|City of Encinitas|
Location of Encinitas in San Diego County, California.
|Incorporated||October 1, 1986|
|o Mayor||Catherine S. Blakespear|
|o Total||19.99 sq mi (51.77 km2)|
|o Land||18.81 sq mi (48.72 km2)|
|o Water||1.18 sq mi (3.05 km2) 5.89%|
|Elevation||82 ft (25 m)|
|o Estimate (2016)||63,131|
|o Density||3,355.89/sq mi (1,295.73/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC-8)|
|o Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|ZIP codes||92007, 92023, 92024|
|GNIS feature IDs||1652705, 2410440|
Encinitas is a beach city in the North County area of San Diego County, California. Located within Southern California, it is approximately 25 miles (40 km) north of San Diego and about 95 miles (153 km) south of Los Angeles. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 59,518, up from 58,014 at the 2000 census.
Encinitas is a Spanish name meaning "little oaks".
The city was incorporated by 69.3% of the voters in 1986 from the communities of historic Encinitas, new Encinitas (Village Park, etc.), Leucadia, Cardiff-by-the-Sea, and Olivenhain. The communities retain their identities and distinctive flavors.
Encinitas can be divided into five areas:
Encinitas is located at  According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.0 square miles (52 km2). 18.8 square miles (49 km2) of it is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) of it (5.89%) is water. The city's elevation ranges between sea level and 180 feet (55 m) above sea level..
Encinitas lies on rugged coastal terrain. The city is bisected by a low-lying coastal ridge that separates New and Old Encinitas. In the north of the city, the coast rises in elevation and the land is raised up in the form of many coastal bluffs. The city is surrounded by Batiquitos Lagoon and San Elijo Lagoon to the north and south, respectively.
Encinitas has a very mild, Mediterranean climate. Average daily high temperature is 72 °F (22 °C). Temperatures below 40 °F (4 °C) and above 85 °F (29 °C) are rare. Average rainfall is about 10 inches (250 mm) per year. The wet season lasts during the winter and spring, when temperatures are usually cool. Average daytime temperatures hit 65F in winter and spring, when rain and marine layer (fog) are common (May Gray/June Gloom). Nighttime lows range from 45-55F. The dry season lasts from summer through fall, with average daytime temperatures ranging from 75-85F, and nighttime lows being from the upper 50s-60sF. Ocean water temperatures average 60F in winter, 64F in spring, 70F in summer, and 66F in fall. In winter, strong pacific storms can bring heavy rain. During the winter of 2015-2016, the area saw rounds of severe thunderstorms. Tornados touched down nearby.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Encinitas had a population of 59,518. The population density was 2,977.5 people per square mile (1,149.6/km²). The racial makeup of Encinitas was 51,067 (85.8%) White, 361 (0.6%) African American, 301 (0.5%) Native American, 2,323 (3.9%) Asian, 91 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 3,339 (5.6%) from other races, and 2,036 (3.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8,138 persons (13.7%).
The Census reported that 58,990 people (99.1% of the population) lived in households, 123 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 405 (0.7%) were institutionalized.
There were 24,082 households, out of which 6,997 (29.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 12,113 (50.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,950 (8.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 981 (4.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,359 (5.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 169 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 6,303 households (26.2%) were made up of individuals and 2,118 (8.8%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45. There were 15,044 families (62.5% of all households); the average family size was 2.98.
The population was spread out with 12,285 people (20.6%) under the age of 18, 3,767 people (6.3%) aged 18 to 24, 16,584 people (27.9%) aged 25 to 44, 19,239 people (32.3%) aged 45 to 64, and 7,643 people (12.8%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.3 males. Females comprise the majority of Encinitas' population at 50.5% as of April of 2010. 
