Death of Freddie Gray
Get Death of Freddie Gray essential facts below. View Videos or join the Death of Freddie Gray discussion. Add Death of Freddie Gray to your Like2do.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Death of Freddie Gray
Death of Freddie Gray
Freddie Gray.jpg
Freddie Carlos Gray, Jr.
Date

April 12, 2015 (2015-04-12) (incident)

April 19, 2015 (2015-04-19) (Gray's death)
Location Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
Type Death while in police custody
Cause Spinal cord injury
Filmed by Two witnesses to Gray's arrest, store video of police van
Participants Freddie C. Gray, six Baltimore police officers
Outcome Death of Freddie Gray on April 19, 2015 (2015-04-19), protests, rioting
Burial April 27, 2015 (2015-04-27)
Inquiries U.S. Department of Justice; Baltimore Police Department
Arrest(s) 1
Accused Caesar R. Goodson Jr., William G. Porter, Brian W. Rice, Edward M. Nero, Garrett Miller, Alicia D. White[1]
Charges
Verdict Nero (Acquitted), Porter (Mistrial followed by all charges dropped), Goodson (Acquitted), Rice (Acquitted), Miller (Nolle prosequi), White (Nolle prosequi)
Litigation The City of Baltimore settled at $6.4 million prior to the Gray's family filing to sue

On April 12, 2015, Freddie Carlos Gray, Jr., a 25-year-old Black American man, was arrested by the Baltimore Police Department for possessing what the police alleged was an illegal switchblade under Baltimore law.[2] While being transported in a police van, Gray fell into a coma and was taken to a trauma center.[3][4] Gray died on April 19, 2015; his death was ascribed to injuries to his spinal cord.[4] On April 21, 2015, pending an investigation of the incident, six Baltimore police officers were suspended with pay.[3]

The circumstances of the injuries were initially unclear; eyewitness accounts suggested that the officers involved used unnecessary force against Gray during the arrest--a claim denied by all officers involved.[3][4][5] Commissioner Anthony W. Batts reported that, contrary to department policy,[6] the officers did not secure him inside the van while driving to the police station; this policy had been put into effect six days prior to Gray's arrest, following review of other transport-related injuries sustained during police custody in the city, and elsewhere in the country during the preceding years.[7] The medical investigation found that Gray had sustained the injuries while in transport.[8][9] The medical examiner's office concluded that Gray's death could not be ruled an accident, and was instead a homicide, because officers failed to follow safety procedures "through acts of omission."[10] On May 1, 2015, the Baltimore City State's Attorney, Marilyn Mosby, announced her office had filed charges against six police officers after the medical examiner's report ruled Gray's death a homicide.[11]

The prosecutors stated that they had probable cause to file criminal charges against the six police officers who were believed to be involved in his death.[11] The officer driving the van was charged with second-degree "depraved-heart" murder for his indifference to the considerable risk that Gray might be killed, and others were charged with crimes ranging from manslaughter to illegal arrest.[11] On May 21, a grand jury indicted the officers on most of the original charges filed by Mosby with the exception of the charges of illegal imprisonment and false arrest, and added charges of reckless endangerment to all the officers involved.[12]

Gray's hospitalization and subsequent death resulted in an ongoing series of protests.[13][14] On April 25, 2015, a major protest in downtown Baltimore turned violent, resulting in 34 arrests and injuries to 15 police officers.[15] After Gray's funeral on April 27, civil disorder intensified with looting and burning of local businesses and a CVS drug store, culminating with a state of emergency declaration by Governor Larry Hogan, Maryland National Guard deployment to Baltimore, and the establishment of a curfew. On May 3, the National Guard started withdrawing from Baltimore,[16] and the night curfew on the city was lifted.[17]

In September 2015, it was decided that there would be separate trials for the accused. The trial against Officer William Porter ended in mistrial. Officers Nero, Goodson, and Rice were found not guilty at trial. The remaining charges against the officers were dropped on July 27, 2016.[18][19][20]

On September 12, 2017, the U.S. Department of Justice announced it will not bring federal charges against the six Baltimore police officers involved in the arrest and in-custody death of Freddie Gray.[21] However, it was announced on October 5, 2017 that non-criminal, internal disciplinary trials for the officers will be prosecuted by a three person-panel chaired by someone from another Maryland police agency,[22] likely Prince George's County,[22] and that outside lawyer and former chair of the Baltimore City School Board Neil Duke will serve on the panel as well.[22]

Backgrounds

Freddie Gray

Freddie Carlos Gray, Jr. (August 16, 1989 - April 19, 2015)[23] was the 25-year-old son of Gloria Darden. He had a twin sister, Fredericka Gray, as well as another sister, Carolina.[24] At the time of his death, Gray lived in the home owned by his sisters in the Gilmor Homes neighborhood.[24] He stood 5 feet 8 inches (1.73 m) and weighed 145 pounds (66 kg).[25]

Police officers

  • Officer Caesar R. Goodson Jr., age 45, is a 16-year veteran of the police force.[26]
  • Officer Garrett E. Miller, age 26, joined the Baltimore Police Department in 2012.[26]
  • Officer Edward M. Nero, age 29, joined the Baltimore Police Department in 2012.[27][28]
  • Officer William G. Porter, age 25, joined the police force in 2012.[26]
  • Lieutenant Brian W. Rice, age 41, is a 17-year-veteran of the force.[26][27] Rice, who was promoted to lieutenant in 2011, is the highest-ranking officer charged in relation to Gray's death.[29]The Guardian reported that, in 2012, Rice had allegedly threatened to kill himself and the husband of his former partner. He had been hospitalized, reportedly, for a mental health evaluation and given an administrative suspension. The consequences of this threat included twice having his guns confiscated, and a restraining order on behalf of the husband of his former partner.[30] According to a police report obtained by The Guardian, Rice had also misused his position to order the arrest of his ex-girlfriend's husband as part of a personal dispute that took place two weeks before the incident.[31]
  • Sergeant Alicia D. White, age 30, joined the force in 2010 and was promoted to sergeant three months prior to Gray's death.[26] She grew up in Baltimore.[27]

