|East Hanover Township, New Jersey|
|Township of East Hanover|
Location in Morris County and the state of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of East Hanover, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||May 9, 1928|
|o Type||Faulkner Act (Small Municipality)|
|o Body||Township Council|
|o Mayor||Joseph Pannullo (D, term ends December 31, 2019)|
|o Municipal clerk||Paula A. Massaro|
|o Total||8.136 sq mi (21.074 km2)|
|o Land||7.892 sq mi (20.441 km2)|
|o Water||0.244 sq mi (0.633 km2) 3.00%|
|Area rank||231st of 566 in state
19th of 39 in county
|Elevation||226 ft (69 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|o Estimate (2016)||11,228|
|o Rank||219th of 566 in state
17th of 39 in county
|o Density||1,413.7/sq mi (545.8/km2)|
|o Density rank||342nd of 566 in state
20th of 39 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|o Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0882192|
East Hanover Township is a township in Morris County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 11,157, reflecting a decline of 236 (-2.1%) from the 11,393 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,467 (+14.8%) from the 9,926 counted in the 1990 Census. The manufacturing plant of Mondel?z International (formerly Nabisco) and the pharmaceutical company Novartis are located in East Hanover.
The name "Hanover" was adopted by the Township of Hanover on December 7, 1720, in honor of the British King George I of the German dynastic House of Hanover. The boundaries of East Hanover are defined by the joining of two rivers, the Whippany River to the west and north and the Passaic River to the east and north. This geographic effect led to the early name of East Hanover, "Hanover Neck." Since the creation of Hanover Township in 1720, its size has been considerably decreased as the population of the area has increased. Originally encompassing large portions of Morris County and parts of both Sussex and Warren County, Hanover Township became too unwieldy for a single local government and municipalities split off from the township over time.
East Hanover was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 12, 1928, from portions of Hanover Township, based on the results of a referendum held on May 9, 1928, that split off both East Hanover Township and Parsippany-Troy Hills from Hanover Township.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 8.136 square miles (21.074 km2), including 7.892 square miles (20.441 km2) of land and 0.244 square miles (0.633 km2) of water (3.00%).
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 11,157 people, 3,893 households, and 3,149 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,413.7 per square mile (545.8/km2). There were 3,976 housing units at an average density of 503.8 per square mile (194.5/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 85.11% (9,496) White, 0.83% (93) Black or African American, 0.08% (9) Native American, 11.92% (1,330) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.94% (105) from other races, and 1.11% (124) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.38% (600) of the population.
There were 3,893 households out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.4% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.1% were non-families. 16.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.22.
In the township, the population was spread out with 21.5% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 21.3% from 25 to 44, 31.8% from 45 to 64, and 19.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.6 years. For every 100 females there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 89.9 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $116,528 (with a margin of error of +/- $16,406) and the median family income was $122,074 (+/- $5,756). Males had a median income of $74,054 (+/- $9,723) versus $42,500 (+/- $12,460) for females. The per capita income for the township was $49,755 (+/- $5,660). About 2.5% of families and 2.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.5% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 11,393 people, 3,843 households, and 3,212 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,396.6 people per square mile (539.1/km²). There were 3,895 housing units at an average density of 477.5 per square mile (184.3/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 87.08% White, 0.58% African American, 0.03% Native American, 11.14% Asian, 0.24% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.74% of the population.
As of the 2000 Census, 35.6% of East Hanover residents were of Italian ancestry, the 15th-highest percentage of any municipality in the United States, and sixth-highest in New Jersey, among all places with more than 1,000 residents identifying their ancestry.
There were 3,843 households out of which 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.6% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.4% were non-families. 13.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.26.
In the township the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 28.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.9 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $82,133, and the median income for a family was $88,348. Males had a median income of $58,333 versus $36,069 for females. The per capita income for the township was $32,129. About 1.3% of families and 1.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.2% of those under age 18 and 3.4% of those age 65 or over.
East Hanover operates within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under Small Municipality plan 3 form of New Jersey municipal government, as implemented as of January 1, 1992, based on the recommendations of a Charter Study Commission. The structure under the Small Municipality plan, which is only available to municipalities with fewer than 12,000 residents, includes a mayor elected to a four-year term and four Councilmembers elected to three-year terms, all elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. Councilmembers are elected on a staggered basis in a three-year cycle, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year.