There were 25,740 housing units at an average density of 1,287.7 per square mile (497.2/km²), of which 15,187 (63.1%) were owner-occupied, and 8,895 (36.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.3%. 39,101 people (65.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 19,889 people (33.4%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 58,014 people, 22,830 households, and 14,291 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,035.6 inhabitants per square mile (1,172.1/km²). There were 23,843 housing units at an average density of 1,247.6 per square mile (481.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.60% White, 0.59% Black or African American, 0.46% Native American, 3.10% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 6.28% from other races, and 2.85% from two or more races. 14.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 22,830 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the city, the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 33.4% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $63,954, and the median income for a family was $78,104. Males had a median income of $51,132 versus $38,606 for females. The per capita income for the city was $34,336. About 3.8% of families and 7.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.9% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.
Encinitas Ballet. Encinitas Ballet is an exceptional classical ballet studio in Encinitas. It was established in 2008 by Sayat Asatryan, former principal dancer of the Kremlin Ballet Theatre, and Olga Tchekachova, former soloist of the Mariinsky Ballet II.
In 2011 Mark Patterson and Robert Nichols illegally installed a 10 by 10 feet (3 m × 3 m) mosaic of a surfing Virgin de Guadalupe on the north concrete support wall of the train bridge on Encinitas Boulevard, leading to a battle over whether it should be removed or preserved. It was named "the Surfing Madonna" by the media and public.
The Lux Art Institute and San Dieguito Heritage Museum are located in Encinitas. Other points of interest include the San Diego Botanic Garden, Self-Realization Fellowship temple and Hermitage, as well as the gardens which are routinely open to the public, the historic La Paloma Theater, Moonlight Beach, and one of California's classic downtown areas along historic Coast Highway 101. Surfing is a popular activity in Encinitas, particularly at Swami's, which is rated in the top 5 surf locations in the world, and is mentioned in a verse of The Beach Boys' song "Surfin' U.S.A."
The Magic Carpet Ride, or more affectionately known by Encinitas locals as the Cardiff Kook, is a 16 ft bronze statue located in Cardiff-by-the-Sea, in the city of Encinitas. The San Diego Architectural Foundation, in its annual "Orchids & Onions" awards for the best and worst architecture of the year, awarded the Kook an Onion in 2007. The nickname comes from a derogatory surfer slang term for a "wannabe" surfer, as surfers in the area realized that the statue's form whilst "surfing" was far from correct. However, the Kook has become a local favorite in the city and has many wonderful traditions associated with it. At various times during the year, the Kook is "vandalized" and dressed up (wearing a lucha libre mask, being eaten by a paper-mache shark, wearing a full Uncle Sam costume for Independence Day, used by local high school students to ask each other to school dances) bringing local flair and tourists constantly to the statue.
Since 1982, the Encinitas 101 Main Street Association has helped keep downtown Encinitas economically viable yet historic & beachy. Downtown Encinitas is vibrant and full of thriving local salons, restaurants, shops, bars, and art galleries. Downtown Encinitas is home to Hansens Surf Shop - San Diego's oldest and largest shop. It opened in 1961 and occupies over 20,00 square feet of retail space.
Amtrak has a station in Downtown Encinitas  which is also home to the Farmer's Market. Coaster trains stop here multiple times a day, 7 days a week with service from Oceanside to San Diego. Amtrak trains stop here 3 times a day in each direction, everyday, with service from San Diego to Los Angeles. The Farmer's Market is here each Wednesday from 5pm to 8pm, the parking lot is host to over 40 vendors selling fresh produce, cheeses, specialty meats, breads, spices, etc.
The city is currently governed by a five-member city council, elected at-large to staggered four-year terms at two-year intervals, with a mayor chosen by, and from, the city council members.
In elections held in November 2012, Encinitas voted yes on ballot measures to allow them to directly elect its mayor, with term lengths of two years, rather than the mayor being chosen by members of the city council, for one year terms. The first such direct election for mayor took place in 2014.
The city has been repeatedly sued over policies which are aimed at undermining state affordable housing laws.