Arrest and death

Timeline of Freddie Gray's arrest

Police encountered Freddie Gray on the morning of April 12, 2015,[5] in the street near Baltimore's Gilmor Homes housing project,[32] an area known to have high levels of home foreclosures,[33]poverty, drug deals and violent crime.[34] According to the charging documents submitted by the Baltimore police,[35] at 8:39 a.m Lieutenant Brian W. Rice, Officer Edward Nero, and Officer Garrett E. Miller were patrolling on bicycles and made eye contact with Gray,[32][36][37] who proceeded to flee on foot "unprovoked upon noticing police presence".[35] After a brief chase, Gray was apprehended and taken into custody "without the use of force or incident", according to Officer Garret Miller, who wrote he "noticed a knife clipped to the inside of his [Gray's] front right pocket".[35] In the formal statement of charges, Officer Miller stated that Gray "did unlawfully carry, possess, and sell a knife commonly known as a switch blade knife, with an automatic spring or other device for opening and/or closing the blade within the limits of Baltimore City. The knife was recovered by this officer and found to be a spring assisted one hand operated knife."[5][35][38] According to the state's attorney for Baltimore City, the spring-assisted knife Gray was carrying was legal under Maryland law,[11][39] while a police task force said the knife was a violation of the Baltimore code under which Gray was charged.[40]

Video recordings by two bystanders capturing Gray's arrest showed Gray, screaming in pain,[41] being dragged to a police van by officers, and then stepping up into the van. A bystander with connections to Gray stated that the officers were previously "folding" Gray: one officer bent Gray's legs backwards, and another held Gray down by pressing a knee into his neck. Witnesses commented Gray "couldn't walk",[42] "can't use his legs",[43] and "his leg look broke and you all dragging him like that".[44] Baltimore Police Commissioner Anthony W. Batts noted from the video that, "Gray stood on one leg and climbed into the van on his own."[45]The Baltimore Sun reported that another witness saw Gray being beaten with police batons.[5][46]

According to the police timeline, Gray was placed in a transport van within 11 minutes of his arrest, and within 30 minutes, paramedics were summoned to take Gray to a hospital.[36] The van made four confirmed stops while Gray was detained. At 8:46 a.m., Gray was unloaded in order to be placed in leg irons because police said he was acting irate. Gray's shackling was recorded on a cellphone, which exhibited a motionless Gray surrounded by several officers as he was restrained.[47] A later stop, recorded by a private security camera, shows the van stopped at a grocery store. At 8:59 a.m., a second prisoner was placed in the vehicle while officers checked on Gray's condition.[5][48][49] At 9:24 a.m., the transport van arrived at its final stop, the West District police station. After paramedics treated Gray for 21 minutes, he was taken to the University of Maryland R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center at 9:45 a.m. in a coma.[50][51]

The media has suggested the possibility of a rough ride--an unsanctioned practice where a handcuffed prisoner is placed without a seatbelt in an erratically driven vehicle--as a contributing factor in Gray's injury.[52][53] During Officer Goodson's trial, a prosecution witness testified that he "could not say" if there had been a rough ride, and the judge ruled that the prosecution had not presented evidence to back that assumption.[54][55]

The department's seatbelt policy had been revised six days prior to Gray's arrest, in an attempt to protect detained individuals from serious injuries during transport. The policy was not followed in Gray's case. According to attorney Michael Davey, who represents at least one of the officers under investigation, the new rules were criticized by some. He explained that in certain situations, like when a prisoner is combative, "It is not always possible or safe for officers to enter the rear of those transport vans that are very small, and this one was very small."[7]

In the following week, according to the Gray family attorney, Gray suffered from total cardiopulmonary arrest at least once but was resuscitated without ever regaining consciousness. He remained in a coma, and underwent extensive surgery in an effort to save his life.[34] According to his family, he lapsed into a coma with three fractured vertebrae, injuries to his voice box, and his spine 80% severed at his neck. Police confirmed that the spinal injury led to Gray's death.[3][4] Gray died on April 19, 2015, a week after his arrest.[38]

Approximately three weeks prior to the incident, Mosby had requested "enhanced" drug enforcement efforts at the corner of North and Mount.[56]

Aftermath

Investigation

The Baltimore Police Department suspended six officers with pay pending an investigation of Gray's death.[38] The six officers involved in the arrest were identified as Lieutenant Brian Rice, Sergeant Alicia White, Officer William Porter, Officer Garrett Miller, Officer Edward Nero, and Officer Caesar Goodson.[57] On April 24, 2015, Police Commissioner Anthony Batts said, "We know our police employees failed to get him medical attention in a timely manner multiple times."[8] Batts also acknowledged police did not follow procedure when they failed to buckle Gray in the van while he was being transported to the police station.[8] The U.S. Department of Justice also opened an investigation into the case.[58]

On April 30, 2015, Kevin Moore, one of the witnesses who filmed Gray's arrest, was arrested at gunpoint following what Moore described as "harassment and intimidation" by police. Moore stated he had cooperated with police, and gave over his video of Gray's arrest for investigation. He claimed, despite aiding in the investigation, his photo was made public by police, who asked the public to identify him because he was "wanted for questioning." Moore said the police obviously knew who he was when they posted his photo.[59] Moore was released from custody the next day, but two other individuals who were arrested along with Moore remained in custody.[60] The same day as Moore's arrest, medical examiners reported Gray sustained more injuries as a result of slamming into the inside of the transport van, "apparently breaking his neck; a head injury he sustained matches a bolt in the back of the van".[9]

On May 19, 2015, prosecutors asked a judge to place a gag order on attorneys, police, and witnesses of the arrest, arguing that statements by the attorneys of some of the officers charged could prejudice the public.[61] On June 8, 2015, it was announced that a judge had denied the state's attorney's request for a gag order on procedural grounds.[62]

Charges, indictments, and trials

On May 1, 2015, after receiving a medical examiner's report ruling Gray's death a homicide,[11] state prosecutors said that they had probable cause to file criminal charges against the six officers involved. Mosby said that the Baltimore police had acted illegally and that "No crime had been committed" (by Freddie Gray).[63] Mosby said that Gray "suffered a critical neck injury as a result of being handcuffed, shackled by his feet and unrestrained inside the BPD wagon".[64][65] Mosby said officers had "failed to establish probable cause for Mr. Gray's arrest, as no crime had been committed",[66] and charged officers with false imprisonment, because Gray was carrying a pocket knife of legal size, and not the switchblade police claimed he had possessed at the time of his arrest.[39] All six officers were taken into custody and processed at Baltimore Central Booking and Intake Center.[67]

Three of the officers faced manslaughter charges and one faced an additional count of second degree depraved-heart murder. The murder charge carries a possible penalty of 30 years in prison; the manslaughter and assault offenses carry a maximum penalty of 10 years in prison.[68] All six officers were released from jail after posting bail the same day they were booked. Two officers were released on $250,000 bail and the four others' bail was $350,000.[69]

Baltimore police officers charged in the death of Freddie Gray. Top row left to right: Caesar R. Goodson Jr., Garrett E. Miller and Edward M. Nero. Bottom row left to right: William G. Porter, Brian W. Rice and Alicia D. White

On September 2, 2015, it was decided to hold separate trials for the accused.[70]

In December 2015, a Baltimore judge declared a mistrial in the trial of Officer Porter after the jury was unable to reach a verdict.[71]

In May 2016, a Baltimore judge declared Officer Nero not guilty by means of a bench trial.[72]

On June 23, 2016, Officer Caesar Goodson was acquitted of all charges by Circuit Judge Barry Williams.[18]

In June 2016, law professor John Banzhaf of George Washington University filed a complaint with the bar against Marilyn Mosby for prosecutorial misconduct.[73]

In January 2017, a federal judge allowed a lawsuit by five of the six police officers unsuccessfully charged by Mosby. Mosby was being sued for malicious prosecution, defamation, and invasion of privacy.[74]

Response to charges

Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake said there was no place in the Baltimore Police department for those police officers who "choose to engage in violence, brutality, [and] racism".[66] Gene Ryan, president of the police union chapter said that despite the tragic situation, "none of the officers involved are responsible for the death of Mr. Gray."[66]

President Barack Obama said it was vital that the truth be found and supported protests if they were peaceful.[75]

In a May 4, 2015, interview on Fox News, Alan Dershowitz said that he believes Mosby overcharged the officers in an attempt to satisfy protesters and prevent further disturbances.[76] Former Baltimore Prosecutor Page Croyder penned an op-ed in The Baltimore Sun where she described Mosby's charges as reflecting "either incompetence or an unethical recklessness".[77] Croyder opined that Mosby circumvented normal procedures "to step into the national limelight", and that she "pandered to the public", creating an expectation of a conviction.[77]

A motion for Mosby to recuse herself from the case was filed on behalf of the charged officers, on the alleged basis of personal gain by Mosby and her husband, personal relationships with potential witnesses, and the financial interest of Gray's attorney, who the motion claims is a close friend of Mosby.[78]CNN's legal analyst Jeffrey Toobin pointed out that he does not see any serious conflict of interest to disqualify Mosby from the case, and that the officers may not have a case with that motion.[79] The lawyers representing the officers filed a motion insisting that the city must pay thousands of dollars in damages for arresting and detaining them--or else they could sue Mosby and the Mayor of Baltimore, Stephanie Rawlings-Blake.[80] In a 11-page rebuttal, Chief Deputy State's Attorney Michael Schatzow wrote that Gray was detained "well before the arresting officers knew he possessed a knife" and that the motion was absurdly "bounc[ing] from one ridiculous allegation to another, like a pinball on a machine far past 'TILT'".[81] Mosby was ordered to respond to the motion filed by the defense attorneys by June 26, 2015.[82]

Officer William G. Porter

Porter met up with the van after Goodson called dispatchers to ask for an officer to come check on Gray.[26] He was requested twice by Gray for a medic, but did not call for one.[83] He was charged with involuntary manslaughter; second degree assault; misconduct in office.[68] Porter posted a US$350,000 bail.[27] The grand jury indicted Porter on all charges and added an indictment of reckless endangerment.[12] On December 16, 2015, a mistrial was declared on all charges, after the jury was hung and could not come to a decision.[84] Porter's second trial was scheduled for June 13, 2016. Analysts stated that the Porter's retrial could have caused problems for the other trials, under the presumption that he could not be compelled to testify while there are pending charges against him.[85] After several appeals and reversals, the Maryland Court of Appeals ruled that Porter would be required to testify in the cases against the other officers.[86] Officer Porter's retrial date was originally scheduled for September 6, 2016.[87] On July 27, 2016, all charges against him were dropped.[88]

Officer Caesar R. Goodson, Jr.

The driver of the van.[26] He was charged with second-degree depraved heart murder; involuntary manslaughter; second-degree assault; manslaughter by vehicle (gross negligence); manslaughter by vehicle (criminal negligence); and misconduct in office.[68] He posted a US$350,000 bail.[27] The grand jury indicted Goodson on all charges and added an indictment of reckless endangerment.[12] Officer Goodson was found not guilty on all charges by Circuit Judge Barry Williams on June 23, 2016.[18]

Officers Garrett E. Miller and Edward M. Nero

The officers who caught Gray after he fled, and, after apprehending him, handcuffed Gray with his arms behind his back.[26] Miller was charged with two counts of second degree assault; two counts of misconduct in office; and false imprisonment. Nero was charged with two counts of second degree assault; misconduct in office and false imprisonment.[68][89] Each posted a US$250,000 bail.[27] The false imprisonment charges were dropped by the grand jury, but an indictment of reckless endangerment was added.[12] Judge Williams found Officer Nero not guilty of all charges on May 23, 2016.[90] Officer Miller's trial date was set for July 27, 2016.[87] At his pretrial hearing on July 27, 2016, however, all charges against Miller and officers Porter and White were dropped.[88]

