2014|
|5||Wood Brothers Racing||1963, 1968, 1972, 1976, 2011|
|3||Ranier-Lundy||1980, 1983, 1984|
|Morgan-McClure Motorsports||1991, 1994, 1995|
|Robert Yates Racing||1992, 1996, 2000|
|Dale Earnhardt, Inc.||2001, 2003, 2004|
|2||Holman Moody||1965, 1967|
|Junior Johnson & Associates||1969, 1977|
|Melling Racing||1985, 1987|
|Richard Childress Racing||1998, 2007|
|Roush Fenway Racing||2009, 2012|
|Team Penske||2008, 2015|
|Joe Gibbs Racing||1993, 2016|
|# Wins||Manufacturer||Years Won|
|23||Chevrolet||1960, 1975, 1977, 1984, 1986, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2010, 2013, 2014|
|15||Ford||1963, 1965, 1967, 1969, 1978, 1985, 1987, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2015, 2017|
|4||Plymouth||1964, 1966, 1970, 1971|
|Dodge||1973, 1974, 2002, 2008|
|3||Mercury||1968, 1972, 1976|
|Oldsmobile||1959, 1979, 1980|
|Pontiac||1961, 1962, 1983|
|Buick||1981, 1982, 1988|