Designated Player Rule
Steven Gerrard, LA Galaxy's former Designated Player

The Designated Player Rule, nicknamed the Beckham Rule,[1] was adopted as part of the salary cap regulations of Major League Soccer for the 2007 season. The rule allows each MLS franchise to sign players that would be considered outside of the team's salary cap (either by offering the player higher wages or by paying a transfer fee for the player), allowing MLS teams to compete for star players in the international soccer market. Clubs have the option to use allocation money against a player's contract, so to avoid a player with a Designated Player level salary using one of the club's Designated Player slots. As of December 2015, there have been 114 designated players in the MLS.

The rule is informally named after David Beckham, in anticipation of MLS teams signing lucrative deals with internationally recognized players of Beckham's caliber.[1][2] Beckham was the first player signed under this rule, signing a five-year contract with the Los Angeles Galaxy with guaranteed annual salary of $6.5 million.[3][4]

History

The team salary cap was estimated to be around US$1.9 million in 2006,[5] was $2.1 million in 2007, and was raised to $2.3 million for the 2008 season.[6][7] As part of the 2010 Collective Bargaining Agreement between MLS and the MLS Players' Union, the 2010 salary cap was $2.55 million, with an automatic five percent increase each year until the expiration of the agreement at the end of the 2014 season.

Under the 2007 rule:

  • The rule expires at the end of the 2009 season, and must be renewed then or allowed to lapse.
  • For each Designated Player, $400,000[7][8] of his salary is charged to the salary cap and paid by the league, with any remaining salary being paid by the team's owner. This value was increased for the 2009 season to $415,000.
  • Prior to the 2007 season, there were three players whose salary exceeded $400,000. These players were Landon Donovan, Carlos Ruiz and Eddie Johnson. According to the rule, these players were grandfathered in for the 2007 season, and the exemption was extended after the 2007 season, with the league planning to review the issue at a future date. It was possible that the league would be required to renegotiate these players' contracts or consider them Designated Players. However, prior to the start of the 2008 season, Johnson moved to Fulham of the Premier League,[9] while following Dwayne De Rosario's signing by Toronto FC in January 2009, Ruiz was released by the club and left MLS to play for Olimpia Asunción. This left Donovan as the lone player whose 2009 salary remained grandfathered under the exemption provision. However, there were several more players whose guaranteed salary exceeded the Designated Player amount, but whose salary cap expense was actually lower than their true salary due to the allocation rule. These players include Shalrie Joseph ($450,000), Christian Gomez ($430,000), Dwayne De Rosario ($425,750), and Taylor Twellman ($420,000).
  • Each team initially had one Designated Player spot, but could trade their Designated Spot to another team; teams were allowed a maximum of two Designated Players.
  • Only $325,000 of a team's second Designated Player counted against the salary cap, which was increased to $335,000 in 2009.[7]

The 2010 changes:[10]

  • The rule has no expiration date.
  • For each Designated Player, $335,000 of his salary is charged to the salary cap and paid by the league ($167,500 for DP players joining during the MLS summer transfer window), with any remaining salary being paid by the team's owner. This amount is halved for Designated Players signed in the middle of the season. The salary cap value of Designated Players can also be reduced using allocation money. Finally, teams whose Designated Players transfer abroad in the middle of a season can recoup part of the Designated Players' salary cap value.
  • Landon Donovan is no longer grandfathered into the rule and must be considered a Designated Player.
  • Each team is allowed two Designated Player spots, and they can no longer trade their Designated Player spots. The New York Red Bulls will receive $70,000 in allocation money in return for the nullification of their 2007 trade with Chivas USA for an additional Designated Player spot. This means that both New York and Chivas USA will have two Designated Player spots for the 2010 season.
  • Teams can pay a $250,000 "luxury tax" for the right to sign a third Designated Player. This $250,000 would be distributed equally to all MLS teams that have not signed a third Designated Player in the form of allocation money.

The 2012 changes:[11]

Starting with the 2012 season, the rule was changed with respect to younger players. MLS announced the changes in August 2011 after clubs expressed concern about signing young international players with no guarantees that they would develop into stars.

  • Designated Players over the age of 23 will carry a salary budget charge of $350,000, unless the player joins his club in the middle of the season, in which case his budget charge will be $175,000.
  • Designated Players 21-23 years old count as $200,000 against the club's salary budget.
  • Designated Players 20 years old or younger count as $150,000 against the club's salary budget.
  • The budget charge for the midseason signing of a young Designated Player (23 years old and younger) is $150,000 and this amount cannot be lowered with allocation funds.
  • Clubs will not have to buy the third DP roster slot to accommodate Designated Players 23 years old and younger.
  • Age of player is determined by year (not date) of birth.

The maximum budget charge for Designated Players over age 23 was increased to $368,750 for 2013, $387,500 in 2014, $436,250 in 2015, $457,500 in 2016, and $480,625 in 2017. The budget charge for those who join during the midseason transfer window has remained at one-half of the full-season cap charge since the inception of the rule. The budget charges for younger players have not changed since 2012.[12]

Background

The rule is informally named after soccer star David Beckham, in anticipation of MLS teams signing lucrative deals with internationally recognized players of Beckham's caliber.[1][2] As it turned out, Beckham was indeed the first player to be signed under this rule, signing a lucrative contract with the Los Angeles Galaxy worth up to $250 million over five years, with direct guaranteed compensation from MLS and Galaxy at $6.5 million a year.[3] The rest of Beckham's increased earnings would come from Beckham regaining the entirety of his image rights, of which Real Madrid had owned fifty percent, effectively doubling his existing endorsement income, as well as new endorsement deals, a share of jersey sales, bonuses, etc.[4]