Lt. Brian W. Rice

The officer who initially made eye contact with Gray while on a bicycle patrol.[26] He was charged with involuntary manslaughter; two counts of second degree assault; manslaughter by vehicle (gross negligence); two counts of misconduct in office; and false imprisonment.[68] He posted a US$350,000 bail.[27] The false imprisonment charges were dropped by the grand jury, which added an indictment of reckless endangerment.[12] Judge Williams dropped one of the assault charges after the prosecution rested, ruling there was not enough evidence to prove second-degree assault.[91] Lt. Rice's trial began July 7, 2016. Rice was found not guilty on all counts by Judge Barry Williams on July 18, 2016.[92][93][94][95]

Sgt. Alicia D. White

White is accused of not calling for medical assistance when she encountered Gray, "despite the fact she was advised that he needed a medic".[26][83] She was charged with involuntary manslaughter; second degree assault; and misconduct.[68] She posted a US$350,000 bail.[27] The grand jury indicted White on all charges and added an indictment of reckless endangerment.[12] Sgt. White's trial date was originally set for October 13, 2016.[87] On July 27, 2016, all charges against her were dropped.[88]

Federal investigations

Attorney General Loretta Lynch announced on , 2015, that the Department of Justice would conduct a review of the current practices of Baltimore Police Department on account of the "serious erosion of public trust" in relation to the circumstances of Gray's death.[96] The review took effect immediately, and focused on allegations that Baltimore police officers use excessive force, including deadly force, conduct unlawful searches, seizures or arrests, and engage in discriminatory policing.[96]

As of May 2015, Federal authorities were conducting three probes into Baltimore police, the "pattern of practice" investigation initiated by Lynch, a collaborative review that began in the fall of 2014, and a civil rights probe into the death of Gray.[97]

On September 12, 2017, the U.S. Department of Justice announced it will not bring federal charges against the six Baltimore police officers involved in the arrest and in-custody death of Freddie Gray.[21]

Public response

Protesters at a police station near the site of Gray's arrest on April 25

Public reaction to the death has drawn further parallels to the response to the 2014 shooting of Michael Brown, as part of a larger string of controversial uses of force by police officers in the United States against African Americans.[39][98][99] As of April 30, 2015, 22 demonstrations had been held nationwide in direct response to Gray's death or in solidarity with Baltimore.[100] Additionally, the Black Lives Matter movement has protested Gray's death.[101][102]

On April 18, 2015, hundreds of people participated in a protest outside the Baltimore Police Department.[103] Three days later, on April 21, 2015, according to Reuters, "[h]undreds of demonstrators gathered in Baltimore", protesting Gray's death.[46] The next day, Gene Ryan, the president of the local lodge of the Fraternal Order of Police, expressed sympathy for the Gray family, but criticized the "rhetoric of protests" and suggested that "the images seen on television look and sound much like a lynch mob". William Murphy, attorney for the Gray family, demanded an "immediate apology and a retraction".[104] Ryan defended his statement two days later, while admitting that the wording was poor.[105]Charles M. Blow of The New York Times, reminded of a column he wrote several years ago, said that comparing protests to lynch mobs was too extreme because it inflames racial tensions by belittling the significance of the history of lynching in the United States.[106]

On April 25, 2015, protests were organized in downtown Baltimore, and the protests turned violent as protesters threw rocks and set fires.[107] At least 34 people were arrested, and 15 officers were injured.[15][108][109] On April 27, rioting and looting began after the funeral of Gray,[110] with two patrol cars destroyed and 15 officers reported injured.[15] Protesters looted and burned down a CVS Pharmacy location in downtown Baltimore.[111] In reaction to the unrest, the Maryland State Police sent 82 troopers to protect the city.[112] A Baltimore Orioles baseball game against the Chicago White Sox scheduled for the evening was postponed due to the unrest.[113] The next game commenced as scheduled but, as a precautionary measure, the match was played behind closed doors.[114] The next series against the Tampa Bay Rays was moved to St. Petersburg.[115] Maryland Governor Larry Hogan declared a state of emergency, and activated the Maryland National Guard.[116][117] Hogan also activated 500 state troopers for duty in Baltimore and requested an additional 5,000 police officers from other locales.[118]

At a press conference, Baltimore's mayor announced there would be a citywide curfew from 10:00 p.m. to 5:00 a.m.[119][120][121] School trips were canceled until mid-May,[122][123] and Baltimore's city schools were closed on April 28.[124] In addition, both the University of Maryland campus in downtown Baltimore and the Mondawmin Mall were closed early.[125]

Protests outside Baltimore also took place in other U.S. cities. In New York City, 143 people at Union Square were arrested on April 29, 2015 for blocking traffic and refusing to relocate. On the same day, outside the White House in Washington, D.C., nearly 500 protesters converged without an incident. In Denver, eleven people were arrested as protesters were involved in physical altercations with officers. Other protests in response to Gray's death took place in cities including Chicago,[126]Minneapolis,[127]Miami,[128]Philadelphia,[129]Portland,[130] and Seattle.[131]

On May 3, 2015, the National Guard began withdrawing from Baltimore,[16] and the night curfew on the city was lifted.[17] The demobilizing process lasted three days, during which time the state of emergency remained in effect.[132][133]

Spike in Baltimore homicides

In May 2015, there were 43 homicides in Baltimore, making it the deadliest month in 40 years[134][135] behind August 1972 (45 homicides) and December 1971 (44 homicides). The number of homicides fell to 29 in June 2015 but in July 2015, 45 murders were recorded, tying with the record in 1972.[136] Lt. Gene Ryan, president of Baltimore Fraternal Order of Police, said this was partly due to an increase of confidence among criminals in Baltimore. Then-police commissioner, Anthony Batts, blamed drugs looted from pharmacies during the riots for the spike in crime.[137][138][139]

The 2015 homicide total as of July 31 was 189 compared to 119 by the end of July 2014. On August 3, in an attempt to solve the cases, Baltimore announced the Baltimore Federal Homicide Task Force. It is a partnership of the Baltimore police and five federal crime-fighting agencies. The agencies will each embed two agents with the Baltimore police to help investigate.[140][141][142] On July 8, 2015, Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake fired Anthony Batts, saying that his response to the death of Gray had become a distraction, while the police failed to prevent the spike in homicides.[143][144]

Baltimore ended the year with 344 homicides, the second-highest total behind 1993, when 353 murders occurred. It was also the first time since 1999 that the city recorded at least 300 homicides within a calendar year.

Settlement

On September 8, 2015, Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake announced that the city had reached a $6.4 million settlement with Gray's family. Rawlings-Blake said the settlement "should not be interpreted as a judgment on the guilt or innocence of the officers facing trial", but had been negotiated to avoid "costly and protracted litigation that would only make it more difficult for our city to heal".[145] The city offered a settlement before they were sued.[146]

Charges against three remaining officers dropped

On July 27, 2016, prosecutors dropped the remaining charges against the three remaining officers.[147]

In popular culture

The death of Gray has been the subject of several songs. Prince recorded a song called "Baltimore" for his 2015 album Hit n Run Phase Two. The music video featured scenes from protests in response to Gray's death.[148] In May 2015, Salomon Faye released "Black Power", a music video on YouTube that shows rallies in the aftermath of Gray's death.[149]Dru Hill dedicated their 2016 song "Change" to Gray.[150] In 2017, jazz pianist Lafayette Gilchrist released a song called "Blues For Freddie Gray" on his New Urban World Blues record.[151] Later the same year, singer-songwriter Eliot Bronson penned "Rough Ride", a song about Gray.[152]

HBO produced Baltimore Rising, a documentary about Gray's death and the subsequent protests that is scheduled for a November 2017 release. Directed by Sonja Sohn, it charts the impact of the incident on the people of Baltimore.[153]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Gordon, Kalani (May 1, 2015). "Latest updates on Baltimore unrest and Freddie Gray case - The charges". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2015. 
  2. ^ Barajas, Joshua (May 1, 2015). "Freddie Gray's death ruled a homicide" (video & text). PBS. Retrieved 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d Laughland, Oliver; Swaine, Jon (April 20, 2015). "Six Baltimore officers suspended over police-van death of Freddie Gray". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d Graham, David A. (April 22, 2015). "The Mysterious Death of Freddie Gray". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Rector, Kevin (April 25, 2015). "The 45-minute mystery of Freddie Gray's death". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2015. 
  6. ^ Donovan, Doug; Puente, Mark (April 23, 2015). "Updates from rallies in city, latest of Freddie Gray case". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2015. 
  7. ^ a b Juliet Linderman; Curt Anderson (April 23, 2015). "Rough Ride? Lawyer Says Fatally Injured Arrestee Lacked Belt". Baltimore: ABC News. Associated Press. Archived from the original on May 6, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  8. ^ a b c Payne, Ed; Almasy, Steve; Pearson, Michael (April 24, 2015). "Police: Freddie Gray didn't get timely medical care after arrest". CNN. Retrieved 2015. 
  9. ^ a b McLaughlin, Eliott; Almasy, Steve; Yan, Holly (May 1, 2015). "Report: Freddie Gray sustained injury in back of police van". CNN. Retrieved 2015. 
  10. ^ Fenton, Justin (June 24, 2015). "Autopsy of Freddie Gray shows 'high-energy' impact". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2016. 
  11. ^ a b c d e Blinder, Alan; Pérez-Peña, Richard (May 1, 2015). "6 Baltimore Police Officers Charged in Freddie Gray Death". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f Pérez-Peña, Richard (May 21, 2015). "Six Baltimore Officers Indicted in Death of Freddie Gray". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015. 
  13. ^ "Timeline: Freddie Gray's arrest, death and the aftermath". The Baltimore Sun. May 1, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  14. ^ Yan, Holly; Fantz, Ashley; Hutcherson, Kimberly (April 23, 2015). "Freddie Gray death: Protesters, police scuffle in Baltimore". CNN. Retrieved 2015. 
  15. ^ a b c Bacon, John; welch, William M. (April 27, 2015). "Baltimore police, protesters clash; 15 officers hurt". USA Today. Retrieved 2015. 
  16. ^ a b Caulderwood, Kathleen (May 3, 2015). "Baltimore Riots 2015 Update: Mayor Lifts Curfew, National Guard To Withdraw Soon, Sources Say". International Business Times. Retrieved 2015. 
  17. ^ a b Nuckols, Ben; Dishneau, David (May 3, 2015). "Baltimore mayor lifts curfew 6 days after riots". Yahoo News. Retrieved 2015. 
  18. ^ a b c Fenton, Justin; Rector, Kevin (June 23, 2016). "Freddie Gray case: Officer Caesar Goodson Jr. not guilty on all charges". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2016. 
  19. ^ "Freddie Gray trial: Lt. Brian Rice found not guilty on all charges". CNN. Retrieved . 
  20. ^ http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/maryland/freddie-gray/bs-md-ci-miller-pretrial-motions-20160727-story.html
  21. ^ a b Linderman, Juliet (12 September 2017). "DOJ won't bring charges against officers in Gray case". ABC.com. Baltimore: Associated Press. 
  22. ^ a b c http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/maryland/crime/bs-md-ci-freddie-gray-trial-board-outside-help-20171003-story.html
  23. ^ Brown, DeNeen L. (May 1, 2015). "Man who shot Gray video questions manslaughter charges for officers". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2015. 
  24. ^ a b Marbella, Jean (April 23, 2015). "Beginning of Freddie Gray's life as sad as its end, court case shows". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2015. 
  25. ^ Muskal, Michael (April 22, 2015). "The death of Freddie Gray: What we know - and don't know". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2015. 
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Richard Fausset; Serge F. Kovaleski; Richard A. Oppel (May 1, 2015). "Officers Facing Charges Find Themselves on an Unfamiliar Side of the Law". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015. 
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h Paul Schwartzman (May 1, 2015). "Accused officers have wide range of experience". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2015. 
  28. ^ Rentz, Catherine (May 1, 2015). "Officer Edward Nero had been firefighter in N.J". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2015. 
