|Del Mar, California|
|City of Del Mar|
Location of Del Mar in San Diego County, California.
|Incorporated||July 15, 1959|
|o Mayor||Sherryl Parks|
|o City||1.78 sq mi (4.60 km2)|
|o Land||1.71 sq mi (4.42 km2)|
|o Water||0.07 sq mi (0.18 km2) 3.94%|
|Elevation||112 ft (34 m)|
|o Estimate (2016)||4,365|
|o Density||2,557.12/sq mi (987.43/km2)|
|o Metro||SD-TJ: 5,105,768|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|o Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||1656480|
Del Mar is a beach city in San Diego County, California. Del Mar is Spanish for "of the sea" or "by the sea," which reflects its location on the coast of the Pacific Ocean. The Del Mar Horse Races are hosted on the Del Mar racetrack every summer. In 1885, Colonel Jacob Taylor purchased 338 acres (1.37 km2) from Enoch Talbert, with visions of building a seaside resort for the rich and famous. The United States Navy operated a Naval Auxiliary Air Facility for blimps at Del Mar during World War II. The population was estimated at 4,311 in 2014, up from 4,161 at the 2010 census.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2). 1.7 square miles (4.4 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (3.94%) is water. At the southern edge of Del Mar is the Los Peñasquitos Lagoon.
Del Mar's climate is considered mediterranean-subtropical with warm, dry summers and mild, humid winters, and is considered one of the most desirable climates in the United States. Temperatures exceed 85 °F (29 °C) only on a few occasions throughout the year and rarely drop below 41 °F (5 °C). The average yearly temperature in Del Mar is approximately 65 °F (18 °C).
Del Mar is also one of few locations in which the Torrey Pine tree grows. The Torrey Pine is the rarest pine in the United States and only two populations of this endangered species exist. The Soledad Valley at the south of Del Mar severs two colony segments of the Pinus torreyana.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Del Mar had a population of 4,161. The population density was 2,341.9 people per square mile (904.2/km²). The racial makeup of Del Mar was 3,912 (94.0%) White, 10 (0.2%) African American, eight (0.2%) Native American, 118 (2.8%) Asian, three (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 25 (0.6%) from other races, and 85 (2.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 175 people (4.2%).
The Census reported that 4,161 people (100% of the population) lived in households, zero (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and zero (0%) were institutionalized.
There were 2,064 households, out of which 340 (16.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 927 (44.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 114 (5.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 57 (2.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 124 (6.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 19 (0.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. Seven hundred seven households (34.3%) were made up of individuals and 209 (10.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.02. There were 1,098 families (53.2% of all households); the average family size was 2.57.
The population was spread out with 564 people (13.6%) under the age of 18, 205 people (4.9%) aged 18 to 24, 1,071 people (25.7%) aged 25 to 44, 1,455 people (35.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 866 people (20.8%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48.6 years. For every 100 females there were 102.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.1 males.
There were 2,596 housing units at an average density of 1,461.1 per square mile (564.1/km²), of which 1,113 (53.9%) were owner-occupied, and 951 (46.1%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.6%; the rental vacancy rate was 7.9%. Of the population, 2,398 people (57.6% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 1,763 people (42.4%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the 2000 census, there were 4,389 people, 2,178 households, and 1,083 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,559.7 inhabitants per square mile (991.0/km²). There were 2,557 housing units at an average density of 1,491.3 per square mile (577.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.1% White, 0.3% African American, 0.3% Native American, 2.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, and 1.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.9% of the population.
There were 2,178 households out of which 15.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.8% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 50.3% were non-families. 36.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.01 and the average family size was 2.61.
In the city, the population was spread out with 13.6% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 33.1% from 25 to 44, 33.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 105.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $120,001, and the median income for a family was $130,270. Males had a median income of $81,250 versus $70,069 for females. The per capita income for the city was $92,425. About 7.8% of families and 8.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.6% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.
According to estimates by the San Diego Association of Governments, the median household income of Del Mar in 2005 was $169,348 (not adjusted for inflation). When adjusted for inflation (1999 dollars; comparable to Census data above), the median household income was $100,982.
The City of Del Mar is governed by a city council of five elected representatives. Each year a new mayor is chosen from among the councilmembers.
The historic Del Mar station was the only passenger stop between Oceanside and San Diego for many years and welcomed passengers from Los Angeles to the racetrack. When the Coaster commuter rail was being planned, officials recognized the need for ample parking, accessible access for wheelchair users, and a sensible routing for bus and shuttle service, and nearby Solana Beach was selected for a new station. The Del Mar City Council rejected any significant expansion of the facility, while still hoping to keep it in operation as an Amtrak-only station; but Amtrak moved their services to the new station.
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