Current Designated Players

As of August 22, 2017 [13]
Year signed as DP Player Nation Current club 2017 Guaranteed compensation[14]
2012 Higuaín, FedericoFederico Higuaín  ARG Columbus Crew SC $1,050,000
2013 Alonso, OsvaldoOsvaldo Alonso  CUB Seattle Sounders FC $1,141,667
2013 Valeri, DiegoDiego Valeri  ARG Portland Timbers $2,607,500
2013 Dempsey, ClintClint Dempsey  USA Seattle Sounders FC $3,892,934
2014 Laba, MatíasMatías Laba  ARG Vancouver Whitecaps FC $885,500
2014 Bradley, MichaelMichael Bradley  USA Toronto FC $6,500,000
2014 Edu, MauriceMaurice Edu  USA Philadelphia Union $818,750
2014 Villa, DavidDavid Villa  ESP New York City FC $5,610,000
2014 Kaká, Kaká  BRA Orlando City $7,167,500
2014 Piatti, IgnacioIgnacio Piatti  ARG Montreal Impact $450,000
2014 Zusi, GrahamGraham Zusi  USA Sporting Kansas City $757,102
2014 Adi, FanendoFanendo Adi  NGR Portland Timbers $1,736,254
2015 Accam, DavidDavid Accam  GHA Chicago Fire $820,938
2015 Torres, ErickErick Torres  MEX Houston Dynamo $665,000
2015 Altidore, JozyJozy Altidore  USA Toronto FC $4,875,000
2015 Giovinco, SebastianSebastian Giovinco  ITA Toronto FC $7,115,556
2015 Rivas, CarlosCarlos Rivas  COL Orlando City $375,000
2015 Pirlo, AndreaAndrea Pirlo  ITA New York City FC $5,915,690
2015 dos Santos, GiovaniGiovani dos Santos  MEX LA Galaxy $5,500,000
2015 Verón, GonzaloGonzalo Verón  ARG New York Red Bulls $500,000
2016 Wright-Phillips, BradleyBradley Wright-Phillips  ENG New York Red Bulls $1,635,000
2016 Dawkins, SimonSimon Dawkins  JAM San Jose Earthquakes $800,000
2016 Movsisyan, YuraYura Movsisyan  ARM Real Salt Lake $1,973,750
2016 Gruezo, CarlosCarlos Gruezo  ECU FC Dallas $731,500
2016 Kouassi, XavierXavier Kouassi  CIV New England Revolution $890,542
2016 Gashi, ShkëlzenShkëlzen Gashi  ALB Colorado Rapids $1,668,750
2016 Kamara, KeiKei Kamara  SLE New England Revolution $800,000
2016 Espinoza, RogerRoger Espinoza  HND Sporting Kansas City $850,000
2016 Howard, TimTim Howard  USA Colorado Rapids $2,475,000
2016 Villalba, HéctorHéctor Villalba  ARG Atlanta United FC $770,750
2016 Lodeiro, NicolásNicolás Lodeiro  URY Seattle Sounders FC $1,743,429
2016 Bedoya, AlejandroAlejandro Bedoya  USA Philadelphia Union $1,197,250
2016 Kljestan, SachaSacha Kljestan  USA New York Red Bulls $787,500
2017 Wondolowski, ChrisChris Wondolowski  USA San Jose Earthquakes $800,000
2017 Chalá, AníbalAníbal ChaláL  ECU FC Dallas $333,000
2017 Almirón, MiguelMiguel Almirón  PAR Atlanta United FC $2,297,000
2017 Nikoli?, NemanjaNemanja Nikoli?  HUN Chicago Fire $1,906,333
2017 Elis, AlberthAlberth Elis  HND Houston Dynamo $423,000
2017 Mensah, JonathanJonathan Mensah  GHA Columbus Crew SC $844,000
2017 Fernandes, GersoGerso Fernandes  GNB Sporting Kansas City $591,258
2017 Rusnák, AlbertAlbert Rusnák  SVK Real Salt Lake $882,813
2017 Colmán, CristianCristian Colmán  PAR FC Dallas $385,000
2017 Alessandrini, RomainRomain Alessandrini  FRA LA Galaxy $1,999,401
2017 Martínez, JosefJosef Martínez  VEN Atlanta United FC $1,041,310
2017 Blanco, SebastiánSebastián Blanco  ARG Portland Timbers $1,075,008
2017 Montero, FredyFredy Montero  COL Vancouver Whitecaps FC $1,800,000
2017 Moralez, MaximilianoMaximiliano Moralez  ARG New York City FC $2,000,000
2017 Shea, BrekBrek Shea  USA Vancouver Whitecaps FC $670,000
2017 Schweinsteiger, BastianBastian Schweinsteiger  GER Chicago Fire $5,400,000
2017 D?emaili, BlerimBlerim D?emaili   SUI Montreal Impact $n/a
2017 Savarino, JeffersonJefferson Savarino  VEN Real Salt Lake $n/a
2017 Qazaishvili, ValeriValeri Qazaishvili  GEO San Jose Earthquakes $n/a
2017 Martínez, TomásTomás Martínez  ARG Houston Dynamo $n/a
2017 dos Santos, JonathanJonathan dos Santos  MEX LA Galaxy $n/a
2017 Yotún, YoshimarYoshimar Yotún  PER Orlando City $n/a
2017 Santos, PedroPedro Santos  POR Columbus Crew SC $n/a
2017 Arriola, PaulPaul Arriola  USA D.C. United $n/a
2018 Vela, CarlosCarlos Vela  MEX Los Angeles FC $n/a

Notes

  • L - Player is away on loan
  • Chart indicates when players signed their current Designated Player contract, not necessarily their first year in MLS.
  • Other players in MLS may also be paid a salary that takes them above the Designated Player threshold, but they have had their salary reduced against the salary cap using General or Targeted Allocation Money.[15]
  • Player salaries include compensation from their MLS contract, not including any bonuses or compensation from contracts with individual teams or their affiliates.

Club DP history

As of August 22, 2017 [16]

Notes

  • The below list indicates players who have had their contract assigned as a Designated Player (DP) contract during their time in MLS. Players may have not always have had a DP contract, or have later had their contract negotiated below a DP level. Similarly, some players have been in MLS whose salary has been at a DP level, but the club has opted to bring their salary below the DP threshold using General Allocation Money or Targeted Allocation Money. Players in bold are currently signed to a DP contract by their club.
  • Former MLS sides Miami Fusion and Tampa Bay Mutiny were dissolved before the introduction of the Designated Player Rule. To date Minnesota United FC has yet to sign a Designated Player.

Atlanta United FC

Player Previous club Years as DP
Argentina Héctor Villalba Argentina San Lorenzo 2017-
Paraguay Miguel Almirón Argentina Lanús 2017-
Venezuela Josef Martínez Italy Torino 2017-

Chicago Fire

Player Previous club Years as DP
Mexico Cuauhtémoc Blanco Mexico Club América 2007-2009
Sweden Freddie Ljungberg United States Seattle Sounders FC 2010
Mexico Nery Castillo Ukraine Shakhtar Donetsk 2010
Uruguay Álvaro Fernández United States Seattle Sounders FC 2012-2013
Netherlands Sherjill MacDonald Belgium Germinal Beerschot 2012-2013
Uruguay Federico Puppo Uruguay Danubio 2012-2014
Uruguay Egidio Arévalo Ríos Mexico Tijuana 2013
Ecuador Juan Luis Anangonó Ecuador El Nacional 2013-2014
Brazil Gilberto Canada Toronto FC 2015-2016
Scotland Shaun Maloney England Wigan Athletic 2015
Nigeria Kennedy Igboananike Sweden AIK 2015-2016
Ghana David Accam Sweden Helsingborgs 2015-
Hungary Nemanja Nikoli? Poland Legia Warsaw 2017-
Germany Bastian Schweinsteiger England Manchester United 2017-

Chivas USA

Player Previous club Years as DP
Colombia Juan Pablo Ángel United States LA Galaxy 2011-2012
Ecuador Oswaldo Minda Ecuador Deportivo Quito 2012-2014
Grenada Shalrie Joseph United States New England Revolution 2012
Mexico Erick Torres Mexico Guadalajara 2013-2014
Argentina Mauro Rosales United States Seattle Sounders FC 2014

Colorado Rapids

Player Previous club Years as DP
Panama Gabriel Torres Venezuela Zamora 2013-2015
Argentina Juan Edgardo Ramírez Argentina Argentinos Juniors 2015-2017
Republic of Ireland Kevin Doyle England Wolverhampton Wanderers 2015-2016
United States Jermaine Jones United States New England Revolution 2016
Albania Shkëlzen Gashi Switzerland FC Basel 2016-
United States Tim Howard England Everton 2016-

Columbus Crew SC

Player Previous club Years as DP
Argentina Guillermo Barros Schelotto Argentina Boca Juniors 2009-2010
Peru Andrés Mendoza Turkey Diyarbak?rspor 2010-2011
Argentina Federico Higuaín Argentina Colón 2012-
Sierra Leone Kei Kamara England Middlesbrough 2016
Ghana Jonathan Mensah Russia Anzhi Makhachkala 2017-
Portugal Pedro Santos Portugal Braga 2017-

D.C. United

Player Previous club Years as DP
Brazil Luciano Emílio Honduras Olimpia 2008-2009
Argentina Marcelo Gallardo France Paris Saint-Germain 2008
Montenegro Branko Bo?kovi? Austria Rapid Wien 2010-2012
Canada Dwayne De Rosario United States New York Red Bulls 2011-2013
Albania Hamdi Salihi Austria Rapid Wien 2012
Brazil Rafael Brazil Bahia 2013
United States Eddie Johnson United States Seattle Sounders FC 2014-2015
Argentina Fabián Espíndola United States New York Red Bulls 2015-2016
United States Paul Arriola Mexico Tijuana 2017-

FC Dallas

Player Previous club Years as DP
Brazil Denílson Saudi Arabia Al-Nassr 2007
Colombia David Ferreira Brazil Atlético Paranaense 2009-2013
Colombia Fabián Castillo Colombia Deportivo Cali 2011-2015
Canada Julian de Guzman Canada Toronto FC 2012
France Eric Hassli Canada Toronto FC 2013
Argentina Mauro Díaz Argentina River Plate 2013-2016
Colombia Andrés Escobar Ukraine Dynamo Kyiv 2014
Uruguay David Texeira Netherlands Groningen 2014-2015
Ecuador Carlos Gruezo Germany VfB Stuttgart 2016-
Ecuador Aníbal Chalá Ecuador El Nacional 2017-
Paraguay Cristian Colmán Paraguay Nacional Asunción 2017-

Houston Dynamo

Player Previous club Years as DP
Mexico Luis Ángel Landín Mexico Morelia 2009-2010
Honduras Boniek García Honduras Olimpia 2012-2014
Jamaica Giles Barnes England Doncaster Rovers 2012-2016
Honduras Alexander López Honduras Olimpia 2013-2014
United States DaMarcus Beasley Mexico Puebla 2014-2016
Colombia Mauro Manotas Colombia Uniautónoma 2015-2016
Mexico Erick Torres Mexico Guadalajara 2015-
Honduras Alberth Elis Mexico Monterrey 2017-
Argentina Tomás Martínez Portugal Braga 2017-

LA Galaxy

Player Previous club Years as DP
England David Beckham Spain Real Madrid 2007-2012
United States Landon Donovan Germany Bayer Leverkusen 2010-2014
Colombia Juan Pablo Ángel United States New York Red Bulls 2011
Republic of Ireland Robbie Keane England Tottenham Hotspur 2011-2016
United States Omar Gonzalez United States University of Maryland 2013-2015
England Steven Gerrard England Liverpool 2015-2016
Mexico Giovani dos Santos Spain Villarreal 2015-
Belgium Jelle Van Damme Belgium Standard Liège 2017
France Romain Alessandrini France Marseille 2017-
Mexico Jonathan dos Santos Spain Villarreal 2017-

Los Angeles FC

Player Previous club Years as DP
Mexico Carlos Vela Spain Real Sociedad 2018-

Montreal Impact

Player Previous club Years as DP
Italy Marco Di Vaio Italy Bologna 2012-2014
Argentina Hernán Bernardello Spain Almería 2013-2014
Argentina Ignacio Piatti Argentina San Lorenzo 2014-
Ivory Coast Didier Drogba England Chelsea 2015-2016
Argentina Lucas Ontivero Turkey Galatasaray 2016
Switzerland Blerim D?emaili Italy Bologna 2017-

New England Revolution

Player Previous club Years as DP
Argentina Milton Caraglio Argentina Rosario Central 2011
Grenada Shalrie Joseph United States New York Freedom 2012
Honduras Jerry Bengtson Honduras Motagua 2012-2014
United States Jermaine Jones Turkey Be?ikta? 2014-2015
Portugal José Gonçalves Switzerland FC Sion 2016
Ivory Coast Xavier Kouassi Switzerland FC Sion 2016-
Sierra Leone Kei Kamara United States Columbus Crew SC 2016-

New York City FC

Player Previous club Years as DP
Spain David Villa Spain Atlético Madrid 2014-
England Frank Lampard England Manchester City 2015-2016
Italy Andrea Pirlo Italy Juventus 2015-
Argentina Maximiliano Moralez Mexico León 2017-

New York Red Bulls

Player Previous club Years as DP
United States Claudio Reyna England Manchester City 2007-2008
Colombia Juan Pablo Ángel England Aston Villa 2007-2010
France Thierry Henry Spain Barcelona 2010-2014
Mexico Rafael Márquez Spain Barcelona 2010-2012
Germany Frank Rost Germany Hamburger SV 2011
Australia Tim Cahill England Everton 2012-2014
England Bradley Wright-Phillips England Charlton Athletic 2015-2016, 2017-
United States Sacha Kljestan Belgium Anderlecht 2015-
Argentina Gonzalo Verón Argentina San Lorenzo 2015-
Israel Omer Damari Germany RB Leipzig 2016

Orlando City SC

Player Previous club Years as DP
Brazil Kaká Italy Milan 2014-
Colombia Carlos Rivas Colombia Deportivo Cali 2015-
Honduras Bryan Róchez Honduras Real España 2015-2016
Argentina Matías Pérez García United States San Jose Earthquakes 2016-2017
Jamaica Giles Barnes Canada Vancouver Whitecaps FC 2017
Peru Yoshimar Yotún Sweden Malmö FF 2017-

Philadelphia Union

Player Previous club Years as DP
United States Freddy Adu Portugal Benfica 2011-2012
Brazil Kléberson Brazil Bahia 2013
Argentina Cristian Maidana Chile Rangers de Talca 2014-2015
United States Maurice Edu England Stoke City 2014-
Venezuela Fernando Aristeguieta France Nantes 2015
United States Alejandro Bedoya France Nantes 2016-

Portland Timbers

Player Previous club Years as DP
Colombia Diego Chará Colombia Deportes Tolima 2011-2013
Scotland Kris Boyd Turkey Eski?ehirspor 2012
Argentina Diego Valeri Argentina Lanús 2013-
Nigeria Fanendo Adi Denmark Copenhagen 2014-2015, 2016-
England Liam Ridgewell England West Bromwich Albion 2014-2016
Argentina Lucas Melano Argentina Lanús 2015-2016
Argentina Sebastián Blanco Argentina San Lorenzo 2017-

Real Salt Lake

Player Previous club Years as DP
Costa Rica Álvaro Saborío Switzerland FC Sion 2011-2015
Argentina Javier Morales Spain UD Vecindario 2011-2015
United States Kyle Beckerman United States Colorado Rapids 2015
Ecuador Joao Plata Canada Toronto FC 2015-2016
Chile Sebastián Jaime Chile Unión Española 2014-2015
Argentina Juan Manuel Martínez Argentina Boca Juniors 2015-2016
Armenia Yura Movsisyan Russia Spartak Moscow 2016-
Slovakia Albert Rusnák Netherlands Groningen 2017-
Venezuela Jefferson Savarino Venezuela Zulia 2017-

San Jose Earthquakes

Player Previous club Years as DP
Brazil Geovanni England Hull City 2010
United States Chris Wondolowski United States Chico State Wildcats 2013-
Argentina Matías Pérez García Mexico Tigre 2014-2016
Switzerland Innocent Emeghara Azerbaijan Qaraba? 2015-2016
Jamaica Simon Dawkins England Derby County 2016-
Georgia (country) Vako Qazaishvili Netherlands Vitesse 2017-

Seattle Sounders FC

Player Previous club Years as DP
Sweden Freddie Ljungberg England West Ham United 2009-2010
Cuba Osvaldo Alonso United States Charleston Battery 2014-
Uruguay Álvaro Fernández Uruguay Nacional 2010-2012
Switzerland Blaise Nkufo Netherlands Twente 2010
Argentina Mauro Rosales Argentina River Plate 2011-2013
Germany Christian Tiffert Germany 1. FC Kaiserslautern 2012-2013
Grenada Shalrie Joseph United States Chivas USA 2013
Nigeria Obafemi Martins Spain Levante 2013-2015
United States Clint Dempsey England Tottenham Hotspur 2013-
Paraguay Nelson Valdez Germany Eintracht Frankfurt 2015-2016
Uruguay Nicolás Lodeiro Argentina Boca Juniors 2016-

Sporting Kansas City

Player Previous club Years as DP
Argentina Claudio López Argentina Racing Club 2008
Mexico Omar Bravo Mexico Guadalajara 2011
Brazil Jéferson Brazil Vasco da Gama 2011
Argentina Claudio Bieler Ecuador Liga de Quito 2013-2014
United States Matt Besler United States University of Notre Dame 2014-2016
United States Graham Zusi United States University of Maryland 2014-
Honduras Roger Espinoza England Wigan Athletic 2015-
Chile Diego Rubio Spain Valladolid 2016
Guinea-Bissau Gerso Fernandes Portugal Belenenses 2017-

Toronto FC

Player Previous club Years as DP
Canada Julian de Guzman Spain Deportivo de La Coruña 2009-2012
Spain Mista Spain Deportivo de La Coruña 2010
Netherlands Danny Koevermans Netherlands PSV Eindhoven 2011-2013
Germany Torsten Frings Germany Werder Bremen 2011-2012
France Eric Hassli Canada Vancouver Whitecaps FC 2012
Argentina Matías Laba Argentina Argentinos Juniors 2013
Brazil Gilberto Brazil Internacional 2014
United States Michael Bradley Italy Roma 2014-
England Jermain Defoe England Tottenham Hotspur 2014-2015
Italy Sebastian Giovinco Italy Juventus 2015-
United States Jozy Altidore England Sunderland 2015-

Vancouver Whitecaps FC

Player Previous club Years as DP
France Eric Hassli Switzerland Zürich 2011-2012
The Gambia Mustapha Jarju Belgium R.A.E.C. Mons 2011
Scotland Barry Robson England Middlesbrough 2012
Scotland Kenny Miller Wales Cardiff City 2012-2014
Argentina Matías Laba Canada Toronto FC 2014-2016
Argentina Mauro Rosales United States Chivas USA 2014
Chile Pedro Morales Spain Málaga 2014-2016
Uruguay Octavio Rivero Chile O'Higgins 2015-2016
Colombia Fredy Montero China Tianjin TEDA 2017-
United States Brek Shea United States Orlando City 2017-

Past and present Designated Players by country

No. of players Country Players
26 Argentina Argentina Guillermo Barros Schelotto, Hernán Bernardello, Claudio Bieler, Sebastián Blanco, Milton Caraglio, Mauro Diaz, Fabián Espíndola, Marcelo Gallardo, Federico Higuaín, Sebastián Jaime, Matías Laba, Claudio López, Cristian Maidana, Juan Manuel Martinez, Tomás Martínez, Lucas Melano, Javier Morales, Maximiliano Moralez, Lucas Ontivero, Matías Pérez García, Ignacio Piatti, Juan Ramírez, Mauro Rosales, Diego Valeri, Gonzalo Verón, Héctor Villalba
19 United States United States Freddy Adu, Jozy Altidore, Paul Arriola, DaMarcus Beasley, Kyle Beckerman, Alejandro Bedoya, Matt Besler, Michael Bradley, Clint Dempsey, Landon Donovan, Maurice Edu, Omar Gonzalez, Tim Howard, Eddie Johnson, Jermaine Jones, Claudio Reyna, Brek Shea, Chris Wondolowski, Graham Zusi
9 Mexico Mexico Cuauhtémoc Blanco, Omar Bravo, Nery Castillo, Luis Ángel Landín, Rafael Márquez, Giovani dos Santos, Jonathan dos Santos, Erick Torres, Carlos Vela
8 Brazil Brazil Denílson, Luciano Emilio, Geovanni, Gilberto, Jéferson, Kaká, Kléberson, Rafael
7 Colombia Colombia Juan Pablo Ángel, Fabián Castillo, Diego Chará, Andrés Escobar, David Ferreira, Mauro Manotas, Fredy Montero
6 England England David Beckham, Jermain Defoe, Steven Gerrard, Frank Lampard, Liam Ridgewell, Bradley Wright-Phillips
Honduras Honduras Jerry Bengtson, Alberth Elis, Roger Espinoza, Óscar Boniek García, Alexander López, Bryan Róchez
Uruguay Uruguay Álvaro Fernández, Nicolás Lodeiro, Federico Puppo, Arévalo Rios, Octavio Rivero, David Texeira
5 Ecuador Ecuador Juan Luis Anangonó, Aníbal Chalá, Carlos Gruezo, Oswaldo Minda, Joao Plata
4 Germany Germany Torsten Frings, Frank Rost, Bastian Schweinsteiger, Christian Tiffert
Scotland Scotland Kris Boyd, Shaun Maloney, Kenny Miller, Barry Robson
3 France France Romain Alessandrini, Eric Hassli, Thierry Henry
Italy Italy Marco Di Vaio, Sebastian Giovinco, Andrea Pirlo
Nigeria Nigeria Fanendo Adi, Kennedy Igboananike, Obafemi Martins
Switzerland Switzerland Blerim D?emaili, Innocent Emeghara, Blaise Nkufo
Venezuela Venezuela Fernando Aristeguieta, Josef Martínez, Jefferson Savarino
2 Albania Albania Hamdi Salihi, Shkëlzen Gashi
Canada Canada Julian de Guzman, Dwayne De Rosario
Chile Chile Pedro Morales, Diego Rubio
Ghana Ghana David Accam, Jonathan Mensah
 Ireland Kevin Doyle, Robbie Keane
Ivory Coast Ivory Coast Didier Drogba, Xavier Kouassi
Jamaica Jamaica Giles Barnes, Simon Dawkins
Netherlands Netherlands Danny Koevermans, Sherjill MacDonald
Paraguay Paraguay Miguel Almirón, Nelson Valdez
Peru Peru Andrés Mendoza, Yoshimar Yotún
Portugal Portugal José Gonçalves, Pedro Santos
Spain Spain Mista, David Villa
1 Armenia Armenia Yura Movsisyan
Australia Australia Tim Cahill
Belgium Belgium Jelle Van Damme
Costa Rica Costa Rica Álvaro Saborío
Cuba Cuba Osvaldo Alonso
The Gambia The Gambia Mustapha Jarju
Georgia (country) Georgia Valeri Qazaishvili
Grenada Grenada Shalrie Joseph
Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau Gerso Fernandes
Hungary Hungary Nemanja Nikoli?
Israel Israel Omer Damari
Montenegro Montenegro Branko Bo?kovi?
Panama Panama Gabriel Torres
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone Kei Kamara
Slovakia Slovakia Albert Rusnák
Sweden Sweden Freddie Ljungberg

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Wahl, Grant (November 28, 2011). "Hollywood Ending: If this was indeed David Beckham's final game in MLS, he went out in style, carrying the Galaxy to a championship and affirming the value of star power in America". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2011. In the first four seasons of MLS's Beckham Rule, which allowed clubs to sign up to three designated players outside the salary cap, .... 
  2. ^ a b Lansley, Pete (April 13, 2007). "Becks could be the next American idol". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2007. 
  3. ^ a b "PlayersUnion". Mlsplayers.org. Retrieved 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Beckham hopes to make US history". BBC. January 12, 2007. Retrieved 2007. 
  5. ^ Goff, Steven (April 26, 2006). "Palencia Has Richest MLS Salary". Washington Post. Retrieved 2007. 
  6. ^ Mickle, Tripp (November 26, 2007). "Debate highlights MLS salary cap split". Sports Business Journal. Retrieved 2007. 
  7. ^ a b c Bell, Jack (March 18, 2009). "In M.L.S., Designated Players Do Not Guarantee Great Expectations". New York Times. Retrieved 2009. 
  8. ^ "Galaxy, Milan, Inter wait on Becks". CNN. February 24, 2009. Retrieved 2010. 
  9. ^ "Fulham complete Johnson signing". BBC Sport. January 23, 2008. Archived from the original on January 27, 2008. 
  10. ^ Mayers, Joshua (April 1, 2010). "Major League Soccer adds second DP slot, can purchase a third (league release)". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 2010. 
  11. ^ "2012 MLS Roster Rules". mlssocer.com. Archived from the original on February 20, 2012. 
  12. ^ "Roster Rules and Regulations". Major League Soccer. Retrieved 2015. 
  13. ^ "A Look into NYCFC's 2014 Payroll (or "David Villa is making k")". Empire of Soccer. Retrieved 2016. 
  14. ^ "2017 MLS Player Salaries" (PDF). 2017 MLS Player Salaries. Major League Soccer Players Union. 
  15. ^ "MLS Roster Rules and Regulations - MLSsoccer.com". Retrieved 2017. 
  16. ^ "Former MLS Designated Players". Retrieved 2017. 

External links


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