  29. ^ Knezevich, Alison (May 2, 2015). "Lieutenant Brian Rice charged in Freddie Gray death had weapons seized in 2012". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2015. 
  30. ^ Swain, Jon; Laughand, Oliver (May 5, 2015). "Freddie Gray officer threatened to kill himself and ex-partner's husband, court document alleges". The Guardian. Archived from the original on May 6, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  31. ^ Knezevich, Alison (May 2, 2015). "Officer in Freddie Gray case demanded man's arrest as part of personal dispute". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015. 
  32. ^ a b Davidson, Amy (May 1, 2015). "Freddie Gray's Death Becomes a Murder Case". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2015. 
  33. ^ Covert, Bryce (April 28, 2015). "The Economic Devastation Fueling the Anger in Baltimore". thinkprogress.org. Retrieved 2015. 
  34. ^ a b McLaughlin, Eliott C.; Brumfield, Ben; Ford, Dana (April 20, 2015). "Baltimore looks into Freddie Gray police custody death". CNN. Retrieved 2015. 
  35. ^ a b c d "Charging documents for Freddie Gray". The Baltimore Sun. April 20, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  36. ^ a b Almukhtar, Sarah; Buchanan, Larry; Lai, K.K. Rebecca; Wallace, Tim; Yourish, Karen (May 2, 2015). "The Timeline of Freddie Gray's Arrest and the Charges Filed". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 6, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  37. ^ Fieldstadt, Elisha (May 2, 2015). "A Look at the Baltimore Police Officers Charged in Freddie Gray's Death". NBC News. Retrieved 2015. 
  38. ^ a b c McLaughlin, Eliott (April 21, 2015). "Freddie Gray death: Protesters rally in Baltimore". CNN. Retrieved 2015. 
  39. ^ a b c "Freddie Gray: Baltimore police to face criminal charges". BBC News. May 1, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  40. ^ Campbell, Colin (May 4, 2015). "Gunshot at scene of protests underscores tension in city". The Baltimore Sun. 
  41. ^ Stolberg, Sheryl Gay; Babcock, Stephen (April 25, 2015). "Scenes of Chaos in Baltimore as Thousands Protest Freddie Gray's death". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015. 
  42. ^ "Freddie Gray witness speaks to Anderson Cooper" (Video). CNN. April 23, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  43. ^ New video shows arrest of Freddie Gray in Baltimore (Video). CNN. April 21, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  44. ^ "Baltimore police drag Freddie Gray". Daily Mail (Video). April 12, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  45. ^ Herman, Peter (April 29, 2015). "Public Safety Prisoner in van heard "banging against walls"". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2015. 
  46. ^ a b Simpson, Ian (April 21, 2015). "Crowds protest death of man after arrest by Baltimore police". Reuters. Retrieved 2015. 
  47. ^ Rentz, Catherine (May 20, 2015). "Video spotlights Freddie Gray at Baker and Mount streets". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2015. 
  48. ^ "Events Leading to Freddie Gray's Death". Daily News. New York. April 30, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  49. ^ Peralta, Eyder (April 20, 2015). "Baltimore Police Promise Full Investigation Into Man's Death After Arrest". NPR. Retrieved 2015. 
  50. ^ Bever, Lindsey; Ohlheiser, Abby (April 20, 2015). "Baltimore police: Freddie Gray died from a 'tragic injury to his spinal cord'". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2015. 
  51. ^ Ortiz, Erik (May 1, 2015). "Freddie Gray: From Baltimore arrest to protests, a timeline of the case". MSNBC. Retrieved 2015. 
  52. ^ Donovan, Doug; Puente, Mark (April 23, 2015). "Freddie Gray not the first to come out of Baltimore police van with serious injuries". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2015. 
  53. ^ Broom, Scott (April 29, 2015). "Baltimore police prisoner rough ride history" (Video). WUSA 9. Retrieved 2015. 
  54. ^ "Officer's Murder Trial in Freddie Gray Death Turns on 'Rough Ride'". The New York Times. June 18, 2016. 
  55. ^ CNN, Ray Sanchez, Lawrence Crook III and Laura Ly. "Freddie Gray verdict: Baltimore officer who drove van not guilty on all charges". 
  56. ^ Rector, Kevin (June 9, 2015). "Baltimore prosecutor asked police to target area where Freddie Gray was arrested". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2015. 
  57. ^ Miller, Jayne. 6 officers suspended in Freddie Gray case, WBAL, April 20, 2015. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
  58. ^ Boswell, Craig (April 21, 2015). "Feds investigating Baltimore man's death in police custody". CBS News. Retrieved 2015. 
  59. ^ Hooton, Christopher (May 1, 2015). "The Man Who Filmed Freddie Gray Video has been Arrested at Gunpoint". The Independent. Retrieved 2015. 
  60. ^ Gettys, Travis (May 1, 2015). "Man who recorded Freddie Gray's arrest taken into custody after complaining of police harassment". rawstory.com. Retrieved 2015. 
  61. ^ "Prosecutors call for gag order in Freddie Gray case". WWMT. May 19, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  62. ^ Rector, Kevin (June 8, 2015). "Judge strikes state's motion for gag order in Freddie Gray case". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2015. 
  63. ^ Swaine, Jon; Laughland, Oliver; Jalabi, Raya (May 1, 2015). "Freddie Gray death: cries of 'justice' in Baltimore after six officers charged". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015. 
  64. ^ Blinder, Alan; Pérez-Peña, Richard; Fausset, Richard; White, Rebecca; Stolberg, Sheryl Gay (May 1, 2015). "6 Baltimore Police Officers Charged in Freddie Gray Death". Retrieved 2015. 
  65. ^ Malone, Scott; Simpson, Ian (May 3, 2015). "Six Baltimore police officers face murder, other charges in death of black man". Reuters. Retrieved 2015. 
  66. ^ a b c Blinder, Alan; Pérez-Peña, Richard (May 1, 2015). "6 Baltimore Police Officers Charged in Freddie Gray Death". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015. 
  67. ^ Marbella, Jean (May 2, 2015). "Six officers charged in death of Freddie Gray". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2015. 
  68. ^ a b c d e f Chappell, Bill (May 3, 2015). "Charges Against Officers In Freddie Gray's Death Range From Murder To Assault". NPR. Retrieved 2015. 
  69. ^ Anderson, Jessica; Broadwater, Luke (May 1, 2015). "All six officers charged in Freddie Gray's death released on bail". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2015. 
  70. ^ "Six Cops in the Freddie Gray Case To Be Tried Separately". September 2, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  71. ^ "Baltimore judge declares mistrial in Freddie Gray case". December 16, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  72. ^ CNN, Eliott C. McLaughlin, Aaron Cooper and Ray Sanchez. "Freddie Gray verdict: Officer Edward Nero not guilty". CNN. Retrieved . 
  73. ^ McCorkel, Meghan. "10 page complaint filed". Baltimore cbs local. 
  74. ^ http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/maryland/freddie-gray/bs-md-ci-mosby-lawsuit-to-proceed-20170106-story.html
  75. ^ "Freddie Gray Death: Obama Says It's 'Absolutely Vital' to Get the Truth". NBC News. Retrieved 2015. 
  76. ^ "Justice or crowd control? Dershowitz on Baltimore charges". Fox News Channel. May 4, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  77. ^ a b Croyder, Page (May 5, 2015). "Police charges in Freddie Gray case are incompetent at best". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2015. 
  78. ^ Lettis, George. "Motion filed to have Marilyn Mosby recuse herself". WBALTV. Retrieved 2015. 
  79. ^ Feldman, Josh. "CNN's Toobin: Cops Don't Have a Case Against Marilyn Mosby". CNN. 
  80. ^ Laughland, Oliver (May 8, 2015). "Baltimore: Freddie Gray police threaten to sue state's attorney Marilyn Mosby". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015. 
  81. ^ Fenton, Justin (May 19, 2015). "Mosby's office: Defense attacks in Gray case 'like pinball on machine far past 'TILT'". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2015. 
  82. ^ "Judge orders Mosby to respond to defense motions in Freddie Gray case by June 26". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2015. 
  83. ^ a b "A Look at the Baltimore Police Officers Charged in Freddie Gray's Death". NBC News. Retrieved 2015. 
  84. ^ Aaron Cooper, Carolyn Sung and Catherine E. Shoichet (December 16, 2015). "Freddie Gray case: Hung jury in Baltimore cop's trial". CNN. 
  85. ^ Baltimore Sun (December 21, 2015). "Porter retrial scheduled for June 13; Goodson's trial unchanged, to begin Jan. 6". The Baltimore Sun. 
  86. ^ "Freddie Gray case: Baltimore Officer William Porter ordered to testify against other cops". CBS News. March 8, 2016. 
  87. ^ a b c Bui, Lynh (March 15, 2016). "New trial dates selected for officers charged in Freddie Gray case". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2016. 
  88. ^ a b c "All charges dropped in Freddie Gray case; no convictions". Fox News. July 27, 2016. Retrieved July 27, 2016. 
  89. ^ "Read the Transcript of Marilyn Mosby's Freddie Gray Statement". Time. May 1, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  90. ^ "Officer Edward Nero trial: Freddie Gray case live coverage". 
  91. ^ "Freddie Gray Case Trials: Day By Day - Baltimore Sun". www.baltimoresun.com. July 11, 2016. Retrieved 2016. 
  92. ^ Rector, Kevin (July 18, 2016). "Freddie Gray case: Judge acquits Lt. Brian Rice of all charges". www.baltimoresun.com. Retrieved 2016. 
  93. ^ Sun, Baltimore (July 14, 2016). "After closing arguments, ruling in Lt. Rice trial in Freddie Gray case scheduled Monday". Retrieved . 
  94. ^ Snyder, Ron (July 14, 2016). "Closing arguments conclude in trial of Lt. Brian Rice". WBAL-TV. Retrieved 2016. 
  95. ^ Samee Ali, Safia. "Highest Ranked Cop in Freddie Gray Case Not Guilty on All Counts". NBC News. Retrieved 2016. 
  96. ^ a b "Loretta Lynch Confirms Department of Justice Review of Baltimore Police". Newsweek. Retrieved 2015. 
  97. ^ "After Freddie Gray death, U.S. starts civil rights probe of Baltimore police". The Baltimore Sun. Archived from the original on March 7, 2016. Retrieved 2015. 
  98. ^ Swift, Tim. "Baltimore's dual identity explains unrest". BBC News. Retrieved 2015. 
  99. ^ Stolberg, Sheryl Gay (April 27, 2015). "Baltimore Enlists National Guard and a Curfew to Fight Riots and Looting". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015. 
  100. ^ "At least 857 Black Lives Matter demonstrations have been held in the last 286 days". Elephrame. Retrieved 2015. 
  101. ^ Williams, Yohuru. "You're Nobody 'Till Somebody Kills You: Baltimore, Freddie Gray and the Problem of History". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2015. 
  102. ^ Durkin, Erin; Yaniv, Oren; Siemaszko, Corky. "Baltimore burns as riots over Freddie Gray's death convulse city, prompt officials to declare state of emergency, call in National Guard". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2015. 
  103. ^ Fenton, Justin (April 18, 2015). "Hundreds at Baltimore police station protest over man's injuries during arrest". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2015. 
  104. ^ Campbell, Colin; George, Justin (April 22, 2015). "Baltimore police union president likens protests to 'lynch mob'". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2015. 
  105. ^ McCormack, Simon (April 24, 2015). "Police Union Chief Defends Calling Baltimore Protesters A 'Lynch Mob'". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2015. 
  106. ^ Blow, Charles M. (April 27, 2015). "'Lynch Mob': Misuse of Language". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015. 'Lynch mob' is the same ghastly rhetorical overreach that is often bandied about in political discussions -- including in this column I wrote seven years ago. It was a too-extreme comparison then, and it's a too-extreme comparison now. 
  107. ^ Stolberg, Sheryl Grey (August 27, 2015). "Baltimore Enlists National Guard and a Curfew to Fight Riots and Looting". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015. 
  108. ^ Marquez, Miguel; Almasy, Steve (April 25, 2015). "Freddie Gray death: 12 arrested during protests - CNN". CNN. Retrieved 2015. 
  109. ^ Wenger, Yvonne; Campbell, Colin (April 27, 2015). "Baltimore police arrest 35, 6 officers injured in protest". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2015. 
  110. ^ Calvert, Scott (April 27, 2015). "Freddie Gray's Funeral Draws Thousands in Baltimore". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2015. 
  111. ^ Yan, Holly; Ford, Dana (April 27, 2015). "Baltimore riots: Looting, fires engulf city after Freddie Gray's funeral". CNN. Retrieved 2015. 
  112. ^ "Gov. declares state of emergency; activates National Guard". WBAL-TV. April 28, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  113. ^ Encina, Eduardo A. (April 27, 2015). "Orioles game postponed amid violence, series could be moved". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2015. 
  114. ^ Good, Dan (April 30, 2015). "Mayor Stephanie Rawlings Blake Defends Barring Fans". ABC News. Retrieved 2015. 
  115. ^ Lupica, Mike (April 29, 2015). "Fanless game in Baltimore between Orioles and White Sox reflects somber racial divide". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2016. 
  116. ^ Shapiro, Emily (April 27, 2015). "National Guard Troops Deployed After Violent Clashes in Baltimore". ABC News. Retrieved 2015. 
  117. ^ "Executive Order 01.01.2015.14" (PDF). Government of Maryland. Retrieved 2015. 
  118. ^ Dance, Scott (April 27, 2015). "Riots erupt across West Baltimore, downtown". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2015. 
  119. ^ Muskal, Michael; Hennigan, W.J. (April 27, 2015). "Baltimore mayor orders curfew; 'thugs' trying to tear down city, she says". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2015. 
  120. ^ "Violent clashes flare in Baltimore after Freddie Gray funeral". Al Jazeera. Associated Press. April 27, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  121. ^ "Baltimore Mayor Imposes Curfew, Says 'Thugs' Trying To Tear Down City". CBS Baltimore. Associated Press. April 27, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  122. ^ "Gov. declares state of emergency; activates National Guard". WBAL-TV. April 27, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  123. ^ "Concerns over violence leads to area closings in Baltimore". WMAR. Archived from the original on April 30, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  124. ^ Bacon, John; Welch, William M. (April 27, 2015). "Baltimore police, protesters clash; 15 officers hurt". USA Today. Retrieved 2015. Police said more than two dozen people were arrested. The city's schools were canceled for Tuesday. 
  125. ^ Stolberg, Sheryl Gay (April 27, 2015). "National Guard Called Out in Baltimore as Police and Youths Clash After Funeral for Freddie Gray". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015. 
  126. ^ Stein, Isaac. "Over 300 flock to East 63rd Street in solidarity with Baltimore protestors". Chicago Maroon. Retrieved 2015. 
  127. ^ "Freddie Gray protests in several US cities". BBC News. Retrieved 2015. 
  128. ^ "Evening protest of Freddie Gray death planned in Miami area". WKRG. Archived from the original on May 5, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  129. ^ "In Philadelphia, Supporters of Baltimore Protests take to the Streets". CNN. Retrieved 2015. 
  130. ^ "Portland May Day Protests". The Oregonian. Archived from the original on May 3, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  131. ^ "Seattle protesters march through downtown streets for Baltimore's Freddie Gray". q13fox.com. Retrieved 2015. 
  132. ^ "As Baltimore ends curfew, Gray family seeks justice". CBS News. Retrieved 2015. 
  133. ^ "Last of National Guard troops to leave Baltimore". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2015. 
  134. ^ Ritter, Rick (June 1, 2015). "May The Deadliest Month In Baltimore In More Than 40 Years". WJZ-TV. Retrieved 2015. 
  135. ^ Puente, Mark (May 31, 2015). "Baltimore records deadliest month in more than 40 years". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2015. 
  136. ^ Fenton, Justin; Jedra, Christina; Collins, Mayah (August 29, 2015). "45 murders in 31 days Looking back at Baltimore's deadliest month". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2015. 
  137. ^ Schaffer, Christian (Jun 3, 2015). "Baltimore Police Commissioner: Drugs stolen during riots fueling increase in violent crime". Abc 2 News. Retrieved 2015. 
  138. ^ Fantz, Ashley (June 5, 2015). "In Baltimore, allegations of police doing less as drugs are rampant". CNN. Retrieved 2015. 
  139. ^ Justin Worland. "Baltimore Sees Worst Month for Homicides in 40 Years". 
  140. ^ Linderman, Juliette. "Baltimore killings soar to a level unseen in 43 years". Retrieved 2015. 
  141. ^ "Baltimore calls in federal agents to help homicide cops deal with spike in violence". Retrieved 2015. 
  142. ^ Linderman, Juliet. "Baltimore Homicide Uptick: Anti-Crime Partnership Launched". Archived from the original on August 3, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  143. ^ "Mayor fires Police Commissioner Batts". The Baltimore Sun. July 8, 2015. 
  144. ^ "Baltimore mayor fires police commissioner amid homicide rise". Yahoo News. July 9, 2015. 
  145. ^ Stolberg, Sheryl Gay (September 8, 2015). "Baltimore Announces $6.4 Million Settlement in the Death of Freddie Gray". The New York Times. Retrieved 2016. 
  146. ^ Alexander, Keith. "Baltimore reaches settlement". Washington Post. Retrieved 2015. 
  147. ^ Sun, Baltimore. "Marilyn Mosby: "Not to proceed on the remaining trials is agonizing"". Retrieved . 
  148. ^ Murphy, Keith (June 26, 2016). "'HitnRUN Phase Two': An Oral History Of Prince's Last Studio Album". Vibe. 
  149. ^ Salem-Mackall, Theo (June 9, 2015). "Brooklyn MC Salomon Faye documents the uprising in his 'Black Power' video". Baltimore City Paper. 
  150. ^ Case, Wesley. "Drew Hill Releases Freddie Gray-inspired song, 'Change'". Baltimore Sun. 
  151. ^ Harrell, Phil (July 26, 2017). "Lafayette Gilchrist Plays The 'Blues For Freddie Gray'". NPR. 
  152. ^ Johns, Myke (September 21, 2017). "New Album Looks At Another Side Of Atlanta Singer Eliot Bronson". WABE 90.1. 
  153. ^ Cohen, Sandy (July 28, 2017). "'Baltimore Rising' explores life after Freddie Gray". The Detroit News. Associated Press. 

External links



  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.


Death_of_Freddie_Gray
 



 

Top US Cities