Emireh Culture
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Emireh Culture
Emiran culture
Geographical range Levant
Period Upper Paleolithic
Dates 50,000--40,000 cal B.P.[1]
Preceded by Mousterian
Followed by Bohunician, Ahmarian, Antelian
Emiran is located in Middle East
Emireh culture
Emireh culture
Map showing the approximate location of the Emiran culture (clickable map)

Emiran culture was a culture that existed in the Levant (Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine) between the Middle Paleolithic and the Upper Paleolithic periods.

Emiran culture apparently developed from the local Mousterian without rupture, keeping numerous elements of the Levalloise-Mousterian, together with the locally typical Emireh point. The Emireh point is the type tool of stage one of the Upper Paleolithic, first identified in the Emiran culture.[2] Numerous stone blade tools were used, including curved knives similar to those found in the Chatelperronian culture of Western Europe. Like the Chattelperronian, Elmireh is associated with late Neanderthal people rather than with Homo sapiens.

The Emiran eventually evolved into the Antelian culture, still of Levalloise tradition but with some Aurignacian influences.

According to Dorothy Garrod, the Emireh point, known from several sites in Palestine, is the hallmark of this culture.[3]


  1. ^ Bosch, Marjolein D. (April 30, 2015). "New chronology for Ksâr 'Akil (Lebanon) supports Levantine route of modern human dispersal into Europe". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 112 (25). doi:10.1073/pnas.1501529112. PMC 4485136 Freely accessible. 
  2. ^ Lorraine Copeland; P. Wescombe (1965). Inventory of Stone-Age sites in Lebanon, p. 48 & Figure IV, 4, p. 150. Imprimerie Catholique. Retrieved 2011. 
  3. ^ Archaeology in Cultural Systems, Sally R. Binford, Lewish Roberts Binford

Further reading

  • M. H. Alimen and M. J. Steve, Historia Universal siglo XXI. Prehistoria. Siglo XXI Editores, 1970 (reviewed and corrected in 1994) (original German edition, 1966, titled Vorgeschichte). ISBN 84-323-0034-9

See also

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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