Location of Eldon, Iowa
|o Total||1.12 sq mi (2.90 km2)|
|o Land||1.11 sq mi (2.87 km2)|
|o Water||0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)|
|Elevation||620 ft (189 m)|
|o Estimate (2016)||916|
|o Density||835/sq mi (322.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|o Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0456263|
Eldon is a city in Wapello County, Iowa, United States. The population was 927 at the 2010 census. Eldon is the site of the small Carpenter Gothic style house that has come to be known as the American Gothic House because Grant Wood used it for the background in his famous 1930 painting American Gothic.
Eldon is located at (40.917702, -92.220395).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.12 square miles (2.90 km2), of which 1.11 square miles (2.87 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2; 2.59 ha) is water. The city is situated on the north bank of the Des Moines River.
As of the census of 2010, 927 people, 406 households, and 260 families were residing in the city. The population density was 835.1 inhabitants per square mile (322.4/km2). The 448 housing units had an average density of 403.6 per square mile (155.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.4% White, 0.1% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.3% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population.
Of 406 households, 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.0% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28, and the average family size was 2.84.
The median age in the city was 42.3 years old. 24.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.8% were from 25 to 44; 26.4% were from 45 to 64; and 19.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.
As of the census of 2000, 998 people, 438 households, and 275 families were residing in the city. The population density was 884.3 people per square mile (341.0/km²). The 470 housing units had an average density of 416.5 per square mile (160.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.20% White, 0.40% from other races, and 1.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.50% of the population.
There were 438 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.0% were non-families. 31.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the city, the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 91.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $26,950, and the median income for a family was $37,250. Males had a median income of $29,261 versus $20,573 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,495. About 11.4% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.0% of those under age 18 and 15.9% of those age 65 or over.