The city has become known for its festivals since the establishment in 1947 of the Edinburgh International Festival and the Edinburgh Festival Fringe which runs alongside it. The latter is the largest event of its kind in the world.
The term Edinburgh Festival is commonly heard, but strictly speaking it is a misnomer. There is no single Edinburgh Festival. Typically, when people use the phrase, they are thinking of the largest individual festival, the Fringe. Some may also use it as shorthand for the Edinburgh International Festival. Largely, the usage arises from confusion. The city's festivals are regarded by many visitors as part of the same event, even though they are distinct events put on by different, unrelated organisations. Within the industry, people more correctly refer to the "Edinburgh Festivals" (plural).
Listed in chronological order by 2018 start date, with year of foundation in brackets