As of 2016Mayor Joseph Pannullo (D, term ends December 31, 2019), Council President Carolyn M. Jandoli (D, 2018), Frank DeMaio Jr. (D, 2017), Michael Martorelli (D, 2017) and Giuseppe "Joe" Peluso (R, 2016)., East Hanover's Township Council consists of
East Hanover Township is located in the 11th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 27th state legislative district. Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, East Hanover Township had been in the 26th state legislative district.
New Jersey's Eleventh Congressional District is represented by Rodney Frelinghuysen (R, Harding Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (Paramus, 2019).
For the 2016-2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 27th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Richard Codey (D, Roseland) and in the General Assembly by Mila Jasey (D, South Orange) and John F. McKeon (D, West Orange). The Governor of New Jersey is Phil Murphy (D, Middletown Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Sheila Oliver (D, East Orange).
Morris County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large to three-year terms on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats up for election each year as part of the November general election. The Freeholder Board sets policies for the operation of six super-departments, more than 30 divisions plus authorities, commissions, boards and study committees. Actual day-to-day operation of departments is supervised by County Administrator, John Bonanni. As of 2016 , Morris County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Kathryn A. DeFillippo (Roxbury Township, term ends December 31, 2016), Deputy Freeholder William "Hank" Lyon (Montville, 2017), Douglas Cabana (Boonton Township, 2016), John Cesaro (Parsippany-Troy Hills Township, 2018), Thomas J. Mastrangelo (Montville, 2016) Christine Myers (Mendham Township, 2018), and Deborah Smith (Denville, 2018). Constitutional officers are County Clerk Ann F. Grossi (Parsippany-Troy Hills Township, 2018), Sheriff Edward V. Rochford (Morris Plains, 2016) and Surrogate John Pecoraro (Mendham Borough, 2019).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 8,055 registered voters in East Hanover Township, of which 2,708 (33.6%) were registered as Republicans, 2,034 (25.3%) were registered as Democrats, and 3,313 (41.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 68.4% of the vote (4,150 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 31.1% (1,888 votes), and other candidates with 0.5% (33 votes), among the 6,107 ballots cast by the township's 8,331 registered voters (36 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 73.3%. In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 67.9% of the vote (4,452 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 30.8% (2,017 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (44 votes), among the 6,553 ballots cast by the township's 8,380 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.2%. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 67.5% of the vote (4,258 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 31.5% (1,988 votes) and other candidates with 0.4% (34 votes), among the 6,312 ballots cast by the township's 8,357 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 75.5.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 74.5% of the vote (3,075 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 24.6% (1,017 votes), and other candidates with 0.9% (38 votes), among the 4,253 ballots cast by the township's 8,193 registered voters (123 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 51.9%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 67.2% of the vote (3,222 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 24.8% (1,189 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 5.9% (282 votes) and other candidates with 0.4% (21 votes), among the 4,792 ballots cast by the township's 8,208 registered voters, yielding a 58.4% turnout.
The East Hanover School District serves public school students in pre-kindergarten through eighth grade. As of the 2014-15 school year, the district and its three schools had an enrollment of 1,007 students and 99.7 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student-teacher ratio of 10.1:1. The schools in the district (with 2014-15 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Frank J. Smith Elementary School (grades PreK - 2, 310 students), Central Elementary School (3 - 5, 317) and East Hanover Middle School (6 - 8, 368).
Students in ninth through twelfth grades for public school are served by the Hanover Park Regional High School District, attending Hanover Park High School in East Hanover, together with students from Florham Park. The district also serves students from the neighboring community of Hanover Township at Whippany Park High School in the Whippany section of Hanover Township. As of the 2014-15 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 876 students and 85.2 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student-teacher ratio of 10.3:1.
The Whippany Line of the Morristown and Erie Railway, a small freight line, traverses the township. Established in 1895, the line runs from Morristown and runs through East Hanover Township and Hanover Township to Roseland.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with East Hanover include: