Dwight F. Davis
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Dwight F. Davis
Dwight Filley Davis, Sr.
Dwight Davis, Bain bw photo portrait.jpg
49th United States Secretary of War

October 14, 1925 - March 4, 1929
President Calvin Coolidge
John W. Weeks
James W. Good
United States Assistant Secretary of War

1923 - October 14, 1925
Calvin Coolidge
Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright
Hanford MacNider
Governor-General of the Philippines

July 8, 1929 - January 9, 1932
President Herbert Hoover
Eugene Allen Gilmore
(acting)
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.
George C. Butte
(acting)
Personal details
Born Dwight Filley Davis
(1879-07-05)July 5, 1879
St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.
Died November 28, 1945(1945-11-28) (aged 66)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Political party Republican
Education Harvard University
Washington University Law School
Profession Politician, tennis player

Tennis career
Full name Dwight Filley Davis, Sr.
Born July 5, 1879
St. Louis, Missouri, USA
Died November 28, 1945(1945-11-28) (aged 66)
Washington, D.C., USA
Turned pro 1895 (amateur tour)
Retired 1902
Plays Left-handed (one-handed backhand)
Singles
Highest ranking No. 5 (1900, Karoly Mazak)[1]
Grand Slam Singles results
US Open F (1898, 1899)
Other tournaments
Olympic Games 2R (1904)
Doubles
Grand Slam Doubles results
Wimbledon F (1901)
US Open W (1899, 1900, 1901)
Other doubles tournaments
Olympic Games QF (1904)
Team competitions
Davis Cup W (1900, 1902)

Dwight Filley Davis, Sr. (July 5, 1879 - November 28, 1945) was an American tennis player and politician. He is best remembered as the founder of the Davis Cup international tennis competition. He was the Assistant Secretary of War from 1923 to 1925 and Secretary of War from 1925 to 1929.

Biography

Swearing in of Davis as Secretary of War in 1925

Dwight Filley Davis was born in St. Louis, Missouri on July 5, 1879. His grandfather, Oliver Dwight Filley was mayor of St. Louis from 1858 to 1861.[2] A cousin, Chauncey Ives Filley served as mayor of St. Louis from 1863 to 1864.[3]

He reached the All-Comers final for the Men's Singles title at the US Championships in 1898 and 1899. He then teamed up with Holcombe Ward and won the Men's Doubles title at the championships for three years in a row from 1899 to 1901. Davis and Ward were also Men's Doubles runners-up at Wimbledon in 1901. Davis also won the American intercollegiate singles championship of 1899 as a student at Harvard College.

In 1900 Davis developed the structure for, and donated a silver bowl to go to the winner of, a new international tennis competition designed by him and three others known as the International Lawn Tennis Challenge, which was later renamed the Davis Cup in his honor. He was a member of the US team that won the first two competitions in 1900 and 1902, and was also the captain of the 1900 team.

He participated in the 1904 Summer Olympics. He was eliminated in the second round of the singles tournament. In the doubles tournament he and his partner Ralph McKittrick lost in the quarter-finals.[4]

Political service

Davis was educated at Washington University Law School, though he was never a practicing attorney. He was, however, politically active in his home town of St. Louis and served as the city's public parks commissioner from 1911 to 1915. During his tenure, he expanded athletic facilities and created the first municipal tennis courts in the United States. He served President Calvin Coolidge as Assistant Secretary of War (1923-25) and as Secretary of War (1925-29). He then served as Governor General of the Philippines (1929-32) under Herbert Hoover.

Army service

Davis trained at the Preparedness Movement Citizens' Military Training Camp in 1915. From 1916 to 1917 he toured Europe as part of the Rockefeller War Relief Board. With war declared Davis enlisted as a private in the Missouri National Guard and was commissioned in August 1917[5].

Going to France, Davis was promoted to Major and became adjutant of the 69th Infantry Brigade of the 35th Infantry Division. During this period he was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross[6]. After the war he was a Colonel in the Army Reserves.

In 1942 Davis was the first and only Director General of the short lived Army Specialist Corps[7]. On the disbandment of the unit became an advisor with the rank of Major General[8].

Personal life

His first wife, Helen Brooks, whom he married in 1905, died in 1932.[9] He married Pauline Sabin in 1936. He wintered in Florida from 1933 until his death, living at Meridian Plantation, near Tallahassee.[10]

Death

Davis died at his home in Washington, D.C. on November 28, 1945, after a six-month illness.[9][11]

Legacy

His daughter Alice Brooks Davis was married to the British Ambassador to the United States Sir Roger Makins.Another daughter Cynthia Davis was married to banker William McChesney Martin, Jr, the longest serving Federal Reserve director (1951-1970) who served under five presidents (Truman to Nixon).

Davis has been honored with a star on the St. Louis Walk of Fame.[12]

References

  1. ^ Mazak, Karoly (2010). The Concise History of Tennis, p. 28.
  2. ^ "Dwight Filley Davis Family Tree". 
  3. ^ "Chauncey Ives Filley biography". 
  4. ^ "Dwight F. Davis Olympic Results". sports-reference.com. Archived from the original on 2014-02-01. Retrieved . 
  5. ^ p. 94 Sobel, Robert Biographical Directory of the United States Executive Branch, 1774-1989 Greenwood Publishing Group, 1990
  6. ^ http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/dfdavis.htm
  7. ^ p. 96 Specialist Corps Formed Popular Science October 1942
  8. ^ p. 94 Sobel, Robert Biographical Directory of the United States Executive Branch, 1774-1989 Greenwood Publishing Group, 1990
  9. ^ a b Political Graveyard Genealogies
  10. ^ "Davis Cup has local tie". Tallahassee Democrat, 6 December 2007: 3C
  11. ^ "Dwight Davis Dies. War Ex-Secretary. Member of Coolidge's Cabinet. First Soldier to Hold Post Since '69. New Deal Foe. Donor Of The Tennis Cup. Former Champion Himself, He Created International Trophy. Hero of First World War. Succeeded John W. Weeks. Twice Double Champion. Sold Progress in Philippines". New York Times. Associated Press. 
  12. ^ St. Louis Walk of Fame. "St. Louis Walk of Fame Inductees". stlouiswalkoffame.org. Retrieved 2013. 

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
John W. Weeks
U.S. Secretary of War
Served under: Calvin Coolidge

October 14, 1925 - March 4, 1929
Succeeded by
James W. Good
Government offices
Preceded by
Eugene Allen Gilmore
Governor-General of the Philippines
1929-1932
Succeeded by
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.
Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Plutarco Calles
Cover of Time Magazine
15 December 1924
Succeeded by
Alfonso XIII of Spain

